Theology and Dogma; Spirituality and Mysticism


Some Major Medieval Theologians

Some Major Theological Topics


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[under construction 2019]


“Theology” here refers primarily to doctrinal and dogmatic rather than philosophical discourses, though the distinction between them is to some extent artificial. The focus is on medieval Christian theology, though some basic reference works are provided for Islamic theology and Jewish theology.

Bibliographies and Bibliographical Databases

G. E. Gorman and Lynn GormanTheological and Religious Reference Materials, 2 vols., Bibliographies and Indexes in Religious Studies 1-2 (Westport CT, 1985-86) : vol. 1: General Resources and Biblical Studies; vol. 2: Systematic Theology and Church History,

Bibliographies for Theology (William Harmless). Includes sections on Early Christianity and Patristic Theology and Medieval Christianity.

ATLA/ATLAS Religion database

lxTheo.  “A comprehensive bibliography for theology and religious studies” that includes articles, monographs, databases, and internet links. In addition to the Advanced Search option, can be browsed by subject or alphabetically. The search field includes a category “Bible passages.”

Index Religious (Brepols database). Incorporates the annual bibliographies of Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique and Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses.

Ephemerides Theologicae Lovaniensis (1924- ). Includes an annual Elenchus Bibliographicus. Now incorporated into the Index Religiosus.

Theological Journals Search (Google custom search)

Religious and Theological Abstracts

Encyclopedias, Handbooks, and Surveys

In addition to the reference works listed below, also consult the major encyclopedias of religion and Christianity listed in the separate bibliography on Medieval Christianity and Ecclesiastical Sources.

Handbuch der Dogmengeschichte, ed. Michael Schmaus et al., 4 vols. (Freiburg, 1962- ). Bd. 1: Das Dasein im Glauben; Bd. 2: Der Trinitarische Gott. Die Schöpfung. Die Sünde; Bd. 3. Christologie. Soteriologie. Ekklesiologie. Mariologie. Gnadenlehre; Bd. 4. Sakramente. Eschatologie.

Wolf-Dieter Hauschild and Volker Henning Drecoll, Lehrbuch der Kirchen- und Dogmengeschichte, Bd.1, Alte Kirche und Mittelalter, 5th ed. (Gütersloh, 2016).

Jaroslav Pelikan, The Christian Tradition, 5 vols. (Chicago, 1971-89). See especially vol. 1: The Emergence of the Catholic Tradition (100-600); vol. 2: The Spirit of Eastern Christendom (600-1700); vol. 3: The Growth of Medieval Theology (600-1300). Particularly valuable for Pelikan’s extensive marginal citations of primary sources.

Jean Daniélou, A History of Early Christian Doctrine before the Council of Nicaea, 3 vols., trans. John Austin Baker: 1: The Theology of Jewish Christianity; 2: Gospel Message and Hellenistic Culture; 3. The Origins of Latin Christianity (London, 1964-77).

Biographical Dictionary of Christian Theologians, ed. Patrick W. Carey and Joseph T. Lienhard (New York, 2000).

The Blackwell Companion to the Theologians, 2 vols., ed. Ian S. Markham (Malden MA, 2009). Relevant entries: Early Centuries:  Apocalypse of John; Arius; Athanasius; Augustine of Hippo; Boethius; Cappadocians; Cyril of Alexandria and Nestorius of Constantinople; Ephrem the Syrian; Ignatius of Antioch; Irenaeus of Lyons; John the Evangelist; Marcion; Maximos the Confessor; Origen; The Apostle, Paul; Synoptic Evangelists: Mark, Matthew, and Luke; Tertullian. Middle Ages: Peter Abelard; St Anselm of Canterbury; Thomas Aquinas; Bernard of Clairvaux; Bonaventure; Duns Scotus; Julian of Norwich; William Ockham.

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Superb concise entries with select bibliographies. The General entry on “Medieval Philosophy” by Paul Vincent Spade includes a list of Related Entries. Within Section 7. “Some Main Topics in Medieval Philosophy” are links to related entries dealing with medieval logic, metaphysics, natural philosophy and philosophy of science, epistemology, and ethics.

Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy: Philosophy Between 500 and 1500, ed. Henrik Lagerlund (Dordrecht, 2011).

A Companion to Philosophy in the Middle Ages, ed. Jorge J. E. Gracia and Timothy N. Noone (Oxford, 2002). Talble of Contents.

Jean-Luc Solère, Medieval Philosophy Digital Resources

Patristic Theology

On Patristics generally see the separate bibliography on The Bible and Its Interpretation

Andreas Merkt, “Theology and the Christian Church,” in Brill’s New Pauly, ed. Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider.

Alfons Fürst, “Patristic Theology/Patristics,” in Brill’s New Pauly, ed. Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider.

The First Christian Theologians: An Introduction to Theology in the Early Church, ed. G. R. Evans (Oxford, 2004). Table of Contents.

Angelo Di Berardino and Basil Studer, The Patristic Period. History of Theology, vol. 1, trans. Matthew O’Connell (Collegeville MN, 1996). 

John Anthony McGuckin, The Westminster Handbook of Patristic Theology (Louisville KY, 2004). 

J. N. D. Kelly, Early Christian Doctrines, 5th ed. (San Francisco, 1978).   4th ed. online.

For bibliography on Patristics generally see the separate bibliography on The Bible and Its Interpretation.

Byzantine Theology

George Arabatzis, “Byzantine Theology,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 240-53.

Andrew Louth, “Byzantine Theology,” in The Oxford Handbook of Byzantine Studies, ed. Robin Cormack, John F. Haldon, and Elizabeth Jeffreys (Oxford, 2008), pp. 699-710.

Jaroslav Pelikan, The Christian Tradition, vol. 2: The Spirit of Eastern Christendom (600-1700).

Hans-Georg Beck, Kirche und theologische Literatur im Byzantinischen Reich, Handbuch der Altertumswissenschaft 12, II/1 (Munich, 1959). 

La théologie Byzantine et sa tradition, 3 vols., ed. C. G. Conticello and V. Conticello (Turnhout, 2002).   2 volumes have been published thus far: Tome 1 (VIe-VIIe s.) : 1. Justinien (Alain Le Boulluec), 2. Romanos le Mélode (Johannes Koder), 3. Jean Climaque (Marie-Joseph Pierre, Carmelo Giuseppe Conticello, John Chryssavgis), 4. Isaac le Syrien (Sebastian Brock), 5. Maxime le Confesseur (Peter Van Deun, Pascal Müller-Jourdan), 6. Anastase le Sinaïte (K.-H. Uthemann). En appendice 7. Macaire l’Égyptien / Syméon de Mésopotamie (Vincent Desprez). Tome 2 (VIIIe-XIIe s.): 8. Jean Damascène (Robert Volk, Andrew Louth), 9. Théodore Stoudite (Giorgios Fatouros et al.), 10. Photios de Constantinople (Ferdinand Gahbauer, Carmelo Giuseppe Conticello), 11. Syméon le Nouveau Théologien (H. J. M. Turner), 12. Euthyme Zygabène et Nicétas d’Héraclée (Gilles Dorival), 13. Théophylacte de Bulgarie (Carmelo Giuseppe Conticello). En appendice: 14. «La LXX à Byzance» (Cécile Dogniez), 15. «Répertoire des exégètes byzantins» (Carmelo Giuseppe Conticello, Laurence Vianès et al.), 16. Ps.-Denys l’Aréopagite (Ysabel de Andia).

John Meyendorff, Byzantine Theology: Historical Trends and Doctrinal Themes, 2nd ed. (New York, 1999).

John Meyendorff, Imperial Unity and Christian Division: The Church 450-680 AD (Crestwood NY, 1989).

John Meyendorff, Christ in Eastern Christian Thought (Washington, D.C., 1969).

Byzantine Theology and Its Philosophical Background, ed. A. Rigo, Studies in Byzantine History and Civilization 4 (Turnhout, 2012).

Gerhard Podskalsky, Theologie und Philosophie in Byzanz, Byzantinisches Archiv (Munich, 1977).

Philosophie et Sciences à Byzance de 1204 à 1453. Les textes, les doctrines et leur transmission. Actes de la Table Ronde organisée au XXe Congrès International d’Études byzantines (Paris, 2001), ed. Michel Cacouros et Marie-Hélène Congourdeau (Leuven, 2006).

Theologica Minora: The Minor Genres of Byzantine Theological Literature, ed. Antonio Rigo, Studies in Byzantine History and Civilization 8 (Turnhout, 2013).

Michael Caucaros, “Littérature philosophique à Byzance et sa postérité à l’époque moderne,” Annuaire de l’École pratique des hautes études (EPHE), Section des sciences historiques et philologiques.

Medieval Theology

Bulletin d’histoire des doctrines médiévales (1955- ), in Revue des sciences philosophiques et théologiques.

Bulletin de théologie ancienne et médiévale (Louvain, 1929-1996).  Each item is accompanied by a brief abstract/review in French, English, or German. Each volume concludes with indices of manuscripts, authors, etc. Discontinued in 1997 when the journal Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale (Louvain, 1929-1996), , became Recherches de théologie et philosophie médiévales (1997- ),  and print publication of the bibliography ceased. 1900-2000 volumes are available full-text in the ProQuest PAO Periodicals Archive.

Stephen F. Brown, “Theology and Philosophy,” in Medieval Latin, ed. Mantello and Rigg, pp. 267-87. Includes an excellent select bibliography of Tools and Guides; Primary Works; and Studies.

Leo D. Lefebure, “Theology (Christian),” in Handbook of Medieval Studies: Terms – Methods – Trends, ed. Classen, pp. 1339-50.

The Routledge History of Medieval Christianity 1050-1500, ed. R. N. Swanson (New York, 2015). Relevant essays include: 5. Ian Christopher Levy, “The Study of Theology in the Middle Ages”; 6. Peter D. Clarke, “Canon Law”; 7. Cary J. Nederman, “Social and Political Thought”; 8. Andrew Reeves, “Education and Religious Instruction”; Thomas M. Izbicki, “Sin and Pastoral Care”; 13. Robert W. Shaffern, “Death and the Afterlife in the Middle Ages”; Peter Biller, “Heresy and Dissent.”

Arnold Angenendt, Geschichte der Religiosität im Mittelalter, 4th ed. (Darmstadt, 2009). Table of Contents.

Les genres littéraires dans les sources théologiques et philosophiques médiévales: définition, critique et exploitation. Actes du Colloque international de Louvain-la-Neuve, 25-27 mai 1981, Publications de l’Institut d’études médiévales, 2e sér., Textes, études, congrès 5 (Louvain-Ia-Neuve, 1982). Table of Contents.

Storia della teologia nel medioevo, 3 vols., ed. Giulio d’Onofrio (Casale Monferrato, 1996). Each chapter has an extensive bibliography; each volume has indices of names, themes, and biblical passages. See also following entry.

Giulio d’Onofrio, The Middle Ages, History of Theology, vol. 2, trans. Matthew O’Connell (Collegeville MN, 2008).   Not a translation of d’Onofrio’s edited volumes Storia della teologia nel medioevo, but a survey (without documentation or bibliography).

David Luscombe, Medieval Thought, A History of Western Philosophy 2 (Oxford, 1997). Includes a Select Bibliography covering general works as well as individual medieval authors.

James R. Ginther, The Westminster Handbook to Medieval Theology (Louisville KY, 2009). 

Stephen F. Brown and Juan Carlos Flores, The A to Z of Medieval Philosophy and Theology (Lanham MD, 2007). Originally published as Historical Dictionary of Medieval Philosophy and Theology (2007). Includes a very extensive Bibliography.

Rik van Nieuwenhove, An Introduction to Medieval Theology (Cambridge, 2012).

David N. Bell, Many Mansions: An Introduction to the Development and Diversity of Medieval Theology West and East, Cistercian Studies 146 (Kalamazoo MI, 2000).

The Medieval Theologians, ed. G. R. Evans (Oxford, 2001).  Table of Contents.

G. R. Evans, Old and New Theology: The Beginnings of Theology as an Academic Discipline (Oxford, 1980).

John Marenbon, Early Medieval Philosophy (480-1150): An Introduction, rev. ed. (London, 1988). Includes a bibliography of primary texts and secondary sources.

John Marenbon, Later Medieval Philosophy (1150-1350): An Introduction (London, 1987). Includes a bibliography of primary texts and secondary sources.

Brian Gaybba, Aspects of the Medieval History of Theology: Twelfth to Fourteenth Centuries (Pretoria, 1988).

Brian Gaybba, God’s Wisdom and Human Reason. The Development of Theology as a Discipline in Medieval Texts (Pretoria, 1999).

What is “Theology” in the Middle Ages? Religious Cultures of Europe (12th-15th Centuries) as Reflected in Their Selfunderstanding, ed. Mikołaj Olszewski, Archa Verbi Subsidia 1 (Münster, 2007).

Stephen F. Brown, “Key Terms in Medieval Theological Vocabulary,” in Méthodes et instruments du travail intellectuel au moyen âge: Études sur le vocabulaire, ed. Olga Weijers CIVICIMA 3 (Turnhout, 1990), pp. 82-96.

G. R. Evans, Law and Theology in the Middle Ages (London, 2002).

J. de Ghellinck, Le mouvement théologique du XIIe siècle, 2nd ed. (Bruges, 1948).

Marie-Dominique ChenuLa théologie au douzième siècle (Paris, 1957). Partial English translation as Nature, Man and Society in the Twelfth Century: Essays on New Theological Perspectives in the Latin West, trans. Jerome Taylor and Lester K. Little (Chicago, 1968).

Palémon Glorieux, Répertorie des maîtres en théologie de Paris au XIIIe siècle, 2 vols. (Paris, 1933). Vol. 1; Vol. 2.

Ian P. Wei, Intellectual Culture in Medieval Paris: Theologians and the University, c. 1000-1330 (Cambridge, 2012).

Spencer E. Young, Scholarly Community at the Early University of Paris: Theologians, Education, and Society 1215-1248 (Cambridge, 2014). Includes an Appendix: “Parisian Masters of Theology, 1215-48: A Biographical Register,” pp. 212-31.

Philosophy and Theology in the Studia of the Religious Orders and at Papal and Royal courts: Acts of the XVth Annual Colloquium of the Société Internationale pour l’Étude de la Philosophie Médiévale, University of Notre Dame, 8-10 October 2008, ed. Kent Emery Jr., William J. Courtenay, and Stephen M. Metzger, Rencontres de philosophie médiévale 15 (Turnhout, 2012).


Archa Verbi: Yearbook for the Study of Medieval Theology

Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses (1924- )

Medieval Philosophy and Theology (1991- )

Recherches de théologie et philosophie médiévales

Revue des sciences philosophiques et théologiques (1907- ). From 2006 includes an annual Bulletin d’histoire des doctrines médiévales.

Revue Théologique de Louvain (1970- ).

Tijdschrift voor Theologie (1961- ).

Vivarium (1963- ).


Studia Traditionis Theologiae (Brepols)

York Studies in Medieval Theology


Martin-Grabmann-Forschungsinstitut für Mittelalterliche Theologie und Philosophie

International Society for the Study of Medieval Theology

Scholastic Theology

Scholastic Bibliography Database

Alcuin: Infothek der Scholastik

The Scholastic Commentary and Texts Archive

Jean-Luc Solère, Medieval Philosophy Digital Resources. Includes a “Table of Tables” with tocs of medieval philosophy journals since 2007; an extensive list of digitized books and a page of Bio-bibliographies and Encyclopedias, Manuscripts, Online Scholarship, and Links.

Robert Pasnau, Provisionalia: Index Librorum Scholasticorum.

Ulrich G. Leinsle, Introduction to Scholastic Theology, trans. Michael J. Miller (Washington, D.C., 2010).

Bernard Wuellner, A Dictionary of Scholastic Philosophy, 2nd ed. (Milwaukee, 1966).

The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy: From the Rediscovery of Aristotle to the Disintegration of Scholasticism, 1100-1600, ed. Norman Kretzmann et al. (Cambridge, 1982).

Artur Michael Landgraf, Dogmengeschichte der Frühscholastik, 4 pts. in 8 vols. (Regensburg, 1952-56). 1. Teil. Die Gnadenlehre, 2 vols. 2. Teil. Die Lehre von Christus, 2 vols. — 3. Teil. Die Lehre von den Sakramenten, 2 vols. — 4. Teil. Die Lehre von der Sünde und ihren Folgen, 2 vols.

Artur Michael Landgraf, Introduction à l’histoire de la littérature théologique de la scolastique naissante, French ed. by Albert-M. Landry, trans. Louis-B. Geiger (Montreal, 1973).

Martin Grabmann, Die Geschichte der scholastischen Methode, 2 vols. (Freiburg i.Br., 1909). Vol. 1.

Auguste Pelzer, Études d’histoire littéraire sur la scolastique médiévale (Louvain, 1964).

Marsha L. Colish, “Scholastic Theology at Paris around 1200,” in Crossing Boundaries at Medieval Universities, ed. Spencer E. Young, Education and Science in the Middle Ages and Renaissance 36 (Leiden, 2011), pp. 29-50.

Islamic Theology

Hans Daiber, Bibliography of Islamic Philosophy, 2 vols., Handbuch der Orientalistik, I: Der Nahe und Mittlere 43/2 (Leiden, 1999).

Thérèse-Anne Druart, Brief Bibliographical Guides in Medieval Islamic Theology 1998-2016

Andrew Rippin, “[Islamic] Theology,” Oxford Bibliographies.

The Biographical Encyclopedia of Islamic Theology, ed. Oliver Leaman (New York, 2006).

Livnat Holtzman, “Islamic Theology,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies: Terms – Methods – Trends, ed. Classen, pp. 56-68.

The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Theology, ed. Sabina Schmidtke (Oxford, 2014), pp. 56-68.

Encylopedia of Islam THREE, ed. Kate Fleet et al. (Brepols database).

Jewish Theology


David W. Chapman and Andreas G. Küstenberger, “Jewish Intertestamental and Early Rabbinic Literature: An Annotated Bibliographical Resource Updated,” JETS 55/2 (2012), 235-72; 53/3 (2012), 457-88

Index to Jewish Periodicals

RAMBI: The Index of Articles on Jewish Studies

Merhav. National Library of Israel database.

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries:

Encyclopedia Judaica Online

The Jewish Encyclopedia, 12 vols. (New York, 1901-06).

The Cambridge Dictionary of Judaism and Jewish Culture, ed. Judith R. Baskin (Cambridge, 2011).

Surveys and Guides:

The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Jewish Philosophy, ed. Daniel H. Frank and Oliver Leaman (Cambridge, 2003).

The Cambridge Companion to Jewish Philosophy: From Antiquity through the Seventeenth Century, ed. Stephen Nadler and T. M. Rudavsky (Cambridge, 2009).

The Cambridge Companion to the Talmud and Rabbinic Literature, ed. Charlotte Elisheva Fonrobert and Martin S. Jaffee (Cambridge, 2007). 

Text Databases:


Online Responsa Project. Torah literature database with Hebrew Bible and commentaries.

Saul Lieberman Institute for Talmudic Research. Includes The Saul and Evelyn Henkind Talmud Text Databank; The Index of References Dealing with Talmudic Literature; and The Primary Textual Witnesses to Tannaitic Literature.

Some Major Medieval Theologians

The following comprehensive reference works will not be itemized under individual authors covered below, but should always be consulted. For extensive bibliographies see the chapters devoted to individual theologians in Storia della teologia nel medioevo, ed. d’Onofrio; excellent concise introductions with select bibliography can be found in The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. For more more comprehensive bibliography on editions see the Repertorium edierter Texte des Mittelalters aus dem Bereich der Philosophie und angrenzender Gebiete A-Z, 2nd ed., ed. Rolf Schönberger et al. (Berlin, 2011). The websites FAMA: Oeuvres médiévales à success and Biblissima cover most major authors. For some authors one can consult the in-progress Compendium Auctorum Latinorum Medii Aevi (also available via the Mirabile database). Also consult the standard repertories of medieval Latin authors listed in the separate bibliography on Medieval Latin Literature. See also relevant entries in the major ecclesiastical dictionaries and encyclopedias listed in the separate bibliography on Medieval Christianity and Ecclesiastical Sources. Searches of the Regesta-Imperii OPAC and Brepols Online will also return many hits.

Albertus Magnus:


I. M. Resnick and K. F. Kitchell, Jr., Albert the Great: A Selectively Annotated Bibliography (1900-2000), Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies 269 (Tempe AZ, 2004).

Jörgen Vijgen, Albertus Magnus: A Select Bibliography (2012)

A Companion To Albert The Great: Theology, Philosophy, And The Sciences, ed. Irven Michael Resnick (Leiden, 2013).

Palémon Glorieux, Répertorie des maîtres en théologie de Paris au XIIIe siècle, 2 vols. (Paris, 1933). Vol. 1, pp. 62-77.

James A. Weisheipl, “Appendix I: Albert’s Works on Natural Sciences (libri naturales) in Probable Chronological Order,” in Albertus Magnus and the Sciences, ed. Weisheipl, pp. 565-77.

Opera omnia:

Alberti Magni ordinis fratrum praedicatorum episcopi, Opera omnia, 40 vols., ed. Bernhardo Geyer et al. (Münster, 1951- ).

Editio Digitalis. Alberti Magni Opera Omnia ad fidem codicum manuscriptorum edenda curavit Institutum Alberti Magni Coloniense.

Alberti Magni e-Corpus. Editio Parisienus (Borgnet) and Editio Lugdunensis (Jammy). See “Downloading .pdfs of Albertus Mangus’ Works”; “Searching the Alberti Magni e-Corpus”

Beati Alberti Magni Opera Omnia, ed. Auguste Borgnet (Paris, 1890-99). 

Peter Abelard: Opera. Electronic Edition (Past Masters).


Winfried FauserDie Werke des Albertus Magnus in ihrer handschriftlichen Überlieferung, Codices manuscripti operum Alberti Magni, Tomus subsidiarius 1: Teil 1. Die echten Werke = Pars I. Opera genuina (Münster, 1982).


A Companion to Albert the Great: Theology, Philosophy, and the Sciences, ed. Irven Resnick (Leiden, 2013).

Albertus Magnus and the Beginnings of the Medieval Reception of Aristotle in the Latin West. From Richardus Rufus to Franciscus de Mayronis, ed. Ludger Honnefelder (Münster, 2005).

Albert the Great. Commemorative Essays, ed. Francis J. Kovach and Robert W. Shahan (Norman OK, 1980).

Maarten Hoenen and Alain de Libera, Albertus Magnus und der Albertismus. Deutsche philosophische Kultur des Mittelalters, Studien und Texte zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters 48 (Leiden, 1995).

Albertus Magnus – Doctor Universalis, ed. Gerbert Meyer and Albert Zimmerman (Mainz, 1980).

Albertus Magnus. Zum Gedenken nach 800 Jahren: Neue Zugänge, Aspekte und Perspektiven, ed. Walter Senner et al. (Berlin, 2001).

H. Anzulewicz, “Die Denkstruktur des Albertus Magnus. Ihre Dekodierung und ihre Relevanz für die Begrifflichkeit und Terminologie,” in L’élaboration du vocabulaire philosophique au Moyen Âge. Actes du Colloque international de Louvain-la-Neuve et Leuven, 12-14 septembre 1998 (Turnhout, 2000), pp 269-396.

Ingrid Craemer-Ruegenberg, Albert the Great (Leipzig, 2005).

Lectio Albertina (Albertus-Magnus-Institut Series)

Subsidia Albertina (Albertus-Magnus-Institut Series)



See also the separate Bibliography on Medieval Encyclopedias, Bestiaries, Lapidaries, and Herbals.



M.-H. Jullien and F. Perelman, Clavis Scriptorum Latinorum Medii Aevi, Auctores Galliae I: 735-987, II: Alcuin (Turnhout, 1999).

Valerie L. Garver, “Alcuin of York,” Oxford Bibliographies: Medieval Studies.

Douglas Dales, Accessing Alcuin: A Master Bibliography for ‘Alcuin: His Life and Legacy’ and ‘Alcuin: Theology and Thought (Cambridge, 2013).

“Alcuinus abbas S. Martini Turonensis,” Repertorium “Geschichtsquellen des deutschen Mittelalters”

Opera omnia:

Patrologia Latina 100-101.

For recent editions of Alcuinian biblical commentaries, see the separate bibliography on The Bible and Its Interpretation.


D. A. Bullough, “Alcuin’s Cultural Influence: The Evidence of the Manuscripts,” in Alcuin of York, Scholar at the Carolingian Court [see under “Studies”], pp. 1-26.

David Ganz, “Handschriften der Werke Alkuins aus dem 9. Jahrhundert,” in Alkuin von York und die geistige Grundlegung Europas [see under “Studies”], pp. 185-94.

Rossana Guglielmetti, “Alcuinus Eboracensis,” in Te.Tra. La trasmissione dei testi latini del Medioevo / Mediaeval Latin Texts and their Transmission, vol. 3, ed. Paolo Chiesa and Lucia Castaldi, Millennio Medievale 75, Strumenti e Studi 18 (Florence, 2008), pp. 19-31.

Francesca Sara D’Imperio and Rossana Guglielmetti, “Alcuinus Eboracensis Ep. [sic],” in La trasmissione dei testi latini del Medioevo / Mediaeval Latin Texts and their Transmission.Te.tra. 2, ed. Paulo Chiesa and Lucia Castaldi, Millennio Medievale 57 (Florence, 2005), pp. 22-70.


Donald A. Bullough, Alcuin: Achievement and Reputation, Education and Society in the Middle Ages and Renaissance 16 (Leiden, 2004).

Donald A. Bullough, “Alcuin and the Kingdom of Heaven: Liturgy, Theology, and the Carolingian Age,” in BulloughCarolingian Renewal: Sources and Heritage (Manchester, 1991), pp. 161-240.

Michael Gorman, “Alcuin before Migne,” Revue Bénédictine 112 (2002), 101-30; repr. in Gorman, The Study of the Bible in the Early Middle Ages, Millennio Medievale 67 (Florence, 2007), pp. 347-77. Criticizes Jullien and Perelman for including many inauthentic writings in their Clavis; lists the prose writings (other than Letters) that Gorman regards as genuine, as well as writings Gorman regards as dubia or spuria.

John MarenbonFrom the Circle of Alcuin to the School of Auxerre: Logic, Theology and Philosophy in the Early Middle Ages (Cambridge, 2006).

Douglas DalesAlcuin: Theology and Thought (Cambridge, 2013).

John Cavadini, The Last Christology of the West: Adoptionism in Spain and Gaul, 785-820 (Philadelphia, 1993).

John Cavadini, “The Sources and Theology of Alcuin’s De fide sancta et individuae trinitatis,” Traditio 46 (1991), 123-46.

Alkuin von York und die geistige Grundlegung Europas: Akten der Tagung vom 30. September bis zum 2. Oktober 2004 in der Stiftsbibliothek St. Gallen, ed. Ernst Tremp and Karl Schmuki, Monasterium Sancti Galli 5 (St. Gall, 2010).

Alcuin, de York à Tours: écriture, pouvoir et réseaux dans l’Europe du haut Moyen Âge, ed. Philippe Depreux and Bruno Judic, Annales de Bretagne et des pays de l’Ouest, 111/3 (Rennes, 2004).

Alcuin of York, Scholar at the Carolingian Court. Proceedings of the Third Germania Latina Conference, Held at the University of Groningen, May 1995, ed. L. A. J. R. Houwen and A. A. MacDonald, Germania Latina 3, Mediaevalia Groningana 22 (Groningen, 1998).

Anselm of Canterbury:


Jasper Hopkins, Supplementary Anselm-Bibliography

Opera omnia:

Sancti Anselmi Cantuariensis Opera Omnia, ed. Franciscus Salesius Schmitt, 6 vols. (Stuttgart, 1963-69).

St. Anselm: Opera Omnia. Electronic Edition

G. R. EvansA Concordance to the Works of Saint Anselm (Millwood NY, 1984).

Some Recent Editions/Translations:

Letters of Anselm, Bishop of Canterbury, vol. I, ed. Samu Niskanen, Oxford Medieval Texts (Oxford, 2019).

Anselm of Canterbury: The Major Works, trans. Brian Davies and G. R. Evans (Oxford, 1998).

Anselm: Basic Writings, trans. Thomas Williams (Indianapolis IN, 2007).

Jasper Hopkins and Herbert Richardson, English Translations of Anselm of Canterbury


Richard Sharpe, “Early Manuscripts of Anselm: A Discussion with Five Manuscripts,” Gazette du livre médiéval 54 (2009), 4-52.

Same NiskanenThe Letter Collections of Anselm of Canterbury, Instrumenta Patristica et Mediaevalia 61 (Turnhout, 2011).


Richard Sharpe, “Anselm as Author: Publishing in the Late Eleventh Century,” Journal of Medieval Latin 19 (2009), 1-87.

The Cambridge Companion to Anselm, ed. Brian Davies and Brian Lefton (Cambridge, 2004).

Jasper Hopkins, A Companion to the Study of Saint Anselm (Minneapolis MN, 1972).

Sandra Visser and Thomas Williams, Anselm, Great Medieval Thinkers (Oxford, 2008).

David S. Hogg, Anselm of Canterbury: The Beauty of Theology, Great Theologians Series (Aldershot, 2004).

Giles E. M. Gasper, Anselm of Canterbury and His Theological Inheritance (New York, 2017).

Anselm of Canterbury and His Legacy, ed. Giles E. M. Gasper and I. Logan (Toronto, 2012)

Saint Anselm and Abelard: Investigations and Juxtapositions, ed. Giles E. M. Gasper and H. Kohlenberger (Toronto, 2006).

Dániel DemeThe Christology of Anselm of Canterbury (Aldershot, 2003).

G. R. Evans, Anselm and Talking about God (Oxford, 1978).

G. R. Evans, Anselm (Chapman, 1989).

G. R. Evans, Anselm and a New Generation (Oxford, 1980).

R. W. Southern, St. Anselm: A Portrait in a Landscape (Cambridge, 1997).

R. W. Southern, St. Anselm and His Biographer (Cambridge, 1963).

Memorials of St Anselm, ed. R. W. Southern and F. S. Schmitt (Oxford, 1969).

Anselm Studies and Texts (Brill series)


International Association for Anselm Studies




Rosalind Love, “The Venerable Bede,” Oxford Bibliographies: Medieval Studies.

Michael Lapidge, “Beda Venerabilis,” in Compendium auctorum Latinorum Medii Aevi 2/2 (Florence, 2005), pp. 173-79. “Beda Venerabilis n. 672/673 ca., m. 26-5-735,” C.A.L.M.A. (Mirabile database)

Rosalind Love, “The Venerable Bede,” Oxford Bibliographies: Medieval Studies.

W. F. Bolton, “A Bede Bibliography: 1935-1960,” Traditio 18 (1962), 436-45. Bibliography


Anglo-Saxon England 1 (1972- )

Old English Newsletter Bibliography Database

Opera omnia:

Bedae opera, CCSL 118-123 (Turnhout, 1955- ): 118A: Opera exegetica 1. Libri quatuor in principium Genesis usque ad nativitatem Isaac et eiectionem Ismahelis adnotationum; 119: Opera exegetica 2. In primam partem Samuhelis libri IIII. In Regum librum XXX quaestiones; 119A: Opera exegetica 2A. De tabernaculo. De templo. In Ezram et Neemiam; 120: Opera exegetica 3. In Lucae evangelium expositio. In Marci evangelium expositio; 119B: Opera exegetica 2B. In Tobiam. In Proverbia. In Cantica canticorum. In Habacuc; 121: Opera exegetica 4. Expositio Actuum apostolorum. Retractatio in Actus apostolorum. Nomina regionum atque locorum de Actibus apostolorum. In epistulas VII catholicas; 121A: Opera exegetica 5. Explanatio Apocalypseos; 122: Opera homiletica. Opera rhythmica; 123A: Opera didascalica 1. De orthographia. De arte metrica et de schematibus et tropis; De natura rerum; 123B: Opera didascalica 2. De temporum ratione; 123C: Opera didascalica 3. Magnus circulus seu tabula paschalis. Kalendarium sive Martyrologium. De temporibus liber. Epistolae(ad Pleguinam, ad Helmwaldum, ad Wicthedum); Appendices.

For other editions see:

Michael Gorman, “The Canon of Bede’s Works and the World of Ps. Bede,” Revue Bénédictine 111 (2001), 399-445.

Joshua A. Westgard, “A Brief Guide to Bede’s Works: Editions and Translations”


M. L. W. Laistner and H. H. KingA Hand-List of Bede Manuscripts (Ithaca NY, 1943).

Michael Lapidge, “Beda Venerabilis,” in Te.Tra. La trasmissione dei testi latini del Medioevo / Mediaeval Latin Texts and their Transmission, vol. 3, ed. Paolo Chiesa and Lucia Castaldi, Millennio Medievale 75, Strumenti e Studi 18 (Florence, 2008), pp. 45-137.

Census of Bede Manuscripts (

List of Manuscripts of Bede’s Historia Ecclesiastica (Wikipedia)

Joshua Allen Westgard, “Dissemination and Reception of Bede’s Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum in Germany, C. 731-1500: The Manuscript Evidence” (unpubl. diss., Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2005).

Teresa Webber, “Bede’s Historia Ecclesiastica as a Source of Lections in Pre- and Post-Conquest England,” in The Long Twelfth-Century View of the Anglo-Saxon Past, ed. Martin Brett and David A. Woodman (New York, 2016), pp. 47-75.

Gert Partoens, “The Sources and Manuscript Transmission of the Venerable Bede’s Commentary on the Corpus Paulinum. Starting Points for Further Research,” in La trasmissione dei testi patristici latini: problemi e prospettive: Atti del convegno Roma, 26-28 ottobre 2009, ed. Emanuela Colombi, Instrumenta Patristica et Mediaevalia 60 (Turnhout, 2012), pp. 201-51.

Some Recent Editions/Translations:

Beda: Storia degli Inglesi (Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum), ed. Michael Lapidge, 2 vols. (Milan, 2008-09).

Bede, Abbots of Wearmouth and Jarrow, ed. and trans. Christopher Grocock and I. N. Wood, Oxford Medieval Texts (Oxford, 2013).

Bede: On Genesis, trans. Calvin B. 

Kendall, Translated Texts for Historians 48
 (Liverpool, 2008).

Bede: On Ezra and Nehemiah

, trans. Scott DeGregorio, Translated Texts for Historians 47 (Liverpool, 2006).

Bede: On First Samuel

, trans. Scott DeGregorio and Rosalind Love, Translated Texts for Historians 70
 (Liverpool, 2019).

Bede: On the Tabernacle, trans. Arthur G. Holder, Translated Texts for Historians 18 (Liverpool, 1994).

Bede: A Biblical Miscellany, trans. Trent W. Foley and Arthur G. Holder, Translated Texts for Historians 28 (Liverpool, 1999).

Bede: On the Temple, trans. Sean Connolly, Translated Texts for Historians 21 (Liverpool, 1995).

Bede The Venerable: Homilies on the Gospel Book One: Advent to Lent, trans. Lawrence T. Martin and David Hurst, Cistercian Studies 110 (Kalamazoo MI, 1991).

Bede The Venerable: Homilies on the Gospels Book Two: Lent to the Dedication of the Church, trans. Lawrence T. Martin and David Hurst, Cistercian Studies 111 (Kalamazoo MI, 1991).

Bede the Venerable: Excerpts from the Works of Saint Augustine and the Letters of the Blessed Apostle Paul, trans. David Hurst, Cistercian Studies 183 (Kalamazoo MI, 1999).

Bede The Venerable: Commentary on the Seven Catholic Epistles, trans. David Hurst, Cistercian Studies 82 (Kalamazoo MI, 1995).

Bede the Venerable: Commentary on the Acts of the Apostles, trans. Lawrence T. Martin, Cistercian Studies 117 (Kalamazoo MI, 1989).

Bede: Commentary on Revelation

, trans. Faith Wallis, Translated Texts for Historians 58
 (Liverpool, 2013).

Bede: On the Nature of Things and On Times, trans. Calvin B. 

Kendall and Faith Wallis, 
Translated Texts for Historians 56
 (Liverpool, 2010).

Bede: The Reckoning of Time, trans. Faith Wallis, Translated Texts for Historians 29 (Liverpool, 1999).


George Hardin Brown and Frederick M. Biggs, Bede, 2 vols., Sources of Anglo-Saxon Literary Culture (Amsterdam, 2017-18). 

The Cambridge Companion to Bede, ed. Scott DeGregorio (Cambridge, 2010). 

A Companion to Bede, ed. George Hardin Brown (Woodbridge, Suffolk, 2009). 

Innovation and Tradition in the Writings of the Venerable Bede, ed. Scott DeGregorio (Morgantown WVa, 2006).

Bède le Vénérable: Entre tradition et postérité, ed. Stéphane Lebecq, Michel Perrin, and Olivier Szerwiniak (Villeneuve d’Ascq, 2005).

Benedicta Ward, The Venerable Bede (Harrisburg PA, 1990).

Peter Hunter Blair, The World of Bede (Cambridge, 1990).

Bede: His Life, Times and Writings: Essays in Commemoration of the Twelfth Century of his Death, ed. A. Hamilton Thomson (Oxford, 1969).

Vickie Gunn, Bede’s Historiae: Genre, Rhetoric and the Construction of the Anglo-Saxon Church History (Woodbridge, 2013).

N. J. Higham, (Re-)Reading Bede: The Historia Ecclesiastica in Context (New York, 2008).

J. M. Wallace-Hadrill, Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of the English People: A Historical Commentary, Oxford Medieval Texts (Oxford, 1988).

Robert J. WrightA Companion to Bede: A Reader’s Commentary on The Ecclesiastical History of the English People (Grand Rapids MI, 2008).

Rosemary CrampWearmouth and Jarrow Monastic Sites, 2 vols. (Swindon, UK,  2005-06).

Kelly M. Wickham-Crowley, “Wearmouth-Jarrow,” Oxford Bibliographies: Medieval Studies.


Bede Net

Bernard of Clairvaux:


Brian Patrick McGuire, “Bernard of Clairvaux,” Oxford Bibliographies: Medieval Studies.

L. Janauschek, Bibliographia Bernardina, Xenia Bernardina 4 (Vienna, 1891).

J. Bouton, Bibliographie bernardine 1891-1957, Commission d’histoire de l’ordre de Cîteaux 5 (Paris, 1958).

Eugène Manning, Bibliographie bernardine (1957-1970), La documentation cistercienne 6 (Rochefort, 1972).

Henri Rochais and Eugène Manning, Bibliographie générale de l’ordre cistercien 1/2: Saint Bernard, La documentation cistercienne 21, fasc. h.s. 1; 2-6; 7-19 (Rocherfort, 1979-83).

Sources chrétiennes, “(Saint) Bernard de Clarivaux. Élements biographique et bibliographiques.”

Opera omnia:

Patrologia Latina 182-185. [Contents analyzed at Sources chrétiennes.]

Sancti Bernardi opera, ed. Jean Leclercq, C. H. Talbot, and Henri Rochais, 8 vols. in 9 (Rome, 1957-77): 1. Sermones super Cantica canticorum 1-35; 2. Sermones super Cantica canticorum 36-86; 3. Tractatus et opuscula; 4. Sermones. I; 5. Sermones. II; 6. Sermones. III (2 vols.); 7. Epistolae. I, Corpus epistolarum 1-180; 8. Epistolae. II, Corpus epistolarum 181-310. II, Epistolarum extra corpus 311-547.

Guido HendrixOpera vol. IX: Index biblicus in opera omnia S. Bernardi (Turnhout, 1998).

Sources chrétiennes, série bernardine

Thesaurus Sancti Bernardi Claraevallensis (Série A, Formae) (Turnhout, 1987).

Some Recent Editions/Translations:

Bernard of Clairvaux: Selected Works, trans. G. R. Evans, Classics of Western Spirituality (St. Paul MN, 1986).

Cistercian Studies series translations


A Companion to Bernard of Clairvaux, ed. Brian Patrick McGuire, Brill’s Companions to the Christian Tradition 25 (Leiden 2011). 

Pierre AubéSaint Bernard de Clairvaux (Paris, 2003).

G. R. Evans, Bernard of Clairvaux (Oxford, 2000).

Peter Dinzelbacher, Bernhard von Clairvaux: Leben und Werk des berühmten Zisterziensers (Darmstadt, 1998).

Bernhard von Clairvaux: Rezeption und Wirkung im Mittelalter und in der Neuzeit, ed. Kaspar Elm, Wolfenbütteler Mittelalter-Studien 6 (Wiesbaden, 1994).

Jean LeclercqBernard of Clairvaux and the Cistercian Spirit, Cistercian Publications (Kalamazoo MI, 1976)

Jean LeclercqWomen and Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, trans. Marie-Bernard Said, Cistercian Publications (Kalamazoo MI, 1989).

Jean LeclercqA Second Look at Bernard of Clairvaux, trans. Marie-Bernard Said (Kalamazoo MI, 1990).

M. Martin, “A Bibliography of the Works of Jean Leclercq,” in The Joy of Learning and the Love of God: Studies in Honor of Jean Leclercq, ed. E. Rozanne Elder, Cistercian Studies Series 160 (Kalamazoo MI, 1995), pp. 415-98.



Bibliographia Bonaventuriana (c. 1850-1973), ed. Jacques Guy Bougerol, in S. Bonaventura 1274-1974, ed. Bougerol, vol. 5.

“Bonaventura de Balneoregio n. 1217/1221, m. 14/15-7-1274,” C.A.L.M.A. (Mirabile database)

Palémon Glorieux, Répertorie des maîtres en théologie de Paris au XIIIe siècle, 2 vols. (Paris, 1933). Vol. 2, pp. 37-51.

Maarten van der Heijden and Bert Roest, Franciscan Authors, 13th – 18th Century: A Catalogue i Progress:  Bonaventura da Bagnoreggio (ca. 1217, Bagnoreggio – 15, 07, 1274) sanctus.

Opera omnia:

Doctoris Seraphici S. Bonaventurae opera omnia, 10 vols. (Quaracchi, 1882-1902). [pdf files available at Documenta Catholica Omnia and at Dionysiana]. See Jacqueline Hamesse, “Évaluation critique des éditions de Quaracchi-Grottaferrata. À propos des Opera omnia de saint Bonaventure,” in Editori di. Quaracchi. 100 anni dopo. Bilancio e prospective. Atti del Colloquio. Internazionale, Roma 29-30 Maggio 1995 (Rome, 1997), pp. 41-58.

The Works of Bonaventure, 5 vols., trans. J. de Vinck (Paterson NJ, 1960-70).

Works of Bonaventure, 17 vols. to date, Franciscan Institute, gen. ed. Robert J. Karris (1965- ).

The Works of St. Bonaventure (2nd release). Electronic Edition (Past Masters).

S. R. E. Cardinalis S. Bonaventuræ … Opera Omnia, ed. A. C. Peltier (Paris, 1864-71).

Thesaurus Bonaventurianus, 3 vols., ed. Christian Wenin and J. Hamesse (Turnhout, 1972-79). Concordances and Indices to Itinerarium mentis in Deum (vol. 1), Breviloquium (vol. 2), and Collationes de septem donis spiritus sancti (vol. 3).

Pietro Maranesi, “The Opera Omnia of Saint Bonaventure: History and Present Situation,” in A Companion to Bonaventure, ed. Jay Hammond, Wayne Hellmann, and Jared Goff, Brill’s Companions to the Christian Tradition 48 (Leiden, 2014), pp. 61-80.


Balduin Distelbrink, Bonaventurae scripta: authentica, dubia vel spuria critice recensita, Subsidia Scientifica Franciscalia 5 (Rome, 1975).


Doctor Seraphicus: Bolletino d’informazioni del Centro di studi bonaventuriani (1954- ).

A Companion to Bonaventure, ed. Jay Hammond, Wayne Hellmann, and Jared Goff, Brill’s Companions to the Christian Tradition 48 (Leiden, 2014).

San Bonaventura Maestro di Vita Francescana e di Sapienza Cristiana: Atti del Congresso internazionale per il 7 centenario di San Bonaventura da Bagnoregio, Roma, 19-26 settembre 1974, 3 vols., ed. Alfonso Pompei (Rome, 1976). Table of Contents.

S. Bonaventura 1274-1974: Volumen commemorativum anni septies centenarii a morte S. Bonaventura Doctoris Sepharici, 5 vols, ed. Jacques Guy Bougerol (Grottaferrata, 1972-74).

Jacques Guy Bougerol, Introduction à Saint Bonaventure (Paris, 1988); Introduction to the Works of Bonaventure (Paterson NJ, 1964).

Jacques Guy Bougerol, Lexique saint Bonaventure (Paris, 1969).

Christopher CullenBonaventure (Oxford, 2006).

Etienne Gilson, The Christian Philosophy of St. Bonaventure, trans. Illtyd Trethowan and Frank Sheed (Paterson NJ, 1965).

Peter S. DillardA Way Into Scholasticism: A Companion to St. Bonaventure’s The Soul’s Journey into God (Cambridge, 2012).


St. Bonaventure of Bagnoregio (Franciscan Archive)


Duns Scotus:


Palémon Glorieux, Répertorie des maîtres en théologie de Paris au XIIIe siècle, 2 vols. (Paris, 1933). Vol. 2, pp. 205-14.

Duns Scotus Bibliography from 1950 to the Present, comp. Tobias Hoffmann

Opera omnia:

Opera omnia, ed. L. Wadding, 12 vols. (Lyon, 1639); ed. Vives (Paris, 1891).

Doctoris subtilis et mariani Ioannis Duns Scoti Ordinis Fratrum Minorum, ed. C. Balić et al., 21 vols. (Vatican City, 1950-2015).

Indices B.Ioannis Duns Scoti, Doctoris subtilis et mariani B. Ioannis Duns Scoti ordinis fratrum minorum opera omnia 15.1 (Vatican City, 2015).

Duns Scotus, Opera philosophica, ed. G. Etzkorn et al., 5 vols. (St Bonaventure NY, 1997-2006).

Cuestiones Cuodlibetales, ed. Felix Alluntis, Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos 277 (Madrid, 1968).

Obras del Doctor Sutil, Juan Duns Escoto. Madrid: Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos.

John Duns Scotus: Works. Electronic Edition (Past Masters).

Elenco delle opere che sono comunemente attribuite a Duns Scoto dalla tradizione manoscritta

Franciscan Institute Publications translations.


The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus, ed. Thomas Williams (Cambridge, 2003).

Richard Cross, Duns Scotus (Oxford, 1999).

Mary Ingham, Scotus for Dunces. An Introduction to the Subtle Doctor (New York, 2003).

Allan Wolter, The Philosophical Theology of John Duns Scotus, ed. Marilyn McCord Adams (Ithaca NY, 1990).


Commissio Scotistica Internationalis

Duns Scotus Online (Sydney Penner)

Franciscan Archive

Post-Reformation Digital Library

Hugh of St. Victor:

Opera Omnia:

Edition der Opera Omnia des Hugo von Sankt Viktor

Joseph De Ghellinck, “La table des matières de la première édition des oeuvres de Hugues de Saint-Victor,” Recherches de science religieuse 1 (1910), 270-89, 385-86.

Some Recent Editions/Translations:

De archa Noe. Libellus de formatione arche, ed. Patrice Sicard, CCCM 176, 176A (Turnhout, 2001).

De tribus diebus, ed. Dominique Poirel, CCCM 177 (Turnhout, 2002).

Super Ierarchiam Dionisii, ed. Dominique Poirel, CCCM 178 (Turnhout, 2015).

De vanitate rerum mundanarum, Dialogus de creatione mundi, CCCM 269, ed. C. Giraud (Turnhout, 2015).

De oratione dominica, De septem donis Spiritus sancti, ed. F. Siri, CCCM 276 (Turnhout, 2018).

Hugonis de Sancto Victore De sacramentis christiane fidei, ed. Rainer Berndt, Corpus Victorinum, Textus historici 1 (Münster, 2008).

Hugonis de Sancto Victore operum Editio auspiciis Gilduini abbatis procurata et IV voluminibus digessa. Novissime vero a Rainero Berndt restituta, ed. Rainer Berndt and José Luis Narvaja, Corpus Victorinum, Textus historici 3 (Münster, 2017).

L’oeuvre de Hugues de Saint-Victor, 1: De institutione novitiorum, De virtute orandi, De laude caritatis, De arrha animae, ed. Hugh B. Feiss and Patrice Sicard, trans. Dominique Poirel, Henri Rochais, and Patrice Sicard, Sous la Règle de saint Augustin 3 (Turnhout, 1997).


Rudolf Goy, Die Überlieferung der Werke Hugos von Sankt Viktor. Ein Beitrag zur Kommunikationsgeschichte des Mittelalters, Monographien zur Geschichte des Mittelalters 14 (Stuttgart, 1976).

Patrice SicardIter Victorinum. La tradition manuscrite des œuvres de Hugues et de Richard de Saint-Victor. Répertoire complémentaire et études, Bibliotheca Victorina 24 (Turnhout, 2015).


Marcus Elder, “Hugh of St. Victor’s Prima Eruditio. A Study in His Theological Architectonics,” Archa Verbi 14 (2017).

Conrad Rudolph, The Mystic Ark: Hugh of Saint Victor, Art, and Thought in the Twelfth Century (Cambridge, 2014).

Boyd Taylor Coolman, The Theology of Hugh of St. Victor: An Interpretation (Cambridge, 2010).

Paul Rorem, Hugh of St. Victor, Great Medieval Thinkers (Oxford, 2009).

Franklin T. Harkins, Reading and the Work of Restoration: History and Scripture in the Theology of Hugh of St. Victor (Toronto, 2009).

Patrice Sicard, Hugues de Saint-Victor et son école (Turnhout, 1991).


Hugo von Sankt Viktor – Institut für Quellenkunde des Mittelalters

John Scottus Eriugena:


Mary Brennan, “A Bibliography of Publications in the Field of Eriugenian Studies, 1800–1975.” Studi Medievali 3rd ser. 18 (1977), 401-47.

Mary Brennan, Guide des études érigéniennes: bibliographie commentée des publications, 1930–1987 / A Guide to Eriugenian Studies: A Survey of Publications, 1930–1987 (Fribourg, 1989).

Gerd van Riel, “A Bibliographical Survey of Eriugenian Studies, 1987–1995,” In Iohannes Scottus Eriugena: The Bible and Hermeneutics. Proceedings of the Ninth International Colloquium of the Society for the Promotion of Eriugenian Studies Held at Leuven and Louvain-La-Neuve, June 710, 1995, ed. Gerd van Riel, Carlos Steel, and James McEvoy (Leuven, 1996), pp. 367-400.

Gerd van Riel, “Eriugenian Studies 1995–2000,” in History and Eschatology in John Scottus Eriugena and His Time. Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference of the Society for the Promotion of Eriugenian Studies, Maynooth and Dublin, August 16–20, 2000, ed. James J. McEvoy (Leuven, 2002), pp. 611-26.

Adriana Farenga and Ernesto Sergio Mainoldi, “Bibliography of Eriugenian Works (2000–2016).”

Opera Omnia:

Raul Corazzon, “The Works of Eriugena: Editions and Translations”


Édouard Jeauneau and Paul Dutton, The Autograph of Eriugena, Autographa Medii Aevi 3 (Turnhout, 1996).


Mary Brennan, “Materials for the Biography of Johannes Scottus Eriugena,” Studi Medievali 3rd ser. 27 (1986), 413-60.

Deirdre Carabine, John Eriugena Scottus (Oxford, 2000).

Dermot Moran, The Philosophy of John Scottus Eriugena: A Study of Idealism in the Middle Ages (Cambridge, 1989).

Édouard JeauneauÉtudes érigéniennes (Paris, 1987).

Iohannes Scottus Eriugena. The Bible and Hermeneutics. Proceedings of the Ninth International Colloquium of the Society for the Promotion of Eriugenian Studies Held at Leuven and Louvain-La-Neuve, June 7-10, 1995, ed. Gerd Van Riel, Carlos Steel and James J. McEvoy (Leuven, 1996).

Eriugena Redivivus. Zur Wirkungsgeschichte seines Denkens im Mittelalter und im Übergang zur Neuzeit, ed. Werner Beierwaltes (Heidelberg, 1987).

Giovanni Scoto nel suo tempo: L’organizzazione del sapere in età carolingia, ed. Claudio Leonardi and E. Mesesto (Spoleto, 1989).

John Wyclif:


Fiona Somerset and Derrick Picard, “The Lollard and John Wyclif,” Oxford Bibliographies

Bibliography of Secondary Sources (Lollard Society).

Opera omnia:

The Latin Works of John Wyclif: A Searchable Database of the Primary Texts

W. R. ThomsonThe Latin Writings of John Wyclif: An Annotated Catalog (Toronto, 1983).

The Works of John Wyclif (Lollard Society)


A Companion to John Wyclif, Late Medieval Theologian, ed. Ian Christopher Levy, Brill’s Companions to the Christian Tradition 4 (Leiden, 2006).

G. R. Evans, John Wyclif (Oxford, 2005).

Stephen E. Lahey, John Wyclif, Great Medieval Thinkers (Oxford, 2009).

Nicholas of Cusa:


Hans Gerhard Senger, “Cusanus-Literatur der Jahre 1986–2001: Ein Forschungsbericht,” Recherches de théologie et philosophie médiévales 69 (2002), 225-42; 371-94.

Jasper Hopkins. Supplementary Cusanus Bibliography

Opera Omnia:

Nicolai de Cusa Opera Omnia (Heidelberg, 1932- ).

Opera Cusana: Complementum Theologicum, De Aequalitate, De Principio (Paris, 1514).

Opera Cusana (Strasburg, 1488), ed. Paul Wilpert, 2 vols. (Berlin, 1967).

D. Nicolai De Cvsa, Cardinalis, vtriusque Iuris Doctoris, in omniqúe Philosophia incomparabilis viri Opera (Basel, 1565).

Thomas M. Izbicki and Kim S. Breighner, “Cusanus in English,” in Introducing Nicholas of Cusa: Guide to a Renaissance Man, ed. Christopher Belitto, Thomas M. Izbicki, and Gerald Christianson (New York, 2004).

Jasper Hopkins, English Translations of Nicholas of Cusa


Jan Bernd Elpert, “Some Remarks Regarding Nicholas of Cusa and His Manuscripts,” Helmantica 63 (2012), 243-63.


Morimichi Watanabe, Nicholas of Cusa, A Companion to His Life of Time, ed. Gerald Christianson and Thomas M. Izbicki (Farnham, 2011).

Nicholas of Cusa: A Medieval Thinker for the Modern Age, ed. Kazuhiko Yamaki (Richmond, Surrey, 2002).

Nikolaus von Kues: Denker zwischen Mittelalter und Neuzeit, ed. Karl-Hermann Kandler (Göttingen, 1995).

Jasper Hopkins, A Concise Introduction to the Philosophy of Nicholas of Cusa, 2nd ed. (Minneapolis, 1980).

Nikolaus von Kues. Einfiührung in sein philosophisches Denken, ed. Klaus Jacobi (Munich, 1979).

Mitteilungen und Forschungsbeiträge der Cusanus-Gesellschaft, ed. Rudolf Haubst (1961- ).

Nancy J. Hudson, Becoming God: The Doctrine of Theosis in Nicholas of Cusa (Washington, D.C., 2007).


American Cusanus Society. Publishes a biennial Newsletter (1983- ).

Institut für Cusanus-Forschung (Universität Trier)


Peter Abelard:


Constance J. Mews, “Peter Abelard,” Oxford Bibliographies: Medieval Studies.

Opera Omnia:

Petri Abelardi Opera, ed. V. Cousin, 2 vols. (Paris, 1849-59).

Petrus Abaelardus. Opera Theologica, 5 vols., CCCM 11-15 (Turnhout, 1969-2004): 11: Opera theologica I: Commentaria in Epistolam Pauli ad Romanos. Apologia contra Bernardum (1969); 12: Opera theologica II: Theologia christiana. Theologia scholarium (recensiones breviores). Capitula haeresum Petri Abaelardi (1969); 13: Opera theologica III: Theologia ‘summi boni’. Theologia ‘scholarium’ (1987); 14: Opera theologica VI: Sententie – Liber Sententiarum (2006); 190 Opera theologica IV: Scito te ipsum (2001); 15: Opera theologica V: Expositio in Hexameron. Abbreviatio Petri Abaelardi expositionis in Hexameron (2004); 206: Glossae super Peri hermeneias I (2010); 206A: Glossae super Peri hermeneias II; Glossae “Doctrinae sermonum”; De propositionibus modalibus (2016).

Petrus Abaelardus Opera theologica, 3 vols., ed. E. M. Buytaert, D. E. Luscombe, J. Barrow, C. Burnett, K. S. B. Keats-Rohan, C. J. Mews, and M. Romig, Corpus Christianorum Scholars Version (Turnhout, 2013).

Peter Abelard, Sic et Non: A Critical Edition, ed. Blanche Boyer and Richard McKeon (Chicago, 1976-77).

Peter Abelard, Collationes, ed. John Marenbon and Giovanni Orlandi, Oxford Medieval Texts (Oxford, 2001).


Julia Barrow, Charles S. F. Burnett, and David E. Luscombe, “A Checklist of the Manuscripts containing the Writings of Peter Abelard and Heloise and Other Works Closely Associated with Abelard and His School,” Revue d’histoire des textes 14-15 (1984-85), 183-302.


Constance J. Mews, “On Dating the Works of Peter Abelard,” Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du moyen âge 52 (1985), 73-134.

The Cambridge Companion to Abelard, ed. Jeffrey E. Brower and Kevin Guilfoy (Cambridge, 2004).

Petrus Abaelardus Werk und Wirkung, ed. Rudall Thomas (Trier, 1980).

D. E. Luscombe, The School of Peter Abelard: The Influence of Abelard’s Thought in the Early Scholastic Period (Cambridge, 1969).

D. E. Luscombe, “The School of Peter Abelard Revisited,” Vivarium 30 (1992), 127-38.

Rethinking Abelard: A Collection of Critical Essays, ed. Babette S. Hellemans, Brill’s Studies in Intellectual History 229 (Leiden, 2014).

Peter Abelard: Proceedings of the Iinternational Conference Louvain May 10-12 1971, ed. E. M. Buytaert, Mediaevalia Lovaniensia Series I / Studia II (Louvain, 1974).

Peter Lombard:


Philipp W. Rosemann, “New Interest in Peter Lombard: The Current State of Research and Some Desiderata for the Future,” Recherches de théologie et philosophie médiévales 72 (2005), 133-52.

Peter Lombard, Magister Sententiarum (Franciscan Institute)

Opera Omnia:

Patrologia Latina 191-92 and 171.

Petri Lombardi Sententia in IV libris distinctae, 2 vols., ed. Ignatius Brady, Spicilegium Bonaventurianum 4-5 (Grottaferrata, 1971-81). 

Jacqueline Hamesse, Thesaurus librorum sententiarum Petri Lombardi, Thesaurus Patrum Latinorum, Series A: Formae (Turnhout, 1991).

Some Recent Editions/Translations:

Peter Lombard: The Sentences, 4 vols., trans. Giulano Silano (Turnhout, 2007-10).  


Marcia L. Colish, Peter Lombard, 2 vols. (Leiden, 1994). 

Pietro Lombardo. Atti del XLIII Convegno storico internazionale (Todi, 8-10 ottobre 2006), (Spoleto, 2007).

Marcia L. Colish, “The Development of Lombardian Theology, 1160-1215,” in Centers of Learning: Learning and Location in Pre-Modern Europe and the Near East, ed. Jan Willem Drijvers and Alasdair A. MacDonald, Brill’s Studies in Intellectual History 61 (Leiden, 1995), pp. 207-16.

Matthew Doyle, Peter Lombard and His Students, Studies and Texts 201 (Toronto, 2016).

Phiipp W. Rosemann, Peter Lombard (Oxford, 2004). 

Philipp W. Rosemann, The Story of a Great Medieval Book: Peter Lombard’s Sentences (New York, 2007). 

Commentaries on the Sentences:

Medieval Commentaries on the Sentences of Peter Lombard, vol. 1, ed. G. R. Evans and R. James Long (Leiden, 2002); vols. 2-3, ed. Philipp W. Rosemann (Leiden, 2009-15). 

Friedrich Stegmüller, Repertorium commentariorum in Sententias Petri Lombardi, 2 vols. (Würzburg, 1947).

Victorin Doucet, Commentaires sur les Sentences: supplément au Répertoire de M. Frédéric Stegmueller (Quaracchi, 1954).

Adriano OlivaLes débuts de l’enseignement de Thomas d’Aquin et sa conception de la Sacra Doctrina. Avec l’édition du prologue de son commentaire des Sentences (Paris, 2006).

THESIS Project. “The THESIS project proposes a pioneering study of a coherent corpus of medieval manuscripts consisting of all the commentaries on the Sentences composed in Paris and in the new universities from Central Europe between 1350-1450. A Sentences commentary is a core component of the medieval academic curriculum, a collection of theses that scholars had to defend in the universities in order to obtain the title of master or doctor of theology; it is actually the unique equivalent of our modern PhD thesis.”

RS: An Online Repertory of Commentaries on Peter Lombard’s Sentences

Studia Sententiarum (Brepols series)


Opera Omnia:

Patrologia Graeca 3.

Corpus Dionysiacum: vol. 1, Pseudo-Dionysius Areopagita. De Divinis Nominibus, ed. Beate Regina Suchla (Berlin, 1990); vol. 2: Pseudo-Dionysius Areopagita. De Coelesti Hierarchia, De Ecclesiastica Hierarchia, De Mystica Theologia, Epistulae, ed. Günter Heil and Adolf M. Ritter (Berlin, 1991); vol. 4/1: Ioannis Scythopolitani prologus et scholia in Dionysii Areopagitae librum ‘De divinis nominibus’ cum additamentis interpretum aliorum, ed. Beate Regina Suchla (Berlin, 2011).

Pseudo-Dionysius: The Complete Works, trans. Colm Luibheid (New York, 1987).

Latin Translations:

Dionysiaca: Receuil donnant l’ensemble des traditions latines des ouvrages attribués au Denys de l’Aréopagrite, 2 vols., ed. Philippe Chevallier (Bruges, 1937-50).

P. Tombeur, Thesaurus Pseudo-Dionysii Areopagitae: Versiones Latinae cum Textu Graeco (Turnhout, 1995).

Helmut Meinhart, “Dionysios Are(i)opagites: Lateinische Überseitzungen im Mittelalter. Wirkungsgeschichte im lateinischen Mittelalter,” in Lexikon des Mittelalters III, 1082-87.

M. Grabmann, “Die mittelalterlichen lateinischen Übersetzungen der Schriften des Ps. Dionysius Areopagita,” in Grabmann, Mittelalterliches Geistesleben, vol. 1 (Munich, 1926), pp. 449-52.

H. F. Dondaine, Le Corpus Dionysien de l’Universite de Paris au XIIIe siecle (Rome, 1953).

For editions of the major medieval commentaries on pseudo-Dionysius see Kevin Corrigan and L. Michael, Harrington, “Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite,” in The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.


Stephen GershFrom Iamblichus to Eriugena: An Investigation of the Prehistory and Evolution of the Pseudo-Dionysian Tradition (Leiden, 1978).

Ysabel de Andia, Denys l’Aréopagite: tradition et métamorphoses (Paris, 2006).

Paul RoremPseudo-Dionysius: A Commentary on the Texts and an Introduction to Their Influence (Oxford, 1993).

Paul RoremBiblical and Liturgical Symbols within the Pseudo-Dionysian Synthesis (Toronto, 1984).

Dominique Poirel, “Le mirage dionysien: la réception latine du Pseudo-Denys jusqu’au XIIe siècle à l’épreuve des manuscrits,” Comptes rendus des séances de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 151 (2007), 1435-55.

Die Dionysius-Rezeption im Mittelalter, ed. Tzotcho Boiadjiev, Georgi Kapriev, and Andreas Speer, Rencontres de Philosophie Médiévale 9 (Turnhout, 2000).

Denys l’aréopagite et sa postérité en Orient et en Occident: Actes du colloque international de Paris, 21-24 septembre 1994, ed. Ysabel de Andia (Paris, 1997).

David E. Luscombe, “Denis the pseudo-Areopagite in the Middle Ages from Hilduin to Lorenzo Valla,” in Fälschungen I’m Mittelalter: Internationaler Kongress der Monumenta Germaniae Historica, München, 16.-19. September 1986, ed. W. Setz (Hannover, 1988), I, 133-52.

David E. Luscombe, “The Reception of the Writings of Denis the pseudo-Areogagite into England,” in Tradition and Change: Essays in Honour of Marjorie Chibnall, ed. Diana Greenway, Christopher Holdsworth, and Jane Sayers (Cambridge, 1985), pp. 115-44.

David E. Luscombe, “Some Examples of the Use Made of the Works of the Pseudo-Dionysius by University Teachers in the Later Middle Ages,” in The Universities in the Late Middle Ages, ed. J. IJsewijn, Mediaevalia Lovaniensia Series I / Studia 6 (Leuven, 1978), pp. 228-41.

Jean Leclercq, “Influence and Noninfluence of Dionysius in the Western Middle Ages,” in Pseudo-Dionysius: The Complete Works, trans. Colm Luibheid (New York, 1987), pp. 25-32.

B. Faes de Mottoni, Il “Corpus Dionysiacum” nel Medioevo. Rassegna di studi 1900-1972 (Rome, 1977).

Paul Lehmann, “Zur Kenntnis der Schriften des Dionysius Areopagita im Mittelalter,” Revue Bénédicdtine 35 (1923), 81-97.

G. Théry, “Contribution à l’histoire de l’aréopagitisme au IXe siècle,” Le Moyen Age 35 (1923), 111-53.

Timothy R. Budde, “The Versio Dionysii of John Scottus Eriugena. A Study of the Manuscript Tradition and Influence of Eriugena’s Translation of the Corpus Areopagiticum from the 9th through the 12th Century” (unpubl. PhD diss., University of Toronto, 2011).

Paul Rorem, Eriugena’s Commentary on the Dionysian Celestial Hierarchy, Studies and Texsts 150 (Toronto, 2005).

Bernard McGinn, “Pseudo-Dionysius and the Early Cistercians,” in One Yet Two: Monastic Tradition, East and West, ed. B. Pennington, Cistercian Publications (Kalamazoo MI, 1976), pp. 200-41.

Dale Coulter, “Pseudo-Dionysius in the Twelfth-Century Latin West,” ORB Online Encyclopedia.

Hyacinthe François Dondaine, Le corpus dionysien de l’université de Paris au XIIIe siècle (Rome, 1953).

Fran O’Rourke, Pseudo-Dionysius and the Metaphysics of Aquinas, Studien und Texte zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters 32 (Leiden, 1992).

Richard of St. Victor:

Opera omnia:

Patrologia Latina 196.

Richard de Saint-Victor, Liber exceptionum, ed. Jean Chatillon, Textes Philosophiques du Moyen Âge (Paris, 1958).


Rudolf Goy, Die handschriftliche Überlieferung der Werke Richards von Sankt Viktor im Mittelalter, Bibliotheca Victorina 18 (Turnhout, 2005).

Patrice SicardIter Victorinum. La tradition manuscrite des œuvres de Hugues et de Richard de Saint-Victor. Répertoire complémentaire et études, Bibliotheca Victorina 24 (Turnhout, 2015).


Jean Châtillon, “Richard de Saint-Victor,” Dictionnaire de spiritualité 13 (Paris, 1987), cols. 594-654.

Dale Coulter, Per visibilia ad invisibilia: Theological Method in Richard of St. Victor (d. 1173), Bibliotheca Victorina 19 (Turnhout, 2006).

Robert Grosseteste:


Servus Gieben, “Bibliographia universa Roberti Grosseteste ab anno 1473 ad annum 1969,” Collectanea Franciscana 39 (1962), 362-418.

Servus Gieben, “Robertus Grosseteste: Bibliographia 1970–1991,” in Robert Grosseteste: New Perspectives on His Thought and Scholarship, ed. James McEvoy (Turnhout, 1995), pp. 415-31.

Opera omnia:

Die Philosophischen Werke des Robert Grosseteste, Bischofs von Lincoln, ed. Ludwig Bauer, Beiträge zur Geschichte der Philosophie des Mittelalters 9 (Münster, 1912).


Ordered Universe: Grosseteste Manuscripts


James McEvoy, Robert Grosseteste (Oxford, 2000).

James McEvoy, The Philosophy of Robert Grosseteste, corrected reprint (Oxford, 1986).

James McEvoy, Robert Grosseteste, Exegete and Philosopher, Variorum Collected Studies (Aldershot, 1994).

Robert Grosseteste: New Perspectives on his Thought and Scholarship, ed. James McEvoy, Studia Patristica 27 (Turnhout, 1995).

James R. Ginther, Master of the Sacred Page: A Study of the Theology of Robert Grosseteste, ca. 1129/30-1235 (New York, 2016).

S. Harrison ThomsonThe Writings of Robert Grosseteste, Bishop of Lincoln, 1235–1253 (Cambridge, 1940).


The Electronic Grosseteste

Ordered Universe

Stephen Langton:
Thomas Aquinas:

For Aquinas’s Biblical commentaries see the separate bibliography on The Bible and Its Interpretation.


Palémon Glorieux, Répertorie des maîtres en théologie de Paris au XIIIe siècle, 2 vols. (Paris, 1933). Vol. 1, pp. 85-104.

Bibliographia Thomistica

Pierre Mandonnet, M.-D. Chenu, and Jean Destrez, Bibliographie thomiste, 2nd ed. (Paris, 1960).

Vernon J. Bourke, Thomistic Bibliography, 1920-1940 (St. Louis, 1945).

Terry L. Miethe and Vernon J. Bourke, Thomistic Bibliography, 1940-1978 (Westport CT, 1990).

Richard Ingardia, Thomas Aquinas: International Bibliography, 1977-1990 (Bowling Green OH, 1993).

R. E. Houser, “Thomism,” Oxford Bibliographies: Medieval Studies.

“Bibliography,” in Reading Sacred Scripture with Thomas Aquinas: Hermeneutical Tools, Theological Questions and New Perspectives, ed. P. Roszak and J. Vijgen, Textes et Etudes du Moyen Âge 80 (Turnhout, 2015), pp. 555-90.

Opera omnia:

Corpus Thomisticum.  Includes among other resources the Index Thomisticus, an online and searchable version of Index Thomisticus: Sancti Thomae Aquinatis operum omnium indices et concordantiae in quibus verborum omnium et singulorum formae et lemmata cum suis frequentiis et contextibus variis modis referuntur quaeque, 49 vols., ed. Roberto Busa (Stuttgart, 1974–80): sect. 1. Indices. v.1-10.–sect. 2. Concordantia prima. v.1-23.–sect. 2[a]. Concordantia altera. v.1-8.–sect. 3. Concordantia prima. v.1-6.–sect. 3[a]. Concordantia altera. v.1-2.

Commissio Leonina. Sponsor of standard “Leonine” critical edition of the writings of Aquinas: Sancti Thomae Aquinatis doctoris angelici Opera omnia issue Leonis XIII (Rome, 1882- ). See the list of published texts.

Sancti Thomae Aquinatis doctoris angelici ordenis predicatorum Opera omnia …, 35 vols. (Parma, 1852-73). [“Parma edition.”]

D. Thomae Aquinatis Opera omnia, ed. Stanisla Edouard Fretté and Paul Maré, 34 vols. (Paris, 1874-89). [“Vivès edition”]

C. Viola, “Table generale et index analytique des oeuvres completes de saint Thomas d’Aquin: Un guide pour l’edition Vives,” Bulletin de philosophie médiévale 29 (1987), 178-92. 

Thérèse Bonin, Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography


H. F. Dondaine and H. V. Shooner, Codices manuscripti operum Thomae de Aquino, 3 vols. (Rome, 1967-1985).

C. M. Grafinger, “Die von der Commissione Leonina verwendeten Handschriften zur Herausgabe der Gesamtwerke des heiligen Thomas von Aquin,” Römische Quartalschrift für christliche Altertumskunde und Kirchengeschichte 99/1-2 (2004), 82-102.


Jean-Pierre TorrellSaint Thomas Aquinas, vol. 1: The Person and His Work, rev. ed., trans. Robert Royal (Washington, D.C., 2005); vol. 2: Spiritual Master, trans. Robert Royal (Washington, D.C., 2003).

The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas, ed. Brian Davies and Eleonore Stump (Oxford, 2012).

The Cambridge Companion to Aquinas, ed. Norman Kretzmann and Eleonore Stump (Cambridge, 1993).

The Theology of Thomas Aquinas, ed. Rik Van Nieuwenhove and Joseph Wawrykow (Notre Dame IN, 2010).

Aquinas on Doctrine: A Critical Introduction, ed. Thomas Gerard Weinandy, Daniel Keating, and John Yocum (London, 2004).

Eleonore Stump, Aquinas, Arguments of the Philosophers (New York, 2008). Clearly organized by theological topics and exceptionally well indexed.

M.-D. Chenu, Aquinas and His Role in Medieval Theology, trans. Paul Philibert (Collegeville MN, 2002).

Roy J. Deferrari, M. Inviolata Barry, and Ignatius McGuiness, A Lexicon of St. Thomas Aquinas Based on the Summa Theologica and Selected Passages of His Other Works (Washington, D.C., 1948–53).

John-Pierre Torrell, Aquinas’s Summa: Background, Structure, and Reception, trans. Benedict M. Guevin (Washington, D.C. 2005).

Brian Davies, Thomas Aquinas’ Summa Contra Gentiles: A Guide and Commentary (Oxford, 2016).


Thomistica: A Site for the Academic Study of St. Thomas Aquinas

Thomas Instituut te Utrecht. Includes a page of Tools for Research.

William of Auxerre:


Palémon Glorieux, Répertorie des maîtres en théologie de Paris au XIIIe siècle, 2 vols. (Paris, 1933). Vol. 1, pp. 293-94.

Jules A. St. Pierre, “The Theological Thought of William of Auxerre. An Introductory Bibliography,” Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 33 (1966), 147-55.

Opera omnia:

Magistri Guillelmi Altissiodorensis, Summa aurea, 7 vols. in 5, ed. J. Ribaillier, Spicilegium Bonaventurianum, vols. 16-20 (Paris, 1980-87).

Franz Fischer, Magistri Guillelmi Autissiodorensis Summa de offices ecclesiastics: Kritisch-digitale Erstausgabe


Spencer E. Young, “Paris, BNF MS Lat. 14276: Peter of Bar, Stephen Berout, and Master G. A New Witness to William of Auxerre,” Bulletin de philosophie médiévale 50 (2008), 53-82.


Spencer E. YoungScholarly Community at the Early University of Paris: Theologians, Education, and Society 1215-1248 (Cambridge, 2014), ch. 3: “The Great Debater: The Influence of William of Auxerre.”

Boyd Taylor Coolman, Knowing God by Experience: The Spiritual Senses in the Theology of William of Auxerre (Washington, D.C., 2004).

W. H. Principe, William of Auxerre’s Theology of the Hypostatic Union, vol. 1 of The Theology of the Hypostatic Union in the Early Thirteenth Century, Studies and Texts 7 (Toronto, 1963).

Jean Ribaillier, “Guillaume d’Auxerre,” Dictionnaire de Spiritualité 6 (1967), cols. 1192-95.

Carmello Ottaviano, Guglielmo d’Auxerre (†1231): la vita, le opere, il pensiero (Rome, 1929).

William of Ockham:


Sharon Kaye, “William of Ockham,” Oxford Bibliographies: Philosophy.

Jan P. BeckmannOckham—Bibliographie: 1900–1990 (Hamburg, 1992).

Valens Heynick, “Ockham-Literatur: 1919–1949,” Franziskanische Studien 32 (1950), 164-183.

James P. Reilly, “Ockham Bibliography, 1950–1967,” Franciscan Studies 28 (1968), 197-214.

Allessandro Ghisalberti, “Bibliografia su Guglielmo di Occam dal 1950 al 1968,” Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 61 (1969) 273-84, 545-71.

“Occam, Guillielmus” (Repertorium “Geschichtsquellen des deutschen Mittelalters”)

Opera omnia:

William of Ockham, Opera theologica, 10 vols., ed. Gedeon Gál et al. (St. Bonaventure NY, 1967-88).

William of Ockham, Opera philosophica, 7 vols., ed. Philotheus Boehner, Gedeon Gál et al. (St. Bonaventure NY, 1974-88).

Opera plurima (Bologna, 1496).

Paul Vincent Spade, “Introduction. II. A Conspectus of Ockham’s Writings,” in The Cambridge Companion to Ockham, ed. Spade (Cambridge, 1999), pp. 5-11.

Recent Translations:

Compendium of Ockham’s Teaching: A Translation of the Tractatus de Principiis Theologiae, trans. Julian Davies (St. Bonaventure NY, 1998).


The Cambridge Companion to Ockham, ed. Paul Vincent Spade (Cambridge, 1999).

Marilyn McCord AdamsWilliam Ockham, 2 vols. (Notre Dame IN, 1987).

William J. Courtenay, Ockham and Ockhamism: Studies in the Dissemination and Impact of His Thought (Leiden, 2008).

Armand Augustine Maurer, The Philosophy of William of Ockham in the Light of Its Principles, Studies and Texts 133 (Toronto, 1999)

Philotheus Boehner, Collected Articles on Ockham, ed. Eligius M. Buytaert, 2nd ed. (St. Bonaventure NY, 1999).

Leon BaudryLexique philosophique de Guillaume d’Ockham (Paris, 1958).

William of Saint-Thierry


ARCCIS. Petit Bibliographie Cistercienne. 316. Guillaume de Saint-Thierry

Biographia Cisterciensis: Wilhelm von Saint-Thierry–Bibliographie

“Bibliography of the Works of William of Saint-Thierry” and “General Bibliography,” in Unity of Spirit: Studies on William of Saint-Thierry in Honor of E. Rozanne Elder, ed. F. Tyler Sergent et al., Cistercian Studies Series 268 (Collegeville MN, 2015), pp. 185-190 and 191-202.

Paul Verdeyen, Expositio super epistolam ad Romanos, CCCM 86 (Turnhout, 1989), pp. [xxxii]-li.

Aage Rydstrøm-Poulsen, “Research on William of Saint-Thierry from 1998 to 2008,” Analecta Cisterciana 58 (2008), 158-69.

M. Basil Pennington and Paul Verdeyen, “Bibliographie de Guillaume de Saint-Thierry depuis 1900,” in Saint-Thierry, une abbaye du VIe au XXe siècle. Actes du colloque international d’histoire monastique Reims–Saint-Thierry du 11 au 14 octobre 1976 , ed. Michel Bur (Saint-Thierry, 1979), pp. 443-54.

Opera Omnia:

Patrologia Latina, 187

Guillelmi a Sancto Theodorico Opera omnia, ed. P. Verdeyden et al., 6 vols., CCCM 86, 87, 88, 89, 89A-B (Turnhout, 1989-2011): 86: Expositio super Epistolam ad Romanos (1989); 87: Expositio super Cantica Canticorum; Brevis commentatio; Excerpta de libris Beati Ambrosii super Cantica Canticorum; Excerpta ex libris Beati Gregorii super Cantica Canticorum (1997); 88: De sacramento altaris; De natura corporis et animae; De contemplando Deo; De natura et dignitate amoris; Epistola ad Fratres (2003); 89: Meditationes devotivae (2005); 89A: Opuscula adversus Petrum Abelardum et de fide (2007); 89B: Vita prima Sancti BernardiLiber primus. Accedunt Libri II-V. Fragmenta Gaufridi (2011).


See the CCCM Opera omnia volumes.


Unity of Spirit: Studies on William of Saint-Thierry in Honor of E. Rozanne Elder, ed. F. Tyler Sergent et al., Cistercian Studies Series 268 (Collegeville MN, 2015)

Bernard McGinnThe Growth of Mysticism: Gregory the Great through the 12th Century. (New York, 1994), pp. 225-74.

Denis Cazes, La théologie sapientielle de Guillaume de Saint-Thierry, Studia Anselmiana (Rome, 2009).

Y.-A. BaudeletL’Experience spirituelle selon Guillaume de Saint-Thierry (Paris, 1985).

David BellThe Image and Likeness: The Augustinian Spirituality of William of St. Thierry, Cistercian Studies 78 (Kalamazoo MI, 1984).

Jean-Marie Déchanet, William of Saint-Thierry: The Man and His Work, trans. R. Strachan, Cistercian Studies 10 (Spencer MA, 1972).

Aage Rydstrøm-Poulsen, “The Humanism of William of Saint-Thierry,” in A Companion to Medieval Christian Humanism: Essays on Principal Thinkers, ed. John P. Bequette, Brill’s Companions to Christian Tradition 69 (Leiden, 2016), pp. 88-100.

Ineke Van ‘t Spijker, “William of Saint-Thierry: Experience and the Religious Subject,” chap. 5 of Fictions of the Inner Life: Religious Literature and Formation of the Self in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries, Disputatio 4 (Turnhout, 2004), pp. 185-231.

Michaela Pfeifer, “Wilhelms von Saint-Thierry Goldener Brief und seine Bedeutung,” Analecta Cisterciana 50 (1994), 3-250; 51 (1995), 3-109.

Some Major Theological Topics


George J. Marshall, Angels: An Indexed and Partially Annotated Bibliography of Over 4300 Scholarly Books and Articles Since the 7th Century B.C. (Jefferson NC, 1999). 

Gustav Davidson, A Dictionary of Angels including the Fallen Angels (New York, 1967).

Henry Mayr-Harting, Perceptions of Angels in History: An Inaugural Lecture Delivered in the University of Oxford on 14 November 1997 (Oxford, 1998).

Jean Daniélou, The Angels and Their Mission according to the Fathers of the Church, trans. David Heimann (Westminster MD, 1957). 

Ellen Muehlberger, Angels in Late Ancient Christianity (Oxford, 2013).

Glen Peers, Subtle Bodies: Representing Angels in Byzantium (Berkeley CA, 2001).

Eric Peterson, Angels and the Liturgy (New York, 1964). 

David Keck, Angels and Angelology in the Middle Ages (New York, 1998). 

Philippe Faure and Yves Cattin, Les anges et leur image au Moyen Age (Saint-Léger-Vauban, 1999). 

Philippe Faure, Les anges dans le christianisme médiéval (Paris, 2003).

Phillipe Faure, “Les anges gardiens (XIIIe-XVe siècles). Modes et finalités d’une protection rapproché,” Cahiers de Recherches Médiévales 8 (2001), 23-41. 

Philippe Faure, Jean-Patrice Boudet and Christian Renoux, De Socrate à Tintin: Anges gardiens et démons familiers de l’Antiquité à nos jours (Rennes, 2011). 

Richard Sowerby, Angels in Early Medieval England (Oxford, 2016).

Marsha Colish, “Early Scholastic Angelology,” Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 62 (1995) 80-109.

Tobias Hoffmann, A Companion to Angels in Medieval Philosophy, Brill’s Companions to the Christian Tradition 35 (Leiden, 2012).


G. Mathon, L’ anthropologie chrétienne en Occident de saint Augustin à Jean Scot Erigène. Recherches sur le sort des theses de l’anthropologie augustinienne durant le Haut Moyen-Age (unpubl. thesis, Lille, 1964).

A.-G. HammanL’homme, image de Dieu: essai d’une anthropologie chrétienne dans l’Église des cinq premiers siècles (Paris, 1987).

Pierre Daubercies, “La théologie de la condition charnelle chez les maîtres du haut moyen âge.” Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 30 (1963), 5-54.

Edouard-Henri WéberLa personne humaine au XIIIe siècle: l’avènement chez les maîtres parisiens de l’acception moderne de l’homme, Bibliothèque Thomiste 46 (Paris, 1991).

Passiones animae. Die ›Leidenschaften der Seele‹ in der mittelalterlichen Theologie und Philosophie, ed. Christian Schäfer and Martin Thurner, 2nd ed. (Berlin, 2013).

Atonement and Redemption

Junius Johnson, Patristic and Medieval Atonement Theory: A Guide to Research (New York, 2015).  Includes an “Annotated Bibliography of Selected Resources.”

Rik van Nieuwenhove, “Late Mediaeval Atonement Theologies,” in The Oxford Handbook of Christology, ed. Francesca Aran Murphy (Oxford, 2015), pp. 250-64.

The Glory of the Atonement: Biblical, Theological & Practical Perspectives, ed. Roger R. Nicole and Charles Evan Hill (Downers Grove, IL, 2004). Includes Gwenfair M. Walters, “The Atonement in Medieval Theology,” pp. 239-62.

Gustav Aulén, Christus Victor: An Historical Study of the Three Main Types of the Idea of Atonement, trans. A. G. Hebert (New York, 1969).

L. W. Grensted, A Short History of the Doctrine of the Atonement (Manchester, 1920).

Jean Rivière, The Doctrine of the Atonement: A Historical Essay, trans. Luigi Cappadelta, 2 vols (London, 1909).


See also under “Trinity.” For liturgical feasts relating to Christ’s life, see the separate bibliography on Medieval Liturgy.

Jaroslav Pelikan, Jesus through the Centuries (Cambridge, 1997). 

Aloys Grillmeier, Christ in Christian Tradition (Atlanta GA, 1975- ). Vol. 1: From the Apostolic Age to Chalcedon (451); vol. 2., pt. 1: From the Council of Chalcedon (451) to Gregory the Great(590-604); vol. 2., pt. 2: From the Council of Chalcedon (451) to Gregory to Great (590-604).

The Oxford Handbook of Christology, ed. Francesca Aran Murphy (Oxford, 2015). See Sections II and III on Patristic Christology and Medieval Christology.

Stephen J. Davis, Coptic Christology in Practice: Incarnation and Divine Participation in Late Antique and Medieval Egypt (Oxford, 2008).

Per Beskow, Rex Gloriae: The Kingship of Christ in the Early Church, trans. Eric J. Sharpe (Stockholm, 1962).

John Cavadini, The Last Christology of the West: Adoptionism in Spain and Gaul, 785-820 (Philadelphia, 1993).

Matthäus Bernards, “Zur frühscholastischen Christologie.” Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 23 (1956): 165-93.

Dániel Deme, The Christology of Anselm of Canterbury (Aldershot, 2003).

John Morson, Christ the Way: The Christology of Guerric of Igny, Cistercian Studies Series (1978).

Victorine Christology, ed. C. P. Evans, Victorine Texts in Translation (Turnhout, 2018).


Dizionario teologico sul Sangue di Cristo, ed. Tullio Veglianti (Vatican City, 2007).

Carolyn Walker Bynum, Wonderful Blood: Theology and Practice in Late Medieval Northern Germany and Beyond (Philadelphia, 2006).

Joseph Henry Rohling, The Blood of Christ in Christian Latin Literature Before the Year 1000 (Ph.D. diss., Catholic University of America, 1932).

Hypostatic Union:

W. H. Principe, The Theology of the Hypostatic Union in the Early Thirteenth Century, 4 vols., Studies and Texts (Toronto, 1963-75). Individual volumes cover William of Auxerre; Alexander of Hales; Hugh of St. Cher; Philip the Chancellor.

Michael Gorman, Aquinas on the Metaphysics of the Hypostatic Union (Cambridge, 2017).


Corey L. Barnes, Christ’s Two Wills in Scholastic Thought: The Christology of Aquinas and Its Historical Contexts, Studies and Texts 178 (Toronto, 2012).


Patricia Ranft, How the Doctrine of the Incarnation Shaped Western Culture (Lanham MD, 2103).

Richard Cross, The Metaphysics of the Incarnation: Thomas Aquinas to Duns Scotus (Oxford, 2002). 

Prosper Guéranger, The Liturgical Year: Advent, trans. Laurence Shepherd, 2nd ed. (Dublin, 1870). 

Patrick Cowley, Advent: Its Liturgical Significance, Alcuin Club Publications (London, 1960). 

Th. Maertens, “L’Avent. Genèse historique de ses thèmes bibliques et doctrinaux,” Mélanges de science religieuse 38 (1961), 47-110. 

Margot Fassler, “Sermons, Sacramentaries, and Early Sources for the Office: The Example of Advent” in The Divine Office in the Latin Middle Ages, ed. Rebecca Baltzer and Margot Fassler (Oxford, 2000), 15-47. 


Andrew S. Jacobs, Christ Circumcised: A Study in Early Christian History and Difference (Philadelphia, 2012).


Stephen J. Davis, Christ Child: Cultural Memories of a Young Jesus (New Haven CT, 2014).

Mary Dzon, The Quest for the Christ Child in the Later Middle Ages (Philadelphia, 2017).

For apocryphal infancy narratives, see the separate bibliography on The Apocrypha in the Middle Ages.


Daniel Vigne, Christ au Jourdain: Le baptême de Jésus dans la tradition judéo-chrétienne, Études Bibliques, n.s. 16 (Paris, 1992). 

Daniel Alain Bertrand, Le baptême de Jésus: histoire de l’exégèse aux deux premiers siècles (Tübingen, 1973)

R. L. Wilken, “The Interpretation of the Baptism of Jesus in the Later Fathers,” Studia Patristica 11, ed. F. L. Cross (Berlin, 1972), pp. 268-77.

Johannes Bornemann, Die Taufe Christi durch Johannes in der dogmatischen Beurteilung der christlichen Theologen der vier ersten Jahrhunderte (Leipzig, 1896).

Adolf Jacoby, Ein bisher unbeachteter apokrypher Bericht über die Taufe Jesu nebst Beiträgen zur Geschichte der Didaskalie der Zwölf Apostel und Erläuterungen zu den Darstellungen der Taufe Jesu (Strassburg, 1902).

Josef Strzygowski, Iconographie der Taufe Christi: Ein Beitrag zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der christlichen Kunst (Munich, 1885). 

Cobie Kuné, “Er taufte mit Wasser: Zur Taufe Christi im deutschen Religiösen Drama und in der bildenden Kunst des späten Mittelalters,” Neophilologus 84 (2000), 241-53.


M. Steiner, La Tentation de Jésus dans l’interprétation patristique de Saint Justin à Origène (Paris, 1962). 

Klaus Peter Köppen, Die Auslegung der Versuchungsgeschichte unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Alten Kirche (Tübingen, 1961).

Monika Pesthy-Simon, La Théologie de la tentation dans le christianisme ancien (Frankfurt, 2011).

Donald Howard, The Three Temptations (Princeton NJ, 1966). 


Emmanuel Marfori y Cuello, “La teología de la transfiguraciónó en los Padres Latinos,” Excerpta e Dissertationibus in Sacra Theologia 56/2 (Pamplona, 2010).

John A. McGuckin, The Transfiguration of Christ in Scripture and Tradition (Lewiston NY, 1986).

Aaron Canty, Light & Glory: The Transfiguration of Christ in Early Franciscan and Dominican Theology (Washington, D.C., 2011).

Kenneth W. Stevenson, Rooted in Detachment: Living the Transfiguration, Cistercian Studies Series 217 (Kalamazoo MI, 2007).

Georges Habra, La Transfiguration sélon les Pères grecs (Paris, 1974).

Andreas Andreopoulos, Metamorphosis: The Transfiguration in Byzantine Theology and Iconography (Crestwood NY, 2005).

Solrunn NesThe Uncreated Light: An Iconographical Study of the Transfiguration in the Eastern Church, trans. Arlyne Moi (Grand Rapids MI, 2007).


Richard Viladesau, The Beauty of the Cross: The Passion of Christ in Theology and the Arts, from the Catacombs to the Eve of the Renaissance (Oxford, 2006).

Celia ChazelleThe Crucified God in the Carolingian Era: Theology and Art of Christ’s Passion (Cambridge, 2001).

Rachel Fulton, From Judgment to Passion: Devotion to Christ and the Virgin Mary, 800-1200 (New York, 2005).

Kevin Madigan, The Passions of Christ in High-Medieval Thought: An Essay on Christological Thought, Oxford Studies in Historical Theology (Oxford, 2007).

Ilia Delio, Crucified Love: Bonaventure’s Mysticism of the Crucified Christ, Studies in Franciscanism (Quincy IL, 1998).

Peter Widdicombe, “The Wounds and the Ascended Body: The Marks of Crucifixion in the Glorified Christ from Justin Martyr to John Calvin,” Laval théologique et philosophique 59.1 (février 2003), 137-54.

The Arma Christi in Medieval and Early Modern Material Culture: With a Critical Edition of ‘O Vernicle’, ed. Lisa H. Cooper and Andrea Denny-Brown (New York, 2016).


Colin Morris, The Sepulchre of Christ and the Medieval West: From the Beginning to 1600 (Oxford, 2005).

Neil C. Brooks, The Sepulchre of Christ in Art and Liturgy, University of Illinois Studies in Language and Literature 7/2 (Urbana IL, 1921).

Harrowing of Hell:

[See also the separate bibliography on The Apocrypha in the Middle Ages for the Gospel of Nicodemus]

J. A. MacCulloch, The Harrowing of Hell: A Comparative Study of an Early Christian Doctrine (Edinburgh, 1930).

R. Gounelle, La descente du Christ aux enfers. Institutionalisation d’une croyance (310-550) (Turnhout, 2000).

The Medieval Gospel of Nicodemus: Texts, Intertexts, and Contexts in Western Europe, Zbigniew Izydorczyk (Tempe AZ, 1997). 

Thomas N. Hall, “The Euangelium Nichodemi and Vindicta saluatoris in Anglo-Saxon England,” in Two Old English Apocrypha and their Manuscript Source The Gospel of Nichodemus and The Avenging of the Saviour, ed. J. E. Cross et al., Cambridge Studies in Anglo-Saxon England 19 (Cambridge, 1996).

Karl Tamburr, The Harrowing of Hell in Medieval England (Cambridge, 2007).


Markus Vincent, Christ’s Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (New York, 2011).

Steven J. McMichael, “The Resurrection of Jesus and Human Beings in Medieval Christian and Jewish Theology and Polemical Literature,” Studies in Jewish-Christian Relations 4 (2009), 1-18.


Magali Guenot, “Les images de l’ Ascension du Christ dans la chrétienté latine entre le 9e et le 13e siècle. Archéologie et Préhistoire (thesis Université de Lyon, 2016). Images.

J. G. Davies, He Ascended into Heaven: A Study in the History of Doctrine (New York, 1958). 

S. Helena Gutberlet, Die Himmelfahrt Christi in der bildenden Kunst von den Anfängen bis ins hohe Mittelalter (Strassburg, 1934). 

Karin Wilcke, Christi Himmelfahrt: Ihre Darstellung in der europäischen Literatur von der Spätantike bis zum ausgehenden Mittelalter (Heidelberg, 1991). 

Brian Ó Broin, “A Bibliography of the Ascension to 2002.”

Brian Ó Broin, “Rex Christus Ascendens: The Christological Cult of the Ascension in Anglo-Saxon England” (unpubl. PhD diss., University of Illinois, 2002).

Johanna Kramer, Between Heaven and Earth: Liminality and the Ascension of Christ in Anglo-Saxon Literature (Manchester, 2014).

Thomas Marschler, Auferstehung und Himmelfahrt Christi in der scholastischen Theologie bis zu Thomas von Aquin, Beiträge zur Geschichte der Philosophie und Theologie des Mittelalters, n.f. 64/1-2 (Münster, 2003).


Timothy C. Potts, Conscience in Medieval Philosophy (Cambridge, 1980).


Christopher J. O’Toole, The Philosophy of Creation in the Writings of St. Augustine (Washington, D.C., 1944).

F. E. Robbins, The Hexaemeral Literature: A Study of the Greek and Latin Commentaries on Genesis (Chicago, 1912).

In Principio. Interprétations de premiers versets de la Genèse (Paris, 1973).

Hans-Werner Goetz, Gott und die Welt. Religiöse Vorstellungen des frühen und hohen Mittelalters 1, 2, II: Die materiell Schöpfung: Kosmos und Welt. III: Die Welt als Heilsgeschehen. Orbis Mediaevalis. Vorstellungen des Mittelalters 13/2 (Berlin, 2012). 

Divine Creation in Ancient, Medieval, and Early Modern Thought: Essays Presented to the Rev’d Dr. Robert D. Crouse, ed. Robert D. Crouse, Willemien Otten, Walter Hannam, and Michael Treschow, Brill’s Studies in Intellectual History 151 (Leiden, 2007).

Hans Martin von Erffa, Ikonologie der Genesis: Die christlichen Bildthemen aus dem Alten Testament und ihre Quellen (Munich, 1989).

Johannes Zahlten, Creatio Mundi: Darstellungen zur sechs Schöpfungstage und naturwissenschaftliches Weltbild im Mittelalter (Stuttgart, 1979).

J. M. Parent, La Doctrine de la creation dans l’ecole de Chartres, Publications de l’Institut d’Etudes Medievales (Paris, 1938). 

The Cross

See also Christ: Passion/Crucifixion.

Bruce W. Longenecker, The Cross before Constantine: The Early Life of a Christian Symbol (2015).

Aloys Grillmeier, Der Logos am Kreuz: Zur christologischen Symbolik der älteren Kreuzigungsdarstellungen (Munich, 1956).

The Cross in Christian Tradition from Paul to Bonaventure, ed. Elizabeth A. Dreyer (New York, 2000).

Louis van TongerenExaltation of the Cross: Toward the Origins of the Feast of the Cross and the Meaning of the Cross in Early Medieval Liturgy (Leuven, 2000).

Giles Constable, “The Cross in Medieval Monastic Life,” in Christianity and Culture in the Middle Ages: Essays to Honor John Van Engen, ed. David C. Mengel and Lisa Wolverton (Notre Dame IN, 2015), pp. 236-50.

Patrick Prétot, L’adoration de la Croix: Triduum pascal (Paris, 2014).

André Wilmart, “Prières médiévales pour l’adoration de la croix,” Ephemerides liturgicae 46 (1932), 22-65.

Lilli Gjerløw, Adoratio Crucis. Manuscript Studies in the Early Medieval Church of Norway (Oslo 1961).

Jean Leclercq, “Prières médiévales pour recevoir l’Eucharistie, pour saluer et pour bénir la Croix,” Ephemerides liturgicae 59 (1965), 327-40.

Etienne Delaruelle, “La crucifix dans la piété populaire et dans l’art, du VIe au XIe siècle,” in La piété populaire au Moyen Age, ed. Raoul Manselli and André Vauchez (Turin, 1975), pp. 27-42.

The Place of the Cross in Anglo-Saxon England, ed. Catherine E. Karkov, Sarah Larratt Keefer, and Karen Louise Jolly, Publications of the Manchester Centre for Anglo-Saxon Studies 4 (Woodbridge, 2006).

Cross and Culture in Anglo-Saxon England: Studies in Honour of George Hardin Brown, ed. Karen Louise Jolly, Catherine E. Karkov, and Sarah Larratt Keefer (Morgantown WVa, 2008).

Cross and Cruciform in the Anglo-Saxon World: Studies to Honor the Memory of Timothy Reuter, ed. Sarah Keefer, Karen Louise Jolly, and Catherine E. Karkov (Morgantown WVa, 2010).

John Munns, Cross and Culture in Anglo-Norman England: Theology, Imagery, Devotion (Woodbridge, 2016).

Anthony N.S. Lane, Bernard of Clairvaux: Theologian of the Cross, Cistercian Studies Publications 248 (Collegeville MN, 2013).

Franz Dölger, “Beiträge zur Geschichte des Kreuzzeichens, I-IX,” Jahrbuch für Antike und Christentum 1 (1958), 5-19; 2 (1959), 15-29; 3 (1960), 5-16; 4 (1961), 5-17; 5 (1962), 5-22; 6 (1963), 7-34; 7 (1964), 5-38; 8/9 (165-66), 7-52; 10 (1967), 7-29.

S. Borgehammer, How the Holy Cross Was Found: From Event to Medieval Legend, Bibliotheca theologiae practicae 47 (Stockholm, 1991).

Demons and Demonology; Satan

Bernard J. Bamberger, Fallen Angels (Philadelphia, 1952). Focuses on Jewish traditions. 

Edward J. Montano, The Sin of the Angels: Some Aspects of the Teaching of St. Thomas (Washington, D.C., 1955). 

Dyan Elliott, Fallen Bodies: Pollution, Sexuality, and Demonology in the Middle Ages (Philadelphia, 1999).

Henry Ansgar Kelly, The Devil, Demonology, and Witchcraft: The Development of Christian Beliefs in Evil Spirits (Garden City NJ, 1974). 

Henry Ansgar Kelly, The Devil at Baptism: Ritual, Theology, and Drama (Ithaca NY, 1985).

Henry Ansgar Kelly, Satan: A Biography (Cambridge, 2006).

Robert Muchembled, A History of the Devil from the Middle Ages to the Present, trans. Jean Birrell (Cambridge, 2003). 

Jeffrey Burton Russell, Satan: The Early Christian Tradition (Ithaca NY, 1981).

Jeffrey Burton Russell, Lucifer: The Devil in the Middle Ages (Ithaca NY, 1984).

Alain Boureau, Satan the Heretic: The Birth of Demonology in Medieval West, trans. T. L. Fagan (Chicago, 2006).

P. E. Dustoor, “Legends of Lucifer in Early English and in Milton,” Anglia 54 (1930), 211-67. 


Hugo Rahner, Symbole der Kirche. Die Ekklesiologie der Väter (Salzburg, 1964). 

Väter der Kirche: Ekklesiales Denken von den Anfängen bis in die Neuzeit. Festgabe für Hermann Josef Sieben zum 70. Geburtstag, ed. Johannes Arnold and Hermann Josef Sieben (Munich, 2004).

Yves Congar, Études d’ecclésiologie médiévale (London, 1983).

Thomas M. Izbicki, Reform, Ecclesiology, and the Christian Life in the Late Middle Ages, Variorum Collected Studies Series, 893 (Burlington VT, 2008).

James Ginther, “The Church in Medieval Theology,” in The Routledge Companion to the  Christian Church, ed. Gerard Mannion and Lewis S. Mudge (New York, 2007).

Karl F. Morrison, The Two Kingdoms: Ecclesiology in Carolingian Political Thought (Princeton, 1964).

Wolfgang Reinert, Die Kirche, Gottes Heil in der  Welt: Die Lehre von der Kirche nach den Schriften des Rupert von Deutz, Honorius Augustodunensis und Gehoch von Reichersberg. Ein Beitrag zur Ekklesiologie des 12. Jahrhunderts, Beiträge zur Geschichte der Philosophie und Theologie des Mittelalters, n.s. 13 (Münster, 1973).

Stanley Chodorow, Christian Political Theory and Church Politics in the Mid-Twelfth Century: The Ecclesiology of Gratian (Berkeley CA, 1972).


See also the bibliography on the biblical Apocalypse of John (Revelation) in The Bible and Its Interpretation.

Sean Conlon, “A Select Bibliography of Modern Studies (1850-1977) of Eschatology in the Western Church of the First Four Centuries,” Ephemerides Carmeliticae 28 (1977), 353-71.

Brian E. Daley, The Hope of the Early Church: A Handbook of Patristic Eschatology (1991; rev. repr. Peabody MA, n.d.).

The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology, ed. Jerry L. Walls (Oxford, 2008). 

Jane Baun, “Last Things,” in The Cambridge History of Christianity, vol. 3: Early Medieval Christianities, c. 600–c. 1100, ed. Thomas F. X. Noble and Julia M. H. Smith (Cambridge, 2008), pp. 606-24.

Peter Dinzelbacher, “Eschatology,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies: Terms – Methods – Trends, ed. Classen, pp. 506-25.

Peoples of the Apocalypse: Eschatological Beliefs and Political Scenarios, ed. Wolfram Brandes, Felicitas Schmieder, and Rebekka Voß (Berlin, 2016).

The Use and Abuse of Eschatology in the Middle Ages, ed. Daniel Verhelst and Andries Welkenhuysen (Leuven, 1988).

Last Things: Death and the Apocalypse in the Middle Ages, ed. Caroline Walker Bynum and Paul Freedman (Philadelphia, 2000). 

Nicole Volmering, “A Bibliography of Medieval Irish Eschatology and Related Sources,” online version (2014).

Endzeiten. Eschatologie in den monotheistischen Weltreligionen, ed. Wolfram Brandes and Felicitas Schmieder, Millennium-Studien 16 (Berlin, 2008).


Philippe ArièsThe Hour of Our Death, 2nd ed., trans. Helen Weaver (New York, 2008).

Éric Rebillard, In hora mortis: Evolution de la pastorale chrétienne de la mort aux IVe et Ve siècles, Bibliothèque des écoles françaises d’Athènes et de Rome 283 (Rome, 1994).

Death in Medieval Europe: Death Scripted and Death Choreographed, ed. Joëlle Rollo-Koster (London, 2016).

Death in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Times: The Material and Spiritual Conditions of the Culture of Death, ed. Albrecht Classen, Fundamentals of Medieval and Early Modern Culture 16 (Berlin, 2016)

Death in the Middle Ages, ed. Herman Braet and Werner Verbeke, Mediaevalia Lovaniensia (Leuven, 1983).

Paul Binski, Medieval Death: Ritual and Representation (Ithaca NY, 1996).

Dies illa: Death in the Middle Ages. Proceedings of the 1983 Manchester Colloquium, ed. Jane H. M. Taylor (Liverpool, 1984).

T. S. Boase, Death in the Middle Ages: Mortality, Judgment and Remembrance (London, 1972).

Sophie Oosterwijk, “Dance of Death,” Oxford Bibliographies.

Soul and Body:

Theodor Batiouchkof, “Le débat de l’âme et du corps,” Romania 20 (1891), 1-55, 513-78.

Louise Dudley, The Egyptian Elements in the Legend of the Body and Soul (Baltimore, 1911).

Louise Dudley, “An Early Homily on the “Body and Soul Theme,” Journal of English and Germanic Philology 8 (1909) 225-53.

Eleanor Kellogg HeninghamAn Early Latin Debate of the Body and Soul: Preserved in Ms Royal 7 A III in the British Museum (New York, 1939).

Jean Leclercq, “Deux anciennes versions de la légende de l’Abbé Macaire,” Revue Mabillon 36 (1946), 65-79.

M. A. Bossy, “Medieval Debates of Body and Soul,” Comparative Literature 28 (1976), 144-63.

Particular Judgment:

Jérôme Baschet, “Jugement de l’âme, jugement dernier: contradiction, complémentarité, chevauchemant?” Revue Mabillon n.s. 6 (1995), 159-203. 

Peter Dinzelbacher, “Persönliches Gericht und Weltgericht,” in Endzeitvorstellungen, ed. Barbara Haupt, Humaniora 23 (Düsseldorf, 2001), pp. 95-132.

Virginia Brilliant, “Envisaging the Particular Judgment in Late Medieval Italy,” Speculum 84 (2009), 314-46. 

Interim State of Souls:

Alfred Stuiber, Refrigerium Interim: Die Vorstellungen vom Zwischenzustand und die frühchristliche Grabeskunst, Theophaneia 12 (Bonn, 1957).

Lucien de Bruyne, “Refrigerium interim,” Rivista di archeologia cristiana 34 (1958), 87-118.

Emil Freistedt, Altchristliche Totengedächtnistage und ihre Beziehung zum Jenseitsglauben und Totenkultus der Antike, Liturgiegeschichtliche Quellen und Forschungen 24 (Münster, 1928).

Nicholas Constas, “‘To Sleep, Perchance to Dream’: The Middle State of Souls in Patristic and Byzantine Literature,” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 55 (2001), 91-124.

Ananya Jahanara Kabir, Paradise, Death and Doomsday in Anglo-Saxon Literature, Cambridge Studies in Anglo-Saxon England 32 (Cambridge, 2001).

Charles D. Wright, “The Interim State of Souls in Early Irish Literature,” in The End and Beyond: Medieval Irish Eschatology, 2 vols., ed. John Carey, Emma Nic Cárthaigh, and Caitríona Ó Dochartaig (Aberystwyth, 2014), 1:309-96.

Maria R. Grasso, “The Ambiguity in Medieval Depictions of Abraham’s Bosom in the Areas and Spaces of the Christian Afterlife,” in Place and Space in the Medieval World, ed. Meg Boulton, Jane Hawkes, Heidi Stoner (New York, 2017).

Last Roman Emperor:

Paul Alexander, The Byzantine Apocalyptic Tradition (Berkeley CA, 1985).

Paul Alexander, “Byzantium and the Migration of Literary Works and Motifs: The Legend of the Last World Emperor,” Mediaevalia et Humanistica 2 (1971), 47-68.

Hannes Möhring, Der Weltkaiser der Endzeit: Entstehung, Wandel und Wirkung einer tausendjährigen Weissagung (Stuttgart, 2000).

Marjorie Reeves, “Joachimist Influences on the Idea of a Last World Emperor,” Traditio 17 (1961), 323-70.

Gian Luca Potestà, “The Vaticinium of Constans: Genesis and Original Purposes of the Legend of the Last World Emperor,” Millennium – Jahrbuch 8 (2011), 271-89.

Stephen J. Shoemaker, “The Tiburtine Sibyl, the Last Emperor, and the Early Byzantine Apocalyptic Tradition,” in Forbidden Texts on the Western Frontier: The Christian Apocrypha from North American Perspectives; Proceedings from the 2013 York University Christian Apocrypha Symposium, ed. Tony Burke and Christoph Markschies (Eugene OR, 2015),  pp. 218-44.

Christopher Bonura, “When Did the Legend of the Last Emperor Originate? A New Look at the Textual Relationship between The Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius and the Tiburtine Sibyl,” Viator 47 (2016), 47-100.


See Kaske, Medieval Christian Literary Imagery, pp. 159-64. 

Antichrist – Konstruktionen von Feindbildern, ed. Wolfram Brandes and Felicitas Schmieder (Berlin, 2010).

Roberto Rusconi, “Antichrist and Antichrists,” in The Encyclopedia of Apocalypticism, vol. 2: Apocalypticism in Western History and Culture,ed. Bernard McGinn (New York, 1998), pp. 287-325.

Bernard McGinn, Anti-Christ: Two Thousand Years of the Human Fascination with Evil (San Francisco, 1994).

Gregory C. Jenks, The Origins and Early Development of the Antichrist Myth, Beihefte der Zeitschrift für die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 59 (Berlin, 1991).

L’ultimo nemico di Dio: Il ruolo dell’Anticristo nel cristianesimo e tardoantico, ed. Alberto d’Anna and Emanuela Valeriani, Collana Primi secoli 8 (Bologna, 2013).

R. Courtray, “Nouvelles recherches sur la transmission du De Antichristo de Jérôme,” Sacris Erudiri 43 (2004), 33-53.

Horst Dieter Rauch, Das Bild des Antichrist im Mittelalter: Von Tyconius zum deutschen Symbolismus, Beiträge zur Geschichte der Philosophie und Theologie des Mittelalters, Texte und Untersuchungen n.f. 9 (Münster, 1973).

Richard K. Emmerson, Antichrist in the Middle Ages: A Study of Medieval Apocalypticism, Art, and Literature (Seattle, 1981). 

Robert Konrad, De ortu et tempore Antichristi: Antichristvorstellung und Geschichtsbild des Abtes Also von Montier-en-Der, Münchener historische Studien, Abteilung mittelalterliche Geschichte 1 (Kallmünz, 1964).

Rosemary Muir Wright, Art and Antichrist in Medieval Europe (Manchester, 1995).

Kevin L. Hughes, Constructing Antichrist: Paul, Biblical Commentary, and the Development of Doctrine in the Early Middle Ages (Washington, D.C., 2005).

Hilary M. Carey, “Astrology and Antichrist in the Later Middle Ages,” in Time and Eternity: The Medieval Discourse, ed. Gerhard Jaritz and Gerson Moreno-Riano (Turnhout, 2003), pp. 515-35.

C. V. Bostik, Antichrist and the Lollards (Leiden, 1998).

Thomas Malvenda, De Antichristo, 2 vols. (Lyon, 1647).


Lorenzo DiTommaso, “Apocalypticism, Millennialism, and Messianism,” Oxford Bibliographies.

Richard Landes, “Millenarianism/Millennialism, Eschatology, Apocalypticism, Utopianism,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies: Terms – Methods – Trends, ed. Classen, pp. 1093-1112.

Robert E. Lerner, “Millennialism,” in The Encyclopedia of Apocalypticism, vol. 2, ed. Bernard McGinn (New York, 1998), pp. 326-60.

Raffaele Savigni, “Il tema del millennio in alcuni commentari altomedievali latini,” Annali di storia dell’esegesi 15/1 (1998), 231-73.

Charles E. Hill, Regnum Caelorum: Patterns of Millennial Thought in Early Christianity, 2nd ed. (Grand Rapids MI, 2001).

John M. Court, Approaching the Apocalypse: A Short History of Christian Millenarianism (New York, 2008).

Millennialism from the Hebrew Bible to the Present. Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Symposium of the Philip M. and Ethel Klutznick Chair to Jewish Civilization October 10-11, 1999, ed. Leonard J. Greenspoon and Ronald A. Simkins, Studies in Jewish Civilization 12 (Omaha NE, 2002).

Richard Landes, Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of the Millennial Experience (Oxford, 2011).

S. Shimahara, “Peut-on parler de millénarisme á  l’époque carolingienne? L’apport de quelques sources exégétiques,” Temas Medievales 14 (2006), 99-138.

Center for Millennial Studies at Boston University

Apocalypticism and Endzeiterwartung:

Richard Bauckham, The Fate of the Dead: Studies on the Jewish and Christian Apocalypses (Leiden, 1998).

Apocalyptic Thought in Early Christianity, ed. Robert Daly (Grand Rapids MI, 2009).

James T. Palmer, The Apocalypse in the Early Middle Ages (Cambridge, 2014).

Medieval Apocalpytic (James T. Palmer)

Peoples of the Apocalypse. Eschatological Beliefs and Political Scenarios, ed. Wolfram Brandes, Felicitas Schmieder, and Rebecca Voß, Millennium Studies 63 (Berlin, 2016).

Bernard McGinn, Visions of the End: Apocalyptic Traditions in the Middle Ages (New York, 1979).

Johannes Fried, “Endzeiterwartung um die Jahrtausendwende,” Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters 45 (1989), 381-473. 

Endzeitvorstellungen, ed. Barbara Haupt, Humaniora 23 (Düsseldorf, 2001).

Wolfram Brandes, “Tempora periculosa sunt. Eschatologisches im Vorfeld der Kaiserkrönung Karls des Großen,” in Das Frankfurter Konzil von 794. Kristallisationspunkt karolingischer Kultur, ed. Rainer Berndt (Mainz, 1997), pp. 49-79. 

The Apocalyptic Year 1000: Religious Expectation and Social Change, 950-1050, ed. Richard Landes et al. (Oxford, 2003). 

Geschichte vom Ende her denken. Endzeitentwürfe und ihre Historisierung im Mittelalter. ed. Susanne Ehrich and Andrea Worm, Forum Mittelalter-Studien 15 (2019).

W. W. Heist, The Fifteen Signs Before Doomsday (East Lansing MI, 1952).

Daniela Wagner, Die Fünfzehn Zeichen vor dem Jüngsten Gericht: Spätmittelalterliche Bildkonzepte für das Seelenheil (Berlin, 2016).

John C. Reeves, “Preliminary Bibliography for Near Eastern Apocalyptic”

Eschatological Prophecies:

Robert E. Lerner and Katelyn Mesler, Selective Bibliography of Studies and Editions of High and Late Medieval Latin Eschatological Prophecies. Excluding works by Joachim of Fiore: 1990-2008.

Les textes prophétiques et la prophétie en Occident (XIIe-XVIe siècle), ed. André Vauchez, Mélanges de l’École française de Rome 102/2 (Rome, 1990).

Sylvain Piron, “Anciennes sibylles et nouveaux oracles. Remarques sur la diffusion des textes prophétiques en Occident, VIIe-XIVe siècles,” in L’Antiquité tardive dans les collections médiévales. Textes et représentations, Vie-XVIe siècle (Rome, 2008), pp. 262-304.

Robert E. Lerner and Katelyn Mesler, “Selective Bibliography of Studies and Editions of High and Late Medieval Latin Eschatological Prophecies: Excluding Works by Joachim of Fiore: 1990-2008,” Oliviana: Mouvements et dissidences spirituels XIIIe-XIVe siècles 3 (2009).

Robert E. LernerThe Powers of Prophecy: The Cedar of Lebanon Vision from the Mongol Onslaught to the Dawn of the Enlightenment (Berkeley CA, 1983).

Resurrection of the Body:

Caroline Walker Bynum, The Resurrection of the Body in Western Christianity, 200- 1336 (New York, 1995). 

Erin Lambert, “Medieval Christianity,” chap. 1 in Singing the Resurrection: Body, Community, and Belief in Reformation Europe (Oxford, 2017).

The Human Body in Death and Resurrection, Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature Yearbook 2009, ed. Tobias Nicklas et al. (Berlin, 2009).

Claudia Setzer, Resurrection of the Body in Early Judaism and Christianity (Leiden, 2004).

Kieran Nolan, The Immortality of the Soul and the Resurrection of the Body according to Giles of Rome: A Historical Study of a Thirteenth Century Theological Problem (Rome, 1967).

Marilyn McCord Adams, “The Resurrection of the Body According to Three Medieval Aristotelians,” Philosophical Topics 20.2 (1992), 1-33.

Last Judgment:

Proceedings of the 2000 Harlaxton Symposium: Prophecy, Apocalypse and the Day of Doom, ed. Nigel Morgan, Harlaxton Medieval Studies n.s. XII (Daunington, 2004).


Alan F. Segal, Life after Death: A History of the Afterlife in Western Religion (Garden City NY, 2004).

John Casey, After Lives: A Guide to Heaven, Hell, & Purgatory (Oxford, 2009).

Jan N. Bremmer, The Rise and Fall of the Afterlife: The 1995 Read-Tuckwell Lectures at the University of Bristol (London, 2002).

Peter Brown, The End of the Ancient Other World: Death and Afterlife between Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages.

Simcha Paull Raphael, Jewish Views of the Afterlife (Plymouth, UK, 2009).

Visions of the Next World:

Robert Easting, Visions of the Otherworld in Middle English, Annotated Bibliographies of Old and Middle English Literature 3 (Cambridge, 1997). Includes (pp. 19-27) “The Latin Tradition and Background: A Non-annotated, Select Bibliography.”

Maria Pia Ciccarese, Visioni dell’aldilà in Occidente: Fonti modelli testi, Biblioteca patristica  8 (Florence, 1987).

Peter Dinzelbacher, “Vision Literature,” in Medieval Latin, ed. Mantello and Rigg, pp. 688-93.

Peter Dinzelbacher, Revelationes, Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental 57 (Turnhout, 1991).

Peter Dinzelbacher, Vision und Visionsliteratur im Mittelalter (Stuttgart, 1981).

Eileen Gardiner, Medieval Visions of Heaven and Hell: A Sourcebook (New York, 1993).

Elizabeth Alvilda Petroff, Medieval Women’s Visionary Literature (Oxford, 1986).

Martha Himmelfarb, Tours of Hell: An Apocalyptic Form in Jewish and Christian Literature (Philadelphia, 1983).

Lenka Jiroušková, Die Visio Pauli: Wege und Wandlungen einer orientalischen Apokryphe im lateinischen Mittelalter: Unter Einschluß der alttschechischen und deutschsprachigen Textzeugen, Mittellateinische Studien und Texte 34 (Leiden, 2006).

Claude Carozzi, Le voyage de l’âme dans l’au-delà d’après la littérature latine (Ve–XIIIe siècle), Collection de l’École française de Rome 189 (Rome, 1994).

Carol Zaleski, Otherworld Journeys: Accounts of Near-Death Experiences in Medieval and Modern Times (Oxford, 1988).

Visions of Heaven and Hell before Dante, ed. Eileen Gardiner (New York, 1989).

Alison Morgan, Dante and the Medieval Otherworld (Cambridge, 1986).

Marc Van Uytfanghe, “Les Visiones du très haut Moyen Âge et les récentes ‘expériences de mort temporaire’. Sens ou non-sens d’une comparaison. Première partie,” in Aevum inter utrumque. Mélanges offerts à Gabriel Sanders, Instrumenta Patristica 23 (Steenbrugge, 1991), pp. 447-81; idem, “Les Visiones du très haut Moyen Âge … Deuxième partie,” Sacris Erudiri 33 (1992-93), 135-82.

C. Fritzsche, “Die lateinischen Visionen des Mittelalters bis zur Mitte des 12. Jahrhunderts,” Romanische Forschungen 2 (1886), 247-79.

H. R. Patch, The Other World according to Descriptions in Medieval Literature, Smith College Studies in Modern Languages, New Series 1 (Cambridge MA, 1950).

Jacques Le Goff, “The Learned and Popular Dimensions of Journeys to the Otherworld in the Middle Ages,” in Understanding Popular Culture: Europe from the Middle Ages to the Nineteenth Century, ed. Steven L. Kaplan and W. De Reuyter (Berlin, 1984), pp. 19-37.

Leslie Brubaker, “Byzantine Visions of the End,” in The Church, The Afterlife, and the Fate of the Soul, ed. Peter Clarke and Tony Claydon, Studies in Church History 45 (Cambridge, 2009), pp. 97-119.

Heaven and Beatific Vision:

J. Edward Wright, The Early History of Heaven (Oxford, 1999).

Jeffrey Burton Russell, A History of Heaven: The Singing Silence (Princeton, 1997).

Colleen McDannell and Bernhard Lang, Heaven: A History, 2nd ed. (New Haven CT, 2001).

Martha Himmelfarb, Ascent to Heaven in Jewish and Christian Apocalypses (New York, 1993).

Envisaging Heaven in the Middle Ages, ed. Carolyn Muessig and Ad Putter, Routledge Studies in Medieval Religion and Culture 6 (London, 2007).

Severin Valentinov Kitanov, Beatific Enjoyment in Medieval Scholastic Debates: The Complex Legacy of Augustine and Peter Lombard (Lanham MA, 2014).

Christian Trottmann, La vision béatifique des disputes scolastiques à sa définition par Benoît XII (Rome, 1995).

Richard Cross, “Scholastic Debates on Beatific Union with God: Henry of Ghent (c. 1217–93) and His Interlocutors,” Speculum 94 (2019), 317-33.


Isabel Moreira, Heaven’s Purge: Purgatory in Late Antiquity (Oxford, 2010).

Marina Smyth, “The Origins of Purgatory through the Lens of Seventh-Century Irish Eschatology,” Traditio 58 (2003) 91-132.

Jacques Le GoffThe Birth of Purgatory, trans. Arthur Goldhammer (Chicago, 1981).

Limbus patrum/Limbus puerorum:

Richard Weberberger, “‘Limbus Puerorum’: Zur Entstehung eines theologischen Begriffes,” Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 35 (1968), 241-59.

Christopher Beiting, “The Development of the Idea of Limbo in the Middle Ages,” unpubl. D.Phil. thesis (Oxford, 1997).

Christopher Beiting, “The Third Place: Augustine, Pelagius, and the Theological Roots of the Idea of Limbo,” Augustiniana 48.1-2 (1998), 5-30.

Christopher Beiting, “The Idea of Limbo in Alexander of Hales and Bonaventure,” Franciscan Studies 57 (1999), 3-56.

Christopher Beiting, “The Nature and Structure of Limbo in the Works of Albertus Magnus,” New Blackfriars 85 (2004), 492-509.

Christopher Beiting, “The Idea of Limbo in Thomas Aquinas,” The Thomist: A Speculative Quarterly Review 62.2 (1998), 217-44.


Alan E. Bernstein, The Formation of Hell, Death and Retribution in the Ancient and Early Christian Worlds. (Ithaca NY, 1996).

Alan E. Bernstein, Hell and Its Rivals: Death and Retribution among Christians, Jews, and Muslims in the Early Middle Ages (Ithaca NY, 2017).

The Iconography of Hell, ed. Clifford Davidson (Kalamazoo MI, 1992).

Hell-On-Line (Eileen Gardner). See especially the section “Judeo-Christian Hell Texts.”


Hans-Werner Goetz, Gott und die Welt. Religiöse Vorstellungen des frühen und hohen Mittelalters 1, 1: Das Gottesbild. Orbis mediaevalis. Vorstellungswelten des Mittelalters 13 (Berlin, 2011). 

Wayne Hankey, God in Himself: The Doctrine of God as Expounded in the Summa Theologiae of St. Thomas Aquinas (Oxford, 1987).

Robert J. Wilkinson, Tetragrammaton: Western Christians and the Hebrew Name of God from the Beginnings to the Seventeenth Century, Studies in the History of Christian Traditions 179 (Leiden, 2015).


Aquinas’s Disputed Questions on Evil: A Critical Guide, ed. M. V. Dougherty, Cambridge Critical Studies (Cambridge, 2015).

Colleen McCluskey, Thomas Aquinas on Moral Wrongdoing (Cambridge, 2017).


Henri Rondet, The Grace of Christ: A Brief History of the Theology of Grace, trans Tad W. Guzie (Westminster MD, 1967).

Grace for Grace: The Debates after Augustine and Pelagius, ed. Alexander Y. Hwang, Brian J. Matz, Augustine Casiday (Washington, D.C., 2014).

Aaron J Kleist, Striving with Grace: Views of Free Will in Anglo-Saxon England (Toronto, 2008).


E. Ann Matter, “Orthodoxy and Deviance,” in The Cambridge History of Christianity, vol. 3, pp. 510-30. 

Peter Biller, “Christians and Heretics,” in The Cambridge History of Christianity, vol. 4, 170-86. 

Todd S. Berzon, Classifying Christians: Ethnography, Heresiology, and the Limits of Knowledge in Late Antiquity (Berkeley, 2016).

Herbert Grundmann, Bibliographie zur Ketzergeschichte des Mittelalters, 1900-1966 (Rome, 1967).

Carl T. Berkhout and Jeffrey B. Russell, Medieval Heresies: A Bibliography 1960-1979 (Toronto, 1981).

Jeffrey Burton Russell, “Interpretations of the History of Medieval Heresy,” Mediaeval Studies 25 (1963), 26-53. 

P. Berne-Lagarde, Bibliographie du catharisme languedocien (Toulouse, 1957).

Herbert Grundmann, Religious Movements in the Middle Ages: The Historical Links between Heresy, the Mendicant Orders, and the Women’s Religious Movement in the Twelfth and Thirteenth century, with the Historical Foundations of German Mysticism, trans. Steven Rowan (Notre Dame, 1995).

Heresy and Authority in Medieval Europe: Documents in Translation, ed. Edward Peters (Philadelphia, 1980).

Hérésies et Sociétés dans l’Europe pré-industrielle, 11e – 18e siècles, ed Jacques Le Goff (Paris, 1968). 

Malcolm Lambert, Medieval Heresy: Popular Movements from the Gregorian Reform to the Reformation, 3rd ed. (Oxford, 2002).

Heinrich Fichtenau, Heretics and Scholars in the High Middle Ages, 1000-1200 (University Park PA, 1998).

Heresy and Literacy, 1000-1530, ed. Peter Biller and Anne Hudson (Cambridge, 1994).

The Concept of Heresy in the Middle Ages (11th-13th c.), ed. W. Lourdaux and D. Verhelst (Louvain, 1976).


The Holy Spirit in the Fathers of the Church: The Proceedings of the Seventh International Patristic Conference, Maynooth, 2008, ed. Vincent D. Twomey and Janet E. Rutherford (Dublin, 2010).

The Holy Spirit in the Church and the New Testament, ed. Predrag Dragutinovic, Karl-Wilhelm Niebuhr, and James Buchanan Wallace, Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 354 (Tübingen, 2016).

Lewis Ayres and Michael R. Barnes, “Pneumatology: Historical and Methodological Considerations,” Augustinian Studies 39 (2008), 163-236.

Credo nello Spirito Santo, ed. Yves Congar, 3 vols., Biblioteca di Teologia Contemporanea (Brescia, 1998). Includes A. Trapè, “La pneumatologia latina,” pp. 229-34.

Spirito Santo e catechesi patristica, ed. S. Felici (Rome, 1983).

Lo Spirito Santo nella testimonianza dei Padri e degli Scrittori cristiani (I-V. sec.), ed. Gerardo di Nola (Rome, 1999).

J. Patout Burns and Gerald M. Fagin, The Holy Spirit, Message of the Fathers of the Church (Wilmington DE, 1984).

H. B. Swete, The Holy Spirit in the Ancient Church (London, 1912).

Thomas L. Humphries, Jr., Ascetic Pneumatology from John Cassian to Gregory the Great (Oxford, 2013).

Armando Nugnes, Spiritus Donum: Ilario di Poitiers e lo sviluppo della pneumatologia nell’Occidente latino. Una “storia degli effetti” (Rome, 2016).


Alister E. McGrath, Iustitia Dei: A History of the Christian Doctrine of Justification (Cambridge, 2005).

Thomas P. Scheck, Origen and the History of Justification: The Legacy of Origen’s Commentary on Romans (Notre Dame IN, 2016).

C. P. Carlson, Jr., Justification in Earlier Medieval Theology (The Hague, 1975). 

Heinrich Denifle, Luther und Luthertums. I. Band: Quellenbelege. Die abendländischen Schriftausleger bis Luther über Justitia Dei (Rom.1,17) und Justificatio (Mainz, 1905).


See Kaske, Medieval Christian Literary Imagery, pp. 141-46.


Bibliografia Mariana, 13 vols., ed. Giuseppe M. Bisutti, Ermanno M. Toniolo, and Silvano M. Danieli (Rome, 1950-2008).

Thomas A. Thompson, “International Academic Marian Bibliography,” series in Marian Studies 60 (2009); 61 (2010); 62 (2011); 64 (2013).

All about Mary: An Encyclopedic Tool for Information about Mary, the Mother of Christ. International Marian Research Institute, University of Dayton. Includes a History of Mariology Bibliography and Research and Resources Bibliographies.

Marianum: Ephemerides Mariologicae (1939-  ). Includes a “Bibliografia Mariana” in appendices.

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries:

Mary: The Complete Resource, ed. Sara Jane Boss (New York, 2007).  Table of Contents: Section One: The Virgin Mary in Earliest Christianity: 1. “Mary in the New Testament and Apocrypha,” Chris Maunder; 2. The Conception of the Virgin Mary, from The Protevangelium of James; 3. The Annunciation, from The Protevangelium of James; 4. “The Title Theotokos,” Sarah Jane Boss; 5. “Theotokos: The title and its significance in doctrine and devotion,” Richard Price; 6. Cyril of Alexandria on the title Theotokos, from the Third Letter to Nestorius; 7. “Mary in Patristic Theology,” Tina Beattie; 8. “The Origins of Marian Art: The evolution of Marian imagery in the Western Church until AD 31,” Geri Parlby; 9. “Marian Liturgies and Devotion in Early Christianity,” Stephen J. Shoemaker. Section Two: The Cult of the Virgin Mary during the Middle Ages: 1. “The Development of the Virgin’s Cult in the High Middle Ages,” Sarah Jane Boss; 2. “The vision of the monk Robert,” trans. Sarah Jane Boss; 3. “Marian Devotion in the Latin West in the Later Middle Ages,” Eva De Visscher; 4. Miracles of the Blessed Virgin Mary, from the collection of Johannes Herolt. Section Three: Mariology: 1. “The Development of the Doctrine of Mary’s Immaculate Conception,” Sarah Jane Boss; 2. Extract from a Medieval sermon on the Conception of Blessed Mary; 3. “The English Reformers and the Blessed Virgin,” Mary Paul Williams; 4. “Francisco Suárez and Modern Mariology,” Sarah Jane Boss; 5. Ineffabilis Deus: Dogmatic constitution on the Immaculate Conception (extracts); 6. Extracts from Munificentissimus Deus.

Michael O’CarrollTheotokos: A Theological Encyclopedia of the Blessed Virgin Mary, rev. ed. (Wilmington, 1983).

Gabriel M. Roschini, Dizionario di Mariologia (Rome, 1961).

Marienlexikon, 6 vols., ed. Remigius Bäumer and Leo Scheffczyk (St. Ottilien, 1988-1994).

Handbuch der Marinekunde, 2 vols., ed. Wolfgang Reinert and Heinrich Petri, 2nd ed. (Regensburg, 1996).

Corpus Marianum Patristicum, 7 vols., ed. Sergius Alvarez Campos (Burgos, 1970). Vol. 7 includes indices of biblical references, of biographical and theological topics, of Greek and of Latin words, of literary genres, and of authors.

Dictionnaire des “apparitions” de la vierge Marie: inventaire des origines a nos jours : méthodologie, bilan interdisciplinaire, prospective, ed. René Laurentin and Patrick Sbalchiero (Paris, 2007).

Collections of Essays:

Gli Studi di Mariologia medievale. Bilanco Storiografico. Atti del I Convegno Mariologico della Fondazione Ezio Franceschini … Parma 7-8 novembre 1997, ed. Clelia Maria Piastra (Florence, 2001).

XVI Centenario del Concilio di Capua 392-1992. Atti del Convegno Internazionale di studi Mariologici, Capua 10-24 Maggio 1992, 2 vols., ed. Giovanni Liccardo, Franco Ruotolo, and Sergio Tanzarella (Rome, 1992).

Abbild oder Vorbild? Zur Sozialgeschichte mittelalterlicher Marienverehrung, ed. Hedwig Röckelein, Claudia Opitz, and Dieter R. Bauer (Tübingen, 1990).

The Church and Mary, ed. R. N. Swanson (Woodbridge, 2006).

Maria in der Welt: Marienverehrung im Kontext der Sozialgeschichte, 10.-18. Jahrhundert, ed. Claudia Opitz (Zurich, 1993).

Marie: Le Culte de la vierge dans la société médiévale, ed. Dominique Iogna-Prat, Eric Palazzo, and Danile Russo (Paris, 1996).

Respice Stellam: Maria in san Bernardo e nella tradizione cistercense. Atti del Convegno Internazionale (Roma, Marianum 21-24 ottobre 1991), ed. Ignazio M. Calabuig (Rome, 1993). Includes S. M. Danieli, “Studi sul pensiero mariano di san Bernardo. Rassegna bibliografica 1950-1990,” pp. 17-38.

Maria im Hymnus und Sequenz. Interdisziplinäre mediävistische Perspektiven, ed. Eva Rothenberger and Lydia Wegener, Liturgie und Volkssprache 1 (Berlin, 2017).


Hilda Graef, Mary: A History of Doctrine and Devotion, 2 vols. (New York, 1963-65).

Marina Warner, Alone of All Her Sex: The Myth and Cult of the Virgin Mary (London, 1976).

Klaus Schreiner, Maria: Jungfrau, Mutter, Herrscherin (Munich, 1994).

Jaroslav Pelikan, Mary Through the Centuries: Her Place in the History of Culture (New Haven CT, 1996).

Brian Reynolds,  Gateway to Heaven: Marian Doctrine and Devotion, Image and Typology in the Patristic and Medieval Periods, vol. 1: Doctrine and Devotion (New York, 2012).

Miri Rubin, Mother of God: A History of the Virgin Mary (New Haven, 2009).

Luigi Gambero, Mary and the Fathers of the Church: The Blessed Virgin Mary in Patristic Thought, trans. Thomas Buffer (San Francisco, 1991).

Origins of the Cult of the Virgin Mary, ed. Chris Maunder (London, 2009).

The Cult of the Mother of God in Byzantium: Text and Images, ed. Mary B. Cunningham, Birmingham Byzantine and Ottoman Studies 11 (Farnham, 2011).

Luigi Gambero, Mary in the Middle Ages: The Blessed Virgin Mary in the Thought of Medieval Laitn Theologians, trans. Thomas Buffer (San Francisco, 1999).

Stephen J. Shoemaker, Mary in Early Christian Faith and Devotion (New Haven CT, 2016).

Franciscan Approaches to the Virgin Mary: Mater Sanctissima, Misericordia, et Dolorosa, ed. Steven McMichael and Katie Wrisley Shelby, The Medieval Franciscans 16 (Leiden, 2019).

Stephan BeisselGeschichte der Verehrung Marias in Deutschland während des Mittelalters (Freiburg im Br., 1908).

Donna Spivey Ellington, From Sacred Body to Angelic Soul: Understanding Mary in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe (Washington, D.C., 2001).

Marian Imagery and Symbols:

Anselm Salzer, Die Sinnbilder und Beiwort Mariens in der deutschen Literatur und lateinischen Hymnenpoesie des Mittelalters. Mit Berücksichtigung der patristischen Literatur. Eine literar-historische Studie (Darmstadt, 1967).

Figure poetiche e figure teologiche nella mariologia dei secoli XI e XII, ed. Clelia Maria Piastra and Francesco Santi, Millennio Medievale, 48 (Florence, 2004).

Yrjö Hirn, The Sacred Shrine: A Study of the Poetry and Art of the Catholic Church, 2nd ed. (London, 1958), esp. ch. XXI, “The Symbols of the Virgin.”

Prayers to the Virgin:

Henri BarréPrières anciennes de l’Occident a la Mère du Sauveur;: desorigines à Saint Anselme (Paris, 1963).

Dormition and Assumption:

[See also the separate bibliography on The Apocrypha in the Middle Ages for the Transitus Mariae.]

Stephen J. Shoemaker, Ancient Traditions of the Virgin Mary’s Dormition and Assumption (Oxford, 2002).

Simon Claude Mimouni, Dormition et Assomption de Marie. Histoire des traditions anciennes, Théologie Historique 98 (Paris, 1995).

Simon Claude Mimouni, Les traditions anciennes sur la Dormition et l’Assomption de Marie. Études littéraires, historiques et doctrinales, Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 104 (Leiden, 2011).

Brian E. Daley, On the Dormition of Mary: Early Patristic Homilies (Crestwood NY, 1998).

Antoine Wenger, L’assomption de la T.S. Vierge dans la tradition byzantine du VIe au Xe siècle: études et documents, Archives de l’Orient chrétien 5 (Paris, 1955).

Spyros P. Panagopoulos, “The Byzantine Traditions of the Virgin Mary’s Dormition and and Assumption,” Studia Patristica 44 (2012), 1-8.

Paschasii Radberti De partu virginis / De assumptione sanctae Mariae, ed. E. Ann Matter and A. Ripberger, CCCM 56C (Turnhout, 1985).

H. Barré, “La croyance à l’Assomption corporelle en Occident de 750 à 1150 environs,” Études Mariales 7 (1950), 67-70.

Henry Mayr-Harting, “The Idea of the Assumption of Mary in the West, 800-1200,’ in The Church and Mary, ed R. N. Swanson, Studies in Church History 39 (Woodbridge, 2004), pp. 86-111.

Stefano M. Cecchin, Maria Signora Santa e Immacolata nel pensiero francescano. Per una storia del contributo francescano alla mariologia, Studi Mariologici 1 (Vatican City, 2001).

Marielle Lamy, L’Imaculée Conception. Étapes et enjeux d’une controverse au Moyen Age (XIIe-XVe siècles), Collection des Études Augustiniennes, Série Moyen Âge et Temps Modernes 35 (Paris, 2000).

Saint Anne:

Virginia Nixon, Mary’s Mother: Saint Anne in Late Medieval Europe (University Park PA, 2004).

Jennifer Welsh, The Cult of St. Anne in Medieval and Early Modern Europe (New York, 2017).

Interpreting Cultural Symbols: Saint Anne in Late Medieval Society, ed. Kathleen Ashley and Pamela Sheingorn (Athens GA, 1990).

Joseph and the Holy Family:

Roland Gauthier, Bibliographe sur Saint Joseph et la Sainte Familie (Montreal, 1999).

Albrecht Koschorke, The Holy Family and Its Legacy: Religious Imagination from the Gospels to Star Wars, trans. Thomas Dunlap (New York, 2003)


Judith PerkinsThe Suffering Self: Pain and Narrative Representation in the Early Christian Era (London, 1995).

Suffering and Evil in Early Christian Thought, ed. Nonna Verna Harrison and David G. Hunter, Holy Cross Studies in Patristic Theology and History (Grand Rapids MI, 2016).

Donald Mowbray, Pain and Suffering in Medieval Theology: Academic Debates at the University of Paris in the Thirteenth Century (Woodbridge, 2009).

Donna Trembinski, “Pain in Medieval and Modern Contexts,” Journal of the Canadian Historical Association 23.2 (2012), 111-41.


Maxsimilijan Žitnik, Sacramenta: Bibliographia Internationalis, 7 vols. (Rome, 1999-2002). Vols. 5-7 (2002) are a continuation of vols. 1-4 (1999).  Vols. 4 and 7 consist of systematic subject, biblical, alphabetical subject, and name indices. Specific sacraments in the systematic subject indices are divided by topic, each with an assigned number; thus in vol. 7 the listing “Eucharistia” is divided into 474 sub-topics (e.g., 284: epiclesis), and is followed by an numerical index of entries in the alphabetical bibliography in vols. 5-6.

The Oxford Handbook of Sacramental Theology, ed. Hans Boersma, Matthew Levering (Oxford, 2015). Includes sections on Patristic Sacramental Theology and Medieval Sacramental Theology.

Reginald M. Lynch, The Cleansing of the Heart: The Sacraments as Instrumental Causes in the Thomistic Tradition (Washington, D.C., 2017).

Frances Altvater, Sacramental Theology and the Decoration of Baptismal Fonts: Incarnation, Initiation, Institution (Cambridge, 2017).

Marcia L. Colish, Faith, Fiction, and Force in Medieval Baptism Debates (Washington, D.C., 2014).

For bibliography on individual sacraments see the separate bibliography on Liturgy.


Christian Theologies of Salvation: A Comparative Introduction, ed. Justin S. Holcomb, (New York, 2017). Includes sections on the Patristic era and Middle Ages, with general surveys and essays on particular theologians by various hands.

Severin Valentinov Kitanov, Beatific Enjoyment in Medieval Scholastic Debates: The Complex Legacy of Saint Augustine and Peter Lombard (Lanham MD, 2014).

Jeffrey A. Trumbower, Rescue for the Dead: The Posthumous Salvation of Non-Christians in Early Christianity (Oxford, 2001).


Henri RondetOriginal Sin: The Patristic and Theological Background (Paris, 1967).

G. M. Lukken, Original Sin in the Roman Liturgy: Research Into the Theology of Original Sin in the Roman Sacramentaria and the Early Baptismal Liturgy (Leiden, 1973). 

Charles J. KeatingThe Effects of Original Sin in the Scholastic Tradition from St. Thomas Aquinas to William Ockham (Washington, D.C., 1959).

Michael Stickelbroek, Urstand, Fall und Erbsünde in der Nachaugustinischen Ära bis zum Beginn der Scholastik. Die lateinische Theologie (Freiburg, 2007).

Thomas N. Tentler, Sin and Confession on the Eve of the Reformation (Princeton, 1977).

Alexander Murray, Suicide in the Middle Ages, 2 vols. (Oxford, 1998).


Rik van Nieuwenhoven, An Introduction to the Trinity (Cambridge, 2010). 

The Cambridge Companion to the Trinity, ed. Peter C. Phan (Cambridge, 2011). Includes John Anthony McGuckin, “The Trinity in the Greek Fathers” (pp. 49-69); Michel René Barnes, “Latin Trinitarian Theology” (pp. 70-86); Anselm Kyongsuk Min, “God as the Mystery of Sharing and Shared Love” (pp. 87-107); Kenan B. Osborne, “The Trinity in Bonaventure” (pp. 108-127).

Christoph Markschies, Alta Trinità Beata: Gesammelte Studien zur altkirchlichen Trinitätstheologie (Tübingen, 2000). Includes a Forschungsbericht, “… et tamen no tres Dii, sed unus Deus … Zum Stand der Erforschung der altkirchlichen Trinitätstheologie,” pp. 286-309.

Basil Studer, Mysterium Caritatis: Studien zur Exegese und zur Trinitätslehre in der Alten Kirche, Studia Anleimen 127 (Rome, 1999).

Pekka Kärkkäinen, Trinitarian Theology in the Medieval West (Helsinki, 2007).

Eugene Webb, In Search of the Triune God: The Christian Paths of East and West (Columbia MO, 2014).

Peter Gemeinhart, Die Filioque-Kontroverse zwischen Ost- und Westkirche im Frühmittelalter, Arbeiten zur Kirchengeschichte 82 (Berlin, 2002).

Russell L. Friedman, Intellectual Traditions at the Medieval University: The Use of Philosophical Psychology in Trinitarian Theology among the Franciscans and Dominicans, 1250-1350, 2 vols., Studien und Texte zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters 108/1-2 (Leiden, 2013).

Gilles Emery, The Trinitarian Theology of Saint Thomas Aquinas, trans. Francesca Aran Murphy (Oxford, 2007).

Russell L. Friedman, Medieval Trinitarian Thought from Aquinas to Ockham (Cambridge, 2010).

Stephen A. Hipp, “Person” in Christian Tradition and in the Conception of Saint Albert the Great: A Systematic Study of Its Concept as Illuminated by the Mysteries of the Trinity and the Incarnation, Geschichte der Philosophie und Theologie des Mittelalters n.f. 57 (Münster, 2011).

Nico den Bok, Communicating the Most High: A Systematic Study of Person and Trinity in the Theology of Richard of St. Victor (†1173), Bibliotheca Victorina 7 (Turnhout, 1996).

Russell Friedman, Intellectual Traditions at the Medieval University: The Use of Philosophical Psychology in Trinitarian Theology among the Franciscans and Dominicans, 1250-1350, 2 vols., Studien und Texte zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters 108 (Leiden, 2012).


Morton W. Bloomfield et al., Incipits of Latin Works on the Virtues and Vices, 1100-1500 A.D., The Mediaeval Academy of America Publications 88 (Cambridge MA, 1979).

Richard Newhauser and István Bejczy, A Supplement to Morton W. Bloomfield et al. ‘Incipits of Latin Works on the Virtues and Vices, 1100-1500 A.D.’, Instrumenta Patristica et Mediaevalia 50 (Steenbrugge, 2008).

Richard Newhauser, The Treatises on Vices and Virtues in Latin and the Vernacular, Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental 68 (Turnhout, 1993).

Virtues and Their Vices, ed. Kevin Timpe and Craig A. Boyd (Oxford, 2015).

Shawn R. Tucker, The Virtues and Vices in the Arts: A Sourcebook (Eugene OR, 2015).

Jennifer O’Reilly, Studies in the Iconography of the Virtues and Vices in the Middle Ages (New York, 1988).

Albrecht Diem, “Virtues and Vices in Early Texts on Pastoral Care,” Franciscan Studies 62 (2004), 193-223.

R. Baron, “A propos des ramifications des vertus au XIIe siècle,” Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 23 (1956), 19-39.

Otto Lottin, “La connexion des vertus morales acquises au début du XIVe siècle,” Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 22 (1955), 258-305.

Otto Lottin, “Les premières définitions et classifications des vertus au Moyen Âge,” in Psychologie et morale aux XIIe et XIIIe siècles 3/2 (Louvain, 1949), pp. 99-150.


Jean Porter, “Virtue Ethics in the Medieval Period,” in The Cambridge Companion to Virtue Ethics, ed. Daniel C. Russell (Cambridge, 2013), pp. 70-91.

Rega Wood, Ockham on the Virtues (West Lafayette IN, 1997).

Index de virtutibus, PL 220, 545-674.

Theological Virtues:


Fides Virtus. The Virtue of Faith from the Twelfth to the Early Sixteenth Centuries, ed. Mark Forlivesi, Riccardo Quinto, and Silvana VecchioArchaVerbi Subsidia 12 (Münster 2014).


Giuseppe Visonà, La speranza nei Padri (Milan, 1993).

Jacques-Guy Bougerol, La théologie de l’espérance aux XIIe et XIIIe siècles, 2 vols., Études Augustiniennes (Paris, 1985).


Thomas Aquinas, Questions on Love and Charity: Summa Theologiae, Secunda Secundae, Questions 23–46, trans. Robert Miner (New Haven CT, 2016).

Giles Hibbert, “Created and Uncreated Charity: A Study of the Doctrinal and Historical Context of St Thomas’s Teaching on the Nature of Charity,” Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 31 (1964): 63-84.

Cardinal Virtues:

István P. Bejczy, The Cardinal Virtues in the Middle Ages: A Study in Moral Thought from the Fourth to the Fourteenth Century, Brill’s Studies in Intellectual History 202 (Leiden, 2011).

The Cardinal Virtues: Aquinas, Albert, and Philip the Chancellor, trans. R. E. Houser, Medieval Sources in Translation 29 (Toronto, 2004).

Sibylle Mähl, Quadriga virtutum: Die Kardinaltugenden in der Geistesgeschichte der Karolingerzeit (Cologne, 1969).

Kent Emery, “Reading the World Rightly and Squarely: Bonaventure’s Doctrine of the Cardinal Virtues,” Traditio 39 (1983), 183-218.


In the Garden of Evil: The Vices and Culture in the Middle Ages, ed. Richard J. Newhauser, Papers in Mediaeval Studies 18 (Toronto, 2005).

Richard J. Newhauser, Sin: Essays on the Moral Tradition in the Western Middle Ages (Aldershot, 2007).

Laster im Mittelalter / Vices in the Middle Ages, ed. Christoph Flüeler and Martin Rohde (Berlin, 2009).

Lester Little, “Pride Goes before Avarice: Social Change and the Vices in Latin Christendom,” The American Historical Review 76.1 (1971), 16-49.

Index de peccatis, PL 220, 787-829.

Index vitiorum, PL 220, 829-853.

Seven Deadly Sins:

Morton W. Bloomfield, The Seven Deadly Sins: An Introduction to the History of a Religious Concept with Special Reference to Middle English Literature (East Lansing MI, 1952).

Siegfried Wenzel, “The Seven Deadly Sins: Some Problems of Research, Speculum 43 (1968), 1-22.

The Seven Deadly Sins: From Communitas to Individuals, ed. Richard J. Newhauser, Studies in Medieval and Reformation Traditions 123 (Leiden, 2007).

Sin in Medieval and Early Modern Culture: The Tradition of the Seven Deadly Sins, ed. Richard G. Newhauser and Susan Janet Ridyard (York, 2012).

Virginia Langum, Medicine and the Seven Deadly Sins in Late Medieval Literature and Culture (New York, 2016).

Spencer E. Young, Scholarly Community at the Early University of Paris: Theologians, Education, and Society 1215-1248 (Cambridge, 2014). See chap. 7, “From the Desert to the University: Parisian Theologians and the Seven Deadly Sins,” pp. 168-207.

Siegfried Wenzel, The Sin of Sloth: Acedia in Medieval Thought and Literature (Chapel Hill NC, 1967).

Anger’s Past: The Social Uses of an Emotion in the Middle Ages, ed. Barbara H. Rosenwein (Ithaca NY, 1998).

Richard Newhauser, The Early History of Greed: The Sin of Avarice in Early Medieval Thought and Literature (Cambridge, 2004).


Risto Saarinen,The Weakness of the Will in Medieval Thought from Augustine to Buridan (Leiden, 1994).

Das Problem der Willensschwäche in der mittelalterlichen Philosophie / The Problem of Weakness of Will in Medieval Philosophy, ed. Tobias Hoffmann,Jörn Müller and Matthias Perkams, Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie médiévales Bibliotheca 8 (Leuven, 2006).


Bibliographia internationalis spiritualitatis (Rome, 1969 [for 1966]- ). 

Dictionnaire de spiritualité ascétique et mystique, ed. M. Villier et al. (Paris, 1932- ). 

John Vriend, Spirituality: Forms, Foundations, Methods, Studies in Spirituality, Supplement 8 (Leuven, 2002).  Systematic guide to the discipline and bibliography of Spirituality.

Ulrike Wiethaus, “Christian Spirituality in the Medieval West,” in The Blackwell Companion to Christian Spirituality, ed. Arthur Holder (Oxford, 2011), pp. 106-21.

Daniel E. O’Sullivan, “Popular Religion/Spirituality in the Middle Ages,” Handbook of Medieval Studies: Terms – Methods – Trends, ed. Classen, pp. 1129-37.

André Vauchez, La spiritualité du Moyen Age occidental: VIIIe–XIIe siècles, rev. ed. (Paris, 1994). 

Jean Leclercq, François Vandenbroucke, and Louis Bouyer, The Spirituality of the Middle Ages, A History of Christian Spirituality 2 (Minneapolis MN, 1968).  

Christian Spirituality: High Middle Ages and Reformation, ed. J. Raitt, B. McGinn, and J. Meyendorff (New York, 1989).

Christian Spirituality: Origins to the Twelfth Century, ed. Jean Leclercq, Bernard McGinn, and John Meyendorff (New York, 1985). 

Cédric Giraud, Spiritualité et histoire des textes entre moyen âge et époque moderne. Genèse et fortune d’un corpus pseudépigraphe de méditations, Collections des Études Augustiniennes 52 (Paris, 2016). Among the pseudepigrapha covered are the pseudo-Augustinian Manuale and Soliloquia, the pseudo-Bernardine Meditationes.


A History of Prayer: The First to the Fifteenth Century, ed Roy Hammerling, Brill’s Companions to the Christian Tradition 13 (Leiden, 2008).

Jonathan D. Teubner, Prayer After Augustine: A Study in the Development of the Latin Tradition (Oxford, 2018).

Gerard Achten, “Das christliche Gebetbuch im Mittelalter. Andachts- und Stundenbücher in Handschriften und Frühdrucken, 2nd ed. (Berlin, 1987).

Jean-Françoise Cottier, ‘Anima mea’: Prières privées et textes de dévotion du Moyen Âge latin autour des ‘Prières ou Méditations’ attribuées à Saint Anselme de Cantorbéry (XIe-XIIe siècle) (Turnhout, 2001).

J.-F. Cottier, ed., La prière en latin, de l’Antiquité au XVIe siècle: formes, évolutions, significations (Turnhout, 2006).

La prière au moyen âge: littérature et civilisation (Aix-en-Provence, 1981).

Prière au moyen âge. Pratiques et expériences (Ve-XVe siècles), ed. Nicole Beriou, Jacques Berlioz, and J. Longère (1991). 

Arnold Angenendt, “Sacrifice, Gifts, and Prayers in Latin Christianity” in The Cambridge History of Christianity, vol. 3, pp. 453-71. 

Stephanie Clark, Compelling God: Theories of Prayer in Anglo-Saxon England (Toronto, 2018).

Marianne G. Briscoe and Barbara H. Jaye, Artes praedicandi and Artes orandi, Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental 61 (Turnhout, 1992). 


Elina Gertsman, “Prayer Books,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies: Terms – Methods – Trends, ed. Classen,, pp. 2021-26.

Jean-Paul Bouhot, “Livrets de prières carolingiens,” in Prier au Moyen Age: Pratiques et expériences (Ve-XVe) siècles, ed. Nicole Bériou, Jacques Berlioz, and Jean Longère (Turnhout, 1991), pp. 23-31.

Pierre Salmon, “Libelli precum du VIIIe au XIIe siècles,” in Salmon, Analecta liturgica: extraits des manuscrits liturgiques de la Bibliothèque vaticane: contribution à l’histoire de la prière chrétienne, Studi e testi 273 (Vatican City, 1974). 

Pierre Salmon, “Livrets de prières de l’époque carolingienne,” Revue Bénédictine 86 (1976), 218-34.

Pierre Salmon, “Livrets de prières de l’epoque carolingienne. Nouvelle liste de manuscrits.” Revue Bénédictine 90 (1980), 147-49.

Radu Constantinescu, “Alcuin et les «Libelli precum» de l’époque carolingienne,” Revue de l’Histoire de la Spiritualité 50 (1974), 17-56.

Stephan Waldhoff, Alcuins Gebetbuch für Karl den Großen. Seine Rekonstruktion und seine Stellung in der frühmittelalterlichen Geschichte der Libelli precum, Liturgiewissenschaftliche Quellen und Forschungen 89 (Münster, 2003). See esp. chap. 1, “Die Privatgebetbücher des frühen Mittelaters: Erkenntnisse und Fragen,” pp. 9-111.

Susan Boynton, “Libelli precum in the Central Middle Ages,” in A History of Prayer: The First to the Fifteenth Century, ed. Roy Hammerling (Leiden, 2008), pp. 255-318.

J. Chazelas, “Les livrets de prières privées du Xl siècle. Essai sur la théologie morale et la psychologie des fidèles” (Thèse de l’École des Chartes (Paris, 1959).

Barbara Raw, “Anglo-Saxon Prayerbooks,” in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, vol. 1:  c. 400-1100, ed. Richard Gameson (Cambridge, 2011), pp. 460-67.  

Books of Hours:

Elina Gertsman, “Books of Hours,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 1647-52.

Gerard Achten, “Das christliche Gebetbuch im Mittelalter. Andachts- und Stundenbücher in Handschriften und Frühdrucken, 2nd ed. (Berlin, 1987).

Late Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts on the Web: Books of Hours

Jean-Luc Deuffic, Heures manuscrites identifiées

Jean-Luc Dueffic, Livres d’heures numeriseés

Stations of the Cross:


Debra Stoudt, “Mysticism,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies: Terms – Methods – Trends, ed. Classen, pp.939-67. 

Andrew Louth, The Origins of the Christian Mystical Tradition: Plato to Denys, 2nd ed. (Oxford, 2006).

Peter Dinzelbacher, Christliche Mystik im Abendland: Ihre Geschichte von den Anfängen bis zum Ausgang des Mittelalters (Paderborn, 1994).

Bernard McGinn, The Presence of God: A History of Western Christian Mysticism, 3 vols. (New York, 1991).

Mary Ann Bowman, Western Mysticism: A Guide to the Basic Works (Chicago, 1978).

Michael E. Sawyer, A Bibliographical Index of Five English Mystics: Richard Rolle, Julian of Norwich, the Author of The Cloud of unknowing, Walter Hilton, Margery Kempe (Pittsburgh, 1978).

Valerie Marie Lagorio and Ritamary Bardley, The 14th-century English Mystics: A Comprehensive Annotated Bibliography (New York, 1981).

Marc-Aeilko Aris, Hildegard von Bingen: Internationale wissenschaftliche Bibliographie, unter Verwendung der Hildegard-Bibliographie von Werner Lauter (Mainz, 1998).

Niklaus Largier, Bibliographie zu Meister Eckhart (Freiburg, 1989).

Meister Eckhart Bibliography

Meister-Eckhart-Gesellschaft Bibliographie

Charles D. Wright

last updated 3/19