The Bible and Its Interpretation

I.  Bibliographies

II.  Encyclopedias and Reference Works

III.  Histories, Surveys, and Collections

IV.  Versions of the Latin Bible

V.  Codicology of the Latin Bible

VI.  Biblical Commentaries

VII.  Biblical Words

VIII.  Patristics

 IX. Talmudic and Rabbinic Biblical Commentary

I.  Bibliographies


Stanisław BazylińskiA Guide to Biblical Research, Subsidia Biblica 36, 3rd ed. (Rome, 2016).

Biblical Studies, Oxford Bibliographies

André Vernet, La Bible au moyen âge: Bibliographie (Paris, 1989). Comprehensive in scope, selective in coverage.


Paul-Émile Langevin, Bibliographie Biblique, I: 1930-70; II: 1930-1975; III: 1930-1983 (Québec, 1972-85). Each volume lists general studies of biblical topics under the heading “Introduction to the Bible,” followed by references ordered sequentially by biblical books and passages, and concluded with sections on “Jesus Christ”and “Biblical Themes.” There is also a complete Index of Headings. 

Elenchus bibliographicus biblicus of BiblicaElenchus of Biblica (1985-2011).   See the sections Y1, History of Exegesis; Y2, The Latin Fathers, Y3, Exégèse médiévale and Medieval Exegetes.

Ephemerides Theologicae Lovaniensis (1924- ).  Includes an annual Elenchus Bibliographicus. Now incorporated into the Index Religiosus.

Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique (Louvain, 1900- ).  Searchable for 1973-2014 on the journal’s Brepols website; as of 2014 incorporated into the database Index Religiosus and print publication of the bibliography ceased.  1900-2000 volumes are available full-text in the ProQuest PAO Periodicals Archive. Unfortunately, ProQuest searches do not take you to the specific page of a hit, or even identify the specific pages of each hit; they only highlight the hit in yellow in the full text and so force you to browse the article to find it (and their pdfs are not searchable!).

Bulletin signalétique: Histoire et sciences de religions (Paris, 1968- ).  See the sections Christianisme: Christianisme antique (Ier-VIesiècle), Église médiévale; Exégèse et critique biblique; and the Index duchristianisme and Index biblique.

Bibliographia Patristica: Internationale Patristische Bibliographie (Berlin,1959-97).  Comprehensive coverage of the period 1956-90; ceased publication with vol. 33-35.

“Bibliografia generale di storia dell’interpretazione biblica. Esegesi, ermeneutica, usi della Bibbia,” in Annal di storia dell’esegesi (1984- ).   Beginning with volume 7 (1990).

Revue des sciences philosophiques et théologiques

Medioevo Latino. See under “Fortleben. Biblia Sacra;” organized by biblical book or books beginning with “Pentateuchus”; Fortleben: Patres; medieval Latin commentators allid commentaries are listed alphaetically under “Autori e Testi.” In the Mirabile database, search by biblical book or section, e.g., “Pentateuchus, Biblia Sacra, Fortleben,” or “Apocalypsis, Biblia Sacra, Fortleben”; for just “Biblia Sacra, Fortleben” for a comprehensive list.


BILDI: Documentation for Biblical Literature Innsbruck. Consult the Thesaurus for relevant key-word search strings, e.g., Reception history of the Bible > History of Christian interpretation > General > medieval exegesis. “In the field “SW” you can search for terms, biblical passages, peronalities, archaeological locations and/or Lemmata.” “When entering biblical passages the chapters and verses must appear in two-digit numbers.” Examples: 1 Kor 08,01; Ps 002*; Ps 045,02 – 07. So: in Advanced Search, Basic Index field, use the code “SW=” followed by the biblical verse in that form, e.g.: SW=1Kor 15,28 [yields 5 hits].

BiBIL: Biblical Bibliography of Lausanne.  “Categories Search” includes a heading “Ancient Christianity” with subheadings on “Periods,” “Themes,” and “Ancient Christian Literature”; the latter has a subheading “Texts and Authors” with an alphabetical listing. To search particular biblical verses, under Advanced Search, use the field “Biblical reference”; type in the name of the biblical book, then click on the icon to the right of the box to pull down a menu that allows you to select particular chapters and verses. If you want just a single verse, select the same chapter and verse twice in the range and select “Precise value.” So: selecting “1 Corinthians 15:18 to 15:18 yields 4 hits. to capture any references that include the verse in a larger range, select “Range contains” (same search yields 168 hits).

Institutum Patristicum Augustinianum, Rome. Catalogo della biblioteca.

Index Religiosus (2017- ). Brepols database incorporating the annual bibliographies of Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique and of the Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses.

ATLA/ATLAS Religion database

Zeitschrifteninhaltsdienst Theologie

Index Theologicus. International Bibliography of Theology and Religious Studies. Can be searched for specific biblical passages (in the forms Jn 5,1-20 or Joh 5,1-20; 1 Cor 10 or 1 Co 10; Rom 14,1-15,13 or Rm 14,1-15,13).

II.  Encyclopedias and Reference Works

Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception, ed. Christine Helmer et al. (Leiden, 2009- ). 17 print volumes to date (Aaron to Nazoreans); the Online version has many additional articles from later parts of the alphabet. Within articles there is usually a section “Christianity” surveying the history of interpretation, with excellent select bibliography.

Dictionnaire encyclopédique de la Bible, ed. P.-M. Bogaert et al., 3rd ed. (Turnhout, 2000). 

WiBiLex: Das wissenschaftliche Bibellexikon im Internet. Requires free registration. Superb resource, can be searched by word or entries can be browsed alphabetically (German headwords) or one can use the Thematisches Verzeichnis.

F. Vigouroux et al., Dictionnaire de la Bible, 10 vols. (Paris, 1899-1912)  and Supplement (1928- ). 

Giancarlo Rinaldi, Biblia Gentium: A First Contribution towards an Index of Biblical Quotations, References and Allusions made by Greek and Latin Heathen Writers of the Roman Imperial Times (Rome, 1989).

David Lyle Jeffrey, ed., A Dictionary of Biblical Tradition in English Literature (Grand Rapids MI, 1992). Brief articles on a wide range of topics include select bibliography.

Biblical Folklore:

The Bible in Folklore Worldwide, I:  A Handbook of Biblical Reception in Jewish, European Christian, and Islamic Folklores, ed. Eric Ziolkowski (Leiden, 2016). 

Louis Ginzberg, The Legends of the Jews, 6 vols. (Philadelphia, 1909-38). 

See also the major ecclesiastical encyclopedias listed in the separate bibliography on Medieval Christianity and Ecclesiastical Sources.

Topical Indices:

A topical index of concepts that includes the Bible is Mortimer J. Adler and William Gorman, ed., The Great Ideas: A Syntopicon of Great Books of the Western World, 2 vols. (Chicago, 1952).  Detailed and highly-articulated topical indices (I: Angel tLove; II: Man to World) to the University of Chicago Great Books of the Western World series, includes the Bible (King James references) and Apocrypha.

For a concordance to the Vulgate, see below under IV. Versions of the Latin Bible.

Guides to Abbreviations:

For standard abbreviations of biblical books and the names of apocryphal and pseudepigraphal texts, as well as of relevant scholarly journals and series, see:

Internationales Abkürzungsverzeichnis für Theologie und Grenzgebiete: Zeitschriften, Serien, Lexika, Quellenwerke mit bibliographischen Angaben = International Glossary of Abbreviations for Theology and Related Subjects: Periodicals, Series, Encyclopaedias, Sources with Bibliographical Notes, 3rd ed., ed. Siegfried M. Schwertner (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2014).

The SBL Handbook of Style for Ancient Near Eastern, Biblical, and Early Christian Studies, ed. Patrick H. Alexander et al. (Peabody MA, 1999). 

III.  Histories, Surveys, and Collections of Essays


The New Cambridge History of the Bible, vol. 1:  From the Beginnings to 1600, ed. James Carleton Paget and Joachim Schaper (Cambridge, 2013); vol. 2: From 600-1450, ed. Richard Marsden and E. Ann Matter (Cambridge, 2012).  In vol. 2 see esp. the essays in Part III: The Bible Interpreted, pp. 485-655.

Frans van Liere, An Introduction to the Medieval Bible (Cambridge, 2014). 

Surveys and Collections of Essays:

For others, search the Library of Congress subject heading “Bible–Criticism, interpretation, etc.–History–Middle Ages, 600-1500.”

Johannes Arnold et al., ed., Väter der Kirche: Ekklesiales Denken von den Anfängen bis in die Neuzeit. Festgabe für Hermann Josef Sieben SJ zum 70. Geburtstag (Paderborn, 2004).  Essays on the major church fathers through Bede and on patristic influences on medieval theologians from Alcuin to the end of the Middle Ages. Includes a valuable bibliography of Frede’s published scholarship.

Irena Backus, ed., The Reception of the Church Fathers in the West: From the Carolingians to the Maurists, 2 vols. (Leiden, 1997). 

Les réceptions des Pères de l’Église au Moyen Âge: Le devenir de la tradition ecclésiale, ed. Rainer Berndt and Michel Fédou, 2 vols., Archa Verbi Subsidia 10 (Münster 2013).

Charles Munier, “Les sources patristiques du droit de l’église du VIIIe au XIIIe siècle,” Revue de droit canonique 25 (1975), 184-92.

A. Boureau, “L’usage des textes patristiques dans les controverses scolastiques,” Revue des sciences théologiques et philosophiques 91 (2007), 39-49.

La Bibbia nell’alto medioevo, Settimane di studio del centro italiano di studi sull’altomedioevo 10 (Spoleto, 1962). 

Hennig Brinkmann, Mittelalterliche Hermeneutik (Tübingen, 1980). 

Silvia Cantelli Berarducci, Angelomo e la scuola esegetica di Luxeuil (Spoleto, 1990). 

Silvia Cantelli BerarducciHrabani Mauri opera exegetica: repertorium fontium, 3 vols. Instrumenta patristica et mediaevalia 38 (Turnhout, 2006). 

Celia Chazelle and Burton Van Name Edwards, ed., The Study of the Bible in the Carolingian Era (Turnhout, 2003). 

Giuseppe Cremascoli and Claudio LeonardiLa Bibbia nel Medio Evo (Bologna, 1996). Wide-ranging coverage of the transmission, interpretation, and influence of the Bible in the Middle Ages, with extensive secondary references in each essay, but no cumulative or select bibliography.

Giuseppe Cremascoli and Francesco Santi, ed., La Bibbia del XIII secolo. Storia del testo, storia dell’esegesi (Florence, 2004). 

Gilbert Dahan, L’exégèse chrétienne de la Bible en Occident médiéval, XIIe-XIVe siècle (Paris, 1999). Can be used to supplement Glorieux, Pour revaloriser MigneThe bibliography includes a basic list of books and articles dealing with exegesis of the 13th and 14th centuries, organized by biblical book and chapter.

Gilbert Dahan and Annie Noblesse-Rocher, L’Exégèse monastique au Moyen Âge (XIe-XIVe siècle), Collection des Études Augustiniennes 51 (Paris, 2014). 

Lorenzo DiTommaso and Lucian Turcesu, ed., The Reception and Interpretation of the Bible in Late Antiquity (Leiden, 2008). 

Ursicino Domínguez del Val, Historia de la antigua literatura latina hispano-cristiana, 4 vols. (Madrid, 1998). 

L’esegesi dei padri latini. Dalle origini a Gregorio Magno. XXVIII Incontro di studiosi dell’antichità cristiana, Roma,6-8 maggio 1999, 2 vols., Studia Ephemeridis Augustinanum 68 (Rome, 2000). 

G. R. Evans, The Language and Logic of the Bible. The Earlier Middle Ages (Cambridge, 1984). 

G. R. Evans, The Language and Logic of the Bible: The Road to the Reformation (Cambridge, 1985). 

Jacques Fontaine and C. Pietri, ed., Le monde latin antique et la Bible (Paris, 1985). 

Adalbert Hamman, How to Read the Church Fathers (New York, 1993).

John V. Fleming, From Bonaventure to Bellini. An Essay in Franciscan Exegesis (1982). 

Wilhelm Geerlings and Christian Schulze, ed., Der Kommentar in Antike und Mittelalater: Beiträge zu seiner Erforschung, Clavis Commentariorum Antiquitatis et Medii Aevi (Leiden, 2002). 

Joseph de Ghellinck, Patristique et moyen âge, II-III: Introduction et compléments a l’étude de la patristique (Brussels,1947-48). 

Christopher de Hamel, The Book: A History of the Bible (London, 2001). 

Claudio Leonardi et al., ed., La Bibbia nell’interpretazione delle donne (Florence, 2002). 

Bernard S. Levy, ed. The Bible in the Middle Ages: Its Influence on Literature and Art (Binghamton, 1992). 

Guy Lobrichon, “Gli usi della Bibbia,” in Lo spazio letterario, I/1, 523-62. 

Guy Lobrichon, La Bible au Moyen Age, Les médiévistes français 3 (Paris, 2003). 

W. Lourdaux and D. Verhelst, ed., The Bible and Medieval Culture (Louvain, 1979). 

Henri de Lubac, Exégèse médiévale: Les quatre sens de l’Ecriture, 2 vols. in 4 parts, Théologie 41, 42, 59 (Paris, 1959-64). The standard study of the “fourfold” exegetical method. The first three volumes have been translated by Mark Sebanc as Medieval Exegesis, 3 vols. (Edinburgh, 1998-90). 

Bertrand de Margerie, Introduction à l’histoire de l’exégèse, IV. L’occident latin de Léon le Grand à Bernard de Clairvaux (Paris, 1990). 

With Reverence for the Word: Medieval Scriptural Exegesis in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (Oxford, 2002). , ed. Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Barry D. Walfish, and Joseph W. Goering (Oxford, 2013).  The essays in part II cover “Medieval Christian Exegesis of the Bible.”

R. E. McNally, The Bible in the Early Middle Ages (Westminster MD, 1959).  Lists biblical commentaries composed between 650 and 1000, pp. 89-94 (General Commentaries on the Bible) and 95-96 (Commentaries on the Old Testament,Genesis).

James H. Morey, Book and Verse: A Guide to Middle English Biblical Literature (Urbana, 2002). 

Christopher Ocker and Kevin Madigan, “After Beryl Smally: Thirty Years of Medieval Exegesis, 1984-2013), Journal of the Bible and Its Reception 2 (2015), 87-130. 

Jaroslav Pelikan, The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, 5 vols. (Chicago, 1971-89).  Vols. 1-3 cover the period 100-1300 A.D. Extensive citation of primary sources makes this history especially valuable.

Henning Reventlow, Epochen der Bibelauslegung, vol. II. Von der Spätantike bis zum Ausgang des Mittelalters (Munich,1994). 

Le Moyen Age et la Bible, ed. Pierre Riché and Guy Lobrichon (Paris, 1984). 

Hans Rost, Die Bibel im Mittelalter. Beiträge zur Geschichte und der Bibliographie der Bibel (Augsburg, 1939). 

Magne Sæbø, ed., Hebrew Bible / Old Testament. The History of its Interpretation, vol. 1: From the Beginnings to the Middle Ages (until 1300), part 2: The Middle Ages (Göttingen, 2000).  Covers both Jewish and Christian exegesis.

Manlio Simonetti, Biblical Interpretation in the Early Church: An Historical Introduction to Patristic Exegesis, trans. John A. Hughes (Edinburgh, 1994).  Probably the best basic introduction available.

Beryl Smalley, The Study of the Bible in the Middle Ages, 3rd ed. (Oxford,1983). 

Beryl Smalley, The Gospels in the Schools. 1100-c.1280 (London, 1985).

Beryl Smalley, Medieval Exegesis of Wisdom Literature: Essays, ed. Roland E. Murphy (Atlanta GA, 1986). 

Ceslas Spicq, Esquisse d’une histoire de l’exégèse latine au moyen âge (Paris, 1944). Includes in an appendix a list of medieval commentaries by biblical book.

Hans-Jörg Spitz, Die Metaphorik des geistigen Schriftsinns. Ein Beitrag zur allegorischen Bibelauslegung des ersten christlichen Jahrtausends, Münstersche Mittelalter-Schriften12 (Munich, 1972). 

Studia Patristica.  Part of the Series Texte und Untersuchugen zur altchristlichen Literatur. 

Catherine Brown Tkacz, “The Bible in Medieval Literature: A Bibliographical Essay on Basic and New Sources,” Religion & Literature 19.1 (Spring 1987), 63-76.

Katherine Walsh and Diana Wood, ed., The Bible in the Medieval World: Essays in Memory of Beryl Smalley, Studies in Church History, 4 (Oxford, 1985). 

IV.  Versions of the Latin Bible

See also the separate bibliography on The Apocrypha in the Middle Ages.


Bulletin de la Bible latin (1994- ). Bibliographical supplement to Revue Bénédictine.


Pierre-Maurice Bogaert, “La Bible latine des origines au moyen âge. Aperçu historique, état des questions,” Revue théologique de Louvain 19 (1988), 137-59

Pierre-Maurice Bogaert, “The Latin Bible, c. 600 to c. 900,” in The New Cambridge History of the Bible, vol. 2, ed. Marsden and Matter, pp. 69-92. 

Frans van Liere, “The Latin Bible, c. 900 to the Council of Trent, 1546,” in The New Cambridge History of the Bible, vol. 2, ed. Marsden and Matter, pp. 93-109. 

Bonifatius Fischer, “Bibelausgaben des frühen Mittelalters,” in La bibbia nell’alto Medio Evo, ed. Giuseppe Cremascoli and Claudio Leonardi (Bologna, 1996), pp. 519-600. 

Bonifatius Fischer, “Bibeltext und Bibelreform unter Karl dem Grossen,” in Karl der Grosse. Lebenswerk und Nachleben, 3 vols., ed. Wolfgang Braunfels (Düsseldorf, 1965-1968), II, pp. 156-216. 

Bonifatius Fischer, Beiträge zur Geschichte der lateinischen Bibeltexte, Aus der Geschichte der lateinischen Bibel 12 (Freiburg, 1986).

Recherches sur l’histoire de la Bible latine: Colloque organisé à Louvain-la-Neuve pour la promotion de H. J. Frede au doctorat honoris causa en théologie le 18 avril 1986, ed. Roger Gryson and P.-M. Bogaert, Cahiers de la Revue théologique de Louvain 19 (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1987).

Caroline Chevalier, “Les révisions bibliques carolingiennes,” Temas medievales 14 (2006), 7-30

Laura Light, “Versions et révisions du texte biblique,” in Pierre Riché and Guy Lobrichon, ed., Le Moyen Age et la Bible (Paris, 1984), pp. 55-93. 

Walter Cahn, “The Structure of Cistercian Bibles,” in Studies in Cistercian Art and Architecture, vol. 3, ed. Meredith Parsons Lillich (Kalamazoo MI, 1982), pp. 81-96.

Eyal Poleg, “A Survey of Late Medieval Bibles,” in Poleg, Approaching the Bible in Medieval England (Manchester, 2013), pp. 211-21. Table of layout features and additions in Bibles. 

Guy Lobrichon, “Les éditions de la Bible latine dans les universités du XIIIe siècle,” in Giuseppe Cremascoli and Francesco Santi, ed., La Bibbia del XIII secolo. Storia del testo, storia dell’esegesi (Florence, 2004), pp. 14-34. 

H. A. G. Houghton, The Latin New Testament: A Guide to Its Early History, Texts, and Manuscripts (Oxford, 2016).  Associated website. Especially valuable is ch. 6, Editons and Resources (pp. 113-42).

Bible Research: Ancient Versions

Bibliographie de Pierre-Maurice Bogaert

On versions of the Latin Bible relevant for medieval studies, see Kaske, Medieval Christian Literary Imagery, pp. 1-7; Berlioz, Identifier sources et citations, pp. 13-19.

Vetus Latina:

Vetus Latina: Die Reste der altlateinischen Bibel (Beuron, 1951- ). Critical editionin progress of pre-Vulgate testimonies. An on-line database of the Beuron card files is available through Brepols and canbe searched by individual verse. The edition is supplemented by an important monograph series: Vetus Latina: Aus der Geschichte der lateinischen Bibel. The home-page of the Beuron Vetus Latina project has many valuable resources. Resources for the Study of the Old Latin Bible. Includes a list of Vetus Latina editions.

Pierre SabbathierBibliorum sacrorum latinae versiones antiquae, seu Vetus Italica, 3 vols. in 6 (Rheims 1739-49, Paris, 1751; rep. Turnhout, 1976).  Pending completion of the Beuron edition, this is still the standard complete edition of the pre-Vulgate Latin texts.

Roger Gryson, Altlateinische Handschriften. Manuscripts vieux latins. Répértoire déscriptif, 2 vols., Vetus Latina: Die Reste der altlateinischen Bibel 1/2A-B (Freiburg, 1999-2004).   Descriptions of surviving Vetus Latina manuscripts.

Bonifatius Fischer, Die lateinischen Evangelien bis zum 10. Jahrhundert, 4 vols. (Freiburg, 1988-91). 


Biblia Sacra Vulgata, ed. R. Weber and R. Gryson, 6th ed. (Stuttgart, 2009). Standard compact edition of Jerome’s Latin version, printed per cola et commata without punctuation. Official online version at requires free registration that enables access to many other resources. Another online Biblia Sacra Vulgata version does not specify which edition is used, but makes it possible to toggle back and forth from the Vulgate to the Douay-Rheims translation.

Biblia Sacra iuxta Vulgatam latinam versionem (Rome, 1926-1987).  Benedictine critical edition commissioned by the Vatican, valuable especially for full listing of variants readings. Consists of the Old Testament and Apocrypha supplemented by the Wordsworth-White critical text of the New Testament.

The Vulgate Bible, Dumbarton Oaks Medieval Library (Cambridge, MA, 2010- ). Has the Douay-Rheims translation on facing pages. So far the Pentateuch, Prophetical Books, Historical Books, and Poetical Books have been published. 

Biblia Sacra iuxta Vulgatam versionem (Madrid, 1953). Late (1590-92) Sixto-Clementine revision of the Vulgate, yet of value for medievalists because it represents a recension close to the later medieval “Paris text” of the Bible. 

See also the online Clementine Vulgate Project.

Searchable on-line Vulgate (ARTFL).

For a searchable and browsable text of the Douay-Rheims English translation of the Vulgate, see Douay-Rheims Catholic Bible or The Bible in English.


Le Psautier romaine et les autres anciens psautiers latins, ed. R. Weber (Rome, 1953). 

Sancti Hieronymi Psalterium iuxta Hebraeos, ed. Henri de Saint-Marie, Collectanea biblica latina 11 (Rome, 1954). 

New Testament:

Nouum Testamentum latine, ed. John Wordsworth and Henry White, I: Quattuor Euangelia (Oxford, 1889-1898). . Standard critical edition of the Vulgate New Testament, valuable for its very full corpus of variants.

Insular Gospel Books Transcription Project

Vulgate Concordance:

Concordantiae Bibliorum Sacrorum iuxta Vulgatam versionem, 5 vols. (Stuttgart,1977).  Note that the CLCLT database can in effect be used as a concordance to the Vulgate; there are also searchable Vulgate concordances on the internet.

A series of “conceptual glossaries” on the Vulgate (with three major headings, A. The Universe; B. Man; C. Man and the Environment, each elaborately subdivided topically) has been undertaken by Andrew Wilson:

A. Wilson, A. Baron, and C. Worth, Conceptual Glossary and Index to the Vulgate Translation of the Gospel according to Mark, 2 vols., Alpha-Omega (Hildesheim, 2007).

A. WilsonConceptual Glossary and Index to the Vulgate Translation of the Gospel of John, Alpha-Omega (Hildesheim, 2000).

A. Wilson, Conceptual Glossary and Index to the Vulgate Translation of the Petrine Epistles, Alpha-Omega (Hildesheim, 2006).

On medieval Bible concordances and similar finding tools see:

Richard Rouse and Mary Rouse, “The Development of Research Tools in the Thirteenth Century,” in Authentic Witnesses: Approaches to Medieval Texts and Manuscripts, ed. Rouse and Rouse (Notre Dame, 1991), pp. 221-55. 

Michel Albaric, “Hugues de Saint-Cher et les concordances bibliques latines (XIIIe-XVIIIe siècles),” in Hugues de Saint-Cher (†1263), Bibliste et théologien, ed. Louis-Jacques Bataillon, Gilbert Dahan, and Pierre-Marie Gy (Turnhout, 2004), pp. 467-80. 

Theodore A. Bergen, A Latin-Greek Index of the Vulgate New Testament: Based on Alfred Schmoller’s Handkonkordanz Zum Griechishen Neuen Testament: With an Index of Latin Equivalences Characteristic of “African” and “European” Old Latin Versions of the New Testament (Atlanta, 1991).  Use to determine the Greek equivalents of Latin words in the Vulgate and Old Latin versions.

Bible Paratexts:

S. Berger, “Les Préfaces jointes aux livres de la Bible dans les manuscrits de la Vulgate,” Mémoires présentés à la Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, 1re série 11/2 (1904), 1-78. 

A. d’Esneval, “La division de la Vulgate en chapitres dans l’édition parisienne du XIIIe siècle,” Revue des sciences philosophiques et théologiques 62 (1978), 559-68. 

D. De Bruyne, Prefaces to the Latin Bible, introd. P.-M. Bogaert and Thomas O’Loughlin (Turnhout, 2015); originally published as Préfaces de la Bible latine (Namur, 1920). 

D. De Bruyne, Summaries, Divisions, and Rubrics of the Latin Bible, introd. P.-M. Bogaert and Thomas O’Loughlin (Turnhout, 2015); originally published as Sommaires, divisions etrubriques de la Bible latine (Namur, 1914). 

Pierre Salmon, Les “Tituli Psalmorum” des manuscrits latins, Collectanea Biblical Latina 12 (Rome, 1959).

Prefaces, Prologues and Capitula to the Latin New Testament

The Latin Prologues. The Anti-Marcionite and Monarchian Prologues to the Canonical Gospels

The Marcionite Prologues to the Pauline Epistles

G. Dahan, “Les prologues des commentaires bibliques (XIIe-XIVe siècle),” in Les prologues médiévaux, ed. Jacqueline Hamesse (Turnhout, 2000), pp. 427-70. 

English Translations of Jerome’s Biblical Prefaces

Jean Vezin, “Les divisions du texte dans les Évangiles jusqu’à l’apparition de l’imprimerie,” in Grafia e interpunzione del latino nel medioevo, ed. Alfonso Maieru (Rome, 1987), pp. 53-68. 

Walter Thiele, “Beobachtungen zu den eusebianischen Sektionen und Kanones der Evangelien,” Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 72 (1981), 100-11. 

Patrick McGurk, “The Disposition of Numbers in Latin Eusebian Canon Tables,” in Philologia Sacra I. Altes und Neues Testament, ed. Roger Gryson (Freiburg, 1993), pp. 242-58. 

V.  Codicology of the Medieval Bible

Roger Gryson, Altlateinische Handschriften. Manuscripts vieux latins. Répértoire déscriptif, 2 vols., Vetus Latina: Die Reste der altlateinischen Bibel 1/2A-B (Freiburg, 1999-2004).    

Bonifatius Fischer, Lateinische Bibelhandschriften im frühen Mittelalter, Vetus Latina, Aus der Geschichte der lateinischen Bibel 11 (Freiburg, 1885). 

Latin Gospel Manuscripts

“Catalogue of Latin New Testament Manuscripts,” ch. 10 in Houghton, The Latin New Testament, pp. 208-81.

The New Cambridge History of the Bible, vol. 2, ed. Marsden and Matter, see Part II: Format and Transmission, pp. 309-482. 

Margaret T. Gibson, The Bible in the Latin West, The Medieval Book 1 (NotreDame, 1993). 

Forme e modelli della tradizione manoscritta della Bibbia, ed. Paolo Cherubini, Littera Antiqua 13 (Vatican City, 2005).

Richard Gameson, ed., The Early Medieval Bible: Its Production, Decoration, and Use (Cambridge, 1994). 

The Practice of the Bible in the Middle Ages: Production, Reception, and Performance in Western Christianity, ed. Susan Boynton and Diane J. Reilly (New York, 2011). 

Christopher De Hamel, Glossed Books ofthe Bible and the Origins of the Paris Booktrade (Woodbridge, Suffolk, 1984). 

Lesley Smith, Masters of the Sacred Page: Manuscripts of Theology in the Latin West to 1274 (Notre Dame, 2001). 

V. Leroquais, Les psautiers, manuscrits latins des bibliothèques publiques de France (Mâcon, 1940-1). 

Note that catalogues of major manuscript collections often have volumes or sections of volume devoted to biblical manuscripts. See the separate bibliography on Medieval and Modern Manuscript Catalogues.

VI.  Biblical Commentaries


ACOLIT: autori cattolici e opere liturgiche: una lista di autorità, vol. 4: Padri della Chiesa e scrittori ecclesiastici occidentali (secoli II-XIII) / Fathers of the Church and Western Ecclesiastical Writers (II-XIII centuries), ed. Paola Pieri (Rome, 2010). 


E. Dekkers, Clavis Patrum Latinorum, 3rd ed. (Turnhout, 1995).  The standard guide to Christian-Latin writings through Bede. The “Index Systematicus” can be used to locate texts in particular genres, e.g. for commentaries on particular books of the Bible see under “Exegetica.” For important addenda see J. Verheyden, “The New Clavis Patrum Latinorum, ” Ephemerides Theologicae Lovaniensis 73 (1997), 121-43;  François Dolbeau,“Découvertes récentes d’oeuvres latines inconnues,” Sacris Erudiri 38 (1998-99), 101-42. 

Roger Gryson, Répertoire général des auteurs ecclésiastiques latins de l’antiquité et du haut moyen âge, 2 vols., Vetus Latina I/1 (Freiburg, 2007).  Replaces H. J. Frede, Kirchenschriftsteller. Verzeichnis und Sigel (Freiburg,1996).  Complements the Clavis Patrum; includes valuable notes on attribution of texts and on sources. Indices concord entries with the Clavis Patrum Latinorum and Graecorum. Notes on individual authors and text scan be accessed via the Vetus Latina database (go to “Repertorium”). A .pdf file listing the abbreviations of authors and texts (standard for patristic studies) is available on the Vetus Latina home-page; another is at Vetus Latina Patristic Abbreviations.


Friedrich Stegmüller, Repertorium biblicum medii aevi, 11 vols. (Madrid,1950- ). For an analysis of the series, see Kaske, Medieval Christian Literary Imagery, pp. 16-17.  Vol. 1 covers the Bible itself, including apocryphal books; vols. 2-5 cover commentaries by named author; vols. 6-7 cover anonymous commentaries, listed by the cities in which the manuscripts survive; vols. 8-9 are supplements organized the same way as vols. 1-7; vols. 10-11 consist of a register of Initia. Unfortunately no index volume by books of the Bible was every published.  The online version allows full-text as well as various field searches;commentaries on specific biblical books can be located by searching the abbreviated title. To search for references to a specific biblical verse use “Volltext,” enter the abbreviated title, and choose “exacter Wortlaut”; if your verse is only one digit, you will get all hits that begin with that digit, so “Gen. 1:1” will return references to Gen. 1.10, 1.11, etc.; try adding a parens after the digit since references are usually in parens: “Gen. 1.1)”. See Stefan Büdenbender and Sabine Harwardt, “Chasing DTDs. The Digital Edition of the Repertorium Biblicum Medii Aevi,” Literary and Linguistic Computing 20 (Supp. 1) (2005), 47-57.

John Machielsen, Clavis Patristica Pseudepigraphorum Medii AeviTheologica Exegetica (Turnhout, 1994): Vol. IIA; Vol. IIB. Bibliographical guide to falsely attributed writings. Other volumes cover homilies and asetic and monastic works, which are obviously valuable sources of biblical exegesis as well.

Latin Bible: Text and Reception. Bibliographical Database and other resources relating to the Bible “concerned with the text and reception of the Latin Bible in early Ireland, Britain and areas of Insular influence.” Glosses and Commentaries to the Bible in the Middle Ages: Portal to Digital Resources.  The main focus is the Glossa Ordinaria, but other major glossae and later medieval commentaries on the whole Bible are included.

Biblical Commentaries by Book or by Chapter/Verse:
By book:


For patristic commentaries consult the “Index Systematicus” of the Clavis Patrum Latinorum, pp. 776-77; for medieval commentaries search by title of biblical book in the online Stegmüller, Repertorium biblicum medii aevi. Also check the “Index commentarius in Scripturas” in vol. 219 of the Patrologia Latina.

David L. Balás and D. Jeffrey Bingham, “Patristic Exegesis of Books of the Bible,” in Charles Kannengiesser, Handbook of Patristic Exegesis, pp. 271-372. 

Hermann Josef Sieben, Kirchenväterhomilien zum Neuen Testament: Ein Repertorium der Textausgaben und Übersetzungen, mit einem Anhang der Kirchenväterkommentare, Instrumenta Patristica 22 (Steenbrugge, 1991).  An appendix gives a list of patristic (Greek and Latin) biblical commentaries on the New Testament by book.

Fr. A. Thompson, O.P., Patristic Commentaries on the Bible by Book (pp. 20-29 of course syllabus).  References are to English translations.

In Bibliographia Patristica, see “Patrum exegesis Veteris et Novi Testamenti.”

Pierre Boucaud, “The Corpus Paulinum: Greek and Latin Exegesis of the Epistles in the First Millennium,” Revue de l’histoire des religions 230 (2003), 299-332. 

Francis X. Gumerlock, “Patristic Commentaries on Revelation: The Problem of Accessibility,” Kerux 23/2 (Sep 2008), 49-67.


Kaske, Medieval Christian Literary Imagery, pp. 18-31 (Basic Checklists, Commentaries on the Whole Bible; Important Commentaries on Individual Books; Individual Authors).

R. E. McNally, The Bible in the Early Middle Ages (Westminster, MD, 1959).  Lists biblical commentaries composed between 650 and 1000, pp. 89-94 (General Commentaries on the Bible) and 95-96 (Commentaries on the Old Testament, Genesis).

“Instruments de travail et méthodes de l’exégète à l’époque carolingienne,” in Le Moyen Age et la Bible, ed. Pierre Riché and Guy Lobrichon (Paris, 1984), pp. 154-57.

Burton van Name Edwards, The Manuscript Transmission of Carolingian Biblical Commentaries.

Joseph Kelly, “A Catalogue of Early Medieval Hiberno-Latin Biblical Commentaries,” Traditio 44-46 (1988-90). 

C. Spicq, Esquisse d’une histoire de l’exégèse latine au moyen âge (Paris, 1944), pp. 395-401. 

Neue Richtungen in der hoch- und spätmittelalterlichen Bibelexegese, ed. Robert E. Lerner and Elisabeth Müller-Luckner (Munich, 1996). 

Repertorium edierter Texte des Mittelalters aus dem Bereich der Philosophie und angrenzender Gebiete A-Z, 2nd ed., ed. Rolf Schönberger et al. (Berlin, 2011). See the index of biblical books, pp. 413-19.

The Bible in the Middle Ages, gen. ed. H. Lawrence Bond, Philip Krey, and Thomas Ryan (Grand Rapids MI, 2011- ). 4 vols. to date: Joy A. Schroeder, The Book of Genesis (2015); Joy A. Schroeder, The Book of Jeremiah (2017); Philip Krey, Ian Christopher Levy, and Thomas F. Ryan, The Letter to the Romans (2013); Ian Christopher Levy, The Letter to the Galatians (2011).

By chapter or chapter and verse:

“Index capitum Sacrae Scripturae” and “Index Exegeticus” in vol. 219 of the Patrologia Latina

One can also consult search full-text databases of patristic and medieval Latin literature for biblical citations by word or phrase, as well as the scriptural indices in major collections of translations such as Fathers of the Church and indexed monographs and essay collections or critical editions, e.g.:

G. Hendrix, Index Biblicus in Opera Omnia S. Bernardi, Sancti Bernardi Opera (Turnhout, 1998).

Bibliographies of Secondary Literature by Book and Chapter/Verse:

Hermann Josef Sieben, Exegesis Patrum. Saggio bibliografico sull’esegesi biblica dei Padridella Chiesa (Rome, 1983). Organized by biblical book and verse. 

Dirk Kurt Kranz, Bibliografia delle bibliografie patristiche e materie affini. Un sussidio didattico e di ricerca, Sussidie strumenti didattici 3 (Rome, 2005).  See pp. 145-71 for a bibliography of bibliographies by biblical book.

“Quelques travaux sur des versets ou passages” (12th-14th centuries), in Gilbert Dahan, L’exégèse chrétienne de la Bible en Occident médiéval, XIIe-XIVe siècle (Paris, 1999), pp. 452-54. The bibliography includes a basic list of books and articles organized by biblical book and chapter. Studies about precise biblical references

Bibliographical Databases:

In the database Mirabile one can search by the name of the biblical book, but try the Latin title as well as the English and Italian. To search for a particular chapter and verse separate them by a comma and space (19, 6).

BILDI: Documentation for Biblical Literature Innsbruck. Under advanced search you can enter the name of a biblical book with the boolean operator AND followed by a chapter number (Genesis AND 1); to search for a particular verse tryseparate searches using a period (Genesis AND 1.1), colon, and comma between the chapter number and verse numer.

BiBIL: Biblical Bibliography of Lausanne. To search for a biblical verse, enclose entire citation in double quotation marks (“Genesis 1:1”).

Zeitschrifteninhaltsdienst Theologie. Use their Scripture References search tool to locate scholarship on specific biblical passages (see the online tutorial).

Some Studies of Exegesis of Individual Biblical Books:

The series Blackwell Bible Commentaries, gen. ed. John Sawyer et al. features volumes dedicated to each biblical book “Through the Centuries,” with brief discussion of the medieval period.

The series Ancient Christian Commentary provides extracts from patristic and early medieval exegetes on individual books of the Bible.


T. Armstrong, Die Genesis in der alten Kirche (Tübingen, 1962). 

Hans Martin von Erffa, Ikonologie der Genesis. Die Christlichen Bildthemen aus dem Alten Testament und Ihre Quellen, vol. 1 (Munich, 1989). Magnficent work, but only volume one (which covers through Noah) has appeared.

Emmanouela Grypeou and Helen Spurling, The Book of Genesis in Late Antiquity: Encounters between Jewish and Christian Exegesis (Leiden, 2013).  Includes a bibliography of “Christian Sources,” pp. 455-61.

Thomas O’Loughlin, Teachers and Code-Breakers: The Latin Genesis Tradition, 430-800, Instrumenta Patristica 35 (Steenbrugge, 1999).

Genesis 1-3 in the History of Interpretation: Intrigue in the Garden, ed. Gregory Allen Robbins (Lewiston, NY, 1988).

Gabriele Spira, Paradies und Sündenfall. Stoffe und Motive der Genesis 3-Rezeption von Tertullian bis Ambrosius, Patrologia: Beiträge zum Studien der Kirchenväter 34 (Frankfurt am Main, 2015).

Brian Murdoch, The Medieval Popular Bible: Expansions of Genesis in the Middle Ages (Woodbridge, 2003). 


Lesley Smith, The Ten Commandments: Interpreting the Bible in the Medieval World, Studies in the History of Christian Traditions 175 (Leiden, 2014).


Gilbert Dahan,  “Samson and Dalila. Le chapitre 16 des Juges dans l’exégèse chrétienne du XIIe et du XIIIe siècle,” Graphe 13 (2004), 97-118. 

Greti Dinkova-Bruun, “Biblical Thematics: The Story of Samson in Medieval Literary Discourse,” in The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Latin Literature, ed. Hexter and Townsend, pp. 


M. Duval, Le livre de Jonas dans la littérature chrétienne grecque et latine (Paris, 1973). 


Gamberoni, Die Auslegung des Buches Tobias in der griechisch-lateinischen Kirche der Antike und der Christenheit des Westens bis um 1600 (Munich, 1969). 

Solomonic Books:

Medieval Exegesis of Wisdom Literature: Essays by Beryl Smalley, ed. Roland E. Murphy (Atlanta, GA, 1986). 

Song of Songs:

Rossana E. Guglielmetti, La tradizione manoscritta dei commenti latini al Cantico dei Cantici (origini – XII secolo). Repertorio dei codice contenenti testi inediti o editi solo nella “Patrologia Latina” con CD-ROM (Florence, 2006).

Friedrich Ohly, Hohelied-Studien: Grunzüge einer Geschichte der Hoheliedauslegung des Abendlandes bis um 1200 (Wiesbaden, 1958). 

Rosmarie Herde, Das Hohelied in der lateinischen Literatur des Mittelalters bis zum 12. Jahrhundert, Münchener Beiträge zur Mediävistik und Renaissance-Forschung, 3 (Munich, 1968). 

Ann Astell, The Song of Songs in the Middle Ages (Ithaca, 1990).

E. Ann Matter, The Voice of My Beloved: The Song of Songs in Western Medieval Christianity (Philadelphia, 1990).  Includes a list of Latin commentaries up to 1200, pp. 203-10.

Karl Shuve, The Song of Songs and the Fashioning of Identity in Early Latin Christianity (Oxford, 2016). Covers North Africa, Spain, and Italy.

Il cantico dei cantici nel Medioevo. Atti del convegno internazionale dell’Università degli studi di Milano e della società Internazionale per lo Studio del Medioevo Latino, Gargnano sul Garda, 22–24 maggio 2006, ed. Rossana E. Guglielmetti (Florence, 2008). 

Helmut Riedinger, Die Makellosigkeit der Kirche in den lateinischen Hoheliedkommentaren des Mittelalters (Münster, 1958).


Lawrence Besserman, The Legend of Job in the Middle Ages (Cambridge, MA, 1979). 

Günter DatzDie Gestalt Hiobs in der kirchlichen Exegese und der “Arme Heinrich” Hartmanns von Aue, Göppinger Arbeiten zur Germanistik, 108 (Göppingen, 1973). 


Gérard de Martel, Répertoire des textes latins relatifs au livre de Ruth (VIIe-XVe s.), Instrumenta Patristica, 18 (Steenbrugge, 1990). 


Barry Walfish, Esther in Medieval Garb: Jewish Interpretation of the Book of Esther in the Middle Ages (Albany NY, 1983). 


The Sword of Judith: Judith Studies Across the Disciplines, ed. Kevin R. Brine, Elena Ciletti, and Henrike Lähnemann (Cambridge, 2010).


Die Geschichte der Daniel-Auslegung in Judentum, Christentum und Islam: Studien zur Kommentierung des Danielbuches in Literatur und Kunst, ed. Katharina Bracht and David S. du Toit (Berlin, 2007). 

1-2 Maccabees:

Glosas marginales de Vetus Latina en Biblias vulgatas españolas. 1-2 Macabeos, ed. José Manuel Cañas Reíllo (Madrid, 2000). With a bibliography at pp. 279-98.



P. Siniscalco, Mito e storia della salvezza. Ricerche sulle più antiche interpretazioni di alcune parabole evangeliche (Turin, 1971). 

Stephen L. Wailes, Medieval Allegories of Christ’s Parables, Publications of the UCLA Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 23 (Berkeley, CA, 1987).  Bibliography of Sources, pp. 76-82.

The Lord’s Prayer:

Karlfried Froehlich, “The Lord’s Prayer in Patristic Literature,” The Princeton Seminary Bulletin, Supplemental Vol. 2 (1992), pp. 71-87. 

Nicholas Ayo, The Lord’s Prayer: A Survey Theological and Literary (Notre Dame, 1992). Bibliography of Patristic Commentary in English on the Lord’s Prayer, pp. 253-4. 

Adalbert Hamman, Le Pater expliqué par les Pères (Paris, 1961). 

Le Pater noster au XIIe siècle: Lectures et usage (Turnhout, 2015). 


Fabrizio Amerini»In principio erat Verbum«. Philosophy and Theology in the Commentaries on the Gospel of John (III-XIV Century), Archa Verbi Subsidia 11 (Münster 2014).

Michael Gorman, “The Oldest Epitome of Augustine’s Tractatus in Euangelium Ioannis and Commentaries on the Gospel of John in the Early Middle Ages,” Revue des Études Augustiniennes 43 (1997), 63-103.

Michael Gorman, “Rewriting Augustine: Alcuin’s Commentary on the Gospel of John,” Revue Bénédictine 119 (2009), 36-85.

Michael Gorman, The Commentary on the Gospel of John by Haimo of Auxerre,” Revue Bénédictine 115 (2005), 61-111.

Mark HazardThe Literal Sense and the Gospel of John in Late Medieval Commentary and Literature, Medieval History and Culture 12 (Routledge, 2013).

Pauline Epistles:

A Companion to St. Paul in the Middle Ages, ed. Steven Cartwright (Leiden, 2012). 


Werner Affeldt, “Verzeichnis der Römerbriefkommentare der lateinischen Kirche bis zu Nikolaus von Lyra,” Traditio 13 (1957), 369-406. 

“Working Bibliography on Romans Commentaries from the Patristic through the Late Medieval Periods”

Medieval Readings of Romans, ed. William S. Campbell, Peter S. Hawkins and Brenda Deen Schildgen, Romans through History and Cultures Series (Edinburgh, 2007). The focus is on twelfth-century commentaries and later, but with a bibliography of “Church Fathers and Medieval Primary Texts,” pp. 213-16.


L’Exégèse patristique de l’Épitre aux Galates, ed. Isabelle Bochet and Michel Fédou, Collection des Études Augustininnes 197 (Paris, 2014).


C. Spicq, L’Epitre aux Hebreaux (Gabalda, 1952). 

A. Greer, The Captain of Our Salvation: A Study in the Patristic Exegesis of Hebrews (Tübingen, 1973). 


Richard Tresley, “Annotated Bibliography of Commentaries on the Book of Revelation to 1700,” in The Book of Revelation and Its Interpreters: Short Studies and an Annotated Bibliography, ed. Ian Boxall and Richard Tresley (Lanham, MD, 2016), pp. 125-272.

Roger Gryson, “Les commentairs patristiques latins de l’Apocalypse,” Revue théologique de Louvain 28 (1997), 305-37, 484-502.  Repr. in Gryson, Scientiam Salutis: Quarante années de recherches sur l’antiquité chrétienne, Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 211 (Leuven, 2008), 827-79. 

Wilhelm Kamlah, Apokalypse und Geschichtstheologie: Die mittelalterliche Auslegung der Apocalypse vor Joachim von Fiore (Berlin, 1935). 

L’Apocalypse de Jean. Traditions exègétiques et iconographiques, IIIe-XIIIe siécles, Colloque de la Fondation Hardt Études et documents publiés par la section d’histoire de la Faculté des lettres de l’Université de Genève (Geneva, 1976). 

The Apocalypse in the Middle Ages, ed. Richard K. Emmerson and Bernard McGinn (Ithaca, 1992). 

L’Apocalisse nel Medioevo, Atti del Convegno Internazionale dell’Università degli Studi di Milano e della Società Internazionale per lo Studio del Medioevo Latino (S.I.S.M.E.L.) Gargnano sul Garda, 18-20 maggio 2009, ed. Rossana E. Guglielmetti (Florence, 2011).

Revelation Resources: Resources for the Academic Study of the Book of Revelation

See also the section on Lectionaries in the separate bibliography on Sermons and Homilies.

Major Collections of Texts:

Patrologia Latina database:  J.-P. Migne, ed., Patrologiae cursus completus, Series Latina [= PL or MPL, “Patrologia Latina”, 221 vols. (Paris, 1844-1880), with a Supplementum, 5 vols., ed. A. Hamann (the online version does not include the supplement volumes). Attributions of texts in the PL must always be verified by Palémon Glorieux, Pour revaloriser Migne: Tables rectificatives (Lille, 1952), , the PL Supplementum, the Clavis Patrum Latinorum, Machielsen’s Clavis Pseudepigraphorum, and reference works such as the Dictionnaire de spiritualité. The elaborate subject indices in vols. 218-221 (which can be browsed online) are still a valuable way to access relevant passages on topics that may not be easy to reduce to database word searches. Note that references are sometimes to the pagination of the original edition reprinted by Migne (in bold type within the text), rather than to the PL column numbers. The Elucidatio in 235 tabulas Patrologiae Latinae (Rotterdam, 1952), is a skeletal index to the PL indices; see also Berlioz, Identifier sources, pp. 279-94 (“L’index des index de la Patrologie latin ede Jacques-Paul Migne”).

On the PL see also Kaske, Medieval Christian Literary Imagery, pp. 9-11; Berlioz, Identifier sources et citations, pp. 279-94.

Library of Latin Texts. The online User’s Guide is much fuller than the Guide invoked by the “Help” button in the database. Contains all the texts (and much more) in the series Corpus Christianorum, Series Latina and Continuatio Mediaevalis (Turnholt, 1953-).  See the Brepols catalogue for a complete analysis. See also Corpus Christianorum 1953-2003. Xenium Natalicium: Fifty Years of Scholarly Editing, ed. Johan Leemans (Turnhout, 2003). 

Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum (Vienna, 1866- ).  The “Vienna Corpus.”

Sources chrétiennes (Paris, 1940- ). Authoritative editions with facing-page French translations.

Patrologia Orientalis (1903- ). Also online as a Brepols database.

Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium: Scriptores Syrii; Scriptores Coptici; Scriptores Aethopici; Scriptores Armeniaci; Scriptores Arabici; Scriptores Iberici

Some Major Exegetical Compendia and Commentaries:

See Kaske, pp. 19-28 and 33-40.

Eucherius of Lyon:

Eucherii Lugdunensis Formulae spiritalis intelligentiae / Instructionum libri duo, ed. C. Mandolfo, CCSL 66 (Turnhout, 2004). The older (1894) CSEL edition by Karl Wotke is available online.

Canterbury Glosses:

Biblical Commentaries from the Canterbury School of Theodore and Hadrian, ed. Bernhard Bischoff and Michael Lapidge (Cambridge, 1994).

“Leiden Family” Glosses:

Glossae Biblicae, ed. P. Vaciago, CCCM 189A-B (Turnhout, 2004- ). 

Elias Steinmeyer and Eduard Sievers, ed., Die althochdeutsche Glossen, 5 vols. (Berlin, 1922). 

Glossa Ordinaria:

Biblia Latina cum glossa ordinaria, 5 vols. (Turnhout, 1992). . Reprint of Strassburg 1480/81 edition. See Berlioz, Identifier sources et citations, pp. 22-25. See Stegmüller, Repertorium biblicum medii aevi, IX, 465-567. Glosses and Commentaries to the Bible in the Middle Ages: Portal to Digital Resources. Website devoted to the Glossa Ordinaria and other major glossae.  An electronic edition is in preparation.

Glossa ordinaria. Pars 22, In Canticum canticorum, ed. Mary Dove, CCCM 170 (Turnhout, 1997). 

Lesley Smith, The Glossa Ordinaria: The Making of a Medieval Bible Commentary (Leiden, 2009). 

Lesley Smith, “The Glossed Bible,” in The New Cambridge History of the Bible, vol. 2: From 600-1450, ed. Marsden and Matter, pp. 363-79. 

David A. Salmon, An Introduction to the Glossa Ordinary as Medieval Hypertext (Cardiff, 2012).

Hugh of St. Cher, Postilla:

Basel, 1504

Stegmüller, Repertorium biblicum medii aevi, nos. 3601-374, 3605-3771. 

Kaeppli, Scriptores Ordinis Praedicatorum Medii Aevi, vol. 2, nos. 1983-1994. 

Hugues de Saint-Cher (†1263), Bibliste et théologien, ed. Louis-Jacques Bataillon, Gilbert Dahan, and Pierre-Marie Gy (Turnhout, 2004).

Peter Comestor, Historia scholastica:

Stegmüller, Repertorium biblicum medii aevi, nos. 6543-64; Patrologia Latina 198, cols. 1053-1644. 

Peter Comestor, Scolastica historia Liber Genesis, ed. Agneta Sylwan, CCCM 191 (Turnhout, 2005). 

Mark J. Clark, The Making of the Historia Scholastica, 1150-1200, Studies and Texts 198 (Toronto, 2015). 

James Morey, “Peter Comestor, Biblical Paraphrase, and the Medieval Popular Bible,” Speculum 68 (1993), 6-35. [wp-svg-icons custom_icon=”pinwheelwc-pinwheel” wrap=”i”]

Thomas Aquinas, Catena Aurea:

Venice 1486 print: 

English translation: Catena aurea: Commentary on the four Gospels, collected out of the works of the Fathers by S. Thomas Aquinas, trans. Mark Pattison (Oxford, 1874).

Nicholas of Lyre (Lyra), Postilla litteralis:

Digital facsimiles of various early prints at the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Munich.

Prima [-Sexta] pars Biblie cu[m] glosa ordinaria & expositio[n]e Lyre litterali &morali: necno[n] additio[n]ibus ac replicis (Basel 1498). Incunabula

Cornelius à Lapide:

Commentaria in scripturam sacram Cornelii à Lapide, ed. A.Crampon, 10 vols. (Paris, 1865). . Post-medieval, but cites many patristic and commentaries.

VII.  Biblical Words

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, ed. G. Johannes Botterweck and Helmer Ringgren, trans. John T. Willis, 15 vols. (Grand Rapids, MI, 1974-2006). 

Gerhard Friedrich and Gerhard Kittel, Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, 10 vols., trans. and ed. Geoffrey W. Bromiley (Grand Rapids, MI, 1964-76). 

Hermann Josef Sieben, Voces: Eine Bibliographie zu Wörtern und Begriffen aus der Patristik (1918-1978) (Berlin, 1980). Lists scholarship on keywords and phrases in patristic Greek and Latin texts. 

Gabriel Sanders and Marc Van Uytfanghe, Bibliographie signalétique du Latin des chrétiens, CCSL, Lingua Patrum 1 (Turnhout, 1989). 

Base d’information bibliographique en patristique. Can be searched for key terms; consult the help page for a .pdf file listing index terms (Index vocabulaire patristique étudie: index des termes).

Medieval Biblical Distinctiones (lists of figural meanings of biblical words and things):

Friedrich Ohly, “The Spiritual Sense of Words in the Middle Ages,” in Sensus Spiritualis: Studies in Medieval Significs and the Philology of Culture, ed. Samuel P. Jaffe, trans. Kenneth J. Northcott (Chicago, 2005), pp. 1-30. Fundamental to understanding the principles of distinctiones. Translated from Ohly, “Vom geistigen Sinn des Wortes Mittelalter,” in his Schriften zur mittelalterlichen Bedeutungsforschung (Darmstadt, 1977), pp. 1-31. 

See Kaske, Medieval Christian Literary Imagery, pp. 32-40 and 42 (“Collections Organized Alphabetically”; “Collections Organized Topically”); Berlioz et al., Identifier sources et citations, p. 21; Vernet, La Bible au moyen âge, pp. 61-62. 

Two of the best resources to locate figural interpretation of biblical words/things are:

Hieronymus Lauretus, Sylva allegoriarum totius sacrae scripturae (London, 1622). 

Pseudo-Melito, Clavis Scripturae: J.-B. Pitra, Spicilegium Solesmense complectens sanctorum patrum scriptorumque ecclesiasticorum anecdota hactenus opera, 4 vols. (Pars, 1852).  Google Books: Vol.1. Vol. 2. Vol.3. Vol.4. For an analysis of the contents see Stegmüller, Repertorium Biblicum nos. 5574-78.

Jean-Pierre Laurant, Symbolisme et Ecriture: le cardinal Pitra et la “Clef” de Méliton de Sardes (Paris, 1988).  Includes a text of the Pseudo-Melito Clavis from one manuscript and a French translation.

To the references in Kaske and Berlioz add:

Stephen Barney, “Visible Allegory: The Distinctiones Abel of Peter the Chanter,” in Allegory, Myth, and Symbol, ed. M. W. Bloomfield (Cambridge, MA, 1981), pp. 87-107. 

Jacques-Loius Bataillon, “Intermédiaires entre les traités de morale pratique et les sermons: les distinctiones bibliques alphabétiques,” in Les genres littéraires dans les sources théologiques et philosophiques médiévales (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1982), 213-26. 

Harald Dickerhof, “Canum nomine gentiles designantur,” in Secundum regulam vivere: Festschrift für P. Norbert Backmund (Windberg, 1978), pp. 43-54. 

G. Hasenohr, “Un receuil de Distinctiones bilingue de début du XIVe siècle,” Romania 99 (1978), 47-54. 

Jean Leclercq, The Love of Learning and the Desire for God, trans. C. Misrahi (New York, 1961), ch. V: “Sacred Learning.” 

Christina von Nolcken, “Some Alphabetical Compendia and How Preachers Used Them in Fourteenth-Century England,” Viator 12 (1981), 271-88. Includes a list of manuscripts and printed texts cited in the article with select bibliography. 

H. G. Pfander, “The Medieval Friars and Some Alphabetical Reference-Books for Sermons,” Medium Ævum 3 (1934),19-29. 

VIII.  Patristics

Bibliographies and Bibliographical Databases:

Base d’information bibliographique en patristique

BIBLINDEX: Bibliographie générale sur l’exégèse patristique.  See Lawrence Mellerin, “New Ways of Searching with Biblindex, the Online Index of Biblical Quotations in Early Christian Literature,” in Digital Humanities in Biblical, Early Jewish and Early Christian Studies, ed. Claire ClivazAndrew Gregory, and David Hamidović (Leiden, 2014), pp. 177-90. 

Dirk Kurt Kranz, Bibliografia delle bibliografie patristiche e materie affini: un sussidio didattico e di ricerca (Rome, 2005). 

Biblia Patristica. Index des citations et allusions bibliques dans la littérature patristique (Paris, 1975- ).  Most volumes published to date cover Greek Fathers, but vol. 6 covers Hilary of Poitiers, Ambrose, and Ambrosiaster. The database BIBLIndex: Index of Biblical Quotations and Allusions in Early Christian Literature (requires free registration) includes published and unpublished data from Biblia Patristica.

Patrologies and  Repertories:

Johannes Quasten, Patrology, 3 vols. (Westminster, MD, 1950- ) ; continued by Angelo Berardino, ed., Patrology, IV: The Golden Age of Latin Patristic Literature from the Council of Niceato the Council of Chalcedon, trans. P. Solari (Westminster, MD, 1988).  Along with the following three items, the best handbook, with expert essays on major and minor Church Fathers and extensive bibliography.

Hubertus Drobner, Lehrbuch der Patrologie, 3rd ed. (Freiburg i.Br., 2011).  English trans. of 1st ed.: The Fathers of the Church: A Comprehensive Introduction (Peabody, MA, 2007). 

Charles Kannengiesser, Handbook of Patristic Exegesis: The Bible in Ancient Christianity, 2 vols. (Leiden, 2004).

Claudio Moreschini and Enrico Norelli, Early Christian Greek and Latin Literature: A Literary History, vol. 1: From Paul to the Age of Constantine; vol. 2: From the Council of Nicea to the Beginning of the Medieval Period, trans. Matthew J. O’Connell (Peabody, MA, 2005). 

F. Cayré, Manual of Patrology, trans. H. Howitt, 2 vols. (Paris, 1936).  Dated, but useful as a survey that continues through theologians of the later Middle Ages.

G. Bardy, “Commentaires patristiques de la Bible,” Dictionnaire de la Bible, Supplément II, 75-103; “Exégèse patristique,” IV, 569-91. 

G. Bardy and G. Di NolaStoria della letteratura cristiana antica latina (Vatican City, 1999).  Translation of Bardy’s 1929 study with updated bibliography.

Patristic Studies in the Twenty-First Century, ed. C. Harrison et al. (Turnhout, 2015). 

Mark Stansbury, “Early-Medieval Biblical Commentaries, Their Writers and Readers,” Frühmittelalterliche Studien 33 (2010), 49-82. 

G. Bardy, “La littérature patristique des Quaestiones et Responsiones sur l’Ecriture Sainte,” Revue Biblique 41 (1932); 42 (1933). 

P. Marone, “Le Quaestiones et Responsiones sulla Bibbia nella lettatura cristiana di IV-VI secolo,” in Comunicazionee ricezione del documento cristiano in epoca tardoantica: XXXII Incontro distudiosi dell’antichità cristiana, Roma, 8-10 maggio 2003, Studia Ephemeridis Augustinianum 90 (Rome, 2004), pp. 43-74. Includes tables concording patristic quaestiones by biblical books, chapters and verses. 

Mario Naldini et al., Epistolari Cristiani (secc. I-V): Repertorio bibliografico, 3 vols. (Rome, 1990). 

Bibliographical Surveys:

Charles Kannengiesser, “Fifty Years of Patristics,” Theological Studies 50 (1989), 633-56. 

Walter J. Burghardt, “Literature of Christian Antiquity: 1979-1983,” Theological Studies 45 (1984), 275-306; “Literature of Christian Antiquity: 1975-1979,” 41 (1980), 151-80; “Literature of Christian Antiquity: 1971-1975,” 37 (1976), 424-55; “Literature of Christian Antiquity: 1967-1971,” 33 (1972), 253-84; “Literature of Christian Antiquity,” 24 (1963),437-63; “Literature of Christian Antiquity: 1955-1959,” 21 (1960): 62-91. 

Thomas P. Halton and Robert D. Sider, A Decade of Patristic Scholarship 1970-1979, Classical World 76 (1982-83), Special Survey Issue. 

Pierre Maraval, “La Bible et les Pères. Bilan de cinquante ans de recherches,” in Les Péres de l’eglise au XXe siècle.Histoire—Littérature–Théologie. “L’aventure des Sources chrétiennes” (Paris, 1997), pp. 445-466. 

Pierre Petitmengin, “Les patrologies avant Migne,” in Migne et le renouveau des etudes patristiques, ed. A. Mandouze and J. Fouilheron (Paris, 1985).

Antonio Quacquarelli, ed., Res christiana: temi interdisciplinari di patrologia (Rome, 1999). 

Hermann Josef Sieben, SJ.

François Dolbeau

EDENDA: database survey of current work on editing patristic texts.

For Greek Fathers:

Clavis Patrum Graecorum, 5 vols., ed. Maurice Geerard (Turnhout, 1974- ). 

A. Ehrhard, Überlieferung und Bestand der hagiographischen und homiletischen Literatur der griechischen Kirche vonden Anfängen bis zum Ende des 16. Jahrhunderts (Leipzig, 1937-52). See also Handschriftenregister zu Albert Ehrhard

Lidia Perria, I manoscritti citati da Albert Ehrhard: indice di A. Ehrhard, Überlieferung und Bestand der hagiographischen und homiletischen Literatur der griechischen Kirche, I-III, Leipzig-Berlin 1937-1952 (Rome, 1979). 

J.-P. Migne, Patrologiae cursus completus, series Graeca.  Note that the facing-page Latin translations sometimes date from the medieval period, but are often much later.

Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller der ersten Jahrhunderte (Leipzig,1897- ).  Includes facing-page German translations.

Transmission et réception des Pères grecs dans l’Occident, de l’Antiquité tardive à la Renaissance. Entre philologie, herméneutique et théologie. Actes du colloque international organisé du 26 au 28 novembre 2014 à l’Université de Strasbourg, Collection des Études Augustiniennes, Série Moyen Âge et Temps modernes, 53, ed. Emanuela Prinzivalli, Françoise Vinel, and Michele Cutino (Turnhout, 2016). 

Some Major Church Fathers:

For the knowledge and influence of patristic writings in the Middle Ages see especially the section “Fortleben” in Medioevo Latino . In the Mirabile database, searching (for example) Ambrosius Mediolanensis episcopus will bring up a list of Ambrose’s works, each with a list of manuscripts, with a link (at the bottom of the page to the MEL (Medioevo Latino) database hits for secondary works relating to the Ambrose’s influence and the transmission of his writings in the Middle Ages.

For the circulation of patristic writings in Anglo-Saxon England specifically, see:

Michael Lapidge, The Anglo-Saxon Library (Oxford, 2006). 

Helmut Gneuss and Michael LapidgeAnglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A Bibliographic Handlist of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100 (Toronto, 2014). 

Sources of Anglo-Saxon Literary Culture


Giovanni Colombo, Cronologia Ambrosiana / Bibliografia Ambrosiana (1900-2000). Tutte le opere di sant’Ambrogio, Sussidi 25/25 (Milan, 2004).  Annotated.

P. F. Beatrice, R. Cantalamessa, et al., Cento anni di bibliografia ambrosiana (1874-1974), Studia Patristica Mediolanensia 11 (Milan, 1981). 

Studia Ambrosiana: saggi e richerche su Ambrogio e l’età tardoantica (2007- ). 

Annali di Scienze Religiose (2009- ). Includes an annual Bibliografia ambrosiana. 


David G. Hunter, “The Significance of Ambrosiaster,” Journal of Early Christian Studies 17.1 (2009), 1-26. 


Athanasius Handbuch, ed. Peter Gemeinhardt (Tübingen, 2011). 

Christel Butterweck, Athanasius von Alexandrien Bibliographie, Abhandlungen der Nordrhein-Westfälischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Düsseldorf, 1990).


D. M. Gwynn, “Athanasius of Alexandria,” in The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Patristics, ed Ken Parry (Chichester, 2015), pp. 11-125. 


Kazuhiko Demura, “Augustine of Hippo,” in The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Patristics, ed Ken Parry (Chichester, 2015), pp. 155-69. 


Karl Heinz Chelius, Augustine’s Works and Critical Editions

Corpus Augustinianum Gissense: Studia Augustiniana. Includes an Augustinus-Literaturdatenbank.The bibliography can be searched for names and words occurring in titles. To search the Latin keywords (“lemma”) added to the entries you have to use the Boolean operator AND: “lemma and anima” will return all entries with the keyword “anima,” but just searching “anima” will search Augustine’s works rather than the bibliography.

Finding Augustine. Bibliographical Database covering Biography, Works, Doctrine, and Influence and Survival.

Fichier augustinien. Institut des études augustiniennes, Paris, 2 vols. (Boston, 1972), .

Wilhelm Geerlings, Augustinus: Leben und Werk: Eine bibliographische Einführung (Paderborn, 2002). 

Eulogio Nebreda del CuraBibliographia Augustiniana; seu, Operum collectio quae divi Augustini vitamet doctrinam quadantenus exponunt (Rome, 1928). 

Carl Andresen, Bibliographia Augustiniana, 2nd ed. (Darmstadt,1973). 

Tarsicius J. van Bavel and F. van der Zanee, Répertoire bibliographique de saint Augustin, 1950-1960, Instrumenta patristica 3 (Steenbrugge, 1963). 

Augustinian Bibliography, 1970-1980: With Essays on the Fundamentals of Augustinian Scholarship compiled by Terry L. Miethe (Westport, CN, 1982). .


Augustine Through the Ages: An Encyclopedia, gen. ed. Allan D. Fitzgerald (Grand Rapids, MI, 1999). 

Augustinus-Lexikon, ed. Cornelius Mayer and Erich Feldmann (Basel, 1986-). 

Specimina eines Lexicon Augustinianum (SLA), ed. Werner Hensellek and Peter Schilling (Vienna, 1987- ). 

Franciscus Moriones, Enchiridion Theologicum Sancti Augustini (Madrid, 1961).  Extensive topically arranged selections from Augustine’s writings.

Biblical Citations:

Anne-Marie Bonnardière, Biblia Augustiniana (Paris, 1960- ). 


Die Handschriftliche Überlieferung der Werke des heiligen Augustinus, ed. Manfred Oberleitner, et al. (Vienna, 1969- ).  Sitzungsberichte der ÖsterreichischenAkademie der Wissenschaften. philosophisch-historische Klasse, 263, 267, etc.Bd. 1. Italien. 1. Werkverzeichnis. 2. Verzeichnis nach Bibliotheken — Bd.2. Grossbritannien und Irland. 1. Werkverzeichnis. 2. Verzeichnis nach Bibliotheken– Bd. 3. Polen. Anhang: Die skandinavischen Staaten, Dänemark, Finnland,Schweden — Bd. 4. Spanien und Portugal — Bd. 5. Bundesrepublik Deutschlandund Westberlin. 1. Werkverzeichnis. 2. Verzeichnis nach Bibliotheken — Bd.6. Österreich. 1. Werkverzeichnis. 2. Verzeichnis nach Bibliotheken — Bd.7. Tschechische Republik und Slowakische Republik. 1. Werkverzeichnis. 2.Verzeichnis nach Bibliotheken –Bd. 8. Belgien, Luxemburg und Niederlande.1. Werkverzeichnis. 2. Verzeichnis nach Bibliotheken — Bd. 9. Schweiz. 1.Werkverzeichnis. 2. Verzeichnis nach Bibliotheken; Bd. 10. Ostdeutschland und Berlin. Bd. 11. Slowenien und Ungarn. (vols. 6-8). Includes falsely attributed as well as genuine writings.

Michael M. Gorman, The Manuscript Traditions of the Works of St. Augustine (Florence, 2001). 

Medieval Reception:

The Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine, ed. Karla Pullman and Willemien Otten (Oxford, 2013).

For other bibliographical aids, see R. E. Kaske, Medieval Christian Literary Imagery, ch. 1.

For Augustine’s sermons, see the separate bibliography on Sermons and Homilies.

Basil of Caesarea:

Paul Jonathan Fedwick, Studies of Basil of Caesarea and His World: An Annotated Bio-Bibliography, Bibliotheca Basiliana Universalis: A Study of the Manuscript Tradition, Translations and Editions of the Works of Basil of Caesarea 5 (Turnhout, 2004). 

Bibliotheca Basiliana Universalis: A Study of the Manuscript Tradition, Translations and Editions of the Works of Basil of Caesarea, 5 vols. (Turnhout, -2004)

Jean Gribomont, “L’état actuel de la recherche Basilienne,” in Basilio de Cesarea: La sua età, la sua opera e il Basilianesimo in Sicilia. Atti del Congresso Internazionale (Messina 3-6 XII 1979), 2 vols. (Messina, 1983), I, 22-51. 

Phillip Rousseau, Basil of Caesarea (Berkeley, 1998). 


Rosalind C. Love, “The Venerable Bede,” Oxford Bibliographies. DOI: 10.1093/OBO/9780195396584-0005

The Cambridge Companion to Bede, ed. Scott DeGregorio (Cambridge, 2010). 

A Companion to Bede, ed. George Hardin Brown (Woodbridge, Suffolk, 2009). 

George Hardin Brown and Frederick M. Biggs, Bede, 2 vols., Sources of Anglo-Saxon Literary Culture (Amsterdam, 2017). 


Augustine CasidayTradition and Theology in St. John Cassian, Oxford Early Christian Studies (Oxford, 2007). 

Columba Stewart, Cassian the Monk, Oxford Studies in Historical Theology (Oxford, 1998). 


Chrysostom Bibliography

Wendy Mayer, “John Chrysostom,” in The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Patristics, ed Ken Parry (Chichester, 2015), pp. 141-54. 

Wendy Mayer, “Progress in the Field of Chrysostom Studies (1984-2004),” in Giovanni Crisostomo. Oriente e occidente tra IV e V secolo. XXXIII Incontro di studiosi dell’antichità cristiana, Roma, 6-8 maggio 2004, 2 vols., Studia Ephemeridis Augustinianum 93/1-2 (Rome, 2005), II, 9-36. 

Cyril of Alexandria:

Norman Russell, Cyril of Alexandria (London, 2000). 

Hans van Loon, “Cyril of Alexandria,” in The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Patristics, ed Ken Parry (Chichester, 2015), pp. 170-83.

Gregory the Great:

Robert Godding, Bibliografia di Gregorio Magno (1890/1989), Opere di Gregorio Magno, Complementi 1 (Rome, 1990). 

Enciclopedia Gregoriana. La vita, l’opera e la fortuna di Gregorio Magno, ed. Giuseppe Cremascoli and Antonella Degl’Innocenti (Florence, 2008). 

A Companion to Gregory the Great, ed. Bronwen NeilMatthew J. Dal Santo (Leiden, 2013). 

John Moorhead, Gregory the Great (London, 2005). 

G. R. Evans, The Thought of Gregory the Great (Cambridge, 1986). 

Bronwen Neil, “Gregory the Great,” in The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Patristics, ed Ken Parry (Chichester, 2015), pp. 239-49.

Te.Tra. 5. La trasmissione dei testi latini del Medioevo / Mediaeval Latin Texts and their Transmission.Gregorius I Papa, ed. Lucia Castaldi, Millennio Medievale, 98 (Florence, 2013).

René Wasselynk, “L’influence de l’exégèse de S. Grégoire le Grand sur les commentaires bibliques médiévaux (VIIe-XIIe siècle),” Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 32 (1965), 183-92. 

Gregory of Nyssa:

The Brill Dictionary of Gregory of Nyssa, ed. Lucas Francisco Mateo-Seco and Guilio Maspero, trans. Seth Cherney, Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 99 (Leiden, 2010). 

Anthony Meredith, Gregory of Nyssa (London, 1999). 

Hilary of Poitiers:

C. Kannengiesser, “L’héritage de Hilaire de Poitiers. I Dans l’ancienne Église d’Occident et dans les bibliothèques médiévales,” Recherches de science religieuse 56 (1968), 435-55.


Stefan Rebenich, Jerome (London, 2002). 

Jerome of Stridon: His Life, Writings and Legacy, ed. Andrew Cain and Josef Lössl (New York, 2016). 

A. Fürst, Hieronymus. Askese und Wissenschaft in der Spätantike (Freiburg, 2003), with a bibliography at pp. 283-323. 

Bernard Lambert, Bibliotheca Hieronymiana Manuscripta: La tradition manuscrite des oeuvres de Saint Jérôme, 2 vols. in 4 parts, Instrumenta Patristica 4 (Steenbrugge, 1969), Includes falsely attributed as well as genuine writings.

Jerome’s Works in Chronological Order. Includes editions and manuscripts.


Bibliography of Lactantius (Jackson Bryce) 

Leo the Great:

Bronwen Neil, Leo the Great (London, 2009). 

Trevor Jalland, The Life and Times of Leo the Great (1941). 


Henri Crouzel, Bibliographie critique d’Origène, 3 vols., Instrumenta Patristica 8A-B (Steenbrugge, 1971-96). 

Mark Edwards, “Origen of Alexandria,” in The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Patristics, ed Ken Parry (Chichester, 2015), pp. 98-110. 

Origene: Dizionario. La cultura, il pensiero, le opere, ed. Adele Monaci Castagno (Rome, 2000). 

Gustave Bardy, Recherches sur l’histoire du texte et des versions latines du De principiis d’Origène (Paris, 1923). 

Henri de Lubac, “The Latin Origen,” in Medieval Exegesis, Volume 1: The Four Senses of Scripture, trans. Marc Sebanc (Grand Rapids, MI, 1998), ch. 4.


Ulrich B. Schmid, Unum ex Quattuor: Eine Geschichte der lateinischen Tatianüberlieferung, Vetus Latina: Die Reste der altlateinischen Bibel 37 (Freiburg, 2005). 


Jérôme Lagouanère, “Clavis Tertulliani Operum,” in Tertullianus Afer: Tertullien et la littérature chrétienne d’Afrique, ed. Jérôme Lagouanère and Sabine Fialon, Instrumenta Patristica et Mediaevalia 70 (Turnhout, 2015), pp. 267-314. 

The Tertullian Project

Paul Lehmann, “Tertullian im Mittelalter,” Hermes 87 (1959), 231-46

P. Petitmengin, “Tertullien entre la fin du xiie et le début du xvie siècles,” in Padri Greci e Latini a confronto. Atti del convegno di studi della Società Internationale per lo Studio del Medioevo Latino, ed. M. Cortesi (Florence, 2004), pp. 63-68. 

Jean Meyers, “Tertullien, un auteur oublié au Moyen Âge?” in  in Tertullianus Afer: Tertullien et la littérature chrétienne d’Afrique, ed. Jérôme Lagouanère and Sabine Fialon, Instrumenta Patristica et Mediaevalia 70 (Turnhout, 2015), pp.259-65. 

For patristic homilies for further bibliography see the separate bibliography on Sermons and Homilies.

Manuscripts of Patristic Texts:

Guida informatica al manoscritto patristico latino

La trasmissione testuale dei Padri latini tra mondo classico e medievale

Wilhelm Weinberger, Catalogus catalogorum. Verzeichnis der bibliotheken, die älterehandschriften lateinischer kirchenschriftsteller enthalten (Vienna,1902). 

Robert E. Sinkewicz, Manuscript Listings for the Authors of the Patristic and Byzantine Periods, Greek Index Project Series 4 (Toronto, 1992). 

Burton van Name Edwards, The Manuscript Transmission of Carolingian Biblical Commentaries

Forme e modelli della tradizione manoscritta della Bibbia, ed. Paolo Cherubini, Littera antiqua 13 (Vatican City, 2005). 

Great Britain:

Heinrich Schenkl, Bibliotheca Patrum Latinorum Brittanica, 3 vols. (Vienna,1891). Reprinted from a series of articles in the Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Vienna), phil.-hist. Klasse, vols. 121-4, 126-7, 131, 133, 136-7, 139, 143, 150 and 157. Cumulative author- and subject-indices in the final volume.

Karl F. W. Zangemeister, Bericht über die im Auftrage der Kirchenväter commissionunternommene Durchforschung der Biblitheken Englands (Vienna, 1877). 


Traditio Patrum, I: Scriptores Hispaniae, ed. E. Colombi with C. Mordeglia and M. M. M. Romano, Corpus Christianorum, Traditio Patrum (Turnhout, 2015). 

G. Loewe and W. von Hartel, Bibliotheca Patrum Latinorum Hispaniensis (Vienna,1887). Reprinted from Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Vienna), phil.-hist. Klasse, vols. 111-113 (1886). 


August Reifferscheid, Bibliotheca patrum latinorum Italica, 2 vols. (Vienna, 1865-71). 


Karl Halm, Verzeichniss der älteren Handschriften lateinischer Kirchenväter in den Bibliotheken der Schweiz (Vienna, 1865). Reprinted from Sitzungsberichteder Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Vienna), Phil.-Hist. Klasse 50 (1865), 107-60.

Some Major Journals:

Annali di Storia dell’Esegesi (1984- ) 

Journal of the Bible and Its Reception (2014- ) 

Journal of Ecclesiastical History 

Journal of Early Christian Studies 

The Journal of Theological Studies 

Review of Biblical Literature 



See also the journals listed under “serial bibliographies” above.


Centre for Early Christian Studies

Fathers of the Church: Online Books Page

Fourth-Century Christianity

Jim O’Donnell’s Augustine Website

Medieval and Franciscan Exegesis and Biblical Studies

Nordisk Patristik Bibliografie

The North American Patristics Society Internet Resources

North American Patristics Society, Patristics Newsletter Archive

Patristics Links (CSEL)

Patristics/EarlyChurch History Resource Guide

Patristic Texts in Translation:

Adalbert Keller, Translationes Patristicae Graecae et Latinae. Bibliographie der Übersetzungen altchristlicher Quellen (Stuttgart, 1997- ). 

Répertoire des traductions françaises des Pères de l’Église (Brepols)

Fr. A. Thompson, O.P., Patristic Commentaries on the Bible by Book-Link No Longer Works (pp. 9-18 of course syllabus; see also pp. 35-42, “Bibliography by Books of the Bible”). References are to English translations.

Major Collections:

Fontes Christiani. Latin texts with facing-page German translations and extensive introductions and notes.

Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture.

The Ante-Nicene Fathers, 10 vols. 

A Select Library of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church, 14 vols.; 2nd Series, 14 vols.  The Nicene Fathers series is available in searchable form on-line.

Early Church Fathers—Supplementary Texts. Online translations of works not in the NPNF series, including the next series:

A Library of the Fathers, 46 vols.  Notable (and well-indexed) translations include Augustine’s Enarrationes in Psalmos and Gregory’s Moralia.

The Fathers of the Church (1947- ).  See the online indices of the contents.

Ancient Christian Writers (1946- ). 

M. F. Toal, trans., Sunday Sermons of the Great Fathers, 4 vols. (Chicago,1957).

Sources Chrétiennes. Texts include facing-page French translations.

TEAMS Commentary Series

James L. Kugel, Traditions of the Bible: A Guide to the Bible as it Was at the Start of the Common Era (Cambridge, MA, 1998).  Surveys Jewish and early Christian interpretation and expansion of biblical narratives from Creation to the brazen serpent.

On Typology:

Erich Auerbach, “Figura,” in his Scenes from the Drama of European Literature (New York, 1984), pp. 11-76. 

A. C. Charity, Events and Their Afterlife: The Dialectics of Christian Typology in the Bible and Dante (Cambridge, 1966). 

Jean Daniélou, From Shadows to Reality: Studies in the Biblical Typology of the Fathers (London, 1960). 

J.-N. Guinot, “La typologie comme technique herméneutique,” in Figures de l’Ancien Testement chez le Pères, Cahiers de Biblia Patristica 2 (Strassburg,1989), pp.1-34. 

Hartmut Hoefer, Typologie im Mittelalter: Zur Übertragbarkeit typologischer Interpretation auf weltliche Dichtung, Göppinger Arbeiten zur Germanistik, 54 (Göppingen, 1971).

Hugh T. Keenan, Typology and English Medieval Literature (New York, 1992).  Includes an annotated bibliography of typological studies.

See also the separate bibliographies on The Apocrypha in the Middle Ages and Iconography.

IX. Talmudic and Rabbinic Biblical Commentary

Hebrew Bible:

The Cambridge Companion to the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, ed. Stephen B. Chapman (Cambridge, 2016). 

The Hebrew Bible: A Critical Companion, ed. John Barton (2016). 

The Blackwell Companion to the Hebrew Bible, ed. Leo G. Perdue (Oxford, 2001). 

Julio Trebolle Barrera, The Jewish Bible and the Christian Bible: An Introduction to the History of the Bible (Leiden, 1998). 

John J. Collins, Introduction to the Hebrew Bible (Minneapolis, 2004). 

David M. Carr, The Formation of the Hebrew Bible (New York, 2011). 


David W. Chapman and Andreas G. Küstenberger, “Jewish Intertestamental and Early Rabbinic Literature: An Annotated Bibliographical Resource Updated,” JETS 55/2 (2012), 235-72; 53/3 (2012), 457-88

Lester L. Gragge, “Hellenistic Jewish Literature,” Oxford Bibliographies.

Bibliographical Databases:

Index to Jewish Periodicals

RAMBI: The Index of Articles on Jewish Studies

Merhav. National Library of Israel database.

Saul Lieberman Institute for Talmudic Research. Includes The Saul and Evelyn Henkind Talmud Text Databank; The Index of References Dealing with Talmudic Literature; and The Primary Textual Witnesses to Tannaitic Literature.

Text Databases:


Online Responsa Project

Histories and Surveys:

The Cambridge History of Judaism, vol. 4: The Late-Roman Rabbinic Period, ed. Stephen T. Katz (Cambridge, 2006). 

Hyam Maccoby, Early Rabbinic Writings, Cambridge Commentaries on Writings of the Jewish and Christian World 200 BC to AD 200, vol. 4 (Cambridge, 1988). 

John Bowker, The Targums and Rabbinic Literature: An Introduction to Jewish Interpretations of Scripture (Cambridge, 1969). 

H. L. Strack and Günter Stemberger, Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash, trans M. Bockmuehl (Minneapolis, 1992). 

The Cambridge Companion to the Talmud and Rabbinic Literature, ed. Charlotte Elisheva Fonrobert and Martin S. Jaffee (Cambridge, 2007). 

Joshua Kulp and Jason Rogoff, Reconstructing the Talmud: An Introduction to the Academic Study of Rabbinic Literature (2014). 

Jewish Biblical Commentaries and Exegesis:

E. L. Greenstein, “Medieval Bible Commentaries.” in Back to the Sources: Reading the Classic Jewish Texts, ed. B. W. Holtz (New York, 1984), pp. 213-59. 

Robert A. Harris, “Medieval Jewish Biblical Exegesis,” in A History of Biblical Interpretation, Vol. 1/2: The Medieval Though the Reformation Periods, ed. Alan J. Hauser and Duane F. Watson (Grand Rapids, 2009), pp. 141-71. 

A Companion to Biblical Interpretation in Early Judaism, ed. Matthias Henze (Grand Rapids, MI, 2012). 

Hebrew Bible/Old Testament: The History of Its Interpretation. Vol. I: From the Beginnings to The Middle Ages, ed. Magne Saebø (Gottingen, 2000). 

Alexander Samely, Rabbinic Interpretation of Scripture in the Mishnah (Oxford, 2002). 

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries:

Encyclopedia Judaica Online

The Jewish Encyclopedia


Hebrew Bible and Ancient Israel ( ). 

Jewish Bible Quarterly (1972- ). 

Jewish Quarterly Review (1899- ). 

The Journal of Hebrew Scriptures (1966). 

Charles D. Wright:
last updated 3/17