Medieval and Modern Manuscript Catalogues and Digitized Manuscripts

I. Medieval Libraries and Scriptoria

II. Medieval Library Catalogues, Booklists and Book Inventories

II. Modern Manuscript Catalogues

III. Online Manuscript Catalogues and Digitized Manuscripts

I. Medieval Libraries and Scriptoria


Introductions, Guides, and Handbooks:

Karl Christ, The Handbook of Medieval Library History, trans. T. M. Otto (Metuchen NJ, 1984).  From the revision by Anton Kern of Christ’s contribution to the Handbuch der Bibliothekswissenschaft, 2nd ed. (Wiesbaden, 1950-65). , III: Geschichte der Bibliotheken, 5: Das Mittelalter. The most comprehensive survey.

Libraria: Pour l’histoire des bibliothèques anciennes

R. M. Wilson, “The Contents of the Mediaeval Library,” In The English Library before 1700, ed. Francis Wormald and C. E. Wright (London, 1958), pp. 85-111.

M. R. James, The Wanderings and Homes of Manuscripts, Helps for Students of History, 17 (London, 1919).

James Westfall Thompson, The Medieval Library (1939; repr. with a supplement by B. B. Boyer (New York, 1967). 

W. Clark, The Care of Books: An Essay on the Development of Libraries and Their Fittings, from the Earliest Times to the End of the Eighteenth Century (Cambridge, 1902).

Henri Leclercq, art. “Bibliothèques,” Dictionnaire d’archéologie chrétienne et de liturgie, IIA, cols. 841-904.

By Region/Country:
Britain and Ireland:

David Bell, “Libraries in England and Wales,” Oxford Bibliographies: Medieval Studies

The Cambridge History of Libraries in Britain and Ireland, vol. I: To 1640, ed. Elisabeth Leedham-Green and Teresa Webber (Cambridge, 2006). 

Helmut Gneuss, Books and Libraries in Early England (Aldershot, 1996). 

Francis Wormald and C. E. Wright, The English Library before 1700. Studies in its History (London, 1958). 

Alan Coates, English Medieval Books: The Reading Abbey Collections from Foundation to Dispersal (Oxford, 1999).

Elizabeth Parker McLachlan, The Scriptorium of Bury St Edmunds in the Twelfth Century (New York, 1986).


Émile Lesne, Les livres,“scriptoria” et bibliothèques du commencement du VIIIe à la fin du XIe siècle, Histoire de la propriété ecclésiastique en France 4, 2 vols. (Lille, 1938-1940). 

André Vernet, Histoire des bibliothèques françaises, I: Les bibliothèques médiévales du VIe siècle – 1539 (Paris, 1989). 


Ladislaus Buzás, German Library History, 800-1945, trans. W. D. Boyd (Jefferson, NC, 1986). ; Deutsche Bibliotheksgeschichte des Mittelalters (Wiesbaden, 1975). 


A. Petrucci, “Le bibliotheche antiche,” in Letteratura italiana, II: Produzione e consumo (Turin, 1983), pp. 527-54. 

By Order:

Thomas Falmagne, “Le réseau des bibliothèques cisterciennes aux XIIe et XIIIe siècle: perspectives de recherche,” in Unanimité et diversité cisterciennes: filiations-réseaux-relectures du XIIe au XVIIe siècle (Saint-Étienne, 2000, pp. 195-21.

Thomas Falmagne, Les Cisterciens et leurs bibliothèques (Troyes, 2012).

David N. Bell, An Index of Authors and Works in Cistercian Libraries in Great Britain, Cistercian Studies 130 (Kalamazoo, 1992).

Libri, biblioteche e letture dei frati mendicanti (secoli XIII-XIV): Atti del XXXII Convegno internazionale, Assisi, 7-9 ottobre 2004 (Spoleto, 2005). . See esp. Donatella Frioli, “Gli inventari delle Biblioteche degli Ordini mendicanti,” pp. 301-33.

W. Humphreys, The Book Provisions of the Mediaeval Friars, 1215-1400 (Amsterdam, 1964).



Boyle, Medieval Latin Palaeography, index, s.v. “scriptoria,”


“Bibliotheche Medievali” in Medioevo Latino.


Alison Stones, “Scriptorium: The Term and Its History,” Perspective 1 (2014), 113-20.

Ralf M.  W.  Stammberger, Scriptor und Scriptorium: Das Buch im Spiegel mittelalterlicher Handschriften (Graz, 2003).

By Period:

Bernhard Bischoff, “Manuscripts in the Age of Charlemagne,” in Manuscripts and Libraries in the Age of Charlemagne, trans. Gorman, pp. 20-55 .

Rosamond McKitterick, “Script and Book Production,” in Carolingian Culture: Emulation and Innovation, ed. McKitterick (Cambridge, 1991), pp. 221-47, at 245-47. 

Hartmut HoffmannSchreibschulen und Buchmalerei: Handschriften und Texte des 9.-11. Jahrhunderts, Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Schriften 65 (Hannover, 2012).

By Region/Country:

Bernhard Bischoff, Die südostdeutschen Schreibschulen und Bibliotheken der Karolingerzeit. II: Die vorwiegend Österreichischen Diözesen (Wiesbaden, 1980). (Austrian scriptoria)


Rosamond McKitterick, “The Scriptoria of Merovingian Gaul: A Survey of the Evidence,” in McKitterick, Books, Scribes and Learning in the Frankish Kingdoms, 6th-9th Centuries (Aldershot, 1994), ch. 1. 


Bernhard Bischoff, Die südostdeutschen Schreibschulen und Bibliotheken der Karolingerzeit. I: Die bayerischen Diözesen, 3rd ed. (Wiesbaden, 1974); II: Die vorwiegend Österreichischen Diözesen (Wiesbaden, 1980). 

A. I. Beach, Women as Scribes: Book Production and Monastic Reform in Twelfth-Century Bavaria (Cambridge, 2004).

Cynthia J. CyrusThe Scribes for Women’s Convents in Late Medieval Germany (Toronto, 2009).

By Order:

Giorgio Cencetti, “Scriptoria e scritture nel monachesimo benedettino,” in Il monachesimo nell’alto medioevo e la formazione della civiltà occidentale (Spoleto, 1957), pp. 189-21.

Walter Horn and Ernest Born, “The Medieval Monastery as a Setting for the Production of Manuscripts,” The Journal of the Walters Art Gallery 44 (1986), 16-47.

M.-C. Garand, “Manuscrits monastiques et scriptoria aux XIe et XIIe siècles,” Codicologica 3 (1980), 9-33, at 29-33. 

Rosamond McKitterick, “‘Nuns’ Scriptoria in England and Francia in the Eighth Century,” Francia 19 (1992), 1-36.

II. Medieval Library Catalogues, Booklists, and Book Inventories



Leonard Boyle, Medieval Latin Palaeography: A Bibliographical Introduction (Toronto, 1986), pp. 202-14. 

Klaus Graf, Mittelalterliche Bibliothekskataloge (Archivalia)


Medioevo Latino (1980- ).  See the section “Biblioteche Medievali.” In the database Mirabile, go to DB Mediolatino, then under “Biblioteche” expand “Dati generali” and search “Catalogo” in the box “Tipologia degli inventari.”

International Medieval Bibliography.  In Advanced Search – Thematic, searching  “Books – catalogues” will return hits on medieval book catalogues but also modern ones; searching “books inventories” in free search will bring up others.

Scriptorium (1946/47- ). See the index to the annual “Bulletin codicologique” s.v. “Catalogues.” The on-line database can be searched for particular manuscripts.  Most years up to 2000 are available full-text at Persée.

Bibliographie der Buch- und Bibliotheksgeschichte (1982-2004).  See the section “Bibliotheken.”

Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique (Louvain, 1900- ).  See section 2A of the bibliography (from 1974). Searchable for 1973-2014 on the journal’s Brepols website; as of 2014 incorporated into the database Index Religiosus

Bulletin d’histoire bénédictine.  Bibliographical supplement to the journal Revue Bénédictine. 


Mirabile, DB Mediolatino. Search “Lista di libri” under Biblioteche – Dati generali – Tipologia degli inventari, with whatever chronological parameters (Cronologia degli inventari) are relevant.

Individual Scholars:

Donatella Nebbiai-Dalla Guarda

Surveys of Scholarship:

André Vernet, “Etudes et travaux sur les bibliothèques médiévales, 1937-1947,” Revue d’histoire de l’église de France 34 (1948), 63-94 ; repr. in his Etudes médiévales (Paris, 1981), pp. 457-88. 


RICABIM: Repertorio di inventari, di cataloghi e di liste di manoscritti appartenuti a biblioteche medievali (Occidente latino, secoli VIII-XV) (Florence, 2009- ). I: Toscana; II/1: Lombardia; II/2. Piemonte, Valle d’Aosta, Liguria con i documenti della Contea e del Ducato di Savoia; III: Umbria, Marche, Abruzzo, Molise.

Albert Derolez, Les catalogues de bibliothèques, Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental 31 (Turnhout, 1979).

Histories and Surveys:

Donatella Nebbiai-Dalla Guarda, I documenti per la storia delle biblioteche medievali (secoli IX-XV) (Rome, 1992).  Bibliography at pp. 15-22.

Donatella Nebbiai-Dalla Guarda, “Les inventaires des bibliothèques médiévales,” in Le livre au Moyen Age, ed.  Jean Glénisson (Paris, 1987), pp. 88-91

Christopher De Hamel, “Medieval Library Catalogues,” in Pioneers in Bibliography, ed. Robin Myers and Michael Harris (Winchester, 1988), pp. 11-23.

Theodor Gottlieb, Über mittelalterliche Bibliotheken (Leipzig, 1890).  Dated, but still the most comprehensive listing of medieval library catalogues and inventories. Supplemented by Gabriel Meier in Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen 20 (1903), 16-32. 

Introductions, Guides, and Handbooks:

Stage d’initiation au manuscrit médiéval de l’Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes (2015)

Laura Nichols Braswell, Western Manuscripts from Classical Antiquity to the Renaissance: A Handbook (New York, 1981), pp. 73-87. 


Jenny Weston, “Taking Stock: Booklists as Evidence of Medieval Reading Culture,” in Fruits of Learning: The Transfer of Encyclopaedic Knowledge in the Early Middle Ages, ed. Rolf Bremmer and Kees Dekker (Leuven: Peeters, 2016), pp. 75-92.

Donatella Frioli, “Gli inventari medievali di libri come riflesso degli interessi di lettura. Scandagli sparsi,” in Scrivere e leggere nell’alto Medioevo. Settimana di studio della Fondazione CISAM (Spoleto, 28 aprile-4 maggio 2011), 2 vols. (Spoleto, 2012) II, 855-94. 

Franco Bartolini, “I cataloghi delle biblioteche medievali,” in Relazioni del X Congresso internazionale di scienze storiche, 6 vols. (Florence, 1955) I, 429-34. 

Joseph De Ghellinck, “En marge des catalogues des bibliothèques médiévales,” in Miscellanea Francesco Ehrle, 6 vols., Studi e testi 37-42 (Rome, 1942) V, 331-63. 

Rosamond McKitterick, The Carolingians and the Written Word (Cambridge, 1989).  Includes chapter on “The Organization of Knowledge,” dealing with early medieval library catalogues.

Martin Irvine, The Making of Textual Culture: ‘Grammatica’ and Literary Theory 350-1100 (Cambridge, 1994), esp. pp. 334-44. 

Mary A. Rouse and Richard H. Rouse, “The Development of Resarch Tools in the Thirteenth Century,” in their Authentic Witnesses: Approaches to Medieval Texts and Manuscripts (Notre Dame, 1991), pp. 221-55. 

On the vocabulary of medieval catalogues and inventories:

Norris, A History of Cataloguing, pp. 229ff. for a glossary of Latin terms frequently encountered in medieval catalogues. 

Jacques Morin, “Le catalogue et l’inventaire (Résumé),” and Jean-Françoise Genest, “Le mobilier des bibliothèques d’aprés les inventaires médiévaux,” both in Vocabulaire du livre et de l’écriture au moyen âge, ed. Olga Weijers (Turnhout, 1989), pp. 135-54. .

Library Classification:

Alain Besson, Medieval Classification & Cataloguing: Classification Practices and Cataloguing Methods in France from the 12th to 15th Centuries (Caldecote, Biggleswade, Beds., 1980). Includes sections on “Classification schemes,” “Catalogues and cataloguing methods,” and “Location devices.”

J. S. Beddie, “Libraries in the Twelfth Century: Their Catalogues and Contents,” in Anniversary Essays in Mediaeval History by Students of Charles Homer Haskins , ed. C. H. Taylor (1929; rpt. Freeport, NY, 1967), pp. 1-35.

Roger Chartier, The Order of Books: Readers, Authors, and Libraries in Europe between the Fourteenth and Eighteenth Centuries, trans. L. G. Cochrane (Stanford, 1994). An influential study, but the focus is almost entirely post-medieval.

Donatella Nebbiai-Dalla Guarda, “Classifications et classements,” in Histoire des bibliothèques françaises: Les biblothèques médiévales du VIe siècle – 1530, ed. André Vernet (Paris, 1988), pp. 373-93.

D. M. Norris, A History of Cataloguing and Cataloguing Methods, 1100-1850 (London, 1939).  Outlines classification schemes of various medieval libraries, mainly British.

Buford Scrivner, “Carolingian Monastic Library Catalogs and Medieval Classification of Knowledge,” The Journal of Library History (1974-1987).

Editions and Studies


Éditions d’inventaires anciens de bibliothèques médiévales

Collective Editions:

Gustav Becker, Catalogi bibliothecarum antiqui (Bonn, 1885). Still the most comprehensive collection. 

Bernhard BischoffMittelalterliche Schatzverzeichnisse 1: Von der Zeit Karls des Großen bis zur Mitte des 13. Jahrhunderts (Munich, 1967). For inventories of property, which often include references to books.

Ferdinand de Mély and Edmund Bishop, Bibliographie générale des inventaires imprimés, 3 vols. (Paris 1892-1895). I: France & Angleterre; II: [Allemagne, Danemark, Ecosse, Espagne, Hollande, Hongrie, Islande, Italie, Orient, Pologne, Suède et Norvège, Suisse : supplément : France, Angleterre et Ecosse]; III: Tables.  Inventories are listed chronologically within each region.   Excludes book inventories per se, but references books when they are included in inventories of treasury.  In the index volume see “Livres” and “Livres d’affaires,” or search the pdfs for “livres.”

By Country/Region:

Mittelalterliche Bibliothekskataloge Österreichs, 5 vols. (Vienna, 1915-71).  I: Niederösterreich; II: Register; III: Steiermark; IV: Salzburg; I (Supplement): Nachträge. Bücherverzeichnisse in Korneuburger, Tullner und Wiener. Neustadter Testamenten; V: Oberösterreich.

France and Languedoc:

Monique Peyrafort-Huin and Anne-Marie Turcan-Verkerk, “Les inventaires anciens de bibliothèques médiévales françaises. Bilan des travaux et perspectives,” in L’historien face au manuscrit: Du parchemin à la bibliothèque numérique, ed. Fabienne Henryot (Louvain-la-Neuve, 2011), pp. 149-166.

Bibliothèques médiévales de France (BMF)

Vers un corpus des inventaires médiévaux de bibliothèques françaises

Répertoire des catalogues, inventaires, listes diverses de manuscrits médiévaux (VIIIe-XVIIIe s.)

A.-M. Genevois et al., Bibliothèques de manuscrits médiévaux en France. Relevé des inventaires du VIIIe au XVIIIe siècle (Paris, 1987). . Exhaustive and well-indexed listing of surviving catalogues and inventories. A corpus of French library catalogues is in preparation, under the direction of A. Vernet.

Livres et bibliothèques (XIIIe-XVe siècle), Cahiers de Fanjeaux, 31. Includes essays by J.-L. Lemaitre, D. Nebbiai-Dalla Guarda, and J. Verger on the catalogues and libraries of Languedoc, Provence, and Midi.

List of BnF print catalogues (Arlima)

Léopold Delisle, Le cabinet des manuscrits de la Bibliothèque impériale (nationale), 3 vols. (Paris, 1868-1881). 

Donatella Nebbiai-Dalla Guarda, La bibliothèque de l’Abbaye de Saint-Denis en France du IXe au XVIII siècle (Paris, 1985). 

Donatella Nebbiai, La bibliothèque de l’Abbaye Saint-Victor de Marseille (XIe-XV siècle (Paris, 2005). 

G. Ouy, Les manuscrits de l’abbaye de Saint-Victor: Catalogue établi sur la base du répertoire de Claude de Grandrue (1514), Bibliotheca Victorina 10 (Turnhout, 1999).

Marco Mostert, The Library of Fleury: A Provisional List of Manuscripts (Hilversum, 1989).

Geneviève Nortier, Les bibliothèques médiévales des abbayes bénédictines de normandie. Fecamp, Le Bec, Le Mont Saint-Michel, Saint-Évroul, Lyre, Jumièges, Saint-Wandrille, Saint-Ouen, 2nd ed. (Paris, 1971). 

Henri Omont, Anciens inventaires et catalogues de la Bibliothèque Nationale, 4 vols. (Paris, 1908-1913). 

A. Bondéelle-Souchier, Bibliothèques cisterciennes de la France médiévale. Répertoire de sources (Paris, 1991). 

Gilbert Ouy, ed., Les manuscrits de l’abbaye de Saint-Victor: Catalogue établi sur la base du répertoire de Claude de Grandrue (1514), 1: Introduction–concordances–index; 2: Texte (Turnhout, 1999). 

Daniel WillimanBibliothèques ecclésiastiques au temps de la Papauté d’Avignon (Paris, 1980). 

Germany and Switzerland:

Mittelalterliche Bibliothekskataloge Deutschlands und der Schweiz (Munich, 1918- ).  . I: Die Bistümer Konstanz und Chur; II: Bistum Mainz. Erfurt; III/1: Bistum Augsburg; III/2: Bistum Eichstätt; III/3-4: Bistum Bamberg. Register; IV/1: Bistümer Passau und RegensburgIV/2:  Bistümer Freising und Würzburg.

Sigrid Krämer, Handschriftenerbe der deutschen Mittelalters, 3 vols., Mittelalterliche Bibliothekskataloge Deutschlands und der Schweiz, Ergänzungsband (Munich, 1989). Inventory of surviving manuscripts that can be assigned to a particular library. See following item.

Sigrid Krämer, Bibliothecae codicum medii aevi: Datenbank mittelalterlicher Bibliotheken und ihrer Handschriften in Deutschland und anderen Ländern Europas (2010). Expanded version of Krämer, Handschriftenerbe. Requires license.

Tilo Brandis and Ingo Nöther, Handbuch der Handschriftenbestände in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, 1: Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Berlin (West), Bremen, Hamburg, Hessen, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Schleswig-Holstein (Wiesbaden, 1992). 

Handschriftencensus Rheinland-Pfalz. Handschriftencensus Rheinland: Erfassung mittelalterlicher Handschriften im rheinischen Landesteil von Nordrhein-Westfalen mit einem Inventar, 3 vols., ed. Gunter Gattermann and Heinz Finger et al. Schriften der Universitats-und Landesbibliothek Dusseldorf 18 (Wiesbaden,1993).   Census includes Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler, Bernkastel-Kues, Koblenz, Mainz, Maria Laach, Marienstatt, Speyer, Tries-Karden, Trier, Worms, Zweibrücken.

Gesamtindex mittelalterlicher Handschriftenkataloge. Kumulation der Register der seit 1945 in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland erschienenen Handschriftenkataloge, 2nd ed. (2000).

Mittelalterliche Bücherverzeichnisse des Klosters Fulda und andere Beiträge zur Geschichte der Bibliothek des Klosters Fulda im Mittelalter, ed. Gangolf Schrimpf with Josef Leinweber und Thomas Martin, Fuldaer Studien, Schriftenreihe der Theologischen Fakultät 4 (Frankfurt am Main, 1992

Angelika Häse, Mittelalterliche Bücherverzeichnisse aus Kloster Lorsch: Einleitung, Edition und Kommentar, Beiträge zum Buch- und Bibliothekswesen 42 (Wiesbaden, 2002).

Albert Bruckner, Scriptoria Medii Aevi Helvetica: Denkmäler Schweizerischer Schreibkunst des Mittelalters, 14 vols. (Geneva, 1935-78). 

Johannes Duft, “Die Handschriften-Katalogisierung in der Stiftsbibliothek St Gallen von 9. bis zum 19. Jahrhundert, in Die Handschriften der Stiftsbibliothek St Gallen, ed. B. M. von Scarpatetti (St Gall, 1983), pp. 9*-99*. 

Great Britain and Ireland:

Richard Sharpe, “Library Catalogues and Indexes,” in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, ed. Nigel Morgan and Rodney Thomson (Cambridge, 2008), pp. 195-218.

Michael LapidgeThe Anglo-Saxon Library (Oxford, 2005). 

J. D. A. Ogilvy, Books Known to the English, 597-1066 (Cambridge MA, 1967).

David Dumville, “English Libraries Before 1066: Use and Abuse of the Manuscript Evidence,” in Insular Latin Studies, ed. Michael W. Herren (Toronto, 1981), pp. 153-78 ; repr. in Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts, ed. Richards, pp. 169-219. Includes a list of surviving manuscripts (based on Gneuss) that have been attributed to a particular center.

Richard Sharpe, “Library Catalogues and Indexes,” in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, vol. II:  1100-1400, ed. Nigel Morgan and Rodney M. Thomson (Cambridge, 2008), pp. 197-218. 

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain. Database combining Ker’s Medieval Libraries of Great Britain and the Corpus of Medieval British Library Catalogues (next two items).

N. R. Ker, Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, 2nd ed. (London, 1964) . With a Supplement to the Second Edition, ed. Andrew G. Watson (London, 1987). 

Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues (London, 1990- ). Volumes to date: 1. The Friars’ Libraries, ed. K. W. Humphreys (1990), ; 2. Registrum Anglie de libris doctorum et auctorum ueterum (1991), ed. R. A. B. Mynors, R. H. Rouse and M. A. Rouse (1991), ; 3. The Libraries of the Cistercians, Gilbertines and Premonstratensians, ed. David N. b (1992),; 4. English Benedictine Libraries. The Shorter Catalogues, ed. Richard Sharpe et al. (1996), ; 5. Dover Priory, ed. William P. Stoneman (1999), ; 6. The Libraries of the Augustinian Canons, ed. T. Webber and A. G. Watson ; 7. The Libraries of Henry VIII, ed. J. P. Carley (2000) ; 9. Syon Abbey, ed. Vincent Gillespie ; 10. The University and College Libraries of Cambridge, ed. Peter D. Clarke ; 11. Henry of Kirkestede, Catalogus de libris autenticis et apocrifis, ; 12. Scottish Libraries, ed. John Higgit (2006); 13. The Libraries of Collegiate Churches, 2 vols., ed. James M. W. Willoughby. See also Richard Sharpe’s cumulative List of Identifications.

Seymour de Ricci Bibliotheca Britannica Manuscripta Digitized Archive:  “searchable database containing the digitized notes of the historian and bibliographer Seymour Montefiore Robert Rosso de Ricci (1881-1942) made for the compilation of his unfinished Bibliotheca Britannica Manuscripta.”

Sources of Anglo-Saxon Literary Culture. In-progress register of writings known in England to 1100. Entries list relevant manuscripts written or owned in England down to 1100. [A new SASLC website is under construction]

Insular Manuscripts AD 650-850: Networks of Knowledge

Cambridge University Library, Early Catalogues of Manuscripts up to c. 1600

Ivor Atkins and N. R. Ker, Catalogus librorum manuscriptorum bibliothecae Wigorniensis, made in 1622-1623, by Patrick Young, librarian to King James I (Cambridge, 1944). 

Index Britanniae Scriptorum: John Bale’s Index of British and Other Writers, ed. R. L. Poole and Mary Bateson; rep. with an introduction by Caroline Brett and James P. Carley (Woodbridge, Suffolk, 1990). 

Susan Hagen Cavanaugh, A Study of Books Privately Owned in England 1300-1450, 2 vols. (diss. Univ. of Pennsylvania, 1980).

John B. Friedman, Northern English Books, Owners, and Makers in the Late Middle Ages (Syracuse, 1995). See ch. 1 (“Northern Book-Owning Men and Women. Evidence from Wills and Extant Manuscripts”) and Appendix C (“Book Ownership in the North. A Census from Wills”).

David Bell, An Index of Authors and Works in Cistercian Libraries in Great Britain (Kalamazoo MI, 1992). 

A. Coates, English Medieval Books: The Reading Abbey Collections from Foundation to Dispersal (Oxford, 1999). 

Manuscripts Online: Written Culture 1000 to 1500. Allows simultaneous searches of some 20 online databases of British manuscripts: Includes: The Auchinleck Manuscript; British History Online; British Library Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts; British Literary Manuscripts Online, Medieval and Renaissance; Cause Papers in the Diocesan Courts of the Archbishopric of York, 1300-1858; Early English Books Online Text Creation Partnership; Europa Inventa; Geographies of Orthodoxy: Mapping Pseudo-Bonaventuran Lives of Christ, 1350-1550; Imagining History: Perspectives on late medieval vernacular historiography; Late Medieval English Scribes; Linguistic Geographies: The Gough Map of Great Britain; Manuscripts of the West Midlands; Middle English Dictionary; The Middle English Grammar Corpus (MEG-C); Middle English Texts Series; The Norman Blake Editions of the Canterbury Tales; Parker on the Web; Production and Use of English Manuscripts: 1060-1220; The Taxatio; The Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse; The National Archives.

The Production and Use of English Manuscripts 1060 to 1220.

Digital Resource and Database for Palaeography, Manuscript Studies and Diplomatic [DigiPal] (King’s College London).

Manuscripts of the West Midlands

Donnchadh Ó CorráinClavis Litterarum Hibernensium: Medieval Irish Books & Texts (c. 400 – c. 1600), 3 vols (Turnhout, 2017).

Louis Gougaud, “The Remains of Ancient Irish Monastic Libraries,” in Féilsgribhinn Eóin Mhic Neill. Essays and Studies presented to Professor Eoin MacNeill (Dublin, 1940), pp. 319-34. 

Richard Sharpe, “Books from Ireland, Fifth to Ninth Centuries,” Peritia 21 (2010), 1-55. 

The Foundations of Irish Culture: Irish Manuscripts on the Continent, AD 600 – AD 850


Elod Nemerkenyi, “Cathedral Libraries in Medieval Hungary,” Library History 20/1 (2004). 

Elod Nemerkenyi, “Libraries in Medieval Hungary,” Oxford Bibliographies.


Donatella Nebbiai-Dalla Guarda, “Bibliothèques en Italie jusqu’au XIIIe s. État des sources et premières recherches,” in Libri, lettori e biblioteche dell’Italia medievale (secoli IX-XV). Fonti, testi, utilizzazione del libro, ed. Giuseppe Lombardi and Donatella Nebbiai-Dalla Guarda (Rome, 2001), pp. 7-129. 

Inventari delle Biblioteche medievali Italiane

Giuseppe Lombardi, “Inventari di biblioteche romane del Quattrocento: un panorama,” in Libri, lettori e biblioteche dell’Italia medievale (secoli IX-XV). Fonti, testi, utilizzazione del libro, atti della Tavola rotonda italo-francese (Roma 7-8 marzo 1997), ed. Giuseppe Lombardi, Donatella Nebbiai Dalla Guarda (Rome, 2000), pp. 349-72. 

Monica Pedralli, “Novo, grande, coverto e ferrato.” Gli inventari di biblioteca e la cultura a Milano nel Quattrocento (Milan, 2002). 

Low Countries:

Albert Derolez et al., Corpus catalogorum Belgii. The Medieval Booklists of the Southern Low Countries, I. Province of West Flanders (Brussels, 1997);  II. Provinces of Lièges, Luxemburg and Namur (1994); III. Provinces of East Flanders, Antwerp and Limburg (1999); IV. Provinces of Brabant and Hainault (2001); IV. Provinces of Brabant and Hainault (2001); V. Dukes of Burgundy (2016); VI. The Reading-List of the Priory of Zevenborren (2011); VII. The Surviving Manuscripts and Incunables from Medieval Belgian Libraries (2009).

A Bunch of Books. Book Collections in the Medieval Low Countries, ed. Suzan Folkerts and Renée Gabriël, special issue of Queeste 20 (2013).

R. L. Plancke, “Middeleeuwse inventarissen van Belgische kloosterbibliotheken,” De Gulden Passer 26 (1948), 237-52; “Middeleeuwse handschrifteninvenarissen,” De Gulden Passer 27 (1949), 24-35.  Lists manuscripts and editions.

Guy Zelis (intro.), “Medieval Libraries of Belgium: A List of Surviving Manuscripts,” Scriptorium 26 (1972), 348-57; 27 (1973), 102-109. 

Contributions à l’histoire des bibliothèques et de la lecture aux Pays-Bas avant 1600, Archives et Bibliothèques de Belgique, numéro special 11 (Brussels, 1974). 

Jan Vandersmissen, “Medieval Booklists and Library Catalogues as Indicators of a Scientific Culture in the Southern Low Countries (Early 12th – End 15th Century),” Scientiarum Hisloria 25 (1999), 3-11.

Bibliotheca Neerlanda Manuscripta

Bizon: Bibliografisch Zoekprogramma Nederlandse Letterkunde: Handschriften

Antonius SanderusBibliotheca belgica manuscripta, sive, elenchvs universalis codicvm MSS. in celebrioribvs Belgii coenobijs, Ecclesijs, ac Priuatorum Hominum Bibliothecis adhuc latentium, 2 vols. (Lille, 1641-44; repr. Farnborough, 1969). 

Spain and Portugal:

Charles Faulhaber, Libros y bibliotecas en la España medieval: Una bibliografía de fuentes impresas, Research Bibliographies and Checklists 47 (London, 1987).

J. Tailhan, “Appendice sur les bibliothèques espagnoles du haut moyen âge,” in Charles Cahier, Nouveaux mélanges d’archéologie, d’histoire et de littérature sur le moyen âge (Paris, 1887) IV, 217-346. 

C. Sánchez-Albornoz, “Nota sobre los libros leídos en el Reino de León hace mil años,” Cuadernos de Historia de España 1-2 (1944), 222-38. 

M. R. García Alvarez, “Los libros en la documentación gallega de la Alta Edad Media,” Cuadernos de Estudios Gallegos 20 (1965), 292-329. 

Manuel C. Díaz y Díaz, Codices Visigoticos en la Monarquia Leonesa (Leon, 1983). 

Manuel C. Díaz y Díaz, Libros y librerías in la Rioja altomedieval (Logroño, 1979). 

Manuel C. Díaz y Díaz, “La circulation des manuscrits dans la Péninsule ibérique du VIIIe au XIe siècle,” in his Vie chrétienne et culture dans l’Espagne du VIIe au Xe siècles (Aldershot,1992), no. XII. 

Portuguese Medieval Libraries. Santa Cruz de Coimbra and Alcobaça


(References supplied by Thomas N. Hall)

Emil Olmer, Boksamlingar på Island 1179-1490: Enligt diplom, Göteborgs Högskolas Årsskrift 8 (Göteborg, 1902). Material collected from Diplomatarium Islandicum. Íslenzkt fornbréfasafn, 16 vols. (Copenhagen and Reykjavík, 1857-1972). 

Gudbrandr Jónsson, “Íslenzk bókasöfn fyrir siabyltinguna,” Årbok Landsbókasafns Íslands 1946-47, 3-4 (1948) 65-77. 

Tryggvi J. Oleson, “Book Collections of Mediaeval Icelandic Churches,” Speculum 32 (1957), 502-10. 

Tryggvi J. Oleson, “Book Collections of Icelandic Churches in the Fourteenth Century,” Nordisk tidskrift för bok- och biblioteksväsen 46 (1959), 111-23. 

Tryggvi J. Oleson, “Book Collections of Icelandic Churches in the Fifteenth Century,” Nordisk tidskrift för bok- och biblioteksväsen 47 (1960), 90-103. 

Ellen Jørgensen, “Fra svenske Biblioteker,” Kirkehistoriske Samlinger, 5. Reihe 5 (1909-11), 771-86. 

Ellen Jørgensen, “Les Bibliothèques danoises au moyen âge,” Nordisk tidskrift för bok-och biblioteksväsen 2 (1915),332-50.

Ellen Jørgensen, “Studier over danske middelalderlige Bogsamlinger,” [Dansk] Historisk Tidsskrift 8. Række 4 (1912-13), 1-67. 

Tönnes Kleberg, Medeltida Uppsalabibliotek. I. Biskop Siward av Uppsala och hans bibliotek, Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, C. 15 (Uppsala, 1968). 


Classical Authors:

Maximilianus Manitius, Handschriften antiker autoren in mittelalterlichen Bibliothekskatalogen (Leipzig, 1935).

J. S. Beddie, “The Ancient Classics in Medieval Libraries,” Speculum 5 (1930), 3-20

Savage, Old English Libraries, pp. 258-76.

R. A. B. Mynors, “The Latin Classics Known to Boston of Bury,” in Fritz Saxl, A Volume of Memorial Essays, ed. D. J. Gordon (London, 1957), .

See also the works by Birger Munk Olsen listed in the separate bibliography on Classical Literature in the Middle Ages.

II. Modern Manuscript Catalogues



Paul O. Kristeller and Sigrid KramerLatin Manuscript Books before 1600: A List of the Printed Catalogues and Unpublished Inventories of Extant Collections, Revised digital edition 2016. Exhaustive coverage. Divided into sections: A: Bibliography and Statistics of Libraries and Their Collections of Manuscripts; B: Works Describing Manuscripts of More than One City or Groups of Libraries; C: Printed Catalogues and Handwritten Inventories of Individual Libraries, by City; D: Directories and Guides to Libraries and Archives.

Leonard Boyle, Medieval Latin Palaeography, pp. 219-32.  An online supplement, Electronic Palaeography: A New Bibliographical Website, by Fabio Troncarelli has been inaccessible for some time.

Marcel Richard, Répertoire des bibliothèques et des catalogues de manuscrits grecs, 3rd ed. (Turnhout, 1995). 

Robert E. Sinckewicz, Greek Index Project Series: A Master Index of Greek Manuscripts, from Homer to A.D. 1600

Many unpublished inventories listed in Kristeller-Krämer can be consulted in the following microfilm corpus:

F. E. Cranz, A Microfilm Corpus of Unpublished Inventories of Latin Manuscripts Before 1600 A. D. (New London, 1988). 

The indexes from the catalogues listed by Kristeller (to about 1980) are collected in:

F. E. Cranz, A Microfilm Corpus of the Indexes to Printed Catalogues of Latin Manuscripts Before 1600 A. D. (New London, 1982). 

François Dolbeau and Pierre Petitmengin, Indices Librorum: Catalogues anciens et modernes de manuscrits médiévaux en écriture latine, 2 vols., Bibliothèque de l’eecole Normale Supérieure, Guides et inventaires bibliographiques 3 (Paris, 1987-1995).   The online texts: Vol. I: (1977/1983)Vol. II: (1984-1990) et compléments pour 1977-1983 can be browsed and searched for a particular library collection or a particular author or “theme” (mainly genres of texts).  See the sections “Collections actuelles” and “Collections dispersés.” Includes indices of authors, owners and collectors, and places, as well as a chronological index of medieval inventories.


Bibliographie der Buch- und Bibliotheksgeschichte. . See the section “Handschfriftenkunde und -katalogisierung.”

Scriptorium (1946/47- ).  See the index to the annual “Bulletin codicologique.”

Medioevo Latino (1980- ). See the section “Cataloghi di manoscritti.”  In Mirabile searching the subject “Cataloghi di manuscritti” returns 1009 hits. You can also search “Catalogue of Manuscripts,” “Katalog der Handschriften,” etc. under “Bibliografia — Titoli”.

Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique (Louvain, 1900- ).

Bibliographie der Buch- und Bibliotheksgeschichte (1982- ).  See the section “Handschriftenkunde und -katalogisierung.”

Surveys of Scholarship:

Arno Mentzel-Reuters, “Literaturbericht Handschriftenkataloge,” Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters 51 (1995), 169-94; 53 (1997), 179-203; 54 (1999), 583-611; 57 (2001), 555-601; 60 (2004), 201-32; 63 (2007), 135-64.  

Union Catalogues

Before 800:

E. A. Lowe, Codices Latini Antiquiores: A Palaeographical Guide to Latin Manuscripts prior to the Ninth Century (Oxford, 1934-1972). . 1. The Vatican City; 2. Great Britain and Ireland (1935; rev. ed. 1972); 3. Italy: Ancona-Novara; 4. Italy: Perugia-Verona; 5. France: Paris; 6. France: Abbeville-Valenciennes; 7. Switzerland; 8. Germany: Altenburg-Leipzig; 9. Germany: Maria Laach-Würzburg; 10. Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Egypt, and Holland; 11. Hungary, Luxembourg, Poland, Russia, Spain, Sweden, The United States, and Yugoslavia; 12. Supplement.  Now incorporated (without the facsimiles and manuscript bibliographies) in a database, see following item.

Earlier Latin Manuscripts: Tools for Studying the Scripts of the Oldest Latin Manuscripts.  “Our database is founded on E. A. Lowe’s Codices Latini Antiquiores and thus focuses on non-documentary texts written before the year 800. All of the manuscripts in Lowe’s corpus and its supplements will be found in our database, along with corrections by Lowe and later scholars. In addition to the research tools provided by the catalogue, you will also find collections of manuscripts organised around origin, provenance, script, and text. These databases can be interrogated in several ways: filtering by keyword, which searches the text of the entire database, by library, by script, or by date (or any combination of those filters). The results can then be sorted by clicking on any of the column headings.”


Bernhard Bischoff, Katalog der festländischen Handschriften des neunten Jahrhunderts (mit Ausnahme der wisigotischen), 4 vols. (Wiesbaden, 1998-2017).


Gesamtkatalog der Wiegendrucke

Incunabula Short-Title Catalogue (British Library)

Bod-Inc Online:  A Catalogue of Books Printed in the Fifteenth Century now in the Bodleian Library, Oxford

Inkunabelkatalog INKA.  Enables combined searches of a large number of incunable collections in German libraries.

Catalogue of the Incunabula of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek

vdIb: Verteilte Digitale Inkunabelbibliothek. Allows searching of a large number of incunables.

Index Possessorum Incunabulorum

Dated and Datable Manuscripts


[In addition to dedicated catalogues of dated and datable manuscripts, most good manuscript catalogues include an index of dated manuscripts.]

See Jacques Lemaire, Introduction à la codicologie (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1989), pp. 227-29. 

Catalogues de manuscrits datés.  Index of the series C. Samaran and R. Marichal, et al., Catalogue des manuscrits en écriture latine portant des indications de date, de lieu ou de copiste (Paris, 1959- ). Online Index général interactif.

Albert Dérolez, “The Publications Sponsored by the Comité International de Paléographie Latine”

Les Manuscrits datés: premier bilan et perspectives (Neuchâtel 1983), ed. Geneviève Grand et al. (Paris, 1985).

By Country/Region:


Katalog der datierten Handschriften in lateinischer Schrift in Österreich, 8 vols., ed. F. Unterkircher et al. (Vienna, 1969-88).  1. Die datierten Handschriften der österreichischen Nationalbibliothek bis zum Jahre 1400 (2 v.); 2. 1401 bis 1450. (2 v.); 3. 1451 bis 1500 (2 v.); 4. 1501 bis 1600 (2 v.); 5. Die datierten Handschriften in Wien ausserhalb der österreichischen Nationalbibliothek bis zum Jahre 1600 (2 v.); 6. Die datierten Handschriften der Universitätsbibliothek Graz bis zum Jahre 1600 (2 v.); 8. Datierte Handschriften in niederösterreichischen Archiven und Bibliotheken bis zum Jahre 1600 (2 v.). New Series: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Historische Klasse, Denkschriften; Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für Schrift-und Buchwesen des Mittelalters, Reihe II. A. Haidinger: Katalog der Handschriften des Augustiner Chorherrenstiftes Klosterneuburg. Teil 2. Cod. 2-200. Wien 1991. (Denkschriften, 225 ; Veröffentlichungen…, II, 2/2.); H. Fill : Katalog der Handschriften des Benediktinerstiftes Kremsmünster. Teil 2. Zimeliencodices und spätmittelalterliche Handschriften nach 1325 bis einschließlich CC [Codex Cremifanensis] 100. Wien 2000. (Denkschriften, 270 ; Veröffentlichungen…, II, 3/2); W. Neuhauser : Katalog der Handschriften der Universitätsbibliothek Innsbruck. Teil 1. Cod. 1-100. Wien 1987. (Denkschriften, 192 ; Veröffentlichungen…, II, 4/1); W. Neuhauser: Katalog der Handschriften der Universitätsbibliothek Innsbruck. Teil 2. Cod. 101-200. Wien 1991 (Denkschriften, 214 ; Veröffentlichungen…, II, 4/2); G. Kompatscher, unter Mitarbeit von W. Neuhauser : Katalog der Handschriften der Universitätsbibliothek Innsbruck. Teil 3. Cod. 201-300. Wien 1999 (Denkschriften, 271 ; Veröffentlichungen…, II, 4/3); B. Koll, unter Mitarbeit von J. Feldner : Katalog der Handschriften des Benediktinerstiftes Michaelbeuern bis 1600. Wien 2000 (Denkschriften, 278 ; Veröffentlichungen…, II, 6); Ch. Glaßner, unter Mitarbeit von A. Haidinger : Inventar der Handschriften des Benediktinerstiftes Melk. Teil 1. Von den Anfängen bis ca. 1400. Wien 2000 (Denkschriften, 285 ; Veröffentlichungen…, II, 8/1).


Catalogue des manuscrits en écriture latine portant des indications de date, de lieu ou de copiste, 7 vols., ed Charles Samaran et al. (Paris 1959-1984).  Musée Condé et bibliothèques parisiennes; 2. Bibliothèque nationale, fonds latin (nos l à 8000); 3. Bibliothèque nationale, fonds latin (nos 8001 à 18613); 4/1. Bibliothèque nationale, fonds latin (supplément), Nouvelles acquisitions latines, petits fonds divers; 5. Est de la France; 6. Bourgogne, Centre, Sud-Est et Sud-Ouest de la France; 7. Ouest de la France et pays de Loire. See the Index général interactif.

Manuscrits datés des bibliothèques de France (Paris, 2000- ).  1. Cambrai — 2. Laon, Soissons, Saint-Quentin.


Datierte Handschriften in Bibliotheken der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, 6 vols. to date, gen. ed. J. Autenrieth (Stuttgart 1984- ). 1. Die datierten Handschriften der Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek Frankfurt am Main ; 2. Die datierten Handschriften der Universitätsbibliothek und anderer öffentlicher Sammlungen in Freiburg im Breisgau und Umgebung ; 3. Die datierten Handschriften der Württembergischen Landesbibliothek Stuttgart ; 4. Die datierten Handschriften der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek München ; 5. Die datierten Handschriften der Universitätsbibliothek Würzburg ; 6. Die dateriten Handschriften der Universitätsbibliothek München (2011).

Great Britain:

Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in the Department of Manuscripts, The British Library, 2 vols., ed. A. G. Watson (London, 1979). 

The British Library’s Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts permits searching by script and place of origin; the advanced search option allows you to specify the date range or provenance, and also to limit the search to dated/datable manuscripts. The BL Digitised Manuscripts page has a sliding scale that allows you to specify a date range and get a list of all digitized mss. within that range. The advanced options allow you to specify provenance.

Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 435-1600 in Oxford Libraries, 2 vols., ed. A. G. Watson (Oxford, 1984). 

Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 737-1600 in Cambridge Libraries, ed. P. R. Robinson (Cambridge, 1988). 


M. Palma, Archivio dei manoscritti in scrittura latina datati per anno fino al 1500, (2007)

Catalogo dei manoscritti in scrittura latina datati o databili (Turin 1971; 1982).  1. Biblioteca nazionale centrale di Roma; [pt. 1]: testo, [pt. 2]: tavole. 2 v.–2. Biblioteca Angelica di Roma; [pt. 1]: testo, [pt. 2]: tavole. 2 v.–3. Biblioteca di Perugia; [pt. 1]: testo, [pt. 2]: tavole. 2 v.

Manoscritte datati d’Italia

Low Countries:

Albert Brounts et al., Manuscrits datés conservés en Belgique. Notices établies sous la direction de François Masai et de Martin Wittek, 6 vols. (Brussels,1968-1991). 

Manuscrits datés conservés dans les Pays-Bas: catalogue paléographique des manuscrits en écriture latine portant des indications de date, vol. 1 ed. G. I. Lieftinck (Amsterdam 1964) and vol. 2 ed. J. P. Gumbert (Amsterdam, 1988). 

Spain and Portugal:

Thomas AmosThe Fundo Alcobaça of the Biblioteca Nacional, Lisbon, 2 vols, Descriptive Inventories of Manuscripts Microfilmed for the Hill Monastica Manuscript Library: Portuguese Libraries (Collegeville MN, 1988-89); Index of Dated Manuscripts vol 1Index of Dated Manuscripts vol. 2.


Katalog der datierten Handschriften in lateinischer Schrift vor 1600 in Schweden, 2 vols., ed. M. Hedlund (Stockholm, 1977-1980).  1. Die Handschriften der Universitätsbibliothek Uppsala: 1. Text. 2. Tafeln.


Katalog der datierten Handschriften in der Schweiz in lateinischer Schrift vom Anfang des Mittelalters bis 1500, 3 vols., ed. B. M. von Scarpatetti et al. (Dietikon-Zürich, 1977-1991).  1. Die Handschriften der Bibliotheken von Aarau, Appenzell und Basel; 2. Die Handschriften der Bibliotheken Bern – Porrentruy.

United States:

Digital Scriptorium. In Advanced search choose “Language” and enter “Latin,” then check the button “Dated MS? Yes.”

Vatican City:

Codici latini datati della Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana nei fondi Archivio S. Pietro, Barberini, Boncompagni, Borghese, Borgia, Capponi, Chigi, Ferrajoli, Ottoboni, under the direction of J. Ruysschaert, ed. A. Marucchi with the collaboration of A. C. de la Mare (Vatican City, 1997). 

Illuminated Manuscripts:

Repertorium of Manuscripts Illuminated by Women in Religious Communities of the Middle Ages

By Period:

E. H. Zimmerman, Vorkarolingische Miniaturen, 5 vols. (Berlin, 1916-1918). 

Wilhelm Koehler and Florentine Mütherich, Die karolingischen Miniaturen, 5 vols. (Berlin, 1933-82). 

By Country/Region of Origin:


Friedrich Simader, Illuminierte Handschriften aus Österreich (ca. 780-1250)


Walter Cahn, Romanesque Manuscripts: The Twelfth Century, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in France (London, 1996). 

Germany and German-Speaking Regions:

François Avril and Claudia Rabel, Manuscrits enluminés d’origine germanique (Paris, 1995). 

Hella Frühmorgen-Voss and Norbert H. Ott, Katalog der deutschsprachigen illustrierten Handschriften des Mittelalters (Munich, 1987). .

BSB-CodIcon Online

Great Britain and Ireland:

François Avril and Patricia Danz, Manuscrits enluminés d’origine insulaire VIIe-Xe siècle (Paris, 1987). 

Mildred Budny, Insular, Anglo-Saxon, and Early Anglo-Norman Manuscript Art at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge: An Illustrated Catalogue, 2 vols. (Kalamazoo, 1997). 

Anglo-Saxon Illumination in Oxford Libraries (Oxford, 1970).

A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles. : Elzbieta Temple, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts, 900-1066 (London, 1976); J. J. G. Alexander, Insular Manuscripts: 6th to the 9th Century (1978); Nigel J. Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts (1982); Lucy Freman Sandler, Gothic Manuscripts, 1285-1385 (1986); Kathleen L. Scott, Later Gothic Manuscripts, 1390-1490 (1996). 

J. J. G. Alexander and Elzbieta TempleIlluminated Manuscripts in Oxford College Libraries, the University Archives and the Taylor Institution (Oxford, 1985). 

An Index of Images in English Manuscripts from the Time of Chaucer to Henry VIII, c. 1380-c. 1509, gen. ed. Kathleen L. Scott (Turnhout, 2000). [v. 1] The Bodleian Library, Oxford. [pt.] 1. MSS Additional-Digby, Ann Eljenholm Nichols. 

Kathleen L. Scott, Dated & Datable English Manuscript Borders, c.1395-1499 (London, 2002). 


François Avril et al., Manuscrits enluminés d’origine italienne, 4 vols. (Paris, 1980- ). 

Spain and Portugal:

François Avril et al., Manuscrits enluminés de la Bibliothèque Nationale. Manuscrits de la Péninusle Ibérique (Paris, 1983). 

Digital catalog of illuminated manuscripts of the Spanish Codices of the 10th-12th century

By Library:

Multiple Libraries:

Initiale. Digital catalogue of illuminated manuscripts from the Middle Ages. Focuses on public libraries in France other than the Bibliothèque nationale.

Manuscrits Médiévaux Enluminés Français – Bases de Données en Ligne.

Base enluminures (Bibliothèque municipale de Lyon).

Liber Floridus: Les manuscrits médiévaux enluminés des bibliothèques de l’enseignement supérieur

Corpus des manuscrits enluminées des collections publiques des départements: Yolanta Zaluska, Manuscrits enluminés de Dijon (Paris, 1991), ; Caroline Heid-Guillaume and Anne Ritz, Manuscrits médiévaux de Chambéry: textes et enluminures (Paris, 1998),

The Fragment membrane collection. “The Fragmenta membranea collection at the National library of Finland contains the vast majority of the remains of books written and used in the eastern parts of medieval Sweden, the Diocese of Turku.”

Manuscriptorium: Digital Library of Written Cultural Heiitage. Aggregates digital collections of the National Library of the Czech Republic; Museum of Western Bohemia; Moravian Library; Madrid, Universidad Complutense; Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg, and others.

Individual Libraries:

London, British Library:  Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts

Koninklijke Bibliotheek and the Museum Meermanno-Westreenianum:  Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts

For catalogues of illuminated manuscripts in various countries and libraries, see Berlioz, Identifier sources et citations, pp. 270-73; Friedman and Wegmann, Medieval Iconography, pp. 19-30.

For other iconographic databases of medieval manuscripts see the separate bibliography on Iconography.

By Region/Country:

(for online catalogues of specific libraries, see below):


Handschriftenkataloge Österreich


Catalogue collectif de France. Select “Manuscrits et Archives,” then choose the library (in the pull-down menu “Toutes les villes” and then the library (in the menu “Toutes les institutions”), and then fill in the shelfmark under “Cote.”

Bibliothèque nationale de la France, Archives et Manuscrits. Enter the shelfmark under “Cote” (do not abbreviate “latin” to “lat.” and do not hit “enter/return”, but click on “Rechercher”)  Or for mansuscripts Latin and Nouvelles acquisitions latines you can also browse by shelfmark.

Calames: Online Catalogues of Archives and Manuscripts in French University and Research Libraries

Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris. Catalogue générale des manuscrits latins (Paris, 1939-1988).

Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris. Catalogue géneral des manuscrits latins: Tables (Paris, 1968-1991)

Klaus Zechiel-Eckes, Handschriften aus Corbie (bis 850). Eine Bestandsaufnahme

Saint-Bertin: centre culturel du VIIe au XVIIIe siècle: constitution, conservation, diffusion, utilisation du savoir (IRHT)

Octave Julien, Base de données des recueils médiévaux (France, Angleterre, XIIIe-XVe s.).


Handschriftenkataloge (Manuscripta mediaevalia). Digitized corpus of manuscript catalogues in the following German libraries: Aachen; Ansbach; Aschaffenburg; Augsburg; Aurich; Bamberg; Berlin; Biberach; Darmstadt; Dessau; Dresden; Düsseldorf; Ebstorf; Eichstätt; Emden; Erlangen; Frankfurt; Freiburg; Fritzlar; Fulda; Bad Gandersheim; Gießen; Göttingen; Gotha; Halle; Hamburg; Hannover; Heidelberg; Hildesheim; Jena; Karlsruhe; Kassel; Koblenz; Köln; Leipzig; Lüneburg; Mainz; Marburg; München; Münster; Nürnberg; Oldenberg; Osnabrück; Ottobeuren; Schwabach; Soest; Stuttgart; Trier; Tübingen; Überlingen; Bad Windsheim; Wittenberg; Wolfenbüttel; Würzburg; Zwickau.

Michael Kautz, Bibliothek und Skriptorium des ehemahligen Klosters Lorsch: Katalog der erhaltenen Handschriften, 2 vols. (Wiesbaden, 2016).

Great Britain:

N. R. Ker, Medieval Manuscripts in British Libraries (Oxford, 1969-2002). v. 1. London.–v. 2. Abbotsford-Keele.–v. 3. Lampeter-Oxford.–v. 4. Paisley-York–v.5 Indexes and Addenda, ed. C. Cunningham and A. G. Watson. . The indices include Authors, Subjects, and Titles; Names; Bibles; Liturgy; Iconography; Languages Other Than Latin; Origins and Dates; Secundo Folios; Incipits; Repertories Cited; Manuscripts Cited.

Seymour de Ricci Bibliotheca Britannica Manuscripta Digitized Archive: “searchable database containing the digitized notes of the historian and bibliographer Seymour Montefiore Robert Rosso de Ricci (1881-1942) made for the compilation of his unfinished Bibliotheca Britannica Manuscripta.”

Helmut Gneuss and Michael Lapidge, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A Bibliographical Handlist of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100 (Toronto, 2015). 

N. R. Ker, Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon, 2nd ed. with supplement (Oxford, 1990). 

Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts in Microfiche Facsimile, ed. A. N. Doane and P. Pulsiano (Binghamton, 1994- ). .

Simon Keynes, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts and Other Items of Related Interest in the Library of Trinity College, Cambridge, OEN Subsidia 18 (Binghamton, 1992). 

N. R. Ker, English Manuscripts in the Century after the Norman Conquest (Oxford, 1960). 

Richard Gameson, The Manuscripts of Early Norman England (c. 1066-1130) (Oxford, 1999). 

Anne Lawrence-Mathers, Manuscripts in Northumbria in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries (Woodbridge, 2003). 

The Production and Use of English Manuscripts, 1066-1220. Includes a Catalogue of Manuscripts and a Bibliography.

Octave Julien, Base de données des recueils médiévaux (France, Angleterre, XIIIe-XVe s.).

A. J. Piper, “Cataloguing British Collections of Medieval Western Manuscripts, 1895-1995,” in The Legacy of M. R.James, ed. L. Dennison (Donnington, Lincs, 2001), pp. 53-64. 

Donnchadh Ó CorráinClavis Litterarum Hibernensium: Medieval Irish Books & Texts (c. 400 – c. 1600), 3 vols (Turnhout, 2017).


Manus: censimento dei manoscritti delle biblioteche italiane

Internet Interculturale. Cataloghi e Collezioni Digitali delle Biblioteche Italiane

Censimento dei manoscritti medievali della Lombardia

Codex: Inventario dei manoscritti medievali della Toscana

Biblioteca Casanatense, Rome

CDAVr: Codice digitale degli archivi veronesi (VIII-XII secolo)

Nuova Biblioteca Manoscritta: Catalogo dei manoscritti delle biblioteche del Veneto

Biblioteca Digitale Italiana: Cataloghi Storici Digitalizzati

Low Countries:

Medieval Manuscripts in Dutch Collections Online guide to medieval manuscripts in Wallonia – Brussels

Poland:  Includes an extensive Bibliography.

Constance Mews, “Manuscripts in Polish Libraries Copied before 1200 and the Expansion of Latin Christendom in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries,” Scriptorium 56 (2002), 80-118.

Scandinavia: A Digital Catalogue of Manuscripts in Sweden

Latin Manuscripts of Medieval Norway: Studies in Memory of Lilli Gjerløw, ed. Espen Karlsen (Oslo, 2013).

Medieval Book Fragments in Sweden: An International Seminar in Stockholm, November 2003, ed. Jan Brunius (Stockholm, 2005).

Margrét Eggertsdóttir, Manuscript Resources in Iceland


Mittelalterliche Handschriften in lateinischer Schrift in und aus Slowenien


Guía de manuscritos en las Bibliotecas Universitarias Españolas, gen ed. María Luisa Rincón Atienda and Antonio Luis Galán Gall (Cuenca, 2008).

Switzerland: Antike und mittelalterliche Handschriften in der Schweiz. For a list of catalogues by library see Mittelalterliche Handschriftenbestände: Handschriftenkataloge und andere Findmittel.

United States:

National Union Catalogue of Manuscript Collections

Digital Scriptorium

Vatican City:

Francesco D’Aiuto and Paolo Vian, Guida ai fondi manoscritti, numismatici, a stampa della Biblioteca Vaticana – (I) Dipartimento Manoscritti, Studi e Testi 466-467 (Vatican City, 2011).

DVL: DigiVatLib Manuscripts

Polonsky Foundation Digitization Project.  Collaboration between the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana and Bodleian Library, including collections of digitized Early Printed Books, Greek Manuscripts, Hebrew Manuscripts, and Latin Manuscripts. Currently all the digitized Latin manuscripts are from the Vatican Library.

By Script:

David Ganz, “Texts and Scripts in Surviving Manuscripts in the Script of Luxeuil”, in Ireland and Europe in the Early Middle Ages: Texts and Transmissions / Irland und Europa im früheren Mittelalter: Texte und Überlieferung, ed. Próinséas Ní Chatháin and Michael Richter (Dublin, 2002), pp. 186-204.

Natalie Maag, Alemannische Minuskel (744-846 n.Chr.) (Stuttgart, 2014). 

Augustin Millares Carlo, Corpus de códices visigóticos, 2 vols., ed. M. C. Díaz y Díaz et al. (Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 1999), I: Estudio; II: Album

Martin Hellmann, Index Tironianum. Verzeichnis stenographischer Schriftdenkmäler des lateinischen Mittelalters

By Language:

Old English:

N. R. Ker, Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford, 1957). 


Manuscripts of Medieval France with Vernacular Texts


Deutsche Texte des Mittelalters: Handschriftenarchiv

Handschriftencensus: Eine Bestandsaufnahme deutschsprachiger Handschriften des Mittelalters


Barbara Frank and Jörg Hartmann, Inventaire systématique des prémiers documents des langues romanes (Tübingen, 1997). 


See the section “Auteurs et thèmes” in François Dolbeau and Pierre Petitmengin, Indices Librorum: Catalogues anciens et modernes de manuscrits médiévaux en écriture latine, 2 vols. Bibliothèque de l’École Normale Supérieure, Guides et inventaires bibliographiques 3 (Paris, 1987-1995).


Adam McLean, Database of Alchemical Manuscripts

Dorothea Waley, Catalogue of Latin and Vernacular Alchemical Manuscripts in Great Britain and Ireland, Dating from before the XVI Century, 3 vols. (Brussels, 1928-31). 

William Jerome Wilson, Catalogue of Latin and Vernacular Alchemical Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (Brugges, 1939). 

Astrological and Mythological:

David Juste, Les manuscrits astrologiques conservés à la Staatsbibliothek de Munich (Paris, 2011). 

David JusteLes manuscrits astrologiques latins conservés à la bibliothèque nationale de France (Paris, 2015). 

Fritz Saxl and Hans Meier, Catalogue of Astrological and Mythological Illuminated Manuscripts of the Latin Middle Ages, 3 vols. (Heidelberg and London, 1915-53). Covers libraries in Rome; Vienna, Nationalbibliothek; and libraries in England.

Ernst Zimmer, Verzeichnis der astronomischen Handschriften des deutschen Kulturgebiets (Munich, 1925). 

History of Astronomy: Archives and Libraries

Ptolemæus Arabus et Latinus


See also the separate bibliography on Medieval Encyclopedias, Bestiaries, Lapidaries, and Herbals.

The Medieval Bestiary: Manuscripts

List of Medieval Bestiaries (Wikipedia)

Latin Bestiary Manuscripts in the British Library

Bestiaire (Arlima)

Biblical and Patristic:

See also the separate bibliography on The Bible and Its Interpretation,

Catalogues of manuscript collections of major libraries often group patristic manuscripts thematically. There are also separate bibliographies of specific collections, e.g.:

Jorge Juan Fernández Sangrador, “Textos patrísticos en la colección de manuscirtos latinos antiguos de The Houghton Library (Harvard College Library),” Helmantica: Revista de filología clásica y hebrea 61(2010), 259-78.

Guida informatica al manoscritto patristico latino

Bernice M. Kaczynski, “The Authority of the Fathers: Patristic Texts in Early Medieval Libraries and Scriptoria,” The Journal of Medieval Latin 16 (2006), 1-27.

Friedrich Stegmüller, Repertorium biblicum medii aevi, 11 vols. (Madrid, 1950-80). 

Heinrich Schenkl, Bibliotheca Patrum Latinorum Brittanica, 3 vols. (Vienna, 1891). Reprinted from a series of articles in the Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Vienna), Phil.-Hist. Klasse vols. 121-4, 126-7, 131, 133, 136-7, 139, 143, 150 and 157. . Cumulative author- and subject-indices in the final volume.

Karl F. W. Zangemeister, Bericht über die im Auftrage der Kirchenväter commission unternommene Durchforschung der Biblitheken Englands (Vienna, 1877). 

G. Loewe and W. von Hartel, Bibliotheca Patrum Latinorum Hispaniensis (Vienna, 1887). Reprinted from Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Vienna), Phil.-Hist. Klasse vols. 111-113 (1886).

August Reifferscheid, Bibliotheca patrum latinorum Italica, 2 vols. (Vienna, 1865-71). 

Karl Halm, Verzeichniss der älteren Handschriften lateinischer Kirchenväter in den Bibliotheken der Schweiz (Vienna, 1865). Reprinted from Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Vienna), Phil.-Hist. Klasse vol. 50 (1865), 107-60. 

Wilhelm Weinberger, Catalogus catalogorum. Verzeichnis der bibliotheken, die ältere handschriften lateinischer kirchenschriftsteller enthalten (Vienna, 1902).

Robert E. Sinkewicz, Manuscript Listings for the Authors of the Patristic and Byzantine Periods, Greek Index Project Series 4 (Toronto, 1992). 

Burton van Name Edwards, The Manuscript Transmission of Carolingian Biblical Commentaries

Manfred Oberleitner, et al., Die Handschriftliche Überlieferung der Werke des heiligen Augustinus (Vienna, 1969- ). Sitzungsberichte der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-Historische Klasse, 263, 267, etc. Bd. 1. Italien. 1. Werkverzeichnis. 2. Verzeichnis nach Bibliotheken — Bd. 2. Grossbritannien und Irland. 1. Werkverzeichnis. 2. Verzeichnis nach Bibliotheken — Bd. 3. Polen. Anhang: Die skandinavischen Staaten, Dänemark, Finnland, Schweden — Bd. 4. Spanien und Portugal — Bd. 5. Bundesrepublik Deutschland und Westberlin. 1. Werkverzeichnis. 2. Verzeichnis nach Bibliotheken — Bd. 6. Österreich. 1. Werkverzeichnis. 2. Verzeichnis nach Bibliotheken — Bd. 7. Tschechische Republik und Slowakische Republik. 1. Werkverzeichnis. 2. Verzeichnis nach Bibliotheken –Bd. 8. Belgien, Luxemburg und Niederlande. 1. Werkverzeichnis. 2. Verzeichnis nach Bibliotheken — Bd. 9. Schweiz. 1. Werkverzeichnis. 2. Verzeichnis nach Bibliotheken.  (vols. 6-8).

Bernard Lambert, Bibliotheca Hieronymiana Manuscripta: La tradition manuscrite des oeuvres de Saint Jérôme, 2 vols. in 4 parts, Instrumenta Patristica 4 (Steenbrugge, 1969). 

Johannes Machielsen, Clavis Patristica Pseudepigraphorum Medii Aevi, IIA: Theologica Exegetica (Turnhout, 1994). 


See separate bibliography on The Classics in the Middle Ages.


Fragmentarium: Digital Research Laboratory for Medieval Manuscript Fragments

Fragmentology: A Journal for the Study of Medieval Manuscript Fragments


Corpus Grammaticorum Latinorum, 7 vols., ed. H. Keil (Leipzig, 1855-1880).

F. A. Trembley, Bibliotheca Lexicologiae Medii Aevi, 10 vols. (Lewiston, 1988). Volumes 7-8 cover lexicographical manuscripts.

Les manuscrits des lexiques et glossaires de l’antiquité tardive à la fin du Moyen Âge, ed. Jacqueline Hamesse (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1996).

A. Della Casa, “Les glossaires et les traités de grammaire du Moyen Âge,” in La lexicographie du latin médiéval et ses rapports avec les recherches actuelles sur la civilization du Moyen Âge (Paris, 1981), pp. 35-46.

Les gloses: Laboratoire des savoirs du haut Moyen Âge.

Anne Grondeux and Franck CinatoLiber glossarum digital

Katalog der althochdeutschen und altsächsischen Glossenhandschriften, ed. Rolf Bergmann and Stefanie Stricker, 6 vols. (Berlin, 2005).

BStK Online. Datenbank der althochdeutschen und altsächsischen Glossenhandschriften

Early Irish Glossaries Database


G. L. Bursill-Hall, A Census of Medieval Latin Grammatical Manuscripts (Stuttgart, 1981). 

Paolo Degni and Alessandra Peri, “Per un catalogo dei codici grammaticali altomedioevali,” in Manuscripts and Traditions of Grammatical Texts from Antiquity to the Renaissance, ed. M. De Nonno et al. (Cassino, 2000), I, 719-45.

Adriana Della Casa, “Les glossaires et les traités de grammaire du Moyen Age,” in La lexicographie du latin médiéval et ses rapports avec les recherches actuelles sur la civilisation du Moyen Age. Paris 18-21 octobre 1978, ed. Yves Lefebvre (Paris, 1981), pp. 35-46


An on-line searchable database of the Bollandists’catalogues of hagiographical manuscripts is available as Index analytique des Catalogues de manuscrits hagiographiques latins publiés par la Société des Bollandistes établi par Michel Trigalet et al. Use to establish the dossier of a saint by name, search for a hagiographical text by its BHL number, and to locate catalogue references for the hagiographical manuscript holdings of selected major libraries.

Analecta Bollandiana (1882- )

Catalogus codicum hagiographicorum bibliothecae regiae Bruxellensis : Pars I. Codices Latini membranei, Subsidia hagiographica 1 (Brussels, 1886-1889). 

Catalogus codicum hagiographicorum latinorum antiquiorum saeculo XVI qui asservantur in Bibliotheca nationali Parisiensi, 4 vols., Subsidia Hagiographica 2 (Brussels, 1889-1893). 

Catalogus codicum hagiographicorum latinorum bibliothecarum romanarum praeter quam Vaticanae, Subsidia hagiographica (Brussels, 1909). 

Catalogus codicum hagiographicorum latinorum Bibliothecae Vaticanae, Subsidia hagiographica 11 (Brussels, 1910). 


Lars Boje Mortensen, “The Diffusion of Roman Histories in the Middle Ages. A List of Orosius, Eutropius, Paulus Diaconus, and Landolfus Sagax Manuscripts,” Filologia mediolatina 7-8 (1999-2000), 101-200.

Birger Munk Olsen, “La diffusion et l’étude des historiens antiques au XIIe siècle,” in Medieval Antiquity, Mediaevalia Lovaniensia Series 1, Studia XXIV (Leiden, 1995), pp. 21-43.


See also the separate bibliography on Sermons and Homilies.

Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris. Catalogue Général, VII: Homéliaires (Paris, 1988). .

Réginald Grégoire, Homiliaires liturgiques médiévaux: analyse de manuscrits (Spoleto, 1980). 

Johannes Machielsen, Clavis Patristica Pseudepigraphorum Medii Aevi, IA-B: Homiletica (Turnhout, 1990). 

Raymond Étaix, Homéliaires patristiques latins. Receuil d’études de manuscrits médiévaux (Paris, 1994). 

For some other major catalogues with extensive homiletic materials see Berlioz, Identifier sources, p. 206.  See also George Ferzoco and Carolyn Muessig, “Bibliography,” in Beverly Mayne Kienzle, ed., The Sermon, Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental, 81-83 (Turnhout, 2000), pp. 19-142. 


Medieval Manuscripts of Canon Law and Roman Law

CIRSFID Irnerio. Digitized manuscripts from the Reale Collegio di Spagna in Bologna.

G. Dolezalek, Verzeichnis der Handschriften zum römischen Recht bis 1600, 4 vols. in 2 (Frankfurt, 1972). 

G. Dolezalek, Repertorium manuscriptorum veterum Codicis Iustiniani (Frankfurt, 1985). 

Lotte Kéry, Canonical Collections of the Early Middle Ages (ca. 400-1140): A Bibliographical Guide to the Manuscripts and Literature (Washington, D.C., 1999). 

Reinhard Elze and Stephan Kuttner, A Catalogue of Canon and Roman Law Manuscripts in the Vatican Library (Vatican City, 1986). 

Alice Rio, Legal Practice and the Written Word in the Early Middle Ages: Frankish Formulae, c. 500-1000 (Cambridge, 2009), pp. 241-71. 


Medieval Logical Manuscripts


See also the separate bibliographies on Medieval Liturgy and Sermons and Homilies.

Usuarium: A Digital Library and Database for the Study of Latin Liturgical History in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Period

N. Sacksteder, “A Provisional List of Inventories of Latin Liturgical Manuscripts and Incunabula of the Middle Ages,” Ephemerides Liturgicae 99 (1985), . Lists catalogues by Country, City, and Library; also includes sections on General Catalogues, Religious Orders, and Specific Liturgical Books.

Dubois and Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes, pp. 67-74. 

Klaus Gamber, Codices Liturgici Latini Antiquiores, 2 vols., Spicilegii Friburgensis Subsidia 1 (Fribourg, 1968).  The standard catalogue for liturgical manuscripts up to c.a. 800. Ergänzerungs- und Registerband, ed. B. Baroffio et al. (Fribourg, 1988).  

B. Baroffio, “I manoscritti liturgici,” Guida a una descrizione uniforme dei manoscritti e al loro censimento, ed. V. Jemolo and M. Morelli (Rome, 1990), pp. 145-200. 

V. Fiala and W. Irtenkauf, “Versuch einer Liturgischen Nomenklatur,” Zur Katalogisierung Mittelalterlicher und Neuerer Handschriften, ed. Clemens Köttelwesch (Frankfurt a.M., 1963), pp. 105-37. 

Theodor Klauser,Repertorium liturgicum und Liturgischer Spezialkatalog, Vorschläge zum Problem der liturgischen Handschriften,” in his Gesammelte Arbeiten zur Liturgiegeschichte, Kirchengeschichte und christlichen Archäologie (Münster, 1974). 

Hanns Bohatta, Liturgische Bibliographie des XV. Jahrhunderts mit Ausnahme der Missale und Livres d’heures (Vienna, 1911; repr. 1961).

Base de manuscrits internet. Database of liturgical manuscripts on the internet (Excel spreadsheet, 7/1/2011).

Repertorio manoscritti liturgici ambrosiani

See also Boyle, Medieval Latin Palaeography, index s.v. “Liturgy, books of.”

By Region/Country (including Individual Libraries):

Dictionnaire d’archéologie chrétienne et de liturgie. Includes entries (by name of city), with descriptions (of varying length and quality) of the liturgical manuscripts in the major libraries. For detailed listings by region, esp. for France, Germany, and Italy, see Sacksteder.


Liturgische Texte. Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Database of the liturgical manuscripts without notation (Cod. 1-15500 and Series nova).

Katalog des liturgischen Buch- und Musikalienbestandes am Dom zu Salzburg. Teil 1. Die gedruckten und handschriftlichen liturgischen Bücher, ed. Franz Wasner, Stefan Engels, and Ernst Hintermaier. Teil 2. Die Musikhandschriften und Musikdrucke in Chorbuch-Notierung, ed. Ernst Hintermaier (Salzburg, 1922). 


Knud Ottosen, Database on Danish Liturgical Fragments from the Middle Ages


Victor Leroquais, Les Bréviaires manuscrits des bibliothèques publiques de France, 6 vols. (Paris, 1933). CANTUS Database version

Victor Leroquais, Les Livres d’Heures manuscrits de la Bibliothèque nationale, 4 vols. (Paris-Mâcon, 1927-1943). 

Victor Leroquais, Les Pontificaux manuscrits des bibliothèques publiques de France, 3 vols. (Paris, 1937).

Victor Leroquais, Les Psautiers manuscrits latins des bibliothèques publiques de France, 3 vols. (Mâcon, 1940-1941). 

Victor Leroquais, Les Sacramentaires et missels manuscrits des bibliothèques publiques de France, 4 vols. (Paris, 1924). 

Robert Amiet, Inventaire général des livres liturgiques du diocèse de Lyon (Paris, 1979). 


Liturgical Manuscripts in German Libraries

Leo Eizenhöfer und Hermann Knaus, Die liturgischen Handschriften der Hessischen Landes- und Hochschulbibliothek Darmstadt, 3 vols. (Wiesbaden, 1968). 

Christoph Münch, Musikzeugnisse der Reichsabtei Lorsch: Eine Untersuchung der musikalischen Handschriften in der Bibliotheca Palatina in der Vatikanischen Bibliothek (Lorsch, 1993).

Great Britain and Ireland:

Walter H. Frere, Bibliotheca musico-liturgica: A Descriptive Handlist of the Musical and Latin-Liturgical MSS of the Middle Ages Preserved in the Libraries of Great Britain and Ireland, 2 vols. (London, 1901-32; repr. 1967).   Vol. 1.  Includes indices of types of service, persons, and places.

Liturgical Manuscripts in British Libraries

Stephen J. P. van Dijk, Handlist of the Latin Liturgical Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, 3 vols. in 78 pts. 

Richard W. Pfaff, ed., The Liturgical Books of Anglo-Saxon England, OEN Subsidia 23 (Kalamazoo, 1995). 


Polikarp Radó, Libri liturgici manuscripti bibliothecarum Hungariae: tomus I: Libri liturgici manuscripti ad Missam pertinentes (Budapest, 1947). 

Polikarp Radó, Index codicum manuscriptorum liturgicorum Regni Hungariae (Budapest, 1941). 

Italy and Vatican City:

Giacomo Baroffio, Iter Liturgicum Italicum

Réginald Grégoire, “Repertorium liturgique Italicum,” Studi medievali 3rd ser. 9 (1968), 465-592.

R. Amiet, “Catalogue de livres liturgiques manuscrits conservés dans les Archives et lest Bibliothèques de la ville de Rome,” Studi medievali, 3rd ser. 27 (1986), 925-97.

Brian Moeller Jensen, Medieval Liturgical Texts in Italian Manuscripts (Lewiston-Queenston-Lampeter, 2006). 

Pierre Salmon, Les manuscrits liturgiques latins de la Bibliothèque Vaticane, 5 vols., Studi e testi 251, 253, 260, 267, and 270 (Vatican City, 1968-1972). 

Pierre Salmon, Analecta liturgica: extraits des manuscrits liturgiques de la Bibliothèque vaticane : contribution à l’histoire de la prière chrétienne, Studi e testi 273 (Vatican City, 1974).

J. M. Plotzek and U. Surmann, ed., Biblioteca apostolica vaticana: Liturgie und Andacht im Mittelalter (Stuttgart, 1992). 

C. Zivelonghi and G. Adami, I codici liturgici della Catedrale di Verona (Verona, 1987). 

Monumenta Liturgica Beneventana


José Janini, Manoscritos litúrgicos de las bibliotecas de España, 2 vols. (Burgos, 1977-80).

José Janini and José Seranno, Manuscritos litúrgicos de la Biblioteca Nacional (Madrid, 1969). 

José Janini, Ramón Gonzálvez, and A. M. Mundó, Catálogo de los manuscritos litúrgicos de la Catedral de Toledo (Toledo, 1977). 

Andrew Hughes, Medieval Liturgical Books in Twenty-Three Spanish Libraries: Provisional Inventories (New York, 1982). 


Iter Helveticum, ed. Pascal Ladner, 5 vols. to date (Freiburg, 1976- ).

By Liturgical Book:

Andrew Hughes, Medieval Manuscripts for Mass and Office: A Guide to Their Organization and Terminology (Toronto, 1982). 

Andrew Hughes, Medieval Liturgical Books in Twenty-Three Spanish Libraries: Provisional Inventories (New York, 1982). 

Victor Leroquais, Les bréviaires. Manuscrits des bibliothèques publiques de France, 6 vols. (1934). 

Victor Leroquais, Les livres d’Heures. Manuscrits de la Bibliothèque nationale de la France, 2 vols. (1927). 

Victor Leroquais, Les pontificaux. Manuscrits des bibliothèques publiques de France, 4 vols. (1937). 

Victor Leroquais, Les psautiers. Manuscrits latins des bibliothèques publiques de France, 2 vols. (Mâcon, 1940-41). 

Victor Leroquais, Les sacramentaires et les missels manuscrits des bibliothèques publiques de France, 4 vols. (1924). 

Marcel Metzger, Les sacramentaires, Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental 70 (Turnhout, 1970).

Pierre Salmon, Les manuscrits liturgiques latins de la Bibliothèque Vaticane, 5 vols., Studi e testi 251, 253, 260, 267, and 270 (Vatican City, 1968-1972).

La Trobe University Library Medieval Music Database: Manuscripts of Fourteenth-Century Music


Manuscripts medica. La base de données de manuscrits médicaux latins

S. A. J. Moorat, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts on Medicine and Science in the Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 2 vols. (London, 1973).

Richard Palmer, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Wellcome Trust’s History of Medicine Library, MSS 5120-6244 (London, 1999).

Augusto Beccaria, I codici di medicina del periodo presalernitano (secoli IX, X e XI) (Rome, 1956).

Joël Chandelier, L. Moulinier-Brogi, and M. Nicoud, “Manuscrits médicaux latins de la Bibliothèque Nationale de France: Un index des œuvres et des auteurs,” Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du moyen âge 73 (2006), 63-163. 

E. Wickersheimer, Manuscrits latins de médecine du haut moyen age dans les bibliothèques de France, Documents, Études et répertoires publiés par l’Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes, 11 (Paris, 1966). 

Guy Sabbah, et al., Bibliographie des textes médicaux latins: Antiquité et haut moyen âge, Centre Jean-Palerne, Mémoires 6 (Saint-Étienne, 1987). 

Carmélia Opsomer, Index de la pharmacopée du Ier au Xe siècle (Hildesheim, 1989). 


Albrecht Diem, “Monastische Texte in Frühmittelalterliche Handschriften,” in Diem, Das monastische Experiment: Die Rolle der Keuschheit bei der Entstehung des westlichen Klosterwesens, Vita regularis, 24 (Münster, 2005), pp. 339-93. 

Monastic Manuscript Project

Hill Museum and Manuscript Library


The Theory of Music. Manuscripts from the Carolingian Era up to c. 1500, Répertoire International des Sources Musicales (RISM, B III, vols. 1-6) : I Austria, Belgium, Switzerland, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands (1961); II Italy (1968); III Federal Republic of Germany (1986) ; IV Great Britain, United States of America (1992); V Czech Republic, Poland, Portugal and Spain (1997) ; VI Addenda/Corrigenda (2003) .

Lexicon musicum Latinum: Les sources manuscrites de la théorie de la musique

Musicalia Mediaevalia. Ressources électroniques pour l’étude des sources manuscrites de la musique et de la théorie de la musique médiévales

Census-catalogue of Notated Mediaeval Manuscripts (CNMM)

Neumed Chant Manuscript Holdings in Oxford University: Working Notes

Manuscrits notés en neumes français du département des manuscrits de la Bibliothèque nationale de France (ixe-xiie siècles)

Catalogue des manuscrits notés du Moyen Age conservés dans les bibliothèques publiques de France

Spanish Early Music Manuscripts Database


Elina Gertsman, “Prayer Books,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies: Terms – Methods – Trends, ed. Classen,, pp. 2021-26.

Jean-Paul Bouhot, “Livrets de prières carolingiens,” in Prier au Moyen Age: Pratiques et expériences (Ve-XVe) siècles, ed. Nicole Bériou, Jacques Berlioz, and Jean Longère (Turnhout, 1991), pp. 23-31.

Pierre Salmon, “Libelli precum du VIIIe au XIIe siècles,” in Salmon, Analecta liturgica: extraits des manuscrits liturgiques de la Bibliothèque vaticane: contribution à l’histoire de la prière chrétienne, Studi e testi 273 (Vatican City, 1974). 

Pierre Salmon, “Livrets de prières de l’époque carolingienne,” Revue Bénédictine 86 (1976), 218-34.

Pierre Salmon, “Livrets de prières de l’epoque carolingienne. Nouvelle liste de manuscrits.” Revue Bénédictine 90 (1980), 147-49.

Radu Constantinescu, “Alcuin et les «Libelli precum» de l’époque carolingienne,” Revue de l’Histoire de la Spiritualité 50 (1974), 17-56.

Stephan Waldhoff, Alcuins Gebetbuch für Karl den Großen. Seine Rekonstruktion und seine Stellung in der frühmittelalterlichen Geschichte der Libelli precum, Liturgiewissenschaftliche Quellen und Forschungen 89 (Münster, 2003). See esp. chap. 1, “Die Privatgebetbücher des frühen Mittelaters: Erkenntnisse und Fragen,” pp. 9-111.

Susan Boynton, “Libelli precum in the Central Middle Ages,” in A History of Prayer: The First to the Fifteenth Century, ed. Roy Hammerling (Leiden, 2008), pp. 255-318.

J. Chazelas, “Les livrets de prières privées du Xl siècle. Essai sur la théologie morale et la psychologie des fidèles” (Thèse de l’École des Chartes (Paris, 1959).

Late Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts on the Web: Books of Hours

Jean-Luc Deuffic, Heures manuscrites identifiées.


Emil J. Polak, Medieval and Renaissance Letter Treatises and Form Letters (Leiden, 1993- ).


S. A. Jayawardene, “Western Scientific Manuscripts before 1600: A Checklist of Published Catalogues,” Annals of Science 35 (1978), 143-72. 

Dorothea Waley Singer, “Hand-List of Western Scientific Manuscripts in Great Britain and Ireland Dating from before the Sixteenth Century (before 1946); see T. C. SkeatCatalogues of the Manuscript Collections in the British Museum (London, 1962) pp. 42-43. 

History of Science: Archives and Libraries

By Author or Text:

See the section “Auteurs et thèmes” in François Dolbeau and Pierre Petitmengin, Indices Librorum: Catalogues anciens et modernes de manuscrits médiévaux en écriture latine, 2 vols. Bibliothèque de l’École Normale Supérieure, Guides et inventaires bibliographiques 3 (Paris, 1987-1995). 

Some representative examples:

Aristoteles latinus. Codices, ed. Georgius Lacombe et al., Corpus philosophorum Medii Aevi (Bruges, 1955); Supplementa altera. 

Michael Baldzuhn, Elementar- und Trivialunterricht im Mittelalter: Handschriften mit Unterrichtstexten: ‘Aviani Fabulae’

Codices Boethiani: A Conspectus of Manuscripts of the Works of Boethius (London, 1995- ). 

C. H. Beeson, Isidor-Studien (Munich, 1913). 

Guglielmo Ballaira, Per il catologo dei codici di Prisciano (Torino, 1982).

Carl P. E. Springer, The Manuscripts of Sedulius: A Provisional Handlist, Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 85/5 (Philadelphia, 1995). 

Zbigniew Izydorczyk, Manuscripts of the ‘Evangelium Nicodemi’: A Census (Toronto, 1993). 

III. Online Manuscript Catalogues and Digitized Manuscripts

Comprehensive Listings and Gateways:

Online Library Catalogues:

Online Catalogues of Medieval Manuscripts (Albrecht Diem)

Handschriftenkatologe Online (Universitätsbibliothek Kassel). Includes a Kataloge Deutschland and a Kataloge Internationale.

Historische Hilfswissenschaften: Handschriftenbibliotheken Handschriftenkataloge und -verzeichnisse

Notices de manuscrits (Arlima)

Digitized Manuscripts: 

Digital Latin Medieval Manuscripts (Albrecht Diem)

DMMapp: Digitized Medieval Manuscripts

Manuscrits numérisés

Consulting Medieval Manuscripts Online

Electronic Resources for Medieval Philosophy Studies: Manuscripts

Digitalisierte Handschriften (Austria)

Archivalia (Klaus Graf)

Macro-Typography (Jean-Baptiste Piggin)

Medieval Manuscripts on the Web (Siân Echard)

Print Manuscript Facsimiles:

Bibliographie faksimilierte Handschriften

Multiple Libraries:

Europeana Collections.  Search “manuscripts” and “(la)” for Latin; then narrow by selecting Providing Country, Aggregator, or Institution, or by adding other search terms (author, title, incipit, iconographic motif, etc.).

England and France, 700–1200: Medieval Manuscripts from the BnF and the British Library (Polonsky Foundation). Can be browsed by Themes (Bible, Classics and Late Antiquity, Hagiography, History, Law, Liturgy, Medieval Literature, Sciences, Theology and Philosophy, Trivium), Authors, Places, Centuries.

Polonsky Foundation Digitization Project.  Collaboration between the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana and Bodleian Library, including collections of digitized Early Printed Books, Greek Manuscripts, Hebrew Manuscripts, and Latin Manuscripts. Currently all the digitized Latin manuscripts are from the Vatican Library.

Hill Monastic Manuscripts Library

BVMM: Bibliothèque virtuelle des manuscrits médiévaux (IRHT)

e-codices: Virtuelle Handbibliothek der Schweiz. The descriptions of facsimiled manuscripts in Swiss libraries usually include catalogue descriptions or links to descriptions.

Internet culturale: Cataloghi e collezioni digitali delle biblioteche Italiane: Manoscritti

Manuscriptorium: Digital Library of Written Cultural Heiitage.  Aggregates digital collections of the National Library of the Czech Republic; Museum of Western Bohemia; Moravian Library; Madrid, Universidad Complutense; Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg, and others. Go to “Digital Library” for search screen; searchable by Titles, Authors, Shelf-mark, Description, Location, Date, Keywords, and more.

Master: Manuscript Access through Standards for Electronic Records. Currently contains records of manuscripts in the Arnamagnaean Institut, Copenhagen; the Royal Library, The Hague; the National Library, Prague; and the Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Texts (mainly from the Bibliothèque Municipale, Troyes).

Uncatalogued Manuscript Control Center (De Ricci Project).  Not updated since 2003.

British Literary Manuscripts Online: Medieval & Renaissance

Marginal Scholarship.  Database of 132 early medieval manuscripts with marginal annotations.

Virtual Medieval/Renaissance Libraries:

Aragonese Kings of Naples: Europeana Regia, a Digital Collaborative Library of Royal Library Collections

Charles V:  Europeana Regia, a Digital Collaborative Library of Royal Library Collections

Clairvaux:  Bibliothèque virtuelle de Clairvaux

Corvey:  Nova Corbeia. Die virtuelle Bibliothek Corvey

Pre-Conquest England:  British Library Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts

Heidelberg, Bibliotheca Palatina:  Bibliotheca Palatina digital

Gaming:  Virtuelle Bibliothek Kartause Gaming

Köln/Cologne, Diözesan- und Dombibliothek:  CEEC: Codices Electronici Ecclesiae Coloniensis

Lorsch:  Bibliotheca Laureshamensis – digital: Virtual Monastic Library of Lorsch

Mont-Saint-Michel: Bibliothèque virtuelle du Mont-Saint-Michel

Nonantola:  Biblioteca Nonantolana Virtual

Regensburg, St. Emmeram: Handschriften aus dem ehemaligen Benediktinerkloster St. Emmeram in Regensburg

Reichenau and Sankt Gallen: Carolingian Culture at Reichenau and St. Gall

St. Peter im Schwarzwald:  Virtuelle Bibliothek St. Peter

Trier, St. Matthias:  Virtuelles Skriptorium St. Matthias; See also Isabel Knoblich, Die Bibliothek des Klosters St. Maximin bei Trier bis zum 12. Jahrhundert (Trier, 1996).

Würzburg, Dombibliothek: Virtuelle Bibliothek Würzburg: Libri Sancti Kyliani

Some Individual Modern Libraries:

Albi, Médiathèque

Angers, Bibliothèque Municipale

Berlin, Staatsbibliothek Preußischer Kulturbesitz

Cambridge University Library

Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, Parker Library

Cambridge, Trinity College Library

Cambridge, St. John’s College Library

Cesena, Biblioteca Malatestiana

Copenhagen, Det Kongelige Bibliothek

Durham University Library

Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana

Graz, Universitätsbibliothek

Heidelberg, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität

Houghton Library, Harvard University

Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek

Kassel, Universitätsbibliothek

Laon, Bibliothèque Municipale

Leiden, Rijksuniversiteit Bibliotheek

Leipzig, Universitätsbibliothek

London, British Library. Search the Index by name or index entry, or the manuscript Descriptions (allows boolean searches), or locate the description of a specific manuscript.

Lund University, St. Laurentius Digital Manuscript Library

Lyon, Bibliothèque Municipale

Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional de Espanã

Madrid, Real Academia de la Historia Biblioteca Digital

Merseburg, Domstiftsbibliothek

Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. Note that the Forschungsdokumentation Handschriften allows one to generate links to Munich manuscripts keyed to publications by names of authors or subjects.

Orléans, Médiathèque

Oxford, Bodleian Library; see also the digitized collection of Early Manuscripts at Oxford University. Also see the online Finding Aids – Papyri, Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts at the Bodleian Library.

Paris, Bibliothèque national de France: Gallica

Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France: Summary Catalogue of Digitised Latin Manuscripts

Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine: Mazarinum: Les collections numériques de la Bibliothèque Mazarine

Rome, Biblioteca nazionale centrale 

Saint-Omer, Bibliothèque d’Agglomération

Salzburg, Die Handschriften des Mittelalters der Universitätsbibliothek Salzburg: Handschriftenkatalog online

Sankt Gallen:Codices Electronici Sangallensis

Sankt Paul im Lavanttal, Stiftsbibliothek

Sélestat, Bibliothèque humaniste

Utrecht, Universiteitsbibliotheek

Valenciennes, Bibliothèque Municipale

Vatican City, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana

Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek

By Period:

Les Temps mérovingiens (Gallica)

Manuscrits carolingiens (Gallica). Can be browsed by Author, Title, Genre, Script, Decoration, and Date.

Charles D. Wright:
last updated 12/18