- Central Asia
- Central, Eastern, and Southeaster Europe
- Coptic Egypt
- Germany, Austria, and Switzerland
- Ireland, Scotland, and Wales
- Islamic Civilization
- Jewish Civilization and Khazaria
- Late Antiquity, Merovingian and Carolingian Europe
- The Low Countries
- Ottoman Empire
- Economic History
- Environmental History
- Feudalism, Warfare, Chivalry, Kingship/Queenship, Knighthood
- Geographical Knowledge
- Health, Disease, and Medicine
- Material Culture and Daily Life
- Pilgrimage and Travel
- Science and Technology
- Social History
- Women, Gender, Sexuality
Note: The division between “historical” (State) and “ecclesiastical” (Church) sources is to some degree arbitrary but is a useful bibliographical expedience. Though many resources cover both areas, those listed in the separate bibliography on Medieval Christianity and Ecclesiastical Sources are generally not repeated here. Many resources in the separate bibliographies on Medieval Studies: General Bibliographies and Reference Works and Medieval Latin Literature are also relevant but are generally not repeated here.
I. General Bibliographies and Handbooks
Gray Cowan Boyce, Literature of Medieval History 1930-1975: A Supplement to Louis John Paetow’s A Guide to the Study of Medieval History, 5 vols. (Millwood, NY, 1981). Supplements Paetow‘s Guide …, rev. ed. (1931; rev. ed. New York, 1980). The standard comprehensive reference work in English on medieval history, though now dated. There is an index of names (modern and medieval) in vol. 5, but no alphabetical subject index, so you must browse the table of contents and the complete list of subject headings in vol. 1 to determine which subheadings are most likely to contain relevant listings for your topic.
R. C. van Caenegem, Introduction aux sources de l’histoire médiévale, rev. ed. by Luc Jocqué (Turnhout, 1997). Thoroughly updated French trans. of Guide to the Sources of Medieval History, Europe in the Middle Ages: Selected Studies 2 (Amsterdam, 1978). . Splendid resource, well-organized and better annotated than Crosby et al, Medieval Studies, but excludes specifically literary texts. Part III, Chapter III, “Liste de sources,” lists repertories of medieval historical texsts by region and repertories of medieval Latin authors. Part IV, Chapter I, lists lexicographical and grammatical works for Latin and the major vernaculars. Abbreviated version published as Manuel des études médiévales (Turnhout, 1997).
Hans-Werner Goetz, Proseminar Geschichte: Mittelalter (Stuttgart, 1993). Discursive bibliographical guide to the sources and methodologies of historical research on the Middle Ages. Similar in scope to van Caenegem, but with particular focus on German history and German-language scholarship. See especially the sections “Bibliographie der wichtigsten Nachschlagwerke, Sachwörterbücher, Handbücher, Überblicke, Zeitschriften,” pp. 39-62, and “Historisches Arbeiten. Bibliographie,” pp. 195-202.
Alfred Heit and Ernst Voltmer, Bibliographie zur Geschichte des Mittelalters (Munich, 1997). Not a discursive manual like Goetz’s, but with even more extensive references. The highly articulated subject headings and table of contents make it easy to locate references on a given topic and compensate for the lack of a subject index (there is an author and title index). Focuses especially but by no means exclusively on German medieval history.
Andrew Holt, “Historical Studies,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 639-51.
Understanding Medieval Primary Sources: Using Historical Sources to Discover Medieval Europe, ed. Joel T. Rosenthal (New York, 2012). Essays by various hands on Royal and Secular Biography; Vernacular Chronicles and Narrative Sources of History in Medieval England; The Medieval Sermon: Text, Performance and Insight; Wills as Primary Sources; Letters and Letter Collections; Writing Military from Narrative Sources: Norman Battlefield Tactics, c. 1000; Historians and Inquisitors: Testimonies from the Early Inquisitions into Heretical Depravity; Coronation Rituals and Related Materials; The Sources for Manorial and Rural History; Sources for Medieval Maritime History; The Sources for Medieval Urban History; Sources for the Study of Public Health in the Medieval City; Medieval Women’s History: Sources and Issues; Sources for Representative Institutions; Images and Object as Sources for Medieval History; Medieval Archaeology.
L’histoire médiévale en France: Bilan et perspectives, ed. Michel Balard (Paris, 1991). Bibliographical essays by various hands, including brief contributions on regions other than France, archaeology, iconography, and “sciences auxiliaires.”
John H. Arnold, What is Medieval History? (Cambridge, 2008). A basic introduction to sources and methods, with sections on medieval documents including chronicles, charters, images, and legal documents.
See also the relevant essays in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen (e.g., “Historical Studies,” “Social History”).
Also useful as a bibliographical reference work is The New Cambridge Medieval History, 7 vols. (Cambridge, 1995- ): vol. 1. c. 500-c. 700, ed. Paul Fouracre; vol. 2. c. 700-c. 900, ed. Rosamond McKitterick; vol. 3. c. 900-c. 1024, ed. Timothy Reuter; vol. 4. c. 1024-c. 1198, ed. David Luscombe and Jonathan Riley-Smith; vol. 5. c. 1198-c. 1300, ed. David Abulafia; vol. 6. c. 1300-c. 1415, ed. Michael Jones; vol. 7. c. 1415-c. 1500, ed. Christopher Allmand.
For the 15th century, see Handbook of European History, 1400-1600: Late Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Reformation, 2 vols., ed. Thomas A. Brady, Jr., Heiko A. Oberman, and James D. Tracy (Leiden, 1994-95).
American Historical Association. Guide to Historical Literature, 2 vols., gen. ed. M. B. Norton and Pamela Gerardi, 3rd ed. (Oxford, 1995). See the sections on “Medieval Europe” and “Medieval and Modern Jewish History.”
Annual Bulletin of Historical Literature (1913- ). Includes chapters on Late Antique & Early Middle Ages, Central Middle Ages, and Later Middle Ages.
International Bibliography of Historical Sciences (1926- ). . See sections G (Early History of the Church to Gregory the Great), H (Byzantine History), and I (History of the Middle Ages). Section I includes subheadings on “Literary Sources” and “General Works.” Each volume has an index of names and a geographical index.
Regesta Imperii. Includes a Literaturdatenbank zum Mittelalter with more than one million titles focusing on medieval European history. Basic searches are by title-keyword, keyword, series, journal, personal name, and year. There are alphabetical title-keyword and peronal name indices, as well as an alphabetical thesaurus (e.g., if you were searching for literature on Charlemagne, select k > ka > Karl d. Gr.). A particularly valuable function is the “Thesaurus,” which enables you to define up to three search criteria, each of which has three options (geographical, temporal, and thematic) that expand into increasingly more narrow options. You can select “Mittelalter” in the chronological option (and further delimit to “Frühmittelalter,” “Hochmittelalter,” or “Spätmittelalter”), then select from a large number of thematic (subject) options. To locate bibliographies, for example, set one search criterion to “Thematische Zuordnung > Allgemeine und Hilfsmittel > Bibliographien”, and a second to “Geographische Zuordnung > Mittelalter” (this yields over 200 hits); if desired, set a third criterion to a specific subject, e.g. “Thematische Zuordnung > Personengeschichte > Regenten (Kaiser, Könige) > Könige von Deutschland; römisch-deutsche Kaiser > Karl d. Gr.” Note: sometimes it is better not to delimit the subject area so narrowly.
Datenbank Historische Bibliographie Online. Coverage since 1990. Includes indices of authors, persons and places, and institutions. The search engine allows delimiting by “Mittelalter” or by more narrow geographical or temporal ranges, as well as by broad subject areas (Sachgruppe), type of publication, and year.
Internet resource links:
Vocabulary of medieval history:
Vocabulaire historique du moyen âge (Occident, Byzance, Islam), ed. François-Olivier Touati, 3rd ed. (Paris, 2000). Concise lexicon of French terms and phrases relating to medieval history; entries have no bibliographical references.
The vocabulary of medieval intellectual life and institutions is the subject of a series:
CIVICIMA: Etudes sur le vocabulaire intellectuel du Moyen Age, gen. ed. Olga Weijers (Brepols).
Magali Duchesne, Olivier Guyotjeannin et Marie-Clotilde Hubert, Bibliographie des langues techniques du moyen âge.
Many chapters in Medieval Latin, ed. Mantello and Rigg, deal with the Latin vocabulary of particular areas of medieval culture and literature.
For medieval world maps see:
Jens Eike Schnall, “World Maps,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 2136-44.
A. von den Brincken, Kartographische Quellen: Welt-, Regional-, und Seekarten, Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental 51 (Turnhout, 1988).
David Woodward, “Medieval mappaemundi,” in The History of Cartography 1. Cartography in Prehistoric, Ancient, and Medieval Europe and the Mediterranean, ed. J. B. Harley and D. Woodward (Chicago, 1987), pp. 286-370.
The Hereford World Map: Medieval World Maps and Their Context, ed. Paul D. A. Harvey (London, 2006).
II. Repertories of Medieval Historical Sources
Repertorium fontium historiae medii aevi primum ad Augusto Potthast digestum, nunc cura collegii historicorum e pluribus nationibus emendatum et auctum, 11 vols. (1962-2007). Volume I is an important guide to major series of monographs and editions, listing the titles of individual volumes in each. Here one can find a analyses of the contents of such series as Monumenta Germaniae Historica . It also contains a list of series by geographical region. Volumes 2-11 are organized alphabetically by author or title, with information on manuscripts, editions, translations, and secondary literature. The website has searchable database of the entries that allows you to generate lists of historical sources by any term that may occur in their titles and to delimit the search by national origin. Under “Lemma” can enter up to two terms and select the Boolean operators “e” (“and”) or “o” (“or”). For example, selecting “Inglese” under “Comitato” and entering “London” (which will also capture Latin forms of the name) under “Lemma” returns the names of 29 entries on primary texts about London; entering “Chronicle” returns the names of 67 entries on English chronicles; entering “chronica o cronica” returns entries on 39 Latin chronicles from England; entering “Richard II” returns 5 about him; etc.
Archive im Internet (Archivschule Marburg)
Monasterium.net. Searchable database of European archives, divided into archival fonds and research collections.
For administrative documents generally see Brigitte Bedos-Rezak, “Secular Administration,” in Medieval Latin, ed. Mantello and Rigg, pp. 195-229.
For the major genres of medieval historiography, see:
The Oxford History of Historical Writing, vol. 2: 400-1400, ed. Sarah Foot and Chase F. Robinson (Oxford, 2012).
Deborah Mauskopf Deliyannis, ed., Historiography in the Middle Ages (Leiden, 2003). Essays by various hands on, inter alia, medieval Universal histories, Ethnic and National histories, Christian Biography, Dynastic histories, Institutional histories, and urban historiography. Includes a cumulative bibliography of secondary sources.
See also R. Ray in Medieval Latin, ed. Mantello and Rigg, pp. 639-49, and the relevant fascicles in the Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental series, e.g., v. 14, M. McCormick, Les annales du haut moyen âge (1975); v. 15, L. Genicot, Les généalogies (1975); v. 16, K. H. Krüger, Die Universalchroniken (1976).
See also below under Ancillary Disciplines: Diplomatics.
Medieval Chronicles and Narrative Sources:
Janos Bak, Ryszard Grzesik, Ivan Jurkovič, Chronicon. Medieval Narrative Sources: A Chronological Guide to Medieval Narrative Sources with Introductory Essays (Turnhout, 2013). “By narrative sources we mean writings that contain reports on matters (events) their authors found worth remembering and passing on … We include texts traditionally called annals, chronicles, and histories, then some historical sagas, biographies, and the rare autobiographies” (pp. 141-42). Lists texts in chronological order with reference to editions, translations, and online resources.
R. W. Burgess and M. Kulikowski, Mosaics of Time: The Latin Chronicle Traditions from the First Century BC to the Sixth Century AD, Volume I, A Historical Introduction to the Chronicle Genre from its Origins to the High Middle Ages (Turnhout, 2013).
The Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle, 2 vols., gen. ed. Graeme Dunphy (New York, 2010). Includes in vol. 1 an Overview of Articles (Generic, Thematic, and Alphabetical), and in vol. 2 an Index of Works and Authors; General Index; Index of Geographical Names; Index of Manuscripts.
Sarah Foot, “Annals and Chronicles in Medieval Europe,” in The Oxford History of Historical Writing, vol. 2: 400-1400, ed. Sarah Foot and Chase F. Robinson (Oxford, 2012).
Universal Chronicles in the High Middle Ages, ed. Michele Campopiano and Henry Bainton (York, 2017).
The Medieval Chronicle (1999- ). Annual.
Medieval Chronicles (Boydell and Brewer series).
For overviews see also Graeme Dunphy, “Chronicles,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 1714-16; Goetz, Proseminar Geschichte, pp. 90-101; Roger Ray, “Historiography,” in Medieval Latin, ed. Mantello and Rigg, pp. 639-49. For other historiographical genres (histories, annals, gesta, and genealogies; biographies and autobiographies) see van Caenegem, Introduction aux sources, pp. 37-68.
R. Dean Ware, “Medieval Chronology: Theory and Practice,” in Medieval Studies, ed, Powell, pp. 252-77.
Camarin Porter, “Time Measurement and Chronology in Medieval Studies,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 1270-92.
Ken Mondschein and Denis Casey, “Time and Timekeeping,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 1657-79.
Faith Wallis, “Chronology and Systems of Dating,” in Medieval Latin, ed. Mantello and Rigg, pp. 283-88.
Timothy Venning, A Chronology of Early Medieval Western Europe: 450-1066 (New York, 2018).
Walter Eder and Johannes Renger, ed., trans. W. F. M. Henkelman, Brill’s New Pauly, vol. 1: Chronologies of the Ancient World: Names Dates and Dynasties (Leiden, 2007). Includes Late-antique Germanic Kingdoms and Bishops (i.e. Popes) and Patriarchs.
Joachim Heinzle, Das Mittelalter in Daten: Literatur, Kunst, Geschichte 750-1520 (Munich, 1993). Left-hand pages list major historical-political events, with references below to major artistic monuments of the corresponding years; right-hand pages list literary monuments by language. An index lists authors and anonymous works by language.
For early medieval tracts De tempore and computistica, see Eligius Dekkers, Clavis Patrum Latinorum, 3rd ed. (Steenbrugge, 1995), pp. 718-38. The standard printed reference works for reckoning and reconciling dates according to various systems that obtained during the Middle Ages are the following:
Hermann Grotefend, Zeitrechnung des deutschen Mittelalters und der Neuzeit (Hannover, 1891); the HTML version by H. Ruth has a simple calculator to determine the concurrents, epacts, etc. for any given year). Includes an extensive glossary of terms, generic calendars, calendars for German and Swiss dioceses, religious orders, and an index of saints’ feast days. The “Rechner” will generate the dates of major feast days in any given year. Goetz, Proseminar, p. 255, provides an exercise showing how to use Grotefend’s tables to resolve a typical medieval dating clause. Abridged version: Taschenbuch der Zeitrechnung des deutschen Mittelalters, 10th ed. (1960).
A. Capelli, Cronologia, cronografia e calendario perpetuo dal principio dell’era cristiana al giorni nostri: Tavole cronologico-sincrone e quadri sinottici per verificare le date storiche, 6th ed. (Milan, 1988).
Peter Verbist, Duelling with the Past: Medieval Authors and the Problem of the Christian Era, c. 990-1135, Studies in the Early Middle Ages 21 (Turnhout, 2010). Covers Heriger of Lobbes, Abbo of Fleury, Marianus Scottus, Gerland the Computist, Sigebert of Gembloux, Hezelo of Cluny, Anonymous of Limoges, and Heimo of Bamberg.
Bonnie Blackburn and Leofranc Holford-Strevens, The Oxford Companion to the Year (Oxford, 1999). Accessible handbook, includes tables, conversion formulas, and a basic exposition of the computus in medieval Europe.
On algorithms for converting dates, see:
For easter tables see also:
Robert H. van Gent, A Perpetual Easter and Passover Calculator, which also includes a bibliography and list of internet resources. Not for the mathematically-challenged.
For a chronological overview of medieval historical sources see:
For further references see van Caenegem, Introduction aux Sources, pp. 411-25 (names of persons, prosopography, and biography), 426-34 (place names) and 443-49 (chronology). See also Ware in Medieval Studies, ed, Powell, pp. 252-77.
Calendar conversion software:
Denis Muzerelle, Millesimo, logiciel de chronologie médiévale. MS-DOS freeware program for converting and reconciling medieval dates, both historical and liturgical.
Medieval Calendar Calculator. Pick any year and month, with several options for style of calendar.
Medieval Calendar Utility. Calculates indictions and year according to various styles.
IV. Places and Persons
Places and Placenames:
Latin Place Names Found in the Imprints of Books Published before 1801 and Their Vernacular Equivalents (Assoc. of College and Research Libraries, Bibliographic Standards Committee).
Geodaten historischer Ortsnamen. MGH database currently drawn from Graesse (next item) that locates on a map any historical placename (you must enter an historical name, e.g., Lugdunensis rather than Lyon).
J. Graesse, Orbis Latinus Lexikon lateinischer geographischer Namen, 3 vols., 4th ed. rev. by Helmut Plechl (Braunschweig, 1972). Guide to Latin place-names, giving their variant forms and Modern German equivalents.
Biographical Reference Works, Prosopography, Personal Names:
The Rise of the Medieval World 500-1300: A Biographical Dictionary, ed. Jana K. Schulman (Westport, CN, 2002). Covers major persons and authors, with a few secondary references, mainly limited to English.
For the major national biographical dictionaries, see Medieval Latin, ed. Mantello and Rigg, p. 45.
For medieval prosopography and genealogy, see:
Ralph Mathisen, “Where are all the PDBs?: The Creation of Prosopographical Databases for the Ancient and Medieval Worlds,” in Prosopography Approaches and Applications: A Handbook, ed. K. S. B. Keats-Rohan (Oxford, 2007), pp. 95-126.
Keats-Rohan in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 1552-58.
Beech in Medieval Studies, ed, Powell, pp.185-226.
For individual countries see below under “Regions, Nations, and Cultures.”
Personennamen des Mittelalters: PMA: Ansetzungs- und Verweisungsformen gemäss den RAK, 2 vols., Regeln für die alphabetische Katalogisierung 6 (Wiesbaden, 1989). Use to identify variant forms of medieval authors’ names cited in reference works.
Julie Stampnitzky, Sources for the Study of Medieval Jewish Names: An Annotated Bibliography.
V. Nations, Regions, and Cultures
Fullest references are provided for Western Europe (esp. England). References for other global medieval cultures are limited to a few bibliographical resources as starting points. Additional references and bibliographies for Western European national histories can be found in van Caenegem, Introduction aux Sources, pp. 295-321 (collections of texts), 328-44 (guides and bibliographies), 357-361 (serial bibliographies), 408-9 (dictionaries and encyclopedias), 412-25 (prosopography and biography), 426-42 (place names and atlases), 443-49 (chronologies) and Goetz, Proseminar. See also European Historical Bibliographies and the on-line European National bibliographies via The European Library or Karlsruhe Virtual Catalog KVK, and the section “storia dei regni e delle entità politiche territoriali” in Medioevo Latino. For many European nations there are volumes in the series Historical Dictionaries of Europe, which will not be itemized here.
The database Recensio.regio: Review Platform for Regional History provides open-access reviews in historical journals. “Content Browsing” allows one to the Middle Ages or to certain centuries as well as to particular Regions and Topics.
“Byzantine Studies,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 181-240.
Michael McCormick, “Byzantium and Modern Medieval Studies,” in The Past and Future of Medieval Studies, ed. John van Engen (Notre Dame, 1994), pp. 58-72. Methodological orientation with “A Quick Reference Guide to Byzantine Studies.”
Iōannēs E. Karagiannopulos and Günter Weiß, Quellenkunde zur Geschichte von Byzanz: 324 – 1453, 2 vols., Schriften zur Geistesgeschichte des östlichen Europa (Wiesbaden, 1982).
Giorgio Vespignani, “Bibliografia dell’Italia bizantina (secoli VI-XI). Storia, società, istituzioni,” 10 (2009), 397-444.
Byzantium: Byzantine Studies on the Internet (Paul Halsall).
Bibliography on Gender in Byzantium (Dumbarton Oaks).
Byzantinische Bibliographie Online. Includes the bibliographies in Byzantinische Zeitschrift from 98 (2005).
The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, ed. A. Kazhdan et al., 3 vols. (Oxford, 2005).
A Chronology of the Byzantine Empire, ed. Timothy Venning (New York, 2006).
Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit (Berlin, 1998- ).
Archaeology, Material Culture, and Art:
Repertories and Collections of Sources:
Corpus fontium historiae byzantinae (Berlin/Vienna/Washington, D.C., 1967- ).
Medieval East Central Europe in a Comparative Perspective: From Frontier Zones to Lands in Focus, ed. Gerhard Jaritz and Katalin Szende (New York , 2016). On the historiographical and political complications involved in the regional terms “Central Europe,” “East Central Europe,” and “Eastern Europe” see the contribution by Nora Berend, “The Mirage of East Central Europe: Historical Regions in a Comparative Perspective.” The omnibus category “Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe” has been adopted here as a bibliographical convenience, with some subdivisions that reflect contemporary academic usage. To date it has not been possible to include coverage of all individual constituent nation-states or peoples of these regions.
Florin Curta, “The History and Archaeology of Early Medieval Eastern and East Central Europe (ca. 500-1500): A Bibliography,” in East Central & Eastern Europe in the Early Middle Ages, ed. Florin Curta (Ann Arbor, 2005), pp. 297-380.
Hundert Jahre Osteuropäische Geschichte: Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft, ed Dittmar Dahlmann (Stuttgart, 2005).
East Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 450-1450 (Brill series)
Quellen und Studien zur Geschichte des Östlichen Europa (Franz Steiner series)
András Róna-Tas, Hungarians and Europe in the Early Middle Ages An Introduction to Early Hungarian History, trans. Nicholas Bodoczky (Budapest, 1999).
Historische Bücherkunde Südosteuropa, ed. Mathias Bernath and Karl Nehring, Volume 1: Mittelalter, Südosteuropäische Arbeiten, 76/1-2 (Munich, 1978-80).
Florin Curta, Southeastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 500-1250 (Cambridge, 2006).
Peter F. Sugar, Southeastern Europe under Ottoman Rule, 1354-1804, A History of East Central Europe 5 (1977).
Samu Szádeczky-Kardoss, Avarica. Über Awarengeschichte und ihre Quellen (Szeged, 1986).
Samu Szádeczky-Kardoss, Az avar történelem forrásai (557-től 806-ig) [The sources of Avar history from 557 to 806] (Budapest, 1998).
Teréz Olajos, A 9. századi avar történelem görög nyelvű forrásai. [The Greek Sources for the Avar History of the Ninth Century], Szegedi Középkortörténeti Könyvtár 16, (Szeged, 2001).
Awarenforschungen. ed. Falko Daim, 2 vols., Archaeologia Austriaca Monographien 2, Studien zur Archäologie der Awaren 4 (Vienna, 1992).
Awaren in Europa. Schätze eines asiatischen Reitervolkes, 6.-8. Jh., ed. W. Meier-Arendt and B. Kürti (Frankfurt, 1985).
Marta Deyrup, “Slavic Studies,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 1253-63.
Florin Curta, The Making of the Slavs: History and Archaeology of the Lower Danube Region, A.D. 500-700 (Cambridge, 2001).
Resource Center for Medieval Slavic Studies (Ohio State Univ.)
Jutta Reisinger and Günter Sowa, Das Ethnikon Sclavi in den lateinischen Quellen bis zum Jahr 900, Glossar zur frühmittelalterlichen Geschichte im östlichen Europa, Beihefte 6 (Stuttgart, 1990).
Heinrich Kunstmann, Die Slaven: ihr Name, ihre Wanderung nach Europa und die Anfänge der russischen Geschichte in historisch-onomastischer Sicht (Stuttgart, 1996).
Jan Klapste, The Czech Lands in Medieval Transformation (Leiden, 2012).
Damatia, Croatia, Slavonia
Danijel Džino, Becoming Slav, Becoming Croat: Identity Transformations in Post-Roman and Early Medieval Dalmatia (Leiden, 2010).
John V. A. Fine Jr., When Ethnicity Did Not Matter in the Balkans: A Study of Identity in Pre-Nationalist Croatia, Dalmatia, and Slavonia in the Medieval and Early-Modern Periods (Ann Arbor MI, 2010).
Ivo Supičić, Croatia in the Early Middle Ages: A Cultural Survey (1999).
Charles J. Halperin, Russia and the Golden Horde: The Mongol Impact on Medieval Russian History (South Bend, IN, 1987).
Simon Franklin and Jonathan Shepard, The Emergence of Rus, 750-1200 (New York, 1996).
Janet Martin, Medieval Russia, 980-1584, 2nd ed. (Cambridge, 2012).
John Fennell, The Crisis of Medieval Russia 1200-1304 (London, 1983).
Robert O. Crummey, The Formation of Muscovy, 1304-1613 (New York, 1987).
Reimagining Europe: Kievan Rus’ in the Medieval World, 988-1146 (Cambridge MA, 2012).
Medieval Russia: A Source Book, 850-1700, ed. Basil Dmytryshyn, 3rd ed. (Gulf Breeze FL, 1991).
Coptic Bibliography, in CMCL Corpus dei Manoscritti Copti Letterari, dir. Tito Orlandi (by subscription only).
Edgar Graves, A Bibliography of English History to 1485 (Oxford, 1975). Well-indexed, remains useful for browsing, but the data is incorporated in the Bibliography of British and Irish History (below under Serial).
A Companion to Britain in the Later Middle Ages, ed. S. H. Rigby (Oxford, 2003). 28 essays under the headings “Economy and Society in Town and Country”; “Politics and Law”; “The Church and Piety”; “Education and Culture”. Includes a Bibliography of Secondary Sources and a subject index.
Bibliography of British and Irish History. Incorporates: Annual Bibliographies of British and Irish History (1975-2002). and Writings on British History (1901-74) ; pre-1901 material from Gross and Graves; London’s Past Online; and Writings on Irish History. A subject tree is available under Advanced search.
C. R. Cheney, Handbook of Dates for Students of English History, new ed. rev. by Michael Jones (Cambridge, 2000). Consult for regnal years, popes, dates of Easter, etc. Includes a clear and concise survey of “Reckonings of Time” (pp. 1-20). Table of Contents and Chap. 1 available as a .pdf here.
E. B. Fryde et al., Handbook of British Chronology, 3rd ed. (London, 1986). Lists dates of rulers, officers of state, bishops and archbishops, etc. Table of Contents as a .pdf here.
Royal Historical Society, National & Regional History. Guide to individual volumes published in historical series. Supplements L. C. Mullins, Texts and Calendars: An Analytical Guide to Serial Publications, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks 7 (London, 1978) ; Texts and Calendars II: An Analytical Guide to Serial Publications, 1957-1982, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks 12 (London, 1983).
Rolls Series: Rerum Britannicarum Medii Aevi Scriptores (London, 1858-96). Online index of contents. See M. D. Knowles, “Great Historical Enterprises IV. The Rolls Series,” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 11 (1961), 137-59.
English Historical Documents, gen. ed. David Douglas (Oxford, 1968- ). : vol.1. c. 500-1042, ed. D. Whitelock (2nd ed.); vol. 2. 1042-1189, ed. D. C. Douglas and G. W. Greenaway (2nd ed.); vol. 3. 1189-1327, ed. H. Rothwell; vol. 4. 1327-1485, ed. A. R. Myers. Extensive selections in translation with introductions and notes.
See also Sharpe in Medieval Latin, ed. Mantello and Rigg, pp. 230-41; see also below under each period (pre-Conquest, post-Conquest).
Lister Mathisen, “Chronicles of England and the British Isles,” Oxford Bibliographies. Covers vernacular and Latin chronicles.
Lister Matheson, “Vernacular Chronicles and Narrative Sources of History in Medieval England,” in Understanding Medieval Primary Sources, ed. Rosenthal, pp. 24-42.
Archives and Databases of Historical Sources:
The National Archives. Includes the Manorial Documents Register. See especially the Research Guides: Medieval and Early Modern History for help searching particular kinds of documents. The National Archives was formed in 2003 by merging the former Public Record Office and Historical Manuscripts Commission. One major series, the Parliament Rolls, has been publishes separately in print and CD-ROM as well as a database that requires a subscription:
The Parliament Rolls of Medieval England 1275-1504, 16 vols. and CD-ROM, gen. ed. Chris Given-Wilson (Woodbridge, 2005).
For older guides to the PRO see:
Medieval and Early Modern Sources Online. Covers English, Scottish, and Irish sources (printed and manuscript) from c.1100-1800. Searches can be limited with a date range, and limited to subsets of sources (“England” and “Medieval”; “Rolls Series”, etc.). No summary information is provided on the sources.
British History Online. Extensive collections of primary sources covering the period 1300-1800. Most content is free, though Calendars are part of Premium Content accessible by subscription only. Browse by places, subjects, periods, sources, maps, or use the full-text search function. See Using the BHO for search tips and a valuable list of External resources including on London history. See the Publications Catalogue for a full of online books and series included. Has Subject Guides to Biography, Religious History, Local History, Parliamentary History, and Urban History. Includes Parliament Rolls of Medieval England, ed. Chris Given-Wilson et al. (Woodbridge, 2005).
DEEDS: Documents of Early England Data Set. “The DEEDS corpus, as of March 2016, consisted of 44,400 medieval charters. 41,000 of the charters are in Latin. The charters are from the British Isles, France and german-speaking Europe.”
Prosopography of Medieval England:
The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 24 vols. (Oxford, 1959-60).
Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England. Contains a bibliography of Anglo-Saxon People Recorded in Select Reference Works: secular hierarchy, ecclesiastical hierarchy, miscellaneous (authors, scholars and scribes; non-Anglo-Saxons; saints; Scandinavians; testators; women).
Companion to the Early Middle Ages: Britain and Ireland, c. 500-1100, ed. Pauline Stafford (Oxford, 2009).
The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Anglo-Saxon England, 2nd ed, ed. Michael Lapidge et al. (Oxford, 2013). Comprehensive coverage; brief entries with select bibliography.
Old English Newsletter (1967- ). Summer issues include annual bibliography; Winter issues include “The Year’s Work in Old English Studies.”
Anglo-Saxon Chronicles Online (British Library; digital facsimiles of Chronicles B C D F).
Medieval England 1066-1399. (ORB bibliography).
Joel T. Rosenthal, Late Medieval England: A Bibliography of Historical Scholarship (1975-1989) (Kalamazoo, 1994). Continued by following item; both have an index of authors but not of subjects, so you must browse the appropriate sections.
Historical Dictionary of Late Medieval England, 1272-1485, ed. Ronald H. Fritze and William B. Robinson (Westport CN, 2002). Substantial entries on major persons and subjects (e.g., Friars, Monasticism, Parliament, Women) with brief but up-to-date references. Includes a general Bibliography (pp. 611-22) and a thorough subject index.
A Companion to Britain in the Later Middle Ages, ed. S. H. Rigby (Oxford, 2003). 9 28 essays with bibliographical references grouped under the headings “Economy and Society in Town and Country”; “Politics, Government and Law”; “The Church and Piety”; “Education and Culture”; includes a cumulative Bibliography of secondary sources and an index.
Guides to Sources:
G. R. Elton, England, 1200-1640 (Ithaca, 1969). Guide to primary (esp. documentary) sources, including narratives, state and church records, private materials, law, books and writings, and non-documentary sources.
Hannes Kleineke, “Sources for Representative Institutions,” in Understanding Medieval Primary Sources, ed. Rosenthal, pp. 210-24.
Philip Slavin, “The Sources for Manorial and Rural History,” in Understanding Medieval Primary Sources, ed. Rosenthal, pp. 131-48.
Public Records (“Some Notes on English Medieval Genealogy” with links and bibliography).
English Medieval Legal Documents Wiki. Requires free registration.
SHMES Bibliographie: Société des Historiens Médiévistes de l’Énseignement Supérieur Public. See especially section 11: la France–généralités et régions.
Late Medieval France (ORB Bibliography)
Tabularia. Sources écrits de la Normandie médiévale. Includes a “Chronique bibliographique” for 2000-2005.
Bibliographe annuelle de l’histoire de France (1987- ). (1987-99). See the topically-organized “Index chronologique–Moyen Age.” Online database in preparation.
Guides to sources:
R. H. Bautier, “Les sources documentaires de l’histoire de France au Moyen Âge: Recherche, publication et exploitation,” in Tendances, perspectives et méthodes de l’histoire médiévale – Actes du 100e congrès des sociétés savantes (Paris, 1977), pp. 215-48.
R. H. Bautier, “L’historiographie en France aux Xe et XIe siècles (France du Nord et de l’Est),” in La storiografia altomedievale, 2 vols., Settimane di Studio sull’alto medioevo 17 (Spoleto, 1970), II, 793-855.
See also under VII. Ancillary Disciplines–Diplomatics.
Collections of historical sources:
Les classiques de l’histoire de France au Moyen Âge, ed. L. Halphen et al. (Paris, 1932- ) ; continued as Classiques d’histoire au Moyen Âge, ed Philippe Depreux.
Repertorium Geschichtsquellen des deutschen Mittelalters. Covers narrative historical sources relating to the German-speaking realms between 750 and 1500. Materials drawn from the Repertorium fontium and updated. Includes lists of sources by Author and Text; a Thesaurus of places, keywords, textual transmission (including editions), religious houses, saints, and persons.
Dahlmann/Waitz, Quellenkunde zur deutschen Geschichte, 16 vols, 10th ed. Hermann Heimpel and Herbert Geuss (Stuttgart, 1965-1999). Bibliographical coverage through 1960, with some later references. Organized by book and section number: I.158-IV.274 cover Germanic prehistory through the late Middle Ages. Includes three volumes of indices. Use the alphabetical subject indices in vol. 12, Wegweiser, to locate the relevant book and number.
Deutschlands Geschichtsquellen im Mittelalter. In three series, with 2nd editions of certain volumes: Vorzeit und Karolinger, 6 vols., ed. W. Wattenbach, W. Levison, and H. Löwe, ; rev. ed. Frühzeit und Karolinger, 2 vols., ed. Franz Huf (Kettwig, 1991) ; Die Zeit der Sachsen und Salier, 3 vols., ed. Wattenbach and R. Holtzmann, with rev. ed. of vol. 3 by F.-J. Schmale, ; Vom Tode Heinrichs V bis zum Ende des Interregnums, ed. W. Wattenbach and F.-J. Schmale, 1 vol. to date.
John Eldevik, Medieval Germany: Research and Resources, German Historical Institute, Research Guides 21, 2006. Superb, wide-ranging, annotated.
Bayern und Franken im Frühmittelalter, by Dieter Weiß.
Alphons Lhotsky, Quellenkunde zur mittelalterlichen Geschichte Österreichs, Mitteilungen des Instituts für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung, Ergänzungsband 19 (Graz, 1963).
Jahresberichte für deutsche Geschichte, Neue Folge (Berlin, 1949- ). Comprehensive, extremely well indexed. The on-line database can be searched by keyword, author, or title and can be restricted by period (“Mittelalter”).
Bibliographie der Schweizergeschichte (Bern, 1913- ).
Repertorium Germanicum. Verzeichnis der in den Registern und Kameralakten vorkommenden Personen, Kirchen und Orte des Deutschen Reiches, seiner Diözesen und Territorien. “The Repertorium Germanicum comprises each German repertory from all Vatican register series and Cameral holdings, from the Great Schism (1378) to the Reformation (1517). To date, work has progressed until 1484.”
Collections of sources:
Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Coverage is much broader than “Germany.” For a complete list of the subseries and volumes see the Gesamtverzeichnis 2007. The website includes an Online digital facsimile of the series. Also available as a full-text Brepols database (see the User’s Guide).
James A. Grabowska, “Iberian Studies,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 678-85.
Mark T. Abate, “Islamic Spain: Al-Andalus in the Three Cultures,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 740-71.
AARHMS: The American Academy of Research Historians of Medieval Spain. Includes pages of References and Links.
Alberto Ferreiro, The Visigoths in Gaul and Spain, A.D. 418-711: A Bibliography (Leiden, 1988). . With A Supplemental Bibliography 1984-2003 (2006); and online Supplements for 2004-2006; 2007-2009; 2010-2012.
Índice Histórico Español (Barcelona, 1953- ). See the section “Edad Media.”
See also under Islamic Civilization.
CODECS: Online Database and e-Resources for Celtic Studies. (Stichting A. G. van Hamel voor Keltische Studies)
Sources: Database for Irish Research (National Library of Ireland).
Irish History Online. Database incorporates and continues material from two print serial bibliographies: Irish Historical Studies (1938-79). ; and Writings on Irish History (Dublin, 1938-2002). . Those records, but not the continuations, are also included in the Bibliography of British and Irish History (see under England).
Guides to Historical Sources:
Donnchadh Ó Corráin, Clavis Litterarum Hibernensium: Medieval Irish Books & Texts (c. 400 – c. 1600), 3 vols. (Turnhout, 2017).
James F. Kenney, Sources for the Early History of Ireland: Ecclesiastical, rev. ed. with addenda by Ludwig Bieler (New York, 1966). A monumental descriptive inventory of texts down to the Anglo-Norman invasion. A second volume on secular sources never appeared. Can be supplemented by the following:
A New History of Ireland, ed. T. W. Moody et al. (Oxford, 1982- ): vol. 1, Prehistoric and Early Ireland, ed. Dáibhí Ó Cróinín (2008); vol. 2, Medieval Ireland 1169-1534, ed. Art Cosgrove (1987) ; vol. 8, A Chronology of Irish History to 1976 (1982) ; vol. 9, Maps, Genealogies, Lists (Oxford, 1984). ; Ancillary Publications, no. 1, P. W. A. Asplin, Medieval Ireland, c. 1170-1495: A Bibliography of Secondary Works (Dublin, 1971).
Scottish Bibliographies Online (National Library of Scotland)
Index Islamicus. Covers book, articles, and reviews.
Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia, ed. Joseph W. Meri, 2 vols. (New York, 2006).
“Arabic and Islamic Studies,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 3-104.
R. Stephen Humphreys, “Eurasia and the Realm of Islam,” Journal of English and Germanic Philology 105 (2006), 44-60.
Medieval History of the Middle East (Cornell).
Bibliografia storica nazionale (Bari, 1939- ). See section E., “Storia medievale.”
Emeroteca storica italiana: Rassegna bibliografica annuale degli articoli di argomento storico pubblicati in Italia su Riviste e Atti di Convegni (1995- ). Organized alphatetically by author rather than topically; consult the index for references under the heading “Medio Evo” (subdivided into “Regioni Italiani”; “Italia”; “Paesi Europei”; “Paesi Extraeuropei”, each in turn subdivided into fifteen topical headings, e.g. “Dinasti, Popoli”; Usi, Costumi e Tradizioni”; Storia Economica e Sociale”; etc.).
Repertories and Collections of Sources:
Bibliografia Statutaria Italiana (Rome, 1985- ).
Archivio di Stato di Firenze. Includes “Mediceo avanti il Principato.”
Barbara Stevenson, “Japan, Medieval,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 749-56.
Jewish Studies Source (EBSCO)
Index to Jewish Periodicals (EBSCO)
Merhav. National Library of Israel database.
Jean Baumgarten, “Jewish Studies,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 756-70.
The Cambridge History of Judaism, vol. 4: The Late Roman-Rabbinic Period, ed.
Bibliography of Khazar Studies (1901-Present), by Kevin Alan Brook.
LATE-ANTIQUE, MEROVINGIAN, AND CAROLINGIAN EUROPE:
Realencylopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft, ed. A. G. von Pauly and G. Wissowa (Stuttgart, 1894- ). Comprised of two series (All to Quosenus, 24 vols. in 47 pts. 1894-1963; Ra to Zythos, 10 vols. in 19 pts., 1914-1972) plus a supplement (10 vols. in 19 pts., 1903-1978). For a comprehensive index see the Gesamtregister I. Alphabetischer Teil, ed. T. Erler et al. (Stuttgart, 1997). The first three volumes of Der Neue Pauly: Enzyklopädie der Antike have appeared.
Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung (Berlin, 1972- ). Extensive series of collections of essays organized chronological and thematically. There is a print index of articles up to 1996 and a searchable on-line index.
Worlds of Late Antiquity, by James O’Donnell.
Women in Late Antiquty (apart from Egypt): A Bibliography. Appendix to A Companion to Women in the Ancient World, ed. Sharon L. James and Sheila Dillon (Oxford, 2012).
Capitularia: Edition of the Frankish Capitularies. Includes a Bibliography of editions and translations, literature, and manuscript catalogues.
After Empire: Using and Not Using the Past in the Crisis of the Carolingian World, c. 900-1050. Includes a Primary Source List for the period 850-1050.
Carolingian Polyptyques. Translations of ten inventories with glossary, map, index of persons, worksheets, and bibliography.
See also under headings for particular countries and regions.
Bibliography of Belgian History (1952- ).
R. Nip, “Changing Demands, Changing Tools: A Survey of Narrative Historical Sources, Written during the Middle Ages in the Northern Low Countries,” in Medieval Narrative Sources, ed. Verbeke, pp. 1-20.
Suraiya N. Faroqhi, Approaching Ottoman History: An Introduction to the Sources (Cambridge, 1999).
Stanford J. Shaw, “Bibliography: Ottoman History to 1808,” in History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, Volume 1, Empire of the Gazis: The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire 1280–1808 (Cambridg, 1976), pp. 302-324.
Gabor Agoston and Bruce Masters, Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire (New York, 2009).
Halil Inalcik, The Ottoman Empire: The Classical Age, 1300-1600, trans. Norman Itzkowitz and Colin Imber (London, 2000).
WALES: with Ireland, above.
VI. Topical Bibliographies
The following is a small selection only. For a list of further topical bibliographies, see Medieval Latin, ed. Mantello and Rigg, pp. 27-31. In the on-line version IMB you can find topical bibliographies by entering “bibliography” in the “All Index Fields” and the subject (e.g., “monasticism”) in the “Subjects” field. Internet search-engines such as Google can also be used to locate topical bibliographies on the web; remember to search topics not only in English but also in the other major European research languages. The major Internet gateways for medieval studies also provide links to specialized bibliographies. See especially ORB’s specialized bibliographies.
Christoper Landon, “Archeology in Medieval Studies,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 104-17.
David Whitehouse, “Archaeology,” in Medieval Studies, ed. Powell, pp. 162-84.
The Archaeology of Medieval Europe, 2 vols.: 1: Eighth to Twelfth Centuries, ed. James Graham-Campbell (Aarhus, 2007); 2: Twelfth to Sixteenth Centuries, ed. Martin Carver and Jan Klápste (Aarhus, 2011).
British and Irish Archaeological Bibliography (Archaeological Data Service)
See also Whitehouse in Medieval Studies, ed. Powell, pp. 162-84.
Johannes Bernweiser, “Cities,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 187-202.
Caroline M. Barron, “The Sources for Medieval Urban History,” in Understanding Medieval Primary Sources, ed. Rosenthal, pp. 163-76.
Carol Rawcliffe, “Sources for the Study of Public Health in Medieval Cities,” in Understanding Medieval Primary Sources, ed. Rosenthal, pp. 176-95.
Elenchus fontium historiae urbanae, ed. C. van de Klieft and G. van Herwijnen, 2 vols. in 3 parts (Leiden, 1967-88). Selected primary sources; covers German, Belgian, Scandinavian, French, British and Irish urban history.
See also the section “Stadtgeschichte” in Schuler, Grundbibliographie.
Andrew Holt, “Crusades Historiography,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 369-79.
Kenneth M. Setton, gen. ed., A History of the Crusades, 6 vols. (Madison, WI, 1969-89). Full text of all six volumes, searchable and browsable, with a Select Bibliography in vol. 6, pp. 511-664.
The Crusades, by Paul Halsall.
Philipp Robinson Rössner, “Money, Banking, Economy,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 1137-76.
Jeroen Puttivils, “Medieval Merchants,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 1039-56.
Computatio, by Otto Volk. Site devoted to the history of accounting in the later Middle Ages and Early Modern period; includes a glossary and bibliography.
See also the section “Wirtschafts-und Technikgeschichte” in Schuler, Grundbibliographie.
Marilyn Sandidge, “The Forest, the River, the Mountain, the Field, and the Meadow,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 537-64.
Richard C. Hoffman, “Homo et Natura, Homo in Natura: Ecological Perspectives on the European Middle Ages,” in Engaging with Nature: Essays on the Natural World in Medieval and Early Modern Europe, ed. Barbara A. Hanawalt and Lisa J. Kiser (Notre Dame, 2008), pp. 11-38.
Michel Zink, “Nature in the Medieval World,” in Art and Nature in the Middle Ages, ed. Nicole Myers (New Haven CT, 2016), pp. 15-26.
The Environmental History Bibliography (Forest History Society).
Ecologies and Economies in Medieval and Early Modern Europe, ed. Scott G. Bruce (Leiden, 2010).
Feudalism, Warfare, Chivalry, Kingship/Queenship, Knighthood:
Scott L. Taylor, “Feudalism in Literature and Society,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 465-76.
Ben Snook, “War and Peace”; Ken Mondschein, “Weapons, Warfare, Siege Machinery, and Training in Arms,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 1735-57 and 1758-85.
John A. Geck, “Chivalry,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 1459-68.
Ken Mondschein, “Chivalry and Knighthood,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 159-71.
See also the section “Stände und Gesellschaft” in Schuler, Grundbibliographie.
See the separate bibliography on Medieval Latin Literature.
La Terre: Connaissance, représentations, mesure au moyen âge, ed. Patrick Gautier Dalché, L’Atelier du Médiéviste 13 (Turnhout, 2014).
Rudolf Simek, Heaven and Earth in the Middle Ages, trans. Angela Hall (Woodbridge, 1992).
John Kirtland Wright, Geographical Lore of the Time of the Crusades: A Study in the History of Medieval Science and Tradition in Western Europe. With a new introd. by Clarence J. Glacken (1925; repr. New York, 1965).
See also the section on Science and Technology, as well as the separate bibliographies on Medieval and Modern Manuscript Catalogues: Thematic: Medical; and Medieval Encyclopedias: Bestiaries, Lapidaries, and Herbals.
History of Science, Technology and Medicine (EBSCO database). Incorporates the Isis Current Bibliography of the History of Science, the Current Bibliography in the History of Technology, the Bibliografia Italiana di Storia della Scienza and the Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine.
Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine: Subject Catalogue of the History of Medicine and Related Sciences, 18 vols. (Munich, 1980).
Luke Demaitre, Medieval Medicine: The Art of Healing, from Head to Toe (New York, 2013).
Medieval Medicine: A Reader, ed. Faith Wallis (Toronto, 2010).
Marilyn Nicoud, Les régimes de santé au Moyen Âge: naissance et diffusion d’une écriture médicale, XIIIe-XVe siècle, 2 vols. (Rome, 2007). Table of Contents.
Western Medical Thought from Antiquity to the Middle Ages, ed. Mirko D. Grmek (Cambridge, MA, 1999).
Sheila Campbell, Bert Hall, David Klauser, Health, Disease, and Healing in Medieval Culture (New York, 1991).
Katharine Park, “Medicine and Society in Medieval Europe,” in Medicine in Society: Historical Essays, ed. A. Wear (Cambridge, 1992), pp. 59-90.
Monica H. Green, Making Women’s Medicine Masculine: The Rise of Male Authority in Pre-Modern Gynaecology (Oxford, 2008).
Carol Rawcliffe, “Sources for the Study of Public Health in Medieval Cities,” in Understanding Medieval Primary Sources, ed. Rosenthal, pp. 176-95.
The Prose Salernitan Questions: Edited from a Bodleian Manuscript (Auct. F. 3.10): An Anonymous Collection dealing with Science and Medicine written by an Englishman c1200, with an Appendix of Ten Related Collections, ed. Brian Lawn, Auctores Britannici Medii Aevi 5 (London, 1979).
Faye Getz, Medicine in the English Middle Ages (Princeton, 1998).
Tony Hunt, Popular Medicine in Thirteenth-Century England: Introduction and Texts, (Cambridge, 1990).
Edward J. Kealey, Medieval Medicus: A Social Hstory of Anglo-Norman Medicine (Baltimore, 1981).
Cornelius O’Boyle, The Art of Medicine: Medical Teaching at the University of Paris, 1250-1400, Education and Society in the Middle Ages and Renaissance 9 (Leiden, 1998).
Wounds and Wound Repair in Medieval Culture, Explorations in Medieval Culture 1, ed. Larissa Tracy and Kelly DeVries (Leiden, 2015).
Peregrine Horden, Hospitals and Healing from Antiquity to the Later Middle Ages, Variorum Collected Studies Series (Aldershot, 2008).
Barbara S. Bowers, The Medieval Hospital and Medical Practice, AVISTA Studies in the History of Medieval Technology, Science and Art 3( Aldershot, 2007).
Christian Schulze, “Alphabetischer Gesamtüberblick über die antiken christlichen Ärzte,” in Schulze, Medizin und Christentum in Spätantike und frühem Mittelalter: christliche Ärzte und ihr Wirken (Tübingen, 2005), pp. 235-40.
Robert S. Gottfried, Doctors and Medicine in Medieval England, 1340-1530 (Princeton, 1986).
(for Canon Law see Medieval Ecclesiastical History and Sources):
See the following fascicles in the series Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental: 6. P. Godding, La jurisprudence (1973) ; 3. L. Genicot, Les actes publics (1972) ; 22. L. Genicot, La loi (1977) . See also G. Giordangengo in Berlioz, Identifier sources, pp. 121-76, and the section “Recht und Verfassung im Mittelalter” in Schuler, Grundbibliographie.
Scott L Taylor, “Law in the Middle Ages”; Hiriam Kümper, “Legal Texts”; and Edward D. English, “Notarial Literature,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 771-88, 1878-81, and 1950-56.
Scott L. Taylor, “Law in Literature and Society,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 836-63.
Kenneth Pennington, “Medieval Law,” in Medieval Studies ed. Powell, pp. 333-52.
Kenneth Pennington, “Roman and Secular Law,” in Medieval Latin, ed. Mantello and Rigg, pp. 254-67.
Manuscripta juridica (G. R. Dolazalek)
Vocabulary of Roman Law:
Early Medieval Law
Biblioteca legum: Eine Handschriftendatenbank zum weltlichen Recht im Frankreich. Covers Carolingian secular law.
Catalogo della raccolta di statuti, consuetudini, leggi, decreti, ordini et privilegi dei comuni, delle associazioni e degli enti locali italiani dal medioevo alla fine del secolo XVIII, 6 vols., ed. C. Chelazzi (Rome, 1942-63).
Material Culture and Daily Life:
Valerie L. Garver, “Everyday Life in Medieval Studies,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 525-40.
Mark Cruse, “Material Culture,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 836-50.
Gerhard Jaritz, “Daily Life,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 301-13.
Institut für Realienkunde des Mittelalters und der frühen Neuzeit. Includes REAL: An Image Database for the History of Everyday Life and Material Culture of the Middle Ages. Go to the Digitales Bildarchiv and select a main search criterion (Standorte; Künstler; Bildthema; Historische Orte; Orte; Handlungen; Personennamen; Standesbezeichnungen; Gestik; Kleidung; Materielle Objekte) to get an alphabetical list of search terms.
See also the sections “Sachkultur/Kulturgeschichte” in Schuler, Grundbibliographie.
Nancy Phillips, “Music,” in Medieval Latin, ed. Mantello and Rigg, pp. 296-307.
James Sychowicz, “Music in Medieval Studies,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 931-39.
Karl Kügel, “Conceptualizing and Experiencing Music in the Middle Ages (ca. 500-1500),” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 1184-1204.
See also Karp in Powell, Medieval Studies, pp. 401-32.
Stephen Penn, “Philosophy in Medieval Studies,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 1090-1111.
A Companion to Philosophy in the Middle Ages, ed. Jorge J. E. Gracia and Timothy B. Noone (Oxford, 2003). Includes essays on major periods, the School of Chartres, Religious Orders, Scholasticism, and the Condemnations of 1270 and 1277, and entries on medieval philosophers from Adam of Wodeham to William of Ware.
The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Logic, ed. Catarina Dutilh Novaes and Stephen Read (Cambridge, 2016).
See also Synan in Powell, Medieval Studies, pp. 353-76.
Maria E. Dorninger, “Travelogues,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 2102-18.
Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage, ed. Larissa J. Taylor et al. (Leiden, 2009). Included in Brill’s Medieval Reference Library Online
History of Science, Technology and Medicine (EBSCO database). Incorporates the Isis Current Bibliography of the History of Science, theCurrent Bibliography in the History of Technology, the Bibliografia Italiana di Storia della Scienza and the Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine.
Technology and Culture, Includes annually a “Current Bibliography in the History of Technology.” For electronic access to recent issues via JSTOR, select a volume, then select the “Supplement (Current Bibliography)” issue.
Edward Grant, “Medieval Science and Natural Philosophy,” in Powell, Medieval Studies, pp. 353-75.
Carrie Griffin, “Scientific Texts,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 2069-77.
For catalogues of medieval scientific manuscripts, see the separate bibliography on Medieval and Modern Manuscript Catalogues.
See sections E and F in Medieval Latin, ed. Mantello and Rigg for essays and bibliography on specific sciences and crafts, and the separate bibliography on Medieval Encyclopedias, Bestiaries, Lapidaries, and Herbals. See also the chapters on “Astrology, Alchemy, and other Occult Sciences” and “Astronomy”; in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 102-19 and 120-33.
Harry Kitsikopoulos, “Social and Economic Theory in Medieval Studies”; “Social History in Medieval Studies,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 1270-1305.
J. E. Boswell, The Kindness of Strangers. The Abandonment of Children in Western Europe from Late Antiquity to the Renaissance (New York, 1988).
See also the section “Sozial-und Bevölkerungsgeschichte” in Schuler, Grundbibliographie.
Graham Dunphy, “The Medieval University,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 1705-34.
Edwin Stark and Erich Hassinger, Bibliographie zur Universitätsgeschichte. Verzeichnis der im Gebiet der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1945-1971 veröffentlichten Literatur, Freiburger Beiträge zur Wissenschafts- und Universitätsgeschichte, 1 (Freiburg, 1974).
Olga Weijers, Terminologie des universités au XIIIe siècle (Rome, 1987).
Manuels, programmes de cours et techniques d’enseignement dans l’universités médiévales, ed. Jacqueline Hamesse (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1994).
A History of the University in Europe, vol. 1: Universities in the Middle Ages, ed. H. de Ridder-Symoens (Cambridge, 1992).
H. Rashdall, The Universities in Medieval Europe, 3 vols., ed. F. M. Powicke and A. B. Emden (Oxford, 1936).
Olaf Pedersen, The First Universities: studium generale and the Origins of University Education in Europe (Cambridge, 1997).
Gordon Leff, Paris and Oxford Universities in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries (New York, 1968).
William Courtenay, Schools and Scholars in Fourteenth-Century England (Princeton, 1987).
William Courtenay, Parisian Scholars in the Early Fourteenth-Century: A Social Portrait (Cambridge, 2004).
Hiram Kümper, “Gender Studies,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 594-602; Barbara Stevenson, “Feminism,” pp. 540-50; Daniel F. Pigg, “Masculinity Studies,” pp. 829-36; Forrest C. Helvie, “Queer Studies,” 1142-55.
Albrecht Classen, “Love, Sex, and Marriage,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 901-36.
Katherine L. French, “Medieval Women’s History: Sources and Issues,” in Understanding Medieval Primary Sources, ed. Rosenthal, pp. 196-209.
Lucy Frey et al., Women in Western European History: A Select Chronological, Geographical, and Topical Bibliography from Antiquity to the French Revolution, 2 vols. (Westport, CT, 1982). Has subject, name, and author indices.
Ariadne. Austrian National Library site for research on women and gender. Includes a bibliography and searchable databank.
Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index (Medieval Feminist Index). Searchable database; covers 450 journals and essay collections, excludes monographs.
Monastic Matrix: A Scholarly Resource for the Study of Women’s Religious Communities from 400 to 1600 CE. Includes a superb Bibliographia, searchable and browsable.
Bibliography on Gender in Byzantium (Dumbarton Oaks).
Bibliography of Works by and about Women Writers of the Middle Ages, by Paul Halsall.
VII. Ancillary Disciplines
Bernard Merdrignac and André Chédeville, Les Sciences annexes en histoire du Moyen âge (Rennes, 1998). Covers chronology, archaeology, numismatics, paleography, diplomatics, sigillography, heraldry, genealogy, and onomastics. The bibliography is heavily oriented towards works in French.
Theo Kölzer, “Diplomatics,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 405-24.
Leonard Boyle, “Diplomatics,” in Medieval Studies, ed. Powell, pp. 82-113.
Richard Sharpe, “Charters, Deeds, and Diplomatics,” in Medieval Latin, ed. Mantello and Rigg, pp. 230-41.
Actes des congrès de la Commission internationale de diplomatique (École nationale des chartes). Includes volumes on many genres of documentary sources, some of which are online, for example:
For records and charters in medieval England, see:
Pragmatic Literacy, East and West 1200-1330, ed. Richard Britnell (Cambridge, 1997). Includes contributions on non-literary records in medieval Europe, with a particular focus on medieval England (English government, estate, town, and ecclesiastical records for the period 1250-1330).
Walter Koch, “Epigraphy,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 489-506.
François Bérard et al., Guide de l’épigraphiste. Bibliographie choisie des épigraphies antiques et médiévales, 3rd ed., Guides et inventaires bibliographiques de la Bibliothèque del’École normale supérieure, 6 (Paris, 2000).
Literaturbericht zur mittelalterlichen und neuzeitlichen Epigraphik (1976-1984); (1985-1991); (1992-1997), ed. Walter Koch, Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Hilfsmittel 11, 14, 19 (Munich, 1987, 1994, 2000). ; ; Discursive critical review of the literature by various hands, with author index and very detailed subject index. Conceives “Epigraphik” broadly; the subject index includes articulated entries for imagery (“Darstellungen”), iconography, dating, etc.
Epigraphica europa. Includes a bibliographical database, with guest log-in.
Manuscripts and Palaeography:
[For more detailed references on manuscript studies, see the separate bibliographies on Medieval Research; Medieval and Modern Manuscript Catalogues; and Medieval Manuscripts in Microform and Facsimile.]
Scott Gwara, “Medieval Manuscripts,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 999-1019.
Electronic Palaeography: A New Bibliographical Website, by Fabio Troncarelli. In-progress updating of Boyle’s Medieval Latin Palaeography.
Bibliographie de paléographie, by Marc Smith.
Scriptorium (“Bulletin Codicologique”) (1946- ). Use the on-line version to search for bibliography on a particular manuscript.
Historische Hilfswissenschaften: Handschriftenkunde/Kodikologie. Probably the best and most comprehensive site.
Manuscripta Mediaevalia, Universität Marburg.
Rory Naismith, “Numismatics”; “Numismatic Literature,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 1007-23; 1956-63.
Rory Naismith, “Numismatics,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, pp. 1261-80.
Philip Grierson, “Numismatics,” in Powell, Medieval Studies, pp. 114-61.
Medieval European Coinage, gen. ed. Elina Screen (Cambridge, 2007- ).
Medieval Numismatic References, by Robert Wilson Hope (.pdf file).
For other ancillary disciplines (sigillography, heraldry, metrology, etc.) consult the bibliographical manuals on medieval history listed in section I above and the relevant essays in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, including: Hieko Hartmann, “Heraldry,” pp. 619-24; Ulrich Müller, “Metrology,” pp. 836-50.
Charles D. Wright: email@example.com
Last updated 1/19