I.  Bibliographies

II.  Encyclopedias and Dictionaries

III.  Repertories

IV.  Catalogues of Manuscripts

V.  Introductions, Guides, and Handbooks

VI.  Histories and Surveys

VII.  Collections of Essays

VIII.  Regions and Countries

VIII.  Studies

IX.  Series

X.  Journals

XI.  Websites

XII.  Collections of Texts (Vitae)

XIV.  Other Genres

XV.  Relics and Reliquaries

XVI.  Iconography of the Saints

XVII.  Miracles

XVIII.  Hagiographical Themes and Motifs

Note: The focus here is on hagiographical genres rather than on saints’ cults and sanctity, though some essential references are supplied on those topics. Many of the reference works listed in the separate bibliographies on General Bibliographies, Reference Works, and Online ResourcesMedieval Christianity and Ecclesiastical Sources, and Medieval Latin Literature will also be relevant, but are not repeated here.

I.  Bibliographies


Umberto Longo, La santità medievale , Il timone bibliografico 1 (Rome, 2006). Classified “Bibliografia,” pp. 77-264, with over 2,500 items and with indices of Saints, Places, and Persons (pp. 265-78) and Modern Authors (pp. 279-94).

Thomas Head, Hagiography (Arlima). Splendid on-line resource with extensive general and specialized bibliographies. Includes:

Anne-Marie Bultot-Verleysen, L’hagiographie médiolatine (5e-15e s.) (Ménestrel)

David Townsend, “Hagiography,” in Medieval Latin: An Introduction and Bibliographical Guide, ed. F. A. C. Mantello and A. G. Rigg (Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 618-28.

Jacques Berlioz et al., Identifier sources et citations, L’Atelier du médiéviste 1 (Turnhout, 1994), pp. 191-200.

John Howe, List of Lives. Bibliography of Vitae. Especially valuable for its sections “Geographically Organized Lists” (Benelux; East Central Europs; France; Germany; Greece et al.; Italy; Near East; Scandinavia; Spain & Portugal; UK & Ireland) and “Topical” (Apostles; Martyrs; Bishops; Monks & Canons; Mendicants; Kings & Queens; Lay Saints; Holy Women; Papally Canonized).

Stephen Wilson, “Annotated Bibliography,” in Saints and Their Cults, ed. Stephen Wilson (Cambridge, 1983), pp. 309-417.  The focus is on aspects of cult rather than on vitae, but the coverage is broad. Topically organized.

See also the extensive bibliographies in Aigrain, L’Hagiographie, and  Vauchez, Sainthood in the Later Middle Ages.


Analecta Bollandiana (1882- ). See the annual “Bulletin des publications hagiographiques.” Older issues available on archive.org.

“Bibliografia agiografica,” in Sanctorum (2010- ).

Medioevo Latino (1980- ). References are listed alphabetically by (Latin) name of saint in part I, “Autore e Testi,” under the heading “Vitae”; beginning with vol. XXII, the “Vitae” entries were moved to the section “Forme e generi de testi: Agiografia.” Available as an online database in the Mirabile Agiographica Database (see below).


Agiographica Database (Mirabile). Allows searching by name of saint, author, text (title or incipit), manuscript, and bibliography. Selecting “Bibliografia > Sigla bibliografia” generates an alphabetized list of over 1,000 records, including “BHL” records referring to entries in the Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina.

Hagiography Society Ongoing Bibliography. Allows searching by Type, Language, Subject, Geography.

Bibliographies of Individual Scholars:

Hippolyte Delehaye: Bernard Joassart, Hippolyte Delehaye. Hagiographie critique et modernisme, 2 vols., Subsidia hagiographica, 81 (Brussels, 2000); P. Peeters, “Le R. P. Hippolyte Delehaye,” Analecta Bollandiana 60 (1942), i-lii.

François De Vriendt

Sofia Boesch Gajano, “Bibliografia di Sofia Boesch Gajano,” in Monaci, ebrei, santi: studi per Sofia Boesch Gajano. Atti delle giornate di studio “Sophia kai historia”, Roma, 17-19 febbraio 2005, ed. Antonio Volpato (Roma, 2008), pp. 33-47.

Robert Godding

Gábor Klaniczay

Xavier Lequeux

Guy Philippart, “Publications de Guy Philippart,” in “Scribere sanctorum gesta”: recueil d’études d’hagiographie médiévale offert à Guy Philippart, ed. Étienne Renard (Turnhout, 2005), pp. 27-35.

Surveys of Scholarship:

Thomas Head, “Introduction,” in Medieval Hagiography: An Anthology, ed. Thomas Head (New York, 2000), 

Francesco Scorza Barcellona, “Les études hagiographiques au 20e siècle: bilan et perspectives,” Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique 95 (2000), 17-33.

Gli studi agiografici sul medioevo in Europa (1968-1998), ed. Emore Paoli, Quaderni di Hagiografica 1 (Florence, 2000).

II.  Encyclopedias and Dictionaries

The standard ecclesiastical encyclopedias are also valuable for all aspects of hagiography; see the separate bibliography on Medieval Christianity and Ecclesiastical Sources.

Histoire des saints et de la sainteté chrétienne, 11 vols., ed. Francesco Chiavaro et al. (Paris, 1986-88). . Organized chronologically. Volumes 1-7 cover through the year 1545.

Bibliotheca Sanctorum, ed. Iosepho Vizzini et al., 12 vols. and Index (Rome, 1961-70); Supplement, 1987. .

Il grande libro dei santi. Dizionario enciclopedico, 3 vols., ed. Claudio Leonardi et al., 2nd ed. (Turin, 2002).

Vies des saints et des bienheureux selon l’ordre du calendrier: avec l’historique des fêtes, ed. Jules Baudot, Paul Antin, and Jacques Dubois, 13 vols. (Paris, 1935-59).

The Book of Saints: A Dictionary of Persons Canonized or Beatified by the Catholic Church. Compiled by the Benedictine monks of St. Augustine’s Abbey, Ramsgate, 5th ed. (New York, 1966).

Donald Attwater with Catherine Rachel John, The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, 3rd ed (Harmondsworth, 1995). . The most convenient single-volume quick reference in English; appendix gives calendar of saints’ feast-days.

David Hugh Farmer, The Oxford Dictionary of Saints, 4th ed. (Oxford, 1997). Includes mainly saints from the British Isles and saints culted in Britain; includes calendar of feast-days.

Lexikon der Heiligen und der Heiligenverehrung, ed. Bruno Steiner and Thomas Wetzstein (Freiburg, 2003).

Louis Goosen, Dizionario dei santi: storia, letteratura, arte e musica (Milan, 2000).

F. G. Holweck, A Biographical Dictionary of the Saints, with a Genera Introduction on Hagiology (New York, 1924). .

Paul Halsall, Internet Medieval Source Book. Saints’ Lives

Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon

The following major biographical dictionaries include entries on saints:

Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon, 14 vols., ed. Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz (Herzberg, 1970-98). . The on-line version is incomplete.

Henry Wace et al., ed., A Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature to the End of the Sixth Century A.D., 2 vols. (London, 1911). 

III.  Repertories

By Language:

Bibliotheca hagiographica latina antiquae et mediae aetatis, 2 vols. Subsidia hagiographica 6 (Brussels, 1898-1901)[BHL].  Vol. 1; Vol. 2. With a Supplément, Subsidia hagiographica 12 (Brussels, 1911) ; and a Novum Supplementum, ed. Henryk Fros, Subsidia hagiographica 70 (Brussels, 1986). ; no. 12; no. 70. See also Henryk Fros, “Inédits non recensés dans la BHL,” Analecta Bollandiana 102 (1984), 163-96355-80 Now incorporated into the online database Clavis Clavium (beta version).

Michel Trigalet et al., Index analytique des Catalogues de manuscrits hagiographiques latins publiés par la Société des Bollandistes. Use to establish the dossier of a saint by name, search for a hagiographical text by its BHL number, and to locate catalogue references for the hagiographical manuscript holdings of selected major libraries.

See also the major repertories of medieval Latin texts listed in the separate bibliography on Medieval Latin Literature.

Greek (Byzantine):

François Halkin, Bibliotheca hagiographica graeca, 3rd ed., Subsidia hagiographica 8A, 3 vols. (Brussels, 1957) [BHG]: Halkin, Auctarium Bibliothecae hagiographicae graecae, Subsidia hagiographica 47 (Brussels, 1969) HalkinNovum auctarium Bibliotheca hagiographicae graecae, Subsidia hagiographica 65 (Brussels, 1984).


Bibliotheca hagiographica orientalis, ed. Paul Peeters, Subsidia hagiographica 10 (Brussels, 1910).

For specific Eastern countries see VIII. Regions and Countries.

European Vernaculars:

For specific European vernaculars see VIII. Regions and Countries.

See Hagiographies, ed. Philippart and Goullet, which covers vernacular as well as Latin saints’ lives.

Thomas Head, “A Guide to Late Antique and Medieval Hagiography,” 1/5: Guides to hagiographic sources in vernacular languages.”

Robert Godding, “Bibliotheca hagiographica vulgaris. Revues et sociétés d’hagiographie. De l’ancien et du nouveau,” Analecta Bollandiana, 113 (1995), 151-54. 

By Order:

Innocenzo Venchi, Catalogus hagiographicus Ordinis Praedicatorum, 2nd ed., ed. F. M. Ricci (Rome, 2001). 

Thomas Head, “The Mendicant Orders and Sanctity in the Thirteenth Century: A Bibliography”

By Period:

Eligius Dekkers, Clavis Patrum Latinorum, 3rd ed., Corpus Christianorum (Steenbrugge, 1995).  For Latin vitae up to the time of Bede see pp. 675-717.

Roger Gryson, Répertoire généraldes auteurs ecclésiastiques latins de l’antiquité et du haut moyen âge, 2 vols., Vetus Latina I/1 (Freiburg, 2007). Lists saints’ lives up to c. 800 under the alphabetical heading A-SS.

Gustave Bardy et al., “Biographies spirituelles,” in Dictionnaire de spiritualité, ascétique et mystique, ed. M. Villier et al. (Paris, 1932-95), I, 1646-78. Chronological listing by century, with topical subdivisions (e.g. by religious order).

Pierre-André Sigal, “Le travail des hagiographes au XI et XIIe siècles: sources d’information et méthodes de rédaction,” Francia 25 (1987-88), 149-82.

IV.  Catalogues of Manuscripts

To keep up to date, consult the annual “Catalogues de manuscrits latins: Inventaire hagiographique” in Analecta Bollandiana as well as the section “Catalogi di manoscritti” in Medioevo Latino. Manuscripts of individual texts can be located via the Bollandists’ website (below under Websites). For legendaries, passionaries, and martyrologies, see below. See also the separate bibliography on Medieval and Modern Manuscript Catalogues; indices of print catalogues usually include names of saints, and online catalogues can be searched by saints’ names.


Agiographica Database (Mirabile). Can be searched by manuscript; selecting “Manoscritti” calls up a list of almost 1,500 hagiographical manuscripts.

Géographie et chronologie de l’hagiographie latine / Catalogues de manuscrits hagiographiques (“Légendiers latins”). In progress.

Paul Oskar Kristeller, Latin Manuscript Books before 1600. A List of Printed Catalogues and Unpublished Inventories of Extant Collections, 4th rev. ed. by Sigrid Krämer, Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Hilfsmittel 13 (Munich, 1993), pp. 24-27, lists catalogues published in Analecta Bollandiana. Revised Digital Edition (2016).

Lidia Perria, I manoscritti citati da Albert Ehrhard: Indice di A. Ehrhard, Überlieferung und Bestand der hagiographischen und homiletischen Literatur der griechischen Kirche, I-III, Leipzig-Berlin 1937-1952 (Rome, 1979).

By Period:

Wilhelm Levison, “Conspectus codicum hagiographorum,” in Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores rerum Merovingicarum 7 (1920), pp. 529-706.

Jean-Claude Poulin, “Les libelli dans l’édition hagiographique avant le XIIe siècle,” Beihefte der Francia 63 (2006), 15-193. Inventories 314 hagiographical booklets.

Bernhard Vogel, “Hagiographische Handschriften im 12. Jahrhundert,” in Europa an der Wende vom 11. zum 12. Jahrhundert. Beiträge zu Ehren von Werner Goetz, ed. Klaus Herbert (Stuttgart, 2001), pp. 207-16.

François Dolbeau, “Les sources manuscrites des Acta Sanctorum et leur collecte (XVIIe-XVIIIe siècles),” in De Rosweyde aux Acta Sanctorum. La recherche hagiographique des Bollandistes à travers quatre siècles. Actes du Colloque international (Bruxelles, 5 octobre 2007), ed. Robert Godding et al., Subsidia Hagiographical 88 (Brussels, 2009), pp. 105-47.

By Library:

For a list of published catalogues by city and library see Dubois and Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes, pp. 27-32.

Catalogus codicum hagiographicorum Bibliothecae Regiae Bruxellensis: Pars I. Codices Latini membranei, 2 vols. Subsidia hagiographica 1 (Brussels, 1886-1889). 

Catalogus codicum hagiographicorum latinorum antiquiorum saeculo XVI qui asservantur in Bibliotheca nationali Parisiensi, 3 vols., Subsidia Hagiographica 2 (Brussels, 1889-1893). . Vol. 1; Vol. 2; Vol. 3; Indices.

Albert PonceletCatalogus codicum hagiographicorum latinorum bibliothecarum romanarum praeter quam Vaticanae, Subsidia hagiographica 9 (Brussels, 1909). 

Albert PonceletCatalogus codicum hagiographicorum latinorum Bibliothecae Vaticanae, Subsidia hagiographica 11 (Brussels, 1910). 

Antonella Mazzon, Manoscritti agiografici latini conservati a Padova: Biblioteche Antoniana, Civica e Universitaria, Quaderni di Hagiographica 2 (Florence, 2003).

Rossana E. Guglielmetti, I testi agiografici latini nei codice della Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Quaderni di Hagiographica 5 (Florence, 2007).

V.  Introductions, Guides, and Handbooks

René Aigrain, L’Hagiographie: ses sources, ses méthodes, son histoire, new ed. by Robert Godding, Subsidia hagiographica 80 (Brussels, 2000). . Includes a new “Complément bibliographique” by Robert Godding, pp. 389-490.

Les saints et l’histoire: Sources hagiographiques du haut Moyen Age, ed. Anne Wagner (Rosny-sous-Bois, 2004). Includes a “Bibliographie générale,” pp. 23-28.

Jacques Dubois and Jean-Loup Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes de l’hagiographie médiévale (Paris, 1993).

Agiografia altomedioevale, ed. Sofia Boesch Gajano (Bologna, 1976). . Includes Gajano‘s “Indicazioni bibliographiche per ulteriori approfondimenti,” pp. 259-300.

Réginald Grégoire, Manuale di agiologia: Introduzione alla letteratura agiographica, 2nd ed. (Fabriano, 1996).

Andrew Louth, “Hagiography,” in The Cambridge History of Early Christian Literature, ed. Frances Young, Lewis Ayres, and Andrew Louth (Cambridge, 2004), pp. 358-61bibliographies at pp. 495-530

VI.  Histories and Surveys

Hagiographies. Histoire internationale de la littérature hagiographique, latine et vernaculaire en l’Occident des origines à 1550, gen. ed. Guy Philippart and Monique Goullet, 7 vols. to date (Turnhout, 1994- ).  . See the associated website, Hagiographies. Organized geographically; individual contributions are listed separately under VIII. Regions and Countries.

Robert Bartlett, Why Can the Dead Do Such Great Things?: Saints and Worshippers from the Martyrs to the Reformation (Princeton, 2013).

Walter Berschin, Biographie und Epochenstil im lateinischen Mittelalter, 4 vols. (Stuttgart, 1986-99).

Patrick GearyLiving with the Dead in the Middle Ages (Ithaca, 1994).

Sofia Boesch Gajano, “L’agiografia,” in Morfologie sociali e culturali in Europa fra tarda antichità e alto Medioevo, Settimane di studio del Centro italiano di studi sull’alto Medioevo 45 (Spoleto, 1998), pp. 797-843.

Thomas J. Heffernan, Sacred Biography: Saints and Their Biographies in the Middle Ages (New York, 1988). 

Medieval Hagiography: An Anthology, ed. Thomas Head (New York, 2000).

Barbara Abou-el-Haj, The Medieval Cult of Saints: Formations and Transformations (Binghamton NY, 1993).

Hippolyte Delehaye, The Legends of the Saints, trans. Donald Attwater (New York, 1962). The 1907 trans. by V. M. Crawford is available on-line.

Hippolyte Delehaye, Cinq leçons sur la méthode hagiographique, Subsidia hagiographica 21 (Brussels, 1934 and 1968).

By Period:

Peter Brown, The Cult of the Saints: Its Rise and Function in Latin Christianity (Chicago, 1981).

Peter Brown, Society and the Holy in Late Antiquity (Chicago, 1982).

Guy Philippart with Michel Trigalet, “Latin Hagiography before the Ninth Century: A Synoptic View,” in The Long Morning of Medieval Europe: New Directions in Early Medieval Studies, ed. Jennifer R. Davis and Michael McCormick (London, 2008), pp. 111-29.

James T. Palmer, Early Medieval Hagiography (Amsterdam, 2018).

Thomas Head and Thomas F. X. Noble, Soldiers of Christ: Saints and Saints’ Lives from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (University Park PA, 1995).

Jamie KreinerThe Social Life of Hagiography in the Merovingian Kingdom, Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought, 4th ser. 96 (Cambridge, 2016).

L’hagiographie mérovingienne à travers ses réécritures, ed. Monique Goullet, Martin Heinzelmann, and Christiane Veyrard-Cosme (Paris, 2010).

Marc Van Uytfanghe, Stylisation biblique et condition humaine dans l’hagiographie mérovingienne (600–750) (Brussels, 1987).

Frantisek Graus, Volk, Herrscher und Heiliger im Reich der Merowinger: Studien zur Hagiographie der Merowingerzeit (Prague, 1965).

Alan Thacker and Richard Sharpe, Local Saints and Local Churches in the Early Medieval West (Oxford, 2002).

A. K. Bosworth, “Learning from the Saints: Ninth‐Century Hagiography and the Carolingian Renaissance,” History Compass 8 (2010), 1055-66.

Michael Goodich, Vita Perfecta: The Ideal of Sainthood in the Thirteenth Century (Stuttgart, 1982).

Richard KieckheferUnquiet Souls: Fourteenth-Century Saints and Their Religious Milieu (Chicago, 1984).

André Vauchez, Sainthood in the Later Middle Ages, trans. Jean Birrell (Cambridge, 1987).

VII.  Collections of Essays

Multiple Authors:

La société au miroir du discours hagiographique, special issue of Cahiers d’histoire 34 (2016), ed, Philippe Genequand and Véronique Olivier.

Heiligenverehrung und Namengebung, ed. Kathrin Dräger, Fabian Fahlbusch, and Damaris Nübling (Berlin, 2016).

Forme e modelli della santità in Occidente dal Tardo antico al Medioevo, ed. Massimiliano Bassetti, Antonella Degl’Innocenti, and Enrico Menestò (Spoleto, 2012).

“Scribere sanctorum gesta”: recueil d’études d’hagiographie médiévale offert à Guy Philippart, ed. Étienne Renard (Turnhout, 2005).

La réécriture hagiographique dans l’Occident médiéval.: Transformations formelles et idéologiques, ed. Monique Goullet and Martin Heinzelmann, Beihefte der Francia 58 (Sigmaringen, 2003).

Hagiographie im Kontext: Wirkungsweisen und Möglichkeiten historischer Auswertung, ed. Dieter R. Bauer and Klaus Herbers, Beiträge zur Hagiographie 1 (Stuttgart, 2000).

Santità, culti, agiografia: Temi e prospettive. Atti dell 1 Convegno di studio dell’Associazione italiana per lo studio della santità, dei culti e dell’agiografia, Roma, 24-26 ottobre 1996, ed. Sofia Boesch Gajano (Rome, 1997).

Images of Sainthood in Medieval Europe, ed. Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski and Timea K. Szell (Ithaca NY, 1991).

Les Fonctions des saints dans le monde occidental (IIIe-XIIIe siècle): actes du colloque organisé par l’Ecole française de Rome avec le concours de l’Université de Rome “La Sapienza”; Rome, 27-29 octobre 1988 (Rome, 1991).

Hagiographie, cultures et sociétés IVe-XIIe siècles. Actes du colloque organisé à Nanterre et à Paris, 2-5 mai 1979 (Paris, 1981).

Single Authors:

Baudoiun de Gaiffier, Études critiques d’hagiographie et d’iconologie, Subsidia hagiographica 43 (Brussels, 1967).

Martin Heinzelmann, Manuscrits hagiographiques et travail des hagiographes, Beihefte zur Francia 24 (Sigmaringen, 1992).

Claudio Leonardi, Agiografia medievali, ed. Antonella Degl’Innocenti and Francesco Santi, Millennio Medievale 89, Strumenti e Studi 28 (Florence, 2011).

VIII.  Regions and Countries

Much hagiography is local, and many specialized studies focus on the saints culted in particular locales. Here it is possible only to list repertories devoted to entire countries or major regions. For fuller listings see Howe, List of Lives. The relevant chapters in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart and Goullet are itemized below.



Paul Halsall, “The Byzantine Saint: A Bibliography” (2005).

Christian Høgel, “Literary Aspects of Greek Byzantine Hagiography: A Bibliographical Survey,” Symbolae Osloenses 72 (1997), 164-71.


Hagiography Database (Dumbarton Oaks)

Survey of Translations of Byzantine Saints’ Lives Listed Alphabetically (Dumbarton Oaks)


Hagiographie & liturgie (BHGms)

Les manuscrits hagiographiques grecs des Bollandistes

Introductions, Guides, and Handbooks:

The Ashgate Research Companion to Byzantine Hagiography, 2 vols., ed. Stephanos Efthymiadis (Burlington VT, 2011-14). Vol. 1: Periods and Places; Vol. 2: Genres

Collections of Essays:

Multiple Authors:

Byzantine Hagiography: Texts, Themes and Projects, ed. Antonio Rigo, Michele Trizio, and Eleftherios Despotakis Byzantioς: Studies in Byzantine History and Civilization 13 (Turnhout, 2018). See especially Bernard Flusin, L’hagiographie byzantine et la recherche: tendances actuelles,” and Xavier Lequeux, “La Bibliotheca Hagiographica Graeca: origine, développements et mise à jour.”

The Byzantine Saint, ed. Sergei Hackel, University of Birmingham Fourteenth Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies (London, 1981).

Single Authors:

Stephanos Efthymiadis, Hagiography in Byzantium: Literature, Social History and Cult (Farnham, Surrey, 2011).

Nancy Patterson ŠevčenkoThe Celebration of the Saints in Byzantine Art and Liturgy, Variorum Collected Studies (Farnham, Surrey, 2013).


Thomas Pratsch, Der hagiographische Topos: Griechische Heiligenviten in mittelbyzantinischer Zeit, Millennium-Studien 6 (Berlin, 2005).

Celtic Regions:


Michael Lapidge and Richard Sharpe, A Bibliography of Celtic-Latin Literature 400-1200, Royal Irish Academy Dictionary of Medieval Latin from Celtic Sources, Ancillary Publications 4 (Dublin, 1985). Organized geographically, with separate sections for Dubia and Spuria. Each section has a sub-section on Hagiography.

Collections of Essays:

Saints’ Cults in the Celtic World, ed. Steve Boardman, John Reuben Davies, and Eila Williamson (Woodbridge, 2009).

Celtic Hagiography and Saints’ Cults, ed. Jane Cartwright (Aberystwyth, 2003).


Bibliography of Irish Linguistics and Literature: Sect. K 2, “Christianity: Hagiography and Hagiology.”

Dorothy Ann Bray, “Forum: The State of Irish Hagiography,” The Heroic Age 9 (October 2006).


Máire Herbert, “Latin and Vernacular Hagiography of Ireland from the Origins to the Sixteenth Century,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, III, 327-60.

Donnchadh Ó Corráin, Clavis Litterarum Hibernensium: Medieval Irish Books & Texts (c. 400 – c. 1600), 3 vols., Corpus Christianorum, Claves (Turnhout, 2017). Comprehensive repertory of Hiberno-Latin and vernacular Irish texts, including hagiographical.

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries:

Pádraig Ó RiainA Dictionary of Irish Saints (Dublin, 2011). 

Other Reference Works:

Dorothy Ann Bray, A List of Motifs in the Lives of the Early Irish Saints, Folklore Fellows Communications 252 (Helsinki, 1992).

Introductions, Guides, and Handbooks:

Richard Sharpe, Medieval Irish Saints’ Lives: An Introduction to Vitae Sanctorum Hiberniae (Oxford, 1991). ; Sharpe, Additions and Corrections (1997-2001)

Collections of Essays:

Studies in Irish Hagiography: Saints and Scholars, ed. John Carey, Máire Herbert, and Pádraig Ó Riain (Dublin, 2001).


Nathalie StalmansSaints d’Irlande: Analyse critique des sources hagiographiques (VIIe-IXe siècles) (Rennes, 2003). 


Michael Lapidge and Rosalind C. Love, “The Latin Hagiography of England and Wales (600-1550),” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, III, 203-325.


Elissa R. Henken, The Welsh Saints: A Study in Patterned Lives (Woodbridge, 1991).

Elissa R. Henken, Traditions of the Welsh Saints (Cambridge, 1987).


Saintiau. Saints in Medieval Wales


Alan Macquarrie, “Medieval Scotland,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, I, 487-501.


Survey of Dedications to Saints in Medieval Scotland

Collections of Essays:

The Cult of the Saints and the Virgin Mary in Medieval Scotland, ed. Steve Boardman and Eila Williamson (Woodbridge, 2010).


Thomas Owen Clancy, “Saints in the Scottish Landscape,” Proceedings of the Harvard Celtic Colloquium 33 (2013), 1-34.

Eva von Contzen, The Scottish Legendary: Towards a Poetics of Hagiographic Narration (Manchester, 2016).

Alan Macquarrie, The Saints of Scotland: Essays in Scottish Church History, AD 450-1093 (Edinburgh, 1997).


Nicholas OrmeThe Saints of Cornwall (Oxford, 2000).

Karen JankulakThe Medieval Cult of St Petroc, Studies in Celtic History 19 (Woodbridge, 2000).


Joseph-Claude Poulin, L’Hagiographie bretonne du haut Moyen Âge: Répertoire raisonné, Beihefte der Francia 69 (Sigmaringen, 2009). 

Bernard Merdrignac, “Les sources hagiographiques du haut Moyen Âge. L’exemple de la Bretagne,” Revue d’histoire de l’Église de France 86 (2000), 437-46.


Julia M. H. Smith, “Oral and Written: Saints, Miracles, and Relics in Brittany, c. 850-1250,” Speculum 65 (1990), 309-43.

Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe:


Surveys of Scholarship:

Gábor Klaniczay, “The Cult of the Saints in Recent Historiographies of Central Europe,” Sanctorum 10 (2013), 159-86.


Vitae sanctorum aetatis conversionis Europae Centralis (saec. X-XI) /  Saints of the Christianization Age of Central Europe (Tenth-Eleventh Centuries), ed. Glabór Klaniczay, trans. Cristian Gaşpar and Marina Miladinov, Central European Medieval Texts 6 (Budapest, 2013).

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries:

Encyclopaedia Slavica Sanctorum

Collections of Essays:

Saints and Sainthood around the Baltic Sea: Identity, Literacy, and Communication in the Middle Ages, ed. Carsten Selch Jensen et al., Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Cultures 54 (Kalamazoo MI, 2018).


GáborKlaniczay, “Modelli di santità in Europa centrale negli ultimi secoli del Medioevo,” in Monaci, ebrei, santi: studi per Sofia Boesch Gajano. Atti delle giornate di studio “Sophia kai historia,” Roma, 17-19 febbraio 2005, ed. Antonio Volpato (Rome, 2008), pp. 251-88.


IvankaPetrović, “L’hagiographie, latine et vernaculaire, de l’espace croate, des origines à 1350,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, IV, 183-272.


GáborKlaniczay and EdithMadas, “La Hongrie,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, II, 102-60.


GáborKlaniczay, “Le culte des saints dans la Hongrie médiévale (Problèmes de recherche),” Acta historica. Revue de l’Academie des sciences de Hongrie 29 (1983), 57-77.


Hagiografia polska. Slownik bio-bibliograficzny, ed. Romuald Gustaw, 2 vols. (Poznán, 1971-72).


TeresaDunin-Wąsowicz, “Hagiographie polonaise entre XIe et XVIe siècle,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, III, 179-202.


MariannaCerno, “La più antica agiografia latina della Slovenia (IX-XV secolo),” in Hagiographies, ed. Goullet, VII.

Gaul and France:


Thomas Head, “The Development of Hagiography and the Cult of the Saints in the Later Middle Ages: The Example of the Kingdom of France from the Capetian Accession to the Reformation”


Pierre Bonnassie, Pierre-André Sigal and Dominique Iogna-Prat, “La ‘Gallia’ du Sud, 930-1130,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, I, 289-34.

Ineke van ‘t Spijker, “Gallia du Nord et de l’Ouest. Les provinces ecclésiastiques de Tours, Rouen, Reims (950-1130),” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, II, 239-90.

Thomas Head, “The Diocese of Orléans, 950-1150,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, I, 345-57.

Anne-Marie Bultot-Verleysen, “Hagiographie d’Aquitaine (750-1130),” in Hagiographies, ed. Gouillet, VI, 521-704.

J. R. Webb, “Hagiography in the diocese of Liège (950-1130),” in Hagiographies, ed. Gouillet, VI, 809-904.

Guy Philippart and Anne Wagner, “Hagiographie lorraine (950-1130). Les diocèses de Metz, Toul et Verdun,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, IV, 585-744.

Christophe Baillet and Patrick Henriet, “Gallia 1130-fin XIIIe siècle. Provinces de Bordeaux, Auch et Narbonne,” in Hagiographies, ed. Gouillet, VI, 705-807.

Martine Thiry-Stassin, “L’hagiographie en Anglo-Normand,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, I, 407-28.

Sonia Bledniak, “L’hagiographie imprimée: œuvres en français, 1476-1550,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, I, 349-405.

Geneviève Brunel-Lobrichon, Anne-Françoise Leurquin-Labie and Martine Thiry-Stassin, “L’hagiographie de langue française sur le Continent, IXe-XVe siècle,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, II, 291-371.

François Dollbeau, Martin Heinzelmann and Joseph-Claude Poulin, “Les sources hagiographiques narratives composées en Gaule avant l’an mil (SHG). Inventaire, examen critique, datation,” Francia 15 (1987), 701-14. 

Marie-Hélène Jullien and Françoise Perelman, Clavis Scriptorum Latinorum Medii Aevi, Auctores Galliae 735-987 / Clavis des auteurs latins du Moyen Âge, territoire français, 735-987, 4 vols. in 6 parts, Corpus Christianorum, Continuatio Mediaevalis (Turnhout, 1994-2015). Includes vitae and other hagiographical texts attributed to named authors.

Ferdinand Lot et al., “Vitae, passiones, miracula, translationes sanctorum Galliae necnon alia opera saeculum XI in Gallia exarata (a. 1000-1108),” 17 (1942), 5-26  “Index Scriptorum Operumque Latino-Gallicorum Saeculi XI. Addenda et Corrigenda,” 21 (1951), 173-92. 

Rosa Guerreiro, “Le rayonnement de l’hagiographie hispanique en Gaule pendant le haut Moyen Âge: circulation et diffusion des Passions hispaniques,” in L’Europe héritière de l’Espagne wisigothique, ed. Jacques Fontaine and Christine Pellistrandi (Madrid, 1992), pp. 137-57.


Inventaire des sanctuaires et lieux de pèlerinage chrétiens en France


L’ hagiographie du haut Moyen Âge en Gaule du nord: Manuscrits, textes et centres de production, ed. Martin Heinzelmann, Beihefte der Francia 52 (Stuttgart, 2001).

Joseph-Claude Poulin, L’idéal de sainteté dans l’Aquitaine carolingienne d’après les sources hagiographiques (750-950) (Quebec City, 1975).

Thomas Head, Hagiography and the Cult of Saints: The Diocese of Orléans, 800-1200, Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought, 4th ser. 14 (Cambridge, 1990).

Samantha Kahn Herrick, Imagining the Sacred Past: Hagiography and Power in Early Normandy (Cambridge MA, 2007).

Eastern Regions:


Jean Richard, “L’Orient latin et le monde des missions,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, I, 189-98.

Introductions, Guides, and Handbooks:

The Blackwell Companion to Eastern Christianity, ed. Ken Parry (Malden MA, 2007). Contains chapters on Eastern Orthodox, Syriac, Coptic, and Armenian hagiographical traditions.

Coptic Egypt:

Tito Orlandi, “Hagiography, Coptic,” Claremont Coptic Encyclopedia 4 (1991). pp. 1191-97.


A Comprehensive Bibliography on Syriac Christianity: Hagiography


Quadishe: Guide to the Syriac Saints. Includes a Bibliotheca Hagiographica Syriaca Electronica.

Collections of Essays:

L’hagiographie syriaque, ed. André Binggeli, Études syriaques 9 (Paris, 2012).

Jean Maurice Fiey, Saints syriaques, ed. Lawrence I. Conrad, Studies in Late Antiquity and Early Islam 6 (Princeton NJ, 2004).



Richard J. Sharpe, A Handlist of the Latin Writers of Great Britain and Ireland before 1540, Publications of the Journal of Medieval Latin 1 (Turnhout, 1997). For vitae by named authors.

Michael Lapidge and Rosalind C. Love, “The Latin Hagiography of England and Wales (600-1550),” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, III, 203-325.

E. Gordon Whatley, “Acta Sanctorum,” in Sources of Anglo-Saxon Literary Culture: I: Abbo of Fleury, Abbo of Saint-Germain-des-Prés, and Acta Sanctorum, ed. Frederick M. Biggs et al. (Kalamazoo MI, 2001), pp. 22-486. Comprehensive coverage of transmission and translations of saints’ lives in early medieval England down to 1100.

John Blair, “A Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Saints,” in Local Saints and Local Churches in the Early Medieval West, ed. Alan Thacker and Richard Sharpe (Oxford, 2002), pp. 495-565. 

Rebecca Rushforth, An Atlas of Saints in Anglo-Saxon Calendars, ASNC Guides, Texts, and Studies 6 (Cambridge, 2002).


John Blair, “A Saint for Every Minster? Local Cults in Anglo-Saxon England,” in Local Saints and Local Churches in the Early Medieval West, ed. Alan Thacker and Richard Sharpe (Oxford, 2002), pp. 455-94.

Susan J. Ridyard, The Royal Saints of Anglo-Saxon England: A Study of West Saxon and East Anglian Cults, Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought, 4th ser. 9 (Cambridge, 1988).

David W. Rollason, Saints and Relics in Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford, 1989).


Thomas N. Hall, “A Handlist of Anglo-Latin Hagiography through the Early Twelfth Century (from Theodore of Tarsus to William of Malmesbury,” Old English Newsletter 45/1 (2014), 1-23.

Old English:

J. E. Cross, “English Vernacular Saints’ Lives before 1000 A.D.” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, II, 413-27.

E. Gordon Whatley, “Late Old English Hagiography, ca. 950-1150,” Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, II, 429-99.

D. G. Scragg, “The Corpus of Vernacular Homilies and Prose Saints’ Lives before Ælfric,” Anglo-Saxon England 8 (1979), 223-77.

Alex Nicholls, “The Corpus of Prose Saints’ Lives and Hagiographic Pieces in Old English and its Manuscript Distribution,” Reading Medieval Studies 19 (1993), 73-96; 20 (1994), 51-87.


Mechthild GretschÆflric and the Cult of Saints in Late Anglo-Saxon England, Cambridge Studies in Anglo-Saxon England 34 (Cambridge, 2005).

Middle English:

Manfred Görlach, “Middle English Legends, 1220-1530,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, I, 449-85.

A Manual of the Writings in Middle English 1050-1400, gen. ed. J. Burke Severs and Albert Hartung (Hamden CN, 1967- ), vol. 2: The Pearl Poet; Wyclyf and His Followers; Translations and Paraphrases of the Bible and Commentaries; Saints’ Legends; Instructions for Religious.

E. Gordon Whatley et al., Saints’ Lives in Middle English Collections, TEAMS (Kalamazoo MI, 2004): “Bibliography,”

Introductions, Guides, and Handbooks:

A Companion to Middle English Hagiography, ed. Sarah Salih (Cambridge, 2006). 

Germanic Regions:


Theodor Klüppel, “Die Germania (750-950),” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, II, 161-209.

Friedrich Lotter and Sabine Gäbe, “Die hagiographische Literatur im deutschen Sprachraum unter den Ottonen und Saliern (ca. 960-1130),” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, IV, 273-521.

Monika Rener, “Hagiographie im deutschen Raum (1125-1220),” in Hagiographies, ed. Goullet, VI, 401-520.

Monika Rener, “Lateinische Hagiographie im deutschsprachigen Raum von 1200-1450,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, I, 199-265.

David J. Collins, “Latin Hagiography in Germania, 1450-1550,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, IV, 523-83.

Konrad Künze, “Deutschsprachige Hagiographie von den Anfängen bis 1350,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, II, 211-38.

Werner Williams-Krapp, “Deutschsprachige Hagiographie von ca. 1350 bis ca.1550,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, I, 267-88.

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries:

Thesaurus der Heiligen (Repertorium “Geschichtsquellen des deutschen Mittelalters)


See the entry for the Magnum Legendarium Austriacum under XIV. Genres: Legendaries.


Werner Williams-KrappDie deutschen und niederländischen Legendare des Mittelalters: Studien zu ihrer Überlieferungs-, Text- und Wirkungsgeschichte, Texte und Textgeschichte 20 (Berlin, 2011).

David J. CollinsReforming Saints: Saints’ Lives and Their Authors in Germany, 1470-1530 (Oxford, 2008).

Collections of Essays:

Le culte des saints sur territoire helvétique: dossier hagiographique et iconographique: communications faites au 16e colloque de l’Association Suisse des Historiens d’Art, Saint-Maurice, 1er-2 novembre 1991, special issue of Zeitschrift für schweizerische Archäologie und Kunstgeschichte 49 (1992). 

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries:

Gian Franco SchubigerSaints, martyrs et bienheureux en Suisse (Saint-Maurice, 1999).

Introductions, Guides, and Handbooks:

Ernst Alfred Stückelberg, Die schweizerischen Heiligen des Mittelalters, ein Hand- und Nachschlagebuch für Forscher, Künstler und Laien (Zurich 1903). 



Dietrich Briesemeister, “Hagiografía latina y vernácula en la Península Ibérica (1350-1500),” in Hagiographies, ed. Goullet, VI, 235-399.


Mª Concepción Palomo Ramos and Francisco Marcos Palomo Ramos, Hagiografía Hispánica Medieval: Repertorio Bibliográfico (2014).


Carlos Pérez Gonzalez, “La producción hagiográfica latina del Reino de Navarra y Aragón entre el 711 y 1350,” in Hagiographies, ed. Goullet, VII.

Dominique de Courcelles, “L’Espagne de 1450 à 1550,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, I, 155-88.

Ángeles García de la Borbolla, “Las fuentes hagiográficas hispanas en lengua vulgar (1230-1350),” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, IV, 135-81.

Manuel C. Díaz y Díaz, Index Scriptorum Latinorum Medii Aevi Hispanorum (Madrid, 1959).

José Carlos Martín, “El corpus hagiográfico latino en torno a la figura de Isidoro de Sevilla en la Hispania tardoantigua y medieval (ss. VII-XIII)”, Veleia 22 (2005), 187-228.


José Carlos Martín, “Códices hagiográficos latinos de origen hispánico de los siglos IX-XIV, con un apéndice sobre el siglo XV. Ensayo de inventario,” Analecta Bollandiana 127 (2009), 313-63.


Maneul C. Díaz y Díaz, “Passionnaires, légendiers et compilations hagiographiques dans le haut Moyen Âge espagnol,” in Hagiographies, cultures et sociétés, IVe-XIIe siècles. Actes du Colloque organisé à Nanterre et à Paris (2-5 mai 1979) (Paris, 1981), pp. 49-60.

Rosa Guerreiro, “Le rayonnement de l’hagiographie hispanique en Gaule pendant le haut Moyen Âge: circulation et diffusion des Passions hispaniques,” in L’Europe héritière de l’Espagne wisigothique, ed. Jacques Fontaine and Christine Pellistrandi (Madrid, 1992), pp. 137-57.


Hagiografía Hispánica

Hagiografía castellana

Hagiography Sourcebook: An Annotated Collection of Scientific Material on Hagiographic Research


José Mattoso, “Le Portugal de 950 à 1550,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, II, 83-102.



Robert Godding, “Italia Hagiographica. Chronique d’hagiographie italienne,” series in Analecta Bollandiana, beginning in 1994.

Paolo Golinelli, Bibliografia agiografica italiana 1976-1999 (Rome, 2001).


Stéphanos Efthymiadis, “L’hagiographie grecque de l’Italie (VIIe-XIVe siècle),” in Hagiographies, ed. Goullet, VII.

Stéphane Gioanni, “Les Vies de saints latines composées en Italie de la Paix constantinienne au lieu du VIe siècle,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, V, 371-445.

Cécile Lanéry, “Hagiographie d’Italie (300-550). I. Les Passions latines composées en Italie,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, V, 15-369.

Edoardo D’Angelo, “Agiografia latina del Mezzogiorno continentale d’Italia (750-1000),” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, IV, 41-134.

Rosa Manfredonia, “Agiografia latina del Mezzogiorno continentale d’Italia e della Sicilia (1266-1517),” in Hagiographies, ed. Goullet , VI, 15-106.

Giorgia Vocino, L’Agiografia dell’Italia centrale (750-950),” in Hagiographies, ed. Goullet, VII.

Pierluigi Licciardello, “Agiografia latina dell’Italia centrale, 950-1130,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, V, 447-729.

Antonella Degl’Innocenti, “Agiografia latine dell’Italia centrale, 1130-1220,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, V, 731-98.

Edoardo D’Angelo, “Bibliotheca Hagiographica Umbriae (1130-1500),” in Hagiographies, ed. Goullet, VI, 107-234.

Edoardo D’Angelo, “Bibliotheca Hagiographica Umbriae – pars altera – (314-1130),” in Hagiographies, ed. Goullet, VII.

Oronzo Limone, “Italia meridionale,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, II, 11-60.

Paolo Tomea, “L’agiografia dell’Italia Settentrionale (950-1130),” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, III, 99-178.

Paolo Gollinelli, “Italia settentrionale, 1130-1220,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, I, 125-53.

Serena Spanó Martinelli, “Italia fra il 1450 et il 1550,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, II, 61-82.

Biblioteca agiografica italiana (BAI). Based on Biblioteca Agiografica Italiana (BAI). Repertorio di testi e manoscritti, secoli XIII-XV, ed. Jacques Dalarun and Lino Leonardi et al., 2 vols. with CD-ROM, Archivio romanzo 4 (Florence, 2003).

Clavis scriptorum Latinorum medii aevi: Auctores Italiae (700–1000), ed. Benedetta Valtorta (Florence, 2006).


MAGI (Manoscritti Agiografici dell’Italia)

MAGIS (Manoscritti Agiografici dell’Italia del Sud)

MATER (Manoscritti Agiografici di Trento e Rovereto) 

Antonella degl’Innocentii, Donatella Frioli, and Paolo Gatti, Manoscritti agiografici latini di Trento e Roverto, Quaderni di Hagiographica 3 (Florence, 2005). Available online via Mirabile Agiographica Database.


Censimento santuari cristiani in Italia


Nicholas EverettPatron Saints of Early Medieval Italy AD c.350–800: History and Hagiography in Ten Biographies, Durham Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Translations (Turnhout, 2017).

Paul OldfieldSanctity and Pilgrimage in Medieval Southern Italy, 1000-1200 (Cambridge, 2014).

Diana Webb, Saints and Cities in Medieval Italy: Selected Sources Translated and Annotated with an Introduction (Manchester, 2007).

Paolo Golinelli, Città e culto dei santi nel medioevo italiano, 2nd ed. (Bologna, 1996).

Hans Conrad Peter, Città e santi patroni nell’Italia medievale, La vie della storia 35 (Florence, 1998).

Low Countries:


Marijke Carasso-Kok, “Le diocèse d’Utrecht, 900-1200,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, II, 373-411.

Les dossiers littéraires des saints des provinces belges

Léopold Genicot and Paul Tombeur, Index scriptorum operumque latino-belgicorum medii aevi: nouveau répertoire des œuvres médiolatines belges, 3 vols. in 4 (Turnhout, 1973-79).

The Narrative Sources from the Medieval Low Countries. Use the database to search Vitae.

Marijke Carasso-Kok, Repertorium van verhalende historische bronnen uit de middeleeuwen: heiligenlevens, annalen, kronieken en andere in Nederland geschreven verhalende bronnen (’s-Gravenhage, 1981).


Manuscript Communication: Visual and Textual Mechanics of Communication in Hagiographical Texts from the Southern Low Countries, 900-1200, ed. Tjamke Snijders, Utrecht Studies in Medieval Literacy 32 (Turnhout, 2015).

North Africa:


Victor Saxer, “L’Afrique latine,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart and Goullet, I, 25-95.


Collections of Essays:

Sanctity in the North: Saints, Lives, and Cults in Medieval Scandinavia, ed. Thomas A. DuBois (Toronto, 2008).

Saints and Their Lives on the Periphery: Veneration of Saints in Scandinavia and Eastern Europe (c.1000-1200), ed. Haki Antonsson and Ildar H. Garipzanov (Turnhout, 2010).


Birte Carlé and Anders Fröjmark, “Danemark – Suède – Finlande,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, II, 501-45.


Birte Carlé and Anders Fröjmark, “Danemark – Suède – Finlande,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, II, 501-45.


Gottskálk Jensson, “Latin Hagiography in Medieval Iceland,” in Hagiographies, ed. Goullet, VII.

Steinunn Le Breton-Filippusdótir, “Hagiographie vernaculaire d’Islande et de Norvège,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, III, 361-451.

Ole Widding, Hans Bekker-Nielsen, and Laurence Shook, “The Lives of the Saints in Old Norse Prose: A Handlist,” Mediaeval Studies 25 (1963), 294-337.


Kirsten Wolf, The Legends of the Saints in Old Norse-Icelandic Prose (Toronto, 2013).

The Netherlands:

Valerie Vermassen, “Latin hagiography in the Dutch-speaking parts of the Southern Low Countries (1350-1550),” in Hagiographies, ed. Goullet, VII.

Werner Verbeke, “La littérature hagiographique en moyen néerlandais (vers 1170-1550): Les légendes rimées,” in Hagiographies, ed. Goullet, VII.


Werner Williams-KrappDie deutschen und niederländischen Legendare des Mittelalters: Studien zu ihrer Überlieferungs-, Text- und Wirkungsgeschichte, Texte und Textgeschichte 20 (Berlin, 2011).


Lenka Jiroušková, Åslaug Ommundsen, and Haki Antonsson, “Latin Hagiography in Medieval Norway (c. 1050-1500),” in Hagiographies, ed. Goullet, VII.


Birte Carlé and Anders Fröjmark, “Danemark – Suède – Finlande,” in Hagiographies, ed. Philippart, II, 501-45.

IX. Studies

Dieter von der Nahmer, Agiografia altomedievale e uso della Bibbia (Naples, 2001).

Alison Goddard Elliott, Roads to Paradise: Reading the Lives of the Early Saints (Hanover NH, 1987).

Lynda L. Coon, Sacred Fictions: Holy Women and Hagiography in Late Antiquity (Philadelphia, 1997).

Robert Folz, Les saints rois du moyen âge en occident, VIe-XIIIe siècles, Subsidia hagiogaphica 68 (Brussels, 1984).

Jean-Claude Schmitt, The Holy Greyhound: Guinefort, Healer of Children since the Thirteenth Century, trans. Martin Thom Cambridge Studies in Oral and Literate Culture 6 (Cambridge, 1983).

John Crook, The Architectural Setting of the Cult of the Saints in the Early Christian West, c. 300-c. 1200, Oxford Historical Monographs (Oxford, 2000). 

Helen BirkettThe Saints’ Lives of Jocelin of Furness: Hagiography, Patronage and Ecclesiastical Politics, new ed. (Woodbridge, 2010).

X.  Series

Hagiography Beyond Tradition (Amsterdam University Press)

Hagiologia. Études sur la sainteté et l’hagiographie – Studies on Sanctity and Hagiography (Brepols).

Quaderni di Hagiographia (SISMEL)

Sanctity in Global Perspective (Hagiography Society)

Subsidia hagiographica (1886- ) 

Tabularium Hagiographicum (2002- ) 

XI.  Journals

Analecta Bollandiana (Brussels, 1882- ). . For indices, see François Halkin, Analecta Bollandiana. Inventaire hagiographiques des tomes 1-100 (1882-1982) (Brussels, 1983).  and Analecta Bollandiana. Inventaire thématique des tomes 1-100 (1882-2007). Vols. 1-26 are available on Hathi Trust; many older volumes are on archive.org.

Hagiographica. Rivista dell Societé internazionale per lo studio del medioevo latino (Spoleto, 1994- ). 

Sanctorum. Rivista dell’Associazione per lo studio della santità, dei culti e dell’agiografia (AISSCA) 

XII.  Websites


Hagiographies. The website includes a “Base de données géographiques et chronologiques de la littérature et des manuscrits hagiographiques latins” that enables you to generate a list of BHL numbers for any saint, and a “liste des datations des textes hagiographiques latins.”

TASC: Transnational Database and Atlas of Saints’ Cults [partial archive of original site, apparently defunct.] “The Transnational Database and Atlas of Saints’ Cults aims to establish a parish-by-parish, commune-by-commune inventory of religious devotion in Europe and beyond. Evidence of cults saintly, angelic and divine is built up from documentation and other sources, and centres on the dedications of churches and chapels and of subsidiary foci of devotion such as side altars, images and lights.”

Calendoscope. Logiciel d’aide à l’identification des calendriers liturgiques médiévaux. Includes an Index Codicum and an Index Sanctorum.

Glen Gunhouse, On-line Calendar of Saints’ Days


The Cult of Saints. A Research Project on the Cult of Saints from its Origins to circa AD 700, across the Entire Christian World. Includes a database intended to compile “all the early evidence for the cult of the saints is being collected, whether in Armenian, Coptic, Georgian, Greek, Latin or Syriac, with summaries of long texts and full quotation of key passages, both in the original language and in English translation.

Symbols that Bind and Break Communities. Saints’ Cults as Stimuli and Expressions of Local, Regional, National and Universalist Identities. “In the project, questions concerning regional identity are approached through the prism of saints’ cults, which affected all aspects of medieval and early modern life. The collaborative project will be the first to investigate the significance of saints in the interactive context of regional and trans-regional identities.”


Société des Bollandistes. Essential site by editors of Acta Sanctorum, Subsidia hagiographica, and Analecta Bollandiana.

Hagiography Society

Hagiologia. Atelier belge d’études sur la sanctité. Includes a Newsletter, Litterae Hagiologicae.

L’Associazione italiana per lo studio della santità, dei culti e dell’agiografia (AISSCA)

HagHis: Hagiographie et Histoire: atelier français de recherches sur l’hagiographie médiévale


Brepols Online: Hagiography

Brill Online Books and Journals: Hagiography

Centro Italiano de Studi sull’Alto Medioevo: Agiografia

SISMEL: Agiografia e biografia

XIII.  Collections of Texts (Vitae)

Société des Bollandistes, Acta Sanctorum quotquot toto orbe coluntur, 68 vols. (Brussels, 1643-1940; rep. 1965) . Many volumes are also available online in pdf form. Also available as an online Chadwyck-Healey database. For an analysis of the various editions of AASS, see Repertorium Fontium Historiae Medii Aevi, vol. 1 (Rome, 1962), pp. 16-17. Organized by month, but incomplete (November and December). Supplemented by Propylaeum ad Acta Sanctorum Novembris (1902), ; Propylaeum ad Acta Sanctorum Decembris. Martyrologium Romanum ad formam editionis typicae scholiis historicis instructam (1940), ; and Commentariius perpetuus in Martyrologium Hieronimianum (1931), . The on-line database can be searched by keyword, saints’ name (Latin form), title of work, feast day, or BHL number (select “BHL Go To”). You can search all or just the indices. Note that in the “Search All” screen you can click a box that will simultaneously search the Patrologia Latina database. The “Lexicon” is a searchable version of the 1984 ed. of Niermeyer’s Mediae latinitatis lexicon minus. “Table of Contents” allows you to download texts for each month (large files!).

On the Bollandists see: Bollandistes, Saints et Légendes. Quatre siècles de recherche, ed. Robert Godding et al. (Brussels, 2007); Hippolyte Delehaye, The Work of the Bollandists through Three Centuries, 1615-1915 (Princeton NJ, 1922)  ; David Knowles, Great Historical Enterprises (London, 1964), pp. 1-32.

L. D’Achery and J. MabillonActa Sanctorum Ordinis Sancti Benedicti, 9 vols. (Paris, 1668- 1701; repr. Matiscone, 1935).

Boninus Mombritius, Sanctuarium seu Vitae Sanctorum (Milan, ?1447/78). . Repr. Paris, 1910.

Butler’s Lives of the Saints, rev. ed. H. Thurston and D. Attwater (New York, 1956). ; new revised ed. by Paul Burns (Collegeville MN, 1995- ). A popular rather than scholarly resource, but provides potted English biographies of many saints.

Internet Medieval Sourcebook, Saints’ Lives, ed. Paul Hallsall. Inventory of texts and translations available on the web.

XIV.  Other Genres


Bibliographies and Repertories:

Dubois and Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes, pp. 33-57.

Guy Philippart, Les légendiers et autres manuscrits hagiographiques, Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental 24-25 (Turnhout, 1977).


Guy Philippart, “Martirologi e leggendari,” in Lo spazio letterario del Medioevo, 1: Il Medioevo latino, 2: La circolazione del testo, 2 vols. ed. Guglielmo Cavallo et al. (Rome, 1994), pp. 605-48.

Baudoin de Gaiffier, “A propos des légendiers latins,” Analecta Bollandiana 97 (1979), 57-68. 

François Dolbeau, “Notes sur l’organisation interne des légendiers latins,” in Hagiographie Cultures et Sociétés IVe-XIIe siècles. Actes du Colloque organisé à Nanterre à Paris (2-5 mai 1979), Études Augustiniennes (Paris, 1981), pp. 11-31.

François Dolbeau, “Les prologues de légendiaires latines,” in Les prologues médiévaux: Actes du Colloque international organisé par l’Academia Belgica et l’Ecole française de Rome avec le concours de la F.I.D.E.M. (Rome, 26-28 mars 1998), (Turnhout, 2000), pp. 345-93.

Giovanni Paolo Maggioni, “La trasmissione dei leggendari abbreviati del XIII secolo,” Filologia mediolatina 9 (2002), 87-107.

C. V. Franklin, “Roman Hagiography and Roman Legendaries,” in Roma nell’alto Medioevo, 2 vols., Settimane di Studio del Centro Italiano di Studi sull’Alto Medioevo 48 (Spoleto, 2001), II, 857–91. 

Major Legendaries:
Cotton-Corpus Legendary [Cambridge, Corpus Christi College 9; London, British Library, Cotton Nero E. i; Salisbury, Cathedral Library, 221, 222, and 223; Dublin, Trinity College 174]


Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS 009: The Cotton-Corpus Legendary: Parker Library on the Web.


Peter Jackson and Michael Lapidge, “The Contents of the Cotton-Corpus Legendary,” in Holy Men and Holy Women: Old English Prose Saints’ Lives and Their Contexts, ed. Paul E. Szarmach (Albany, 1996), pp. 115-46.

Joana Proud, “The Cotton-Corpus Legendary into the Twelfth Century: Notes on Salisbury Cathedral Library MSS 221 and 222,” In Early Medieval English: Texts and Interpretations, ed. Elaine Treharne and Susan Rosser, Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies (Tempe AZ, 2002), pp. 341-52.

Jacobus de Voragine, Legenda Aurea:


Jacobus de Voragine, Legenda aurea,  ed. Th. Graesse, 3rd ed. (Breslau, 1890) . Available in English translation: The Golden Legend of the Saints, trans. W. G. Granger, 2 vols. (Princeton, 1993), . An index of the contents is available on-line.

La Légende dorée. Jacques de Voragine, ed. Alain Boureau (Paris, 2004).

Iacopo da Varazze, Legenda aurea, ed. Giovanni Paolo Maggioni, 2 vols., Millennio Medievale 6 (Florence, 1998).

Iacopo da Varazze, Legenda aurea con le miniature dal codice Ambrosiano C 240 inf., ed. Giovanni Paolo Maggioni, 2 vols., Edizione Nazionale dei Testi Mediolatini 20 (Florence, 2007).

Collections of Essays:

De la sainteté a l’hagiographie: genèse et usage de la Légende dorée, ed. Barbara Fleith and Franco Morenzoni (Genève, 2001).

Legenda aurea, sept siècles de diffusion: actes du colloque international sur la Legenda aurea, texte latin et branches vernaculaires à l’Université du Québec à Montréal, 11-12 mai 1983, ed. Brenda Dunn-Lardeau (Montreal, 1986).


Alain Boureau, La Légende dorée: le système narratif de Jacques de Vorgine (Paris, 1994).

Barbara Fleith, Studien zur Überlieferungsgeschichte der lateinische Legenda Aurea, Subsidia hagiographica 72 (Brussels, 1991).

Barbara Fleith, “The Patristic Sources of the Legenda aurea. A Research Report,” in The Reception of the Church Fathers in the West from the Carolingians to the Maurists, ed. Irena Backus, 2 vols. (Leiden, 1997), I, 231-88.

Jacques Le Goff, In Search of Sacred Time: Jacobus de Voragine and the Golden Legend, trans. Lydia G. Cochrane (Princeton, 2014).

Giovanni Paolo Maggioni, Ricerche sulla composizione e sulla trasmissione della “Legenda aurea”, Biblioteca di “Medioevo Latino” 8 (Spoleto, 1995).

Sherry L. Reames, The Legenda aurea: A Reexamination of its Paradoxical History (Madison, 1985).

Legendary of Clairvaux:


Liber de Natalitis:


François Dolbeau, “Notes sur la gènese et sur la diffusion du Liber de Natalitiis,” Revue d’histoire des textes 6 (1976), 143-95.

Henri Rochais, Un légendier cistercien da la fin du XIIe siécle: la ‘Liber de Natalitiis’ et de quelques grands légendiers des XII et XIIIe s.‚ 2 vols., Documentation Cistercienne 15 (Rochefort, 1975).

Magnum Legendarium Austriacum:


Diarmuid Ó Riain, “The Magnum Legendarium Austriacum: A New Investigation of One of Medieval Europe’s Richest Hagiographical Collections,” Analecta Bollandiana 133 (2015), 87-165.


Hagiography and Monastic Networks





Jacques Dubois, Les martyrologes de moyen âge, Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental 26 (Turnhout, 1978).

Guy Philippart, “Martirologi e leggendari,” in Lo spazio letterario del Medioevo, 1: Il Medioevo latino, 2: La circolazione del testo, 2 vols. ed, Guglielmo Cavallo et al. (Rome, 1994), pp. 605-48.

Collections of Essays:

Martyrs and Martyrologies. Papers read at the 1992 Summer Meeting and the 1993 Winter Meeting of the Ecclesiastical History Society, ed. Diana Wood, Studies in Church History 30 (Cambridge MA, 1993). 

Jacques Dubois, Martryologes, du martyrologe d’Usuard au martyrologe romaine (Fleury, 1990).  


Michael Lapidge, “Roman Martyrs and Their Miracles in Anglo-Saxon England,” in Miracles and the Miraculous in Medieval  Germanic and Latin Literature, ed. K. E. Olsen, A. Harbus, and T. Hofstra, Germania Latina 5 (Groningen, 2004), pp. 95-120. With an Appendix: “A Working Corpus of Roman Passiones Martyrum,” pp. 116-20.

Jean Leclercq, Les Martyrs: Recueil de pièces authentiques sur les martyrs depuis les origines du christianisme jusqu’au XX° siècle. 

Victor Saxer, Atti dei martiri dei primi tre secoli (Padova, 1984).

Hippolyte Delehaye, Les origines du culte des martyrs, 2nd ed., Subsidia hagiographica 20 (Brussels, 1933).

Jacques Dubois, Édition pratique des martyrologes de Béde, de l’Anonyme lyonnais et de Florus (Paris, 1976).

Henri QuentinLes Martyrologes historiques du moyen âge. Étude sur la formation du martyrologe romain (Paris, 1908).

Pádraig Ó Riain, Feastdays of the Saints: A History of Irish Martyrologies, Subsidia hagiographica 86 (Brussels, 2006). 

Christine Rauer, The Old English Martyrology: A Bibliography

Major Martyrologies:
Martyrologium Hieronymianum:


Martyrologium Hieronymianum ad fidem codicum adiectis prolegomenis, ed. J. B. De Rossi and L. Duchesne, Acta Sanctorum 65 (Paris, 1894).


Hippolyte Delehaye, Commentarium Perpetuus in Martyrologium Hieronymianum, Acta Sanctorum 66 (Brussels, 1931).



Edition pratique des Martyrologes de Béde, de l’Anonyme Lyonnais et de Florus, ed. Jacques Dubois and Geneviève Renaud (Paris, 1976).

Felice Lifshitz, “Bede, Martyrology,’ in Medieval Hagiography: An Anthology, ed. Thomas Head (New York, 2000), pp. 169-69.

Ado of Vienne:


Le Martyrologe d’Adon, Ses deux familles, Ses trois Recensions: Texte et Commentaire, ed. Jacques Dubois and Geneviève Renaud (Paris, 1984).



Le Martyrologe d’Usuard, Texte et commentaire, ed. Jacques Dubois, Subsidia hagiographica 40 (Brussels, 1965).



Roman Martyrology (1749)

For further references see Dubois and Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes, pp. 103-34.


David Wood, The Military Martyrs

Litanies of the Saints


Maurice Coens, “Anciennes litanies des saints,” Analecta Bollandiana 54 (1936), 5-37; 55 (1937), 49-69; 59 (1941), 272-98; 62 (1944), 126-68 ; repr. in CoensRecueil d’études bollandiennes, Subsidia hagiographica 37 (Brussels, 1963), pp. 129-322.


Astrid Krüger, Litanei-Handschriften der Karolingerzeit, Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Hilfsmittel 24 (Hannover, 2007).


Anglo-Saxon Litanies of the Saints, ed. Michael Lapidge, Henry Bradshaw Society 106 (London, 1991).

English Monastic Litanies of the Saints after 1100, 2 vols., I: Abbotsbury – Peterborough; II: Pontefract – York, ed. Nigel Morgan, Henry Bradshaw Society 119-20 (London, 2012).



Martin Heinzelmann, Translationsberichte und andere Quellen des Reliquienkultes, Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental 33 (Turnhout, 1970).

Henryk Fros, “Liste des translations et inventions de l’époque carolingienne,” Analecta Bollandiana, 104 (1986), 427-29.

XV.  Relics and Reliquaries


Liturgische Geräte, Kreuze und Reliquiare der christlichen Kirchen: Systematisches Fachwörterbuch = Objets liturgiques, croix et reliquaires des eglises chretiennes: Dictionaire spécialisé et systématique, Glossarium artis 2, 2nd ed. (Munich, 1982).

Collections of Essays:

Reliquiare im Mittelalter, ed. Bruno Reudenbach and Gia Toussaint, Hamburger Forschungen zur Kunstgeschichte 5 (Berlin, 2011). 

Matter of Faith: An Interdisciplinary Study of Relics and Relic Veneration in the Medieval Period, ed. James Robinson and Lloyd de Beer with Anna Harnden (London, 2014).

Relics, Identity, and Memory in Medieval Europe, ed Marika Räsänen, Gritje Hartmann, and Earl Jeffrey Richards, Europa Sacra 21 (Turnhout, 2016).

Treasures of Heaven: Saints, Relics, and Devotion in Medieval Europe, ed. Martina Bagnoli et al. (New Haven, 2010). 

Reliques et sainteté dans l’espace médiéval, ed. Jean-Luc Deuffic, Pecia 8-11 (Saint-Denis, 2006).

The Arma Christi in Medieval and Early Modern Material Culture: With a Critical Edition of ‘O Vernicle’, ed. Lisa H. Cooper and Andrea Denny-Brown (Burlington VT, 2014). 

Gesta: International Center of Medieval Art 36/1 (1997). [Special Issue on Relics and Body-Parts].


Cynthia Hahn, Strange Beauty: Issues in the Making and Meaning of Reliquaries, 400-circa 1204 (University Park PA, 2012). 

H. W. van Os et al., The Way to Heaven: Relic Veneration in the Middle Ages (Amsterdam, 2000). 

Arnold Angenendt, Heilige und Reliquien. Die Geschichte ihres Kultes vom frühen Christentum bis zur Gegenwart, 2nd ed. (Munich, 1997).

Patrick J. Geary, Furta Sacra: Theft of Relics in the Central Middle Ages, rev. ed. (Princeton, 1991).

See further Dubois and Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes, pp. 247-319.

On relic tags (“authentiques”) see:

Paul Bertrand, “Authentiques de reliques: authentiques ou reliques,” Le Moyen Âge 112 (2006), 363-74. 

XVI.  Iconography of the Saints


Dubois and Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes, pp. 211-45.

R. E. Kaske, in collaboration with Arthur Gross and Michael W. TwomeyMedieval Christian Literary Imagery: A Guide to Interpretation, Toronto Medieval Bibliographies 11 (Toronto, 1988), pp.100-01.

John B. Friedman and Jessica Wegmann, Medieval Iconography: A Research Guide (New York, 1998), pp. 240-45. ;

Stephen Wilson, “Annotated Bibliography,” in Saints and Their Cults, ed. Stephen Wilson (Cambridge, 1983), pp. 346-52 (“Saints in Western Art”). 


Mercedes Rochelle, Post-Biblical Saints Art Index: A Locator of Paintings, Sculptures, Mosaics, Icons, Frescoes, Manuscript Illuminations, Sketches, Woodcuts, and Engravings, created from the 4th Century to 1950, with a Directory of the Institutions holding Them (Jefferson NC, 1994).


H. van de Waal, Iconclass: An Iconographic Classification System , 8 vols. and 3 vols. of indices (Amsterdam, 1973- ).  Comprehensive coverage of both secular and religious iconography. Use the on-line database or the 3 vols. of subject indices in the print version to locate the classification number for an iconographic image, then consult the relevant “System” and “Bibliography” volumes for lists of keywords and references.

The Index of Medieval Art: Saints

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries:

Joseph Braun, Tracht und Attribute der Heiligen in der deutschen Kunst (Stuttgart, 1943).

Lexikon der christlichen Ikonographie, 8 vols., ed. Engelbert Kirschbaum with Günter Bandmann (Freiburg im Breisgau, 1968-76),  vols. 5-8: Ikonographie der Heiligen.

Louis Réau, Iconographie de l’art chrétien, 3 vols. in 6 (Paris, 1955-59).  Vol. 3: Iconographie des Saints. The index includes a list of saints by name with variant forms and spellings.

Maurice Drake and Wilfred Drake, Saints and Their Emblems (London, 1916). Valuable for its alphabetical list of emblems in part 2, pp. 139-230.

Gaston Duchet-Suchaux and Michel Pastoureau, The Bible and The Saints, trans. David Howell (Paris, 1994). Brief entries and limited citations; for quick reference.


Charlotte Denoël, “L’apparition des attributs individuels des saints dans l’art médiéval,” Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale 50 (2007), 149-60.

Leslie Ross, Text, Image, Message: Saints in Medieval Manuscript Illustrations (Westport CN, 1994).

Eric Brock, “The Relationship between Hagiography and Iconography,” The International Journal of the Image 1 (2011), 13-20. 

George Kaftal and Fabio BisogniIconography of the Saints in Central and South Italian Schools of Painting, 4 vols. (Florence, 1952-85).

R. L. P. Milburn, Saints and Their Emblems in English Churches, 2nd ed. (Oxford, 1957). Limited value, no references.


ChristianIconographyInfo. Entries includes selected images but no bibliography.

See also the separate bibliography on Iconography.

XVII.  Miracles

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries:

Miracles: An Encyclopedia of People, Places, and Supernatural Events from Antiquity to the Present, ed. Patrick J. Hayes (Santa Barbara CA, 2016). 

E. Cobham Brewer. A Dictionary of Miracles (Philadelphia, 1884; repr. Detroit, 1966).

Collections of Essays:

Multiple Authors:

Miracles d’un autre genre: récritures médiévales en dehors de l’hagiographie, ed. Olivier Biaggini and Bénédicte Milland-Bove (Madrid, 2012).

Mirakel im Mittelalter: Konzeptionen, Erscheinungsformen, Deutungen, ed. Martin Heinzelmann, Klaus Herbers, and Dieter R. Bauer, Beiträge zur Hagiographie 3 (Stuttgart, 2002).

Single Authors:

François Dolbeau, Sanctorum societas: récits latins de sainteté (IIIe – XIIe siècles), 2 vols., Subsidia hagiographica 85 (Brussels, 2005).

Michael GoodichLives and Miracles of the Saints: Studies in Medieval Latin Hagiography , Variorum Collected Studies Series (Burlington VT, 2004). 


Martin Heinzelmann, “Une source de base de la littérature hagiographique latine: le recueil de miracles,” in Hagiographie Cultures et Sociétés IVe-XIIe siècles. Actes du Colloque organisé à Nanterre à Paris (2-5 mai 1979), Études Augustiniennes (Paris, 1981), pp. 235-59.

Benedicta Ward, Miracles and the Medieval Mind: Theory, Record and Event, 1000-1215 (Philadelphia, 1982). 

Rachel KoopmansWonderful to Relate: Miracle Stories and Miracle Collecting in High Medieval England (Philadelphia, 2011).

Pierre-André Sigal, “Histoire et hagiographie: les Miracula aux XIe et XIIe siècles,” in  L’historiographie en Occident du Ve au XVe siècle. Actes des congrès de la Société des historiens médiévistes de l’enseignement supérieur public,8e congrès, Tours, 1977, Annales de Bretagne 82/2 (1980), pp. 237-57.

XVIII.  Hagiographical Themes and Motifs


Mapping Miracles: A Database of Motifs in Insular Hagiography.

Mapping Conversion: A Database of Conversion Episodes in Medieval Insular Hagiography


A. J. Festugière, “Lieux commun littéraires et thèmes de folklore dans l’hagiographie primitive,” Wiener Studien 73 (1960), 123-52.

Baudouin de Gaiffier, “Les thèmes hagiographiques. Est-il possible d’établir pour chacun d’eux une filiation?” Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique 77 (1982), 78-81. 

Alison Goddard Elliott, Roads to Paradise: Reading the Lives of the Early Saints (Hanover NH, 1987).

Charles G. Loomis, White Magic: An Introduction to the Folklore of Christian Legend (Cambridge, MA, 1948).

Only a few representative studies of individual motifs can be listed here:

István P. Bejczy, “The sacra infantia in Medieval Hagiography,” in The Church and Childhood, ed. Diana Wood, Studies in Church History 31 (1994), pp. 143-51.

Pierre Boglioni, “Il santo e gli animali nell’alto medioevo,” in L’uomo di fronte al mondo animale nell’alto medioevo , Settimane di studio del Centro italiano di studi sull’Alto Medioevo 31 (Spoleto 1985), pp. 935–1002.

Friedrich Lotter, “Heiliger und Gehenkter. Zur Todesstrafe in hagiographischen Episodenerzählungen des Mittelalters,” in Ecclesia et regnum: Beiträge zur Geschichte von Kirche, Recht und Staat im Mittelalter. Festschrift für Franz-Josef Schmale zu seinem 65. Geburtstag, ed. Dieter Berg and Hans-Werner Goetz (Bochum, 1989), pp. 1-21. Includes an inventory of medieval “Galgenwunder.”

Thomas N. Hall, “The Miracle of the Lengthened Beam in Apocryphal and Hagiographic Tradition,” in Marvels, Monsters, and Miracles: Studies in the Medieval and Early Modern Imaginations, ed. Timothy S. Jones and David A. Sprunger, Studies in Medieval Culture 42 (Kalamazoo MI, 2002), pp. 109-39.

Charles D. Wright: cdwright@illinois.edu

last updated 9/19