I. Bibliographies

II. Handbooks and Surveys

III. Encyclopedias and Dictionaries

IV. Online Resources and Websites

V. Journals and Series

VI. Selected General Studies, Histories, and Collections

VII. Major Collections of Sources

VIII. Repertories

IX. Catalogues of Manuscripts

X. Legendaries

XI. Martyrologies

XII. Litanies of the Saints

XIII. Translations

XIV. Relics and Reliquaries

XV. Iconography of the Saints

XVI. Miracles

XVII. Hagiographical Themes and Motifs

I. Bibliographies

Most of the items listed under section II. Handbooks and Surveys also include bibliographies.

Giulia Barone and Umberto Longo, La santità medievale (Rome, 2006). “Bibliografia,” pp. 77-264.

Jacques Berlioz et al., Identifier sources et citations, L’Atelier du médiéviste 1 (Turnhout, 1994), pp. 191-200.

Thomas Head, HagiographySplendid on-line resource with extensive general and specialized bibliographies. Includes:

John Howe, List of Lives. Bibliography of Vitae. Especially valuable for its sections “Geographically Organized Lists” (Benelux; East Central Europs; France; Germany; Greece et al.; Italy; Near East; Scandinavia; Spain & Portugal; UK & Ireland) and “Topical” (Apostles; Martyrs; Bishops; Monks & Canons; Mendicants; Kings & Queens; Lay Saints; Holy Women; Papally Canonized).

Stephen Wilson, “Annotated Bibliography,” in Saints and Their Cults, ed. Wilson (Cambridge, 1983), pp. 309-417. Focus is on aspects of cult rather than on vitae, but the coverage is broad. Topically organized.

See also the extensive bibliography in Vauchez, Sainthood in the Later Middle Ages, cited below under General Studies.

“Bibliografia agiografica,” in Sanctorum (2010- ).

Analecta Bollandiana (1882- ). See the annual “Bulletin des publications hagiographiques.”

Medioevo Latino (1980- ). References are listed alphabetically by (Latin) name of saint in part I, “Autore e Testi,” under the heading “Vitae” (in the database, search “Anonymous Works”); beginning with vol. XXII, the “Vitae” entries were moved to the section “Forme e generi de testi: Agiografia.” Available as an online database (next item).

Agiographica Database (Mirabile)

Hagiography Society Ongoing Bibliography

Brepols Online: Hagiography

Brill Online Books and Journals: Hagiography

See also the serial bibliographies for ecclesiastical history listed in the separate bibliography on General Bibliographies, Reference Works, and Internet Resources.

II. Handbooks and Surveys

René Aigrain, L’Hagiographie: ses sources, ses méthodes, son histoire, new ed. by Robert Godding, Subsidia hagiographica 80 (Brussels, 2000). . Includes a new “Complément bibliographique,” pp. 389-490.

Les saints et l’histoire: Sources hagiographiques du haut Moyen Age, ed. Anne Wagner (Rosny-sous-Bois, 2004).

Jacques Dubois and Jean-Loup Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes de l’hagiographie médiévale (Paris, 1993).

Sofia Boesch Gajano, Agiografia altomedioevale (Bologne, 1976). . Includes “Indicazioni bibliographiche per ulteriori approfondimenti,” pp. 259-300.

Réginald Grégoire, Manuale di agiologia: Introduzione alla letteratura agiographica, 2nd ed. (Fabriano, 1996).

David Townsend, “Hagiography,” in Medieval Latin: An Introduction and Bibliographical Guide, ed. F. A. C. Mantello and A. G. Rigg (Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 618-28.

Andrew Louth, “Hagiography,” in The Cambridge History of Early Christian Literature, ed. Frances Young, Lewis Ayres and Andrew Louth (Cambridge, 2004), pp. 358-61; consolidated bibliography at pp. 495-530. 

Hagiographies. Histoire internationale de la littérature hagiographique, latine et vernaculaire, de l’Occident des origines à 1550, ed. Guy Philippart, 6 vols. to date (Turnhout, 1994- ).  

Vol. 1, ed. G. Philippart:  V. SaxerL’Afrique latine; A. BastiaensenJérôme hagiographe; P. GolinelliItalia settentrionale, 1130-1220; D. de CourcellesL’Espagne de 1450 à 1550; J. RichardL’Orient latin et le monde des missions; M. RenerLateinische Hagiographie im deutschsprachigen Raum von 1200-1450; W. Williams-KrappDeutschsprachige Hagiographie von ca. 1350 bis ca. 1550; P. Bonnassie, P.-A. Sigal and D. Iogna-Prat, La ‘Gallia’ du Sud, 930-1130 ; T. Head, The Diocese of Orléans, 950-1150 ; S. BledniakL’hagiographie imprimée: œuvres en français, 1476-1550 ; M. Thiry-StassinL’hagiographie en Anglo-Normand; M. GörlachMiddle English Legends, 1220-1530; A. MacquarrieMedieval Scotland.

Vol. 2, ed. G. Philippart:  O. LimoneItalia meridionale ; S. Spano MartinelliItalia fra il 1450 et il 1550; J. MattosoLe Portugal de 950 à 1550 ; G. Klaniczay and E. MadasLa Hongrie; Th. KlüppelDie Germania (750-950); K. KünzeDeutschsprachige Hagiographie von den Anfängen bis 1350 – I. van ‘t Spijker, Gallia du Nord et de l’Ouest. Les provinces ecclésiastiques de Tours, Rouen, Reims (950-1130); G. Brunel-Lobrichon, A.-F. Leurquin-Labie and M. Thiry-StassinL’hagiographie de langue française sur le Continent, IXe-XVe siècle; M. Carasso-KokLe diocèse d’Utrecht, 900-1200; J. E. CrossEnglish Vernacular Saints’ Lives before 1000 A.D.; E. G. WhatleyLate Old English Hagiography, ca. 950-1150; B. Carlé and A. FröjmarkDanemark – Suède – Finlande.

Vol. 3, ed. G. Philippart:  F. Scorza BarcellonaAgli inizi dell’agiografia occidentale; P. TomeaL’agiografia dell’Italia Settentrionale (950-1130); T. Dunin-WasowiczHagiographie polonaise entre XIe et XVIe siècle ; M. Lapidge and R. C. LoveThe Latin Hagiography of England and Wales (600-1550); M. HerbertLatin and Vernacular Hagiography of Ireland from the Origins to the Sixteenth Century; S. Le Breton-FilippusdótirHagiographie vernaculaire d’Islande et de Norvège.

Vol. 4, ed. G. Philippart:  Guy PhilippartL’hagiographie, histoire sainte des «amis de Dieu»; Edoardo D’AngeloAgiografia latina del Mezzogiorno continentale d’Italia (750-1000) ; Ángeles García de la BorbollaLas fuentes hagiográficas hispanas en lengua vulgar (1230-1350); Ivanka PetrovićL’hagiographie, latine et vernaculaire, de l’espace croate, des origines à 1350; Friedrich Lotter and Sabine GäbeDie hagiographische Literatur im deutschen Sprachraum unter den Ottonen und Saliern (ca. 960-1130); David J. Collins, S.J., Latin Hagiography in Germania, 1450-1550; Guy Philippart and Anne WagnerHagiographie lorraine (950-1130). Les diocèses de Metz, Toul et Verdun; Guy PhilippartOù en est l’histoire de la littérature hagiographique ?Bilan général et apport du volume IV.

Vol. 5, ed. G. Philippart:  Hagiographie d’Italie (300-550): I. C. LanéryLes Passions latines composées en Italie; S. Gioanni, Les Vies de saints latines composées en Italie de la Paix constantinienne au lieu du VIe siècle; P. LicciardelloAgiografia latina dell’Italia centrale, 950-1130 ; A. Degl’Innocenti, Agiografia latine dell’Italia centrale, 1130-1220.

Vol. 6, ed. M. Goullet:  R. ManfredoniaAgiografia latina del Mezzogiorno continentale d’Italia e della Sicilia (1266-1517); E. D’AngeloBibliotheca Hagiographica Umbriae (1130-1500); D. BriesemeisterHagiografia latina y vernácula en la Peninsula Ibérica (1350-1500); M. RenerHagiographie im deutschen Raum (1125-1220); A.-M. Bultot-VerleysenHagiographie d’Aquitaine (750-1130); Ch. Baillet and P. HenrietGallia, 1130-fin XIIIe siècle. Provinces de Bordeaux, Auch et Narbonne; J. R. WebbHagiography in the diocese of Liège (950-1130).

TASC: Transnational Database and Atlas of Saints’ Cults. [Currently (7/19) inaccessible] “The Transnational Database and Atlas of Saints’ Cults aims to establish a parish-by-parish, commune-by-commune inventory of religious devotion in Europe and beyond. Evidence of cults saintly, angelic and divine is built up from documentation and other sources, and centres on the dedications of churches and chapels and of subsidiary foci of devotion such as side altars, images and lights.”

Anne-Marie Bultot-Verleysen, L’hagiographie médiolatine (5e-15e s.)

III. Encyclopedias and Dictionaries

Bibliotheca Sanctorum, ed. Iosepho Vizzini et al., 12 vols. and index (Rome, 1961-70); Supplement, 1987. . The standard and most complete reference guide to individual saints.

Histoire des saints et de la sainteté chrétienne, 11 vols., ed. André Mandouze and André Vauchez et al. (Paris, 1986-90).

Il grande libro dei santi. Dizionario enciclopedico, 3 vols., ed. Claudio Leonardi et al., 2nd ed. (Turin, 2002).

Vies des saints et des bienheureux selon l’ordre du calendrier par les reverends pères bénédictins de Paris, ed. Jules Baudot, Paul Antin, and Jacques Dubois, 13 vols. (Paris, 1935-59).

The Book of Saints: A Dictionary of Persons Canonized or Beatified by the Catholic Church. Compiled by the Benedictine monks of St. Augustine’s Abbey, Ramsgate, 5th ed. (New York, 1966).

Donald Attwater with Catherine Rachel John, The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, 3rd ed (Harmondsworth, 1995). . The most convenient single-volume quick reference in English; appendix gives calendar of saints’ feast-days.

Hugh Farmer, The Oxford Dictionary of Saints, 4th ed. (Oxford, 1997). Includes mainly saints from the British Isles and saints culted in Britain; includes calendar of feast-days.

F. G. Holweck, A Biographical Dictionary of the Saints (New York, 1924). .

Paul Halsall, Internet Medieval Source Book. Saints’ Lives

Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon

The following major biographical dictionaries include entries on saints:

Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon, 14 vols., ed. Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz (Herzberg, 1970-98). . The on-line version is incomplete.

Henry Wace et al., ed., A Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature to the End of the Sixth Century A.D., 2 vols. (London, 1911). 

Pádraig Ó RiainA Dictionary of Irish Saints (Dublin, 2011). 

The standard ecclesiastical encyclopedias are also valuable for all aspects of hagiography; see the separate bibliography on Medieval Christianity and Ecclesiastical Sources.

IV. Online Resources and Websites

Société des Bollandistes. Essential site by editors of Acta Sanctorum, Subsidia Hagiographica, and Analecta Bollandiana.

The Cult of Saints. A research project on the Cult of Saints from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world. Includes a database intended to compile “all the early evidence for the cult of the saints is being collected, whether in Armenian, Coptic, Georgian, Greek, Latin or Syriac, with summaries of long texts and full quotation of key passages, both in the original language and in English translation.

Hagiographies. The website includes a “Base de données géographiques et chronologiques de la littérature et des manuscrits hagiographiques latins” that enables you to generate a list of BHL numbers for any saint, and a “liste des datations des textes hagiographiques latins.”

Hagiography Society

Hagiologia. Atelier belge d’études sur la sanctité. Includes a Newsletter, Litterae Hagiologicae.

L’Associazione italiana per lo studio della santità, dei culti e dell’agiografia (AISSCA)

HagHis: Hagiographie et Histoire: atelier français de recherches sur l’hagiographie médiévale

Glen Gunhouse, On-line Calendar of Saints’ Days

Calendoscope. Logiciel d’aide à l’identification des calendriers liturgiques médiévaux

V. Journals and Series

Analecta Bollandiana (Brussels, 1882- ). . For an index, see François Halkin, Analecta Bollandiana. Inventaire hagiographiques des tomes 1-100 (1882-1982) (Brussels, 1983). See the previous indices to Vols. 1 (1882)-20 (1901); 21 (1902)-40 (1922); 41 (1923)-60 (1942); 61 (1943)-80 (1962); 81 (1963)- 100 (1982); 101 (1983)- 120 (2002). Vols. 1-26 are available on Hathi Trust.

Hagiographica. Rivista dell Societé internazionale per lo studio del medioevo latino (Spoleto, 1994- ). 

Sanctorum. Rivista dell’Associazione per lo studio della santità, dei culti e dell’agiografia (AISSCA) 

Subsidia Hagiographica (1886- ) 

Tabularium Hagiographicum (2002- ) 

Hagiologia. Études sur la sainteté et l’hagiographie – Studies on Sanctity and Hagiography (Brepols).

VI. Selected General Studies, Histories, and Collections

[For a fuller list, see Godding, “Complément Bibliographique,” in Aigrain, L’Hagiographie, pp. 396-400].

Barbara Abou-el-Haj, The Medieval Cult of Saints: Formations and Transformations (Binghamton NY, 1993).

Robert Bartlett, Why Can the Dead Do Such Great Things?: Saints and Worshippers from the Martyrs to the Reformation (Princeton, 2013).

Hans Bekker-Nielsen et al., ed., Hagiography and Medieval Literature: A Symposium (Odense, 1981). 

Walter Berschin, Biographie und Epochenstil im lateinischen Mittelalter, 4 vols. (Stuttgart, 1986-99).

Helen BirkettThe Saints’ Lives of Jocelin of Furness: Hagiography, Patronage and Ecclesiastical Politics, new ed. (Woodbridge, 2010).

Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski and Timea Szell, Images of Sainthood in Medieval Europe (Ithaca NY, 1991).

Peter Brown, The Cult of the Saints: Its Rise and Function in Latin Christianity (Chicago, 1981).

Peter Brown, Society and the Holy in Late Antiquity (Chicago, 1982).

Paul Clogan, ed. Medieval Hagiography and Romance, Medievalia et Humanistica n.s. 6 (1975).

John Crook, The Architectural Setting of the Cult of the Saints in the Early Christian West, c. 300-c. 1200 (Oxford, 2000). 

Baudoiun de Gaiffier, Études critiques d’hagiographie et d’iconologie, Subsidia hagiographica 43 (Brussels, 1967).

Hippolyte Delehaye, The Legends of the Saints, trans. Donald Attwater (New York, 1962). The 1907 trans. by V. M. Crawford is available on-line.

Hippolyte Delehaye, Cinq leçons sur la méthode hagiographique, Subsidia hagiographica 21 (Brussels, 1934 and 1968).

James W. Earl, Literary Problems in Early Medieval Hagiography (diss. Cornell Univ., 1973).

Alison Goddard Elliott, Roads to Paradise: Reading the Lives of the Early Saints (Hanover NH, 1987).

Robert Folz, Les saints rois du moyen âge en occident, VIe-XIIIe siècles, Subsidia Hagiogaphica 68 (Brussels, 1984).

Les Fonctions des saints dans le monde occidental (IIIe-XIIIe siècle): actes du colloque organisé par l’Ecole française de Rome avec le concours de l’Université de Rome “La Sapienza”; Rome, 27-29 octobre 1988 (Rome, 1991).

Santità, culti, agiografia. Temi e prospettive, Atti dell 1 Convegno di studio dell’Associazione italiana per lo studio della santità, dei culti e dell’agiografia, Roma, 24-26 ottobre 1996, ed. S. Boesch Gajano (Rome, 1997).

S. Boesch Gajano, “L’agiografia,” in Morfologie sociali e culturali in Europa fra tarda antichità e alto Medioevo, Settimane di studio del Centro italiano di studi sull’alto Medioevo 45 (Spoleto, 1998), pp. 797-843.

Patrick GearyLiving with the Dead in the Middle Ages (Ithaca, 1994).

Pamela Gehrke, Saints & Scribes: Medieval Hagiography in Its Manuscript Context, University of California Publications in Modern Philology 126 (Berkeley CA, 1993). 

La société au miroir du discours hagiographique, special issue of Cahiers d’histoire 34 (2016), ed, Philippe Genequand and Véronique Olivier.

La réécriture hagiographique dans l’Occident médiéval.: Transformations formelles et idéologiques, ed. Monique Goullet, Beihefte der Francia 58 (Sigmaringen, 2003).

Frantisekv Graus, Volk, Herrscher und Heiliger im Reich der Merowinger: Studien zur Hagiographie der Merowingerzeit (Prague, 1965).

Hagiographie, cultures et sociétés IVe-XIIe siècles (Paris, 1981).

Hagiographie/Hagiologie, special issue, Le medieviste et l’ordinateur 34 (Winter 1997). 

Thomas Head, Hagiography and the Cult of Saints: The Diocese of Orléans, 800-1200 (Cambridge, 1990).

Medieval Hagiography: An Anthology, ed. Thomas Head (New York, 2000).

Thomas Head and Thomas F. X. Noble, Soldiers of Christ: Saints and Saints’ Lives from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (University Park PA, 1995).

Thomas J. Heffernan, Sacred Biography: Saints and Their Biographies in the Middle Ages (New York, 1988). 

Martin Heinzelmann, Manuscrits hagiographiques et travail des hagiographes (Sigmaringen, 1992).

Charles W. Jones, Saints’ Lives and Chronicles in Early England (Ithaca NY, 1947).

Claudio Leonardi, Agiografia medievali, ed. Antonella Degl’Innocenti and Francesco Santi, Millennio Medievale 89, Strumenti e Studi 28 (Florence, 2011).

Predigt im Kontext, ed. Volker Mertens, Hans-Jochen Schiewer, and Wolfram Schneider-Lastin (Berlin, 2013).

James T. Palmer, Early Medieval Hagiography (Amsterdam, 2018).

Gli studi agiografici sul medioevo in Europa (1968-1998), ed. E. Paoli, Quaderni di Hagiographica (Florence, 2000). 

Scribere sanctorum gesta: Recueil d’études d’hagiographie médiévale offert à Guy Philippart, ed. Etienne Renard, Michel Trigalet, Xavier Hermand and Paul Bertrand, Hagiologia, Etudes sur la Sainteté en Occident 3 (Turnhout, 2005), pp. 135-56. 

Jean-Claude Schmitt, The Holy Greyhound: Guinefort, Healer of Children since the Thirteenth Century, trans. Martin Thom (Cambridge, 1983).

Saints: Studies in Hagiography, ed. Sandro Sticca, Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies 141 (Binghamton NY, 1996).

Francesco Scorza Barcellona, “Les études hagiographiques au 20e siècle: bilan et perspectives,” Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique 95 (2000), 17-33.

Alan Thacker and Richard Sharpe, Local Saints and Local Churches in the Early Medieval West (Oxford, 2002).

André Vauchez, Sainthood in the Later Middle Ages, trans. Jean Birrell (Cambridge, 1987).

Dieter von der Nahmer, Agiografia altomedievale e uso della Bibbia (Naples, 2001).

VII. Major Collections of Sources


Société des Bollandistes, Acta Sanctorum quotquot toto orbe coluntur, 68 vols. (Brussels, 1643-1940; rep. 1965) Online Chadwyck-Healey database.(Paris, 60 vols., with Index by L. M. Rigollet) and Brussels 1965 reprint . For an analysis of the various editions of AASS, see Repertorium Fontium Historiae Medii Aevi, I (Rome, 1962), pp. 16-17. Organized by month, but incomplete (November and December). Supplemented by Propylaeum ad Acta Sanctorum Novembris (1902), ; Propylaeum ad Acta Sanctorum Decembris. Martyrologium Romanum ad formam editionis typicae scholiis historicis instructam (1940), ; and Commentariius perpetuus in Martyrologium Hieronimianum (1931), . Many volumes are also available online in pdf form. The on-line database can be searched by keyword, saints’ name (Latin form), title of work, feast day, or BHL number (select “BHL Go To”). You can search all or just the indices. Note that in the Search All screen you can click a box that will simultaneously search the Patrologia Latina database. The “Lexicon” is a searchable version of the 1984 ed. of Niermeyer’s Mediae latinitatis lexicon minus. “Table of Contents” allows you to download texts for each month (large files!).

On the Bollandists see Hippolyte Delehaye, The Work of the Bollandists through Three Centuries, 1615-1915 (Princeton NJ, 1922),  ; David Knowles, Great Historical Enterprises (London, 1964), pp. 1-32.

L. D’Achery and J. MabillonActa Sanctorum Ordinis Sancti Benedicti, 9 vols. (Paris, 1668- 1701; repr. Matiscone, 1935).

Boninus Mombritius, Sanctuarium seu Vitae Sanctorum (Milan, ?1447/78).

Butler’s Lives of the Saints, rev. ed. H. Thurston and D. Attwater (New York, 1956). ; new revised ed. by Paul Burns (Collegeville MN, 1995- ). A popular rather than scholarly resource, but provides potted English biographies of many saints.

Internet Medieval Sourcebook, Saints’ Lives. Inventory of texts and translations available on the web.


Legenda Aurea:

Jacobus de Voragine, Legenda aurea, 3rd ed., ed. Th. Graesse (Breslau, 1890) . Available in English translation: The Golden Legend of the Saints, trans. W. G. Granger, 2 vols. (Princeton, 1993), . An index of the contents is available on-line.

La Légende dorée. Jacques de Voragine, ed. Alain Boureau (Paris, 2004).

Iacopo da Varazze, Legenda aurea, ed. Giovanni Paolo Maggioni, 2 vols., Millennio Medievale 6 (Florence, 1998).

Iacopo da Varazze, Legenda aurea con le miniature dal codice Ambrosiano C 240 inf., ed. Giovanni Paolo Maggioni, 2 vols., Edizione Nazionale dei Testi Mediolatini 20 (Florence, 2007).

Alain Boureau, La Légende dorée: le système narratif de Jacques de Vorgine (Paris, 1994).

Legenda aurea, sept siècles de diffusion: actes du colloque international sur la Legenda aurea, texte latin et branches vernaculaires à l’Université du Québec à Montréal, 11-12 mai 1983, ed. Brenda Dunn-Lardeau (Montreal, 1986).

Barbara Fleith, Studien zur Überlieferungsgeschichte der lateinische Legenda Aurea, Subsidia hagiographica 72 (Brussels, 1991).

Barbara Fleith and Franco Morenzoni, ed., De la sainteté a l’hagiographie: genèse et usage de la Légende dorée (Genève, 2001). .

Barbara Fleith, “The Patristic Sources of the Legenda aurea. A Research Report,” in The Reception of the Church Fathers in the West from the Carolingians to the Maurists, ed. Irena Backus, 2 vols. (Leiden, 1997), I, 231-88.

Jacques Le Goff, In Search of Sacred Time: Jacobus de Voragine and the Golden Legend, trans. Lydia G. Cochrane (Princeton, 2014).

Giovanni Paolo Maggioni, Ricerche sulla composizione e sulla trasmissione della “Legenda aurea”, Biblioteca di “Medioevo Latino” 8 (Spoleto, 1995).

Sherry L. Reames, The Legenda aurea: A Reexamination of its Paradoxical History (Madison, 1985).

Magnum Legendarium Austriacum:

Diarmuid Ó Riain, “The Magnum Legendarium Austriacum: A New Investigation of One of Medieval Europe’s Richest Hagiographical Collections,” Analecta Bollandiana 133 (2015), 87-165.

Hagiography and Monastic Networks

For other medieval and post-medieval hagiographical compendia, see Dubois and Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes, pp. 33-57.

VIII. Repertories

Note: additional works can be found by browsing the Library of Congress subject heading “Christian Saints.”


Bibliotheca hagiographica latina antiquae et mediae aetatis, 2 vols. Subsidia hagiographica 6 (Brussels, 1898- 1901), also available on Google Books: v. 1; v. 2. With a Supplément, Subsidia Hagiographica 12 (Brussels, 1911); and a Novum Supplementum, ed. Henryk Fros, Subsidia Hagiographica 70 (Brussels, 1986). ; no. 12; no. 70. See also H. Fros, “Inédits non recensés dans la BHL,” Analecta Bollandiana 102 (1984), 163-96, 355-80. 

An on-line searchable database of the Bollandists’ catalogues of hagiographical manuscripts is available as Index analytique des Catalogues de manuscrits hagiographiques latins publiés par la Société des Bollandistes établi par Michel Trigalet et al. Use to establish the dossier of a saint by name, search for a hagiographical text by its BHL number, and to locate catalogue references for the hagiographical manuscript holdings of selected major libraries.

Les dossiers littéraires des saints des provinces belges

See also the major repertories of medieval Latin texts listed in the separate bibliography on Medieval Latin Literature.

Greek (Byzantine):

Hagiographie & liturgie (BHGms)

Les manuscrits hagiographiques grecs des Bollandistes

François Halkin, Bibliotheca hagiographica graeca, 3rd ed., Subsidia Hagiographica 8A, 3 vols. (Brussels, 1957; idem, Novum auctarium Bibliotheca hagiographicae graecae, Subsidia hagiographica 65 (Brussels, 1984).

The Ashgate Research Companion to Byzantine Hagiography, 2 vols., ed. Stephanos Efthymiadis (Burlington VT, 2011). I: Periods and Places; II: Genres

Byzantine Hagiography: Texts, Themes and Projects, ed. Antonio Rigo, Michele Trizio, and Eleftherios Despotakis (Turnhout, 2018).  See especially Bernard Flusin, L’hagiographie byzantine et la recherche: tendances actuelles,” and Xavier Lequeux, La Bibliotheca Hagiographica Graeca: origine, développements et mise à jour.”

T. Pratsch, Der hagiographische Topos: Griechische Heiligenviten in mittelbyzantinischer Zeit, Millennium-Studien 6 (Berlin, 2005).

Hagiography Database (Dumbarton Oaks)

Survey of Translations of Byzantine Saints’ Lives


Bibliotheca hagiographica orientalis, ed. Paul Peeters, Subsidia hagiographica 10 (Brussels, 1910).

Medieval Vernaculars:

See Philippart, ed., Hagiographies, which covers vernacular as well as Latin saints’ lives.

Thomas Head, “A Guide to Late Antique and Medieval Hagiography,” 1/5: Guides to hagiographic sources in vernacular languages.”

Robert Godding, “Bibliotheca hagiographica vulgaris. Revues et sociétés d’hagiographie. De l’ancien et du nouveau,” Analecta Bollandiana, 113 (1995), 151-54. 

For specific vernaculars see under “By Country/Region.”


Eligius Dekkers, Clavis Patrum Latinorum, 3rd ed. (Steenbrugge, 1995).  For Latin vitae up to the time of Bede.

Roger Gryson, Répertoire généraldes auteurs ecclésiastiques latins de l’antiquité et du haut moyen âge, 2 vols., Vetus Latina I/1 (Freiburg, 2007). Lists saints’ lives up to c. 800 under the alphabetical heading A-SS.

“Biographies spirituelles,” in Dictionnaire de spiritualité, ascétique et mystique, ed. M. Villier et al. (Paris, 1932- ), I, 1646-78. Chronological listing by century, with topical subdivisions (e.g. by religious order).

Pierre-André Sigal, “Le travail des hagiographes au XI et XIIe siècles: sources d’information et méthodes de rédaction,” Francia 25 (1987-88), 149-82.


Much hagiography is local, and many specialized studies focus on the saints culted in particular locales. Here it is possible only to list repertories devoted to entire countries or major regions. For fuller listings see Howe, List of Lives. See also the relevant chapters in Philippart, ed., Hagiographies, which are not repeated below.


Joseph-Claude Poulin, L’Hagiographie bretonne du haut moyen âge: Répertoire raisonné, Beihefte der Francia 69 (Sigmaringen, 2009). 

Bernard Merdrignac, “Les sources hagiographiques du haut Moyen Âge. L’exemple de la Bretagne.  Revue d’histoire de l’Église de France 86 (2000), 437-46.

Gaul and France:

François Dollbeau, M. Heinzelmann and J.-C. Poulin, “Les sources hagiographiques narratives composées en Gaule avant l’an mil (SHG). Inventaire, examen critique, datation,” Francia 15 (1987), 701-14. 

Marie-Hélène Jullien and Françoise Perelman, Clavis Scriptorum Latinorum Medii Aevi, Auctores Galliae 735-987 (Turnhout, 1994- ). Includes vitae and other hagiographical texts attributed to named authors.

Ferdinand Lot et al. “Vitae, passiones, miracula, translationes sanctorum Galliae necnon alia opera saeculum XI in Gallia exarata (a. 1000-1108),” 17 (1942), 5-26  “Index Scriptorum Operumque Latino-Gallicorum Saeculi XI. Addenda et Corrigenda,” 21 (1951), 173-92. 

Rosa Guerreiro, “Le rayonnement de l’hagiographie hispanique en Gaule pendant le haut Moyen Âge: circulation et diffusion des Passions hispaniques,” in L’Europe héritière de l’Espagne wisigothique. , ed. Jacques Fontaine and Christine Pellistrandi (Madrid, 1992), pp. 137-57.

Joseph-Claude Poulin, L’ideal de sainteté dans l’Aquitaine carolingienne d’après les sources hagiographiques (750-950) (Quebec City, 1975).

Thomas Head, “The Development of Hagiography and the Cult of the Saints in the Later Middle Ages:
The Example of the Kingdom of France from the Capetian Accession to the Reformation”

Lives of the Saints: The Medieval French Hagiography Project

Great Britain:

Richard J. Sharpe, A Handlist of the Latin Writers of Great Britain and Ireland before 1540, Publications of the Journal of Medieval Latin 1 (Turnhout, 1997). For vitae by named authors.

Gordon Whatley, “Acta Sanctorum,” in Sources of Anglo-Saxon Literary Culture, ed. Frederick M. Biggs et al. (Kalamazoo MI, 2001), pp. 22-486. Comprehensive coverage of transmission and translations of saints’ lives in Anglo-Saxon England. 

Thomas N. Hall, “A Handlist of Anglo-Latin Hagiography through the Early Twelfth Century (from Theodore of Tarsus to William of Malmesbury,” Old English Newsletter 45/1 (2014).

John Blair, “A Saint for Every Minster? Local Cults in Anglo-Saxon England,” in Local Saints and Local Churches in the Early Medieval West, ed. Alan Thacker and Richard Sharpe (Oxford, 2002), pp. 455-94.  

John Blair, “A Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Saints,” in Local Saints and Local Churches in the Early Medieval West, ed. Alan Thacker and Richard Sharpe (Oxford, 2002), pp. 495-565. 

Rebecca Rushforth, An Atlas of Saints in Anglo-Saxon Calendars (Cambridge, 2002).

Susan Ridyard, The Royal Saints of Anglo-Saxon England: A Study of West Saxon and East Anglian Cults (Cambridge, 1988).

David Rollason, Saints and Relics in Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford, 1989).

D. G. Scragg, “The Corpus of Vernacular Homilies and Prose Saints’ Lives before Ælfric,” Anglo-Saxon England 8 (1979), 223-77.

A. Nicholls, “The Corpus of Prose Saints’ Lives and Hagiographic Pieces in Old English and its Manuscript Distribution,” Reading Medieval Studies 19 (1993), 73-96; 20 (1994), 51-87.

A Manual of the Writings in Middle English 1050-1400, J. B. Severs and Albert Hartung, gen. ed.(Hamden CN, 1967- ), vol. II: The Pearl Poet; Wyclyf and His Followers; Translations and Paraphrases of the Bible and Commentaries; Saints’ Legends; Instructions for Religious.

Saints’ Lives in Middle English Collections: Bibliography, ed. E. Gordon Whatley et al. 

A Companion to Middle English Hagiography, ed. Sarah Salih (Cambridge, 2006). 

Ireland, Wales, and Scotland:

Donnchadh Ó Corráin, Clavis Litterarum Hibernensium: Medieval Irish Books & Texts (c. 400 – c. 1600), 3 vols. (Turnhout, 2017). Comprehensive repertory of Hiberno-Latin and vernacular Irish texts, including hagiographical.

Michael Lapidge and Richard Sharpe, A Bibliography of Celtic-Latin Literature 400-1200 (Dublin, 1985).

Richard Sharpe, Medieval Irish Saints’ Lives: An Introduction to the Vitae Sanctorum Hiberniae (Oxford, 1991). 

Nathalie StalmansSaints d’Irlande: Analyse critique des sources hagiographiques (VIIe-IXe siècles) (Rennes, 2003). 

Charles Plummer, “A Tentative Catalogue of Irish Hagiography,” in Miscellanea hagiographica hibernica, Subsidia hagiographica 15 (Brussels, 1925). .


Biblioteca agiografica italiana (BAI) 

Paolo Golinelli, Bibliografia agiografica italiana 1976-1999 (Viella, 2001)

The Italian Hagiographic Library (Biblioteca Agriografica Italiana / BAI).

Biblioteca Agiografica Italiana (BAI). Repertorio dei testi e manoscritti, secoli XIII-XV, ed. Jacques Dalarun and Lino Leonardi et al., 2 vols. with CD-ROM Archivio romanzo 4 (Florence, 2003),

Nicholas EverettPatron Saints of Early Medieval Italy AD c.350–800: History and Hagiography in Ten Biographies, Durham Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Translations (Turnhout, 2017).

Low Countries:

Léopold Genicot and Paul Tombeur, Index scriptorum operumque latino-belgicorum medii aevi, 3 vols. in 4 (Turnhout, 1973- ).

The Narrative Sources from the Medieval Low Countries. Use the database to search Vitae.

M. Carasso-Kok, Repertorium van verhalende historische bronnen uit de middeleeuwen: heiligenlevens, annalen, kronieken en andere in Nederland geschreven verhalende bronnen (’s-Gravenhage, 1981).


Sanctity in the North: Saints, Lives, and Cults in Medieval Scandinavia, ed. Thomas A. DuBois (Toronto, 2008).

Saints and their Lives on the Periphery: Veneration of Saints in Scandinavia and Eastern Europe (c.1000-1200), ed. H. Antonsson and I. H. Garipzanov (Turnhout, 2010).

Ole Widding, Hans Bekker-Nielsen, and Laurence Shook, “The Lives of the Saints in Old Norse Prose: A Handlist,” Mediaeval Studies 25 (1963), 294-337.

Kirsten Wolf, The Legends of the Saints in Old Norse-Icelandic Prose (Toronto, 2013).

Slavic Countries:

Encyclopaedia Slavica Sanctorum


M. C. Díaz y Díaz, Index Scriptorum Latinorum Medii Aevi Hispanorum (Madrid, 1959).

  Concepción Palomo Ramos and Francisco Marcos Palomo Ramos, Hagiografía Hispánica Medieval: Repertorio Bibliográfico (2014).

Jose Carlos Martín, “El corpus hagiográfico latino en torno a la figura de Isidoro de Sevilla en la Hispania tardoantigua y medieval (ss. VII-XIII)”, Veleia 22 (2005), 187-228.

Jose Carlos Martín, “Códices hagiográficos latinos de origen hispánico de los siglos IX-XIV, con un apéndice sobre el siglo XV. Ensayo de inventario,” Analecta Bollandiana 127 (2009), 313-63.

Rosa Guerreiro, “Le rayonnement de l’hagiographie hispanique en Gaule pendant le haut Moyen Âge: circulation et diffusion des Passions hispaniques,” in L’Europe héritière de l’Espagne wisigothique. , ed. Jacques Fontaine and Christine Pellistrandi (Madrid, 1992), pp. 137-57.

Hagiografía Hispánica


Le culte des saints sur territoire helvétique: dossier hagiographique et iconographique: communications faites au 16e colloque de l’Association Suisse des Historiens d’Art, Saint-Maurice, 1er-2 novembre 1991, special issue of Zeitschrift für schweizerische Archäologie und Kunstgeschichte 49 (1992). 

Ernst Alfred Stückelberg, Die schweizerischen Heiligen des Mittelalters, ein Hand- und Nachschlagebuch für Forscher, Künstler und Laien (Zurich 1903). 


Catalogus Hagiographicus Ordinis Praedicatorum, 2nd ed., ed. F. M. Ricci (Rome, 2001). 

Thomas Head, “The Mendicant Orders and Sanctity in the Thirteenth Century: A Bibliography”

IX. Catalogues of Hagiographical Manuscripts

For a list of published catalogues by city and library see Dubois and Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes, pp. 27-32. To keep up to date, consult the annual “Catalogues de manuscrits latins: Inventaire hagiographique” in Analecta Bollandiana as well as the section “Catalogi di manoscritti” in Medioevo Latino. Manuscripts of individual texts can be located via the Bollandist’s website (above). For legendaries and martyrologies, see below.

Géographie et chronologie de l’hagiographie latine / Catalogues de manuscrits hagiographiques (“Légendiers latins”). In progress.

Wilhelm Levison, “Conspectus codicum hagiographorum,” in MGH, Scriptores rerum Merovingicarum 7 (1920), pp. 529-706.

Bernhard Vogel, “Hagiographische Handschriften im 12. Jahrhundert,” in Europa an der Wende vom 11. zum 12. Jahrhundert. Beiträge zu Ehren von Werner Goetz, ed. Klaus Herbert (Stuttgart, 2001), pp. 207-16.

See also the separate bibliography on Medieval and Modern Manuscript Catalogues; indices of print catalogues usually include names of saints, and online catalogues can be searched by saints’ names, e.g.:

Index of Manuscripts in the British Library, 10 vols. (London, 1985).

The British Library, Manuscripts Catalogue

MAGI (Manoscritti Agiografici dell’Italia)

MAGIS (Manoscritti Agiografici dell’Italia del Sud)

MATER (Manoscritti Agiografici di Trento e Rovereto) 

Some major catalogues of hagiographical manuscripts:

Catalogus codicum hagiographicorum bibliothecae regiae Bruxellensis: Pars I. Codices Latini membranei, Subsidia hagiographica 1 (Brussels, 1886-1889). 

Catalogus codicum hagiographicorum latinorum antiquiorum saeculo XVI qui asservantur in Bibliotheca nationali Parisiensi, 4 vols., Subsidia Hagiographica 2 (Brussels, 1889-1893). 

Albertus PonceletCatalogus codicum hagiographicorum latinorum bibliothecarum romanarum praeter quam Vaticanae, Subsidia hagiographica (Brussels, 1909). 

Albertus PonceletCatalogus codicum hagiographicorum latinorum Bibliothecae Vaticanae, Subsidia hagiographica 11 (Brussels, 1910). 

François Dolbeau, “Les sources manuscrits des Acta Sanctorum et leur collecte (XVIIe-XVIIIe siècles),” in De Rosweyde aux Acta Sanctorum. La recherche hagiographique des Bollandistes à travers quatre siècles. Actes du Colloque international (Bruxelles, 5 octobre 2007), ed. Robert Godding et al. (Brussels, 2009), pp. 105-47.

Lidia Perria, I manoscritti citati da Albert Ehrhard: indice di A. Ehrhard, Überlieferung und Bestand der hagiographischen und homiletischen Literatur der griechischen Kirche, I-III, Leipzig-Berlin 1937-1952 (Rome, 1979).

Jean-Claude Poulin, “Les libelli dans l’édition hagiographique avant le XIIe siècle,” Beihefte der Francia 63 (2006), 15-193. Inventories 314 hagiographical booklets.

Antonella Mazzon, Manoscritti agiografici latini conservati a Padova, Quaderni di “Hagiographica” 2 (Florence, 2003).

Antonella degl’Innocentii, Donatella Frioli, and Paolo Gatti, Manoscritti agiografici latini di Trento e Roverto, Quaderni di “Hagiographica” 3 (Florence, 2005).

Rossana E. Guglielmetti, I testi agiografici latini nei codice della Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Quaderni di “Hagiographica” 5 (Florence, 2007).

X. Legendaries

Guy Philippart, Les légendiers et autres manuscrits hagiographiques, Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental 24-25 (Turnhout, 1977).

Baudoin de Gaiffier, “A propos des légendiers latins,” Analecta Bollandiana 97 (1979), 57-68. 

François Dolbeau, “Notes sure l’organisation interne des légendiers latins,” in Hagiographie Cultures et Sociétés IVe-XIIe siècles. Actes du Colloque organisé à Nanterre à Paris (2-5 mai 1979), Études Augustiniennes (Paris, 1981), pp. 11-31.

François Dolbeau, “Les prologues de légendiaires latines,” in Les prologues médiévaux: Actes du Colloque international organisé par l’Academia Belgica et l’Ecole française de Rome avec le concours de la F.I.D.E.M. (Rome, 26-28 mars 1998), (Turnhout, 2000), pp. 345-93.

C. V. Franklin, “Roman Hagiography and Roman Legendaries,” in Roma nell’alto Medioevo, 2 vols., Settimane di Studio del Centro Italiano di Studi sull’Alto Medioevo 48 (Spoleto, 2001), II, 857–91. 

XI. Martyrologies

Jacques Dubois, Les martyrologes de moyen âge, Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental 26 (Turnhout, 1978).

Michael Lapidge, “Roman Martyrs and Their Miracles in Anglo-Saxon England,” in Miracles and the Miraculous in Medieval  Germanic and Latin Literature, ed. K. E. Olsen, A. Harbus, and T. Hofstra, Germania Latina 5 (Groningen, 2004), pp. 95-120. With an Appendix: “A Working Corpus of Roman Passiones Martyrum,” pp. 116-20.

Jean Leclercq, Les Martyrs: Recueil de pièces authentiques sur les martyrs depuis les origines du christianisme jusqu’au XX° siècle. 

Victor Saxer, Atti dei martiri dei primi tre secoli (Padova, 1984).

Hippolyte Delehaye, Les origines du culte des martyrs, 2nd ed., Subsidia Hagiographica 20 (Brussels, 1933).

Jacques Dubois, Édition pratique des martyrologes de Béde, de l’Anonyme lyonnais et de Florus (Paris, 1976).

Jacques Dubois, Martryologes, du martyrologe d’Usuard au martyrologe romaine (Fleury, 1990). Collection of essays.

Henri QuentinLes Martyrologes historiques du moyen âge. Étude sur la formation du martyrologe romain (Paris, 1908).

Martyrologium Hieronymianum ad fidem codicum adiectis prolegomenis, ed. J. B. De Rossi and L. Duchesne, Acta Sanctorum 65 (Paris, 1894).

H. Delehaye, Commentarium Perpetuus in Martyrologium Hieronymianum, Acta Sanctorum 66 (Brussels, 1931).

Edition pratique des Martyrologes de Béde, de l’Anonyme Lyonnais et de Florus, ed. Jacques Dubois and Geneviève Renaud (Paris, 1976).

Le Martyrologe d’Adon, Ses deux familles, Ses trois Recensions: Texte et Commentaire, ed. Jacques Dubois and Geneviève Renaud (Paris, 1984).

Le Martyrologe d’Usuard, Texte et commentaire, ed. Jacques Dubois, Subsidia hagiographica 40 (Brussels, 1965).

Roman Martyrology (1749)

Pádraig Ó Riain, Feastdays of the Saints: A History of Irish Martyrologies, Subsidia hagiographica 86 (Brussels, 2006). 

Christine Rauer, The Old English Martyrology: A Bibliography

Martyrs and Martyrologies. Papers read at the 1992 Summer Meeting and the 1993 Winter Meeting of the Ecclesiastical History Society, ed. Diana Wood, Studies in Church History 30 (Cambridge MA, 1993). 

For further references see Dubois and Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes, pp. 103-34.

XII. Litanies of the Saints

P. M. Coens, “Anciennes litanies des saints,” Analecta Bollandiana 54 (1936), 5-37; 55 (1937), 49-69; 59 (1941), 272-98; 62 (1944), 126-68 ; repr. in his Recueil d’études bollandiennes, Subsidia hagiographica 37 (Brussels, 1963), pp. 129-322.

Astrid Krüger, Litanei-Handschriften der Karolingerzeit, MGH Hilfsmittel 24 (Hannover, 2007).

Anglo-Saxon Litanies of the Saints, ed. Michael Lapidge,Henry Bradshaw Society 106 (London, 1991).

English Monastic Litanies of the Saints after 1100, 2 vols., I: Abbotsbury – Peterborough; II: Pontefract – York, ed. Nigel Morgan, Henry Bradshaw Society 119-20 (London, 2012).

XIII. Translations

Martin Heinzelmann, Translationsberichte und andere Quellen des Reliquienkultes, Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental 33 (Turnhout, 1970).

Henryk Fros, “Liste des translations et inventions de l’époque carolingienne,” Analecta Bollandiana, 104 (1986), 427-29.

XIV. Relics and Reliquaries

Liturgische Geräte, Kreuze und Reliquiare der christlichen Kirchen: Systematisches Fachwörterbuch = Objets liturgiques, croix et reliquaires des eglises chretiennes: Dictionaire spécialisé et systématique, Glossarium artis 2, 2nd ed. (Munich, 1982).

Cynthia Hahn, Strange Beauty: Issues in the Making and Meaning of Reliquaries, 400-1204 (University Park PA, 2012). 

H. van Os, The Way to Heaven: Relic Veneration in the Middle Ages (Amsterdam, 2000). 

Reliquiare im Mittelalter, ed. Bruno Reudenbach and Gia Toussaint, Hamburger Forschungen zur Kunstgeschichte 5 (Berlin, 2011). 

Arnold Angenendt, Heilige und Reliquien. Die Geschichte ihres Kultes vom frühen Christentum bis zur Gegenwart (Munich, 1994).

Patrick J. Geary, Furta Sacra: Theft of Relics in the Central Middle Ages (Princeton, 1978).

Matter of Faith: An Interdisciplinary Study of Relics and Relic Veneration in the Medieval Period, ed. James Robinson and Lloyd de Beer with Anna Harnden (London, 2014).

Reliques et sainteté dans l’espace médiéval, ed. Jean-Luc Deuffic, Pecia 8-11 (Saint-Denis, 2006).

Relics, Identity, and Memory in Medieval Europe, ed M. Räsänen, G. Hartmann, and E. J. Richards, Europa Sacra 21 (Turnhout, 2016).

Treasures of Heaven: Saints, Relics, and Devotion in Medieval Europe, ed. Martina Bagnoli et al. (New Haven, 2010). 

The Arma Christi in Medieval and Early Modern Material Culture: With a Critical Edition of ‘O Vernicle’, ed. Lisa H. Cooper and Andrea Denny-Brown (Burlington VT, 2014). 

Gesta: International Center of Medieval Art 36/1 (1997). [Special Issue on Relics and Body-Parts].

On relics and reliquaries see Dubois and Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes, pp. 247-319. On relic tags (“authentiques”) see “Authentiques de reliques: authentiques ou reliques,” Le Moyen Âge 112 (2006), 363-74. 

XV. Iconography of the Saints

Bibliotheca Sanctorum (see above, under III. Encyclopedias and Reference Works).

Charlotte Denoël, “L’apparition des attributs individuels des saints dans l’art médiéval,” Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale 50 (2007), 149-60.

Joseph Braun, Tracht und Attribute der Heiligen in der deutschen Kunst (Stuttgart, 1943).

Maurice Drake and Wilfred Drake, Saints and Their Emblems (London, 1916). Valuable for its alphabetical list of emblems in part 2, pp. 139-230.

Louis Goosen, Dizionario dei santi: storia, letteratura, arte e musica (Milan, 2000).

George Kaftal, Iconography of the saints in central and south Italian schools of painting, 4 vols. (Florence, 1952- ).

Engelbert Kirschbaum, ed., Lexikon der christlichen Ikonographie, 8 vols. (Freiburg im Breisgau, 1968-76),  V-VIII: Ikonographie der Heiligen.

R. L. P. Milburn, Saints and Their Emblems in English Churches (Oxford, 1957). Limited value, no references.

Louis Réau, Iconographie de l’art chrétien, 3 vols. in 6 (Paris, 1955-59). III: Iconographie des Saints. The index includes a list of saints by name with variant forms and spellings.

Mercedes Rochelle, Post-Biblical Saints Art Index: A Locator of Paintings, Sculptures, Mosaics, Icons, Frescoes, Manuscript Illuminations, Sketches, Woodcuts, and Engravings, created from the 4th Century to 1950, with a Directory of the Institutions holding Them (Jefferson NC, 1994).

Leslie Ross, Text, Image, Message: Saints in Medieval Manuscript Illustrations (Westport CN, 1994).

G. Duchet-Suchaux and M. Pastoureau, The Bible and The Saints, trans. David Howell (Paris, 1994). Brief entries and limited citations; for quick reference.

ChristianIconographyInfo. Entries includes selected images but no bibliography.

Eric Brock, “The Relationship between Hagiography and Iconography,” The International Journal of the Image 1.1 13-20. 

For more specialized studies see Dubois and Lemaitre, Sources et méthodes, pp. 211-45; Kaske, Medieval Christian Literary Imagery, pp.100-101; John B. Friedman and Jessica Wegmann, Medieval Iconography: A Research Guide (New York, 1998), pp. 240-45, ; Wilson, “Annotated Bibliography,” in Saints and Their Cults, pp. 346-52 (“Saints in Western Art”). 

Iconographic Databases:

H. van de Waal, Iconclass: An Iconographic Classification System (Amsterdam, 1973- ), 8 vols. and 3 vols. of indices.  Comprehensive coverage of both secular and religious iconography. Use the on-line database or the 3 vols. of subject indices in the print version to locate the classification number for an iconographic image, then consult the relevant “System” and “Bibliography” volumes for lists of keywords and references.

Princeton Index of Medieval Art

See also the separate bibliography on Iconography.

XVI. Miracles

Martin Heinzelmann, “Une source de base de la littérature hagiographique latine: le recueil de miracles,” in Hagiographie Cultures et Sociétés IVe-XIIe siècles. Actes du Colloque organisé à Nanterre à Paris (2-5 mai 1979), Études Augustiniennes (Paris, 1981), pp. 235-59.

Benedicta Ward, Miracles and the Medieval Mind (Philadelphia, 1982). 

Michael GoodichLives and Miracles of the Saints: Studies in Medieval Latin Hagiography (Burlington VT, 2004). 

Miracles: An Encyclopedia of People, Places, and Supernatural Events from Antiquity to the Present: An Encyclopedia of People, Places, and Supernatural Events from Antiquity to the Present, ed. Patrick J. Hayes (Santa Barbara CA, 2016). 

Rachel KoopmansWonderful to Relate: Miracle Stories and Miracle Collecting in High Medieval England (Philadelphia, 2011).

Pierre Sigal, “Histoire et hagiographie: les Miracula aux XIe et XIIe siècles,” in  L’historiographie en Occident du Ve au XVe siècleActes des congrès de la Société des historiens médiévistes de l’enseignement supérieur public,8e congrès, Tours, 1977, pp. 237-57.

XVII. Hagiographical Themes and Motifs

A. J. Festugière, “Lieux commun littéraires et thèmes de folklore dans l’hagiographie primitive,” Wiener Studien 73 (1960), 123-52.

Baudouin de Gaiffier, “Les thèmes hagiographiques. Est-il possible d’établir pour chacun d’eux une filiation?” Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique 77 (1982), 78-81. 

Alison Goddard Elliott, Roads to Paradise: Reading the Lives of the Early Saints (Hanover NH, 1987).

Charles G. Loomis, White Magic: An Introduction to the Folklore of Christian Legend (Cambridge, MA, 1948).

Dorothy Ann Bray, A List of Motifs in the Lives of the Early Irish Saints, Folklore Fellows Communications 252 (Helsinki, 1992).

Mapping Miracles: A Database of Motifs in Insular Hagiography.

Mapping Conversion: A Database of Conversion Episodes in Medieval Insular Hagiography

Only a few representative studies of individual motifs can be listed here:

István P. Bejczy, “The sacra infantia in Medieval Hagiography,” in The Church and Childhood, ed. Diana Wood, Studies in Church History 31 (1994), pp. 143-51.

P. Boglioni, “Il santo e gli animali nell’alto medioevo,” in L’uomo di fronte al mondo animale nell’alto Medioevo (Spoleto 1985), pp. 935–93.

Friedrich Lotter, “Heiliger und Gehenkter. Zur Todesstrafe in hagiographischen Episodenerzählungen des Mittelalters,” in Ecclesia et regnum: Beiträge zur Geschichte von Kirche, Recht und Staat im Mittelalter. Festschrift für Franz-Josef Schmale zu seinem 65. Geburtstag, ed. Dieter Berg and Hans-Werner Goetz (Bochum, 1989), pp. 1-21. Includes an inventory of medieval “Galgenwunder.”

Thomas N. Hall, “The Miracle of the Lengthened Beam in Apocryphal and Hagiographic Tradition,” in Marvels, Monsters, and Miracles: Studies in the Medieval and Early Modern Imaginations, ed. Timothy S. Jones and David A. Sprunger (Kalamazoo MI, 2002), pp. 109-39.

Charles D. Wright: cdwright@illinois.edu

last updated 7/19