General Bibliographies, Reference Works, and Internet Resources

I. Comprehensive Bibliographies for Medieval Studies

II. Comprehensive Reference Works for Medieval Studies

III. Journal Databases and Indexes, Bibliographies and Indices of Festschriften, Periodicals, Dissertations, Reviews, Citations, and Individual Scholars

IV. Finding English Translations of Medieval Texts

V. Major Internet Search Engines, Digital Libraries, and Medieval Studies Gateways

I. Comprehensive Bibliographies

Everett U. Crosby, Julian C. Bishko, and Robert L. Kellogg, Medieval Studies: A Bibliographical Guide (New York, 1983).  Now dated and limited to print resources, but still the most comprehensive in scope, covering virtually all major subject areas and ancillary disciplines (listed in WorldCat entry); briefly annotated.

Brepolis Medieval Bibliographies. Combines two complementary serial bibliographies: International Medieval Bibliography [IMB] (Leeds, 1967- ) , covering periodical literature, and Bibliographie de civilisation médiévale (1958- ) , covering monographs and miscellanies as well as book reviews. The Help page has a section “How to search?”  Includes Simple and Advanced search modes. Under Advanced Search “Thematic Search – Specific” you can also select “more search possibilities” to open up search fields for “Manuscripts,” “Persons, Families, Texts” and “Places.” Topical bibliographies can be found by entering “bibliography” in “Thematic Search – Specific: All index terms ” and selecting the relevant disciplines in “Thematic Search – General”. (In some cases the pull-down menu invoked by entering a term in the “Thematic Search – Specific: All index terms” box will include a selection for “Bibliography”).

Iter: The Bibliography of Medieval and Renaissance Europe from 1400-1700. “Iter’s bibliography includes literature pertaining to the Middle Ages and Renaissance (400-1700). Citations for books, journal material (articles, reviews, review articles, bibliographies, catalogues, abstracts and discographies) are included, as are citations for essays in books (including entries in conference proceedings, festschriften, encyclopedias and exhibition catalogues).” The Iter databases also include Aestimatio, on the history of science, Baptisteria sacra, on baptismal fonts, Kristeller’s Iter Italicum, the International Directory of Scholars, as well as several databases on Renaissance topics.

On Iter and IMB see Daniel Newton and Jennalyn Tellman, “A Comparison of the Iter Bibliography and the International Medieval Bibliography: Tools for Researching the History of the European Middle Ages,” Reference & User Services Quarterly 49 (2010), 265-77.

Mirabile: Digital Archives for Medieval Latin Culture. Allows full text, simple and and advanced searches. Hits are grouped by database (below).  Each record will usually supply an abstract and one or more fields linking to reviews and citations; subjects and indices; manuscripts; and external resources. The tutorial page gives a number of sample searches.

Mirabile incorporates the following databases:

Medieval Latin:
  • MEL – Medioevo Latino. Bolletino della culture europea dal secolo VI al XIII, gen. ed. Claudio Leonardi (Spoleto, 1980- ).   Comprehensive coverage (of periodical literature and of books reviewed in periodicals) of medieval Latin authors and texts other than archival documents and related aspects of medieval culture (therefore excluding works dealing with vernacular texts unless treating of Latin sources or connections [cf. the section “Rapporti con le culture non latine”] and non-textual subjects such as daily life, archaeology and material culture, and art history (but iconography is covered) or music (but Latin treatises on music will be covered under “autori e testi”). Each entry has an abstract (usually in Italian, but sometimes in German, French, or English). Divided into five major parts: 1. Authors and texts, listed alphabetically; 2. “Fortleben,” on the transmission and influence of the Bible (by book) and of classical and patristic authors in the Middle Ages; 3. Medieval intellectual, literary, and institutional history; 4. Reference works; 5. Miscellaneous collections of essays. 6. Manuscripts from catalogues (alphabetical list of Latin texts indexed in recently published manuscript catalogues; this section will be merged with section 1 beginning with volume 24). Beginning with vol. 23 of the print bibliography there is a new section covering Ancillary disciplines. There are indices of manuscripts (listing the contents from published catalogues), Latin words, localities, modern scholars, subject headings (Sezione), and CD-ROMs and websites. The section “Bibliografie” in Part 5 is the best way to locate the most recent bibliographical manuals.
  • BISLAM – Bibliotheca Scriptorum Latinorum Medii Recentiorisque Aevi “is a bio-bibliographic and onomastic index, providing cards about authors writing (or translated) in Latin until 1536.” Based on:  BISLAM. Bibliotheca Scriptorum Latinorum Medii Recentiorisque Aevi – Repertory of Medieval and Renaissance Latin Authors. II. Censimento onomastico e letterario degli autori latini del medioevo. Identificazione, classificazione per genere letterario e bibliografia fondamentale. Onomastic and Literary Census of Medieval Latin Authors. Identification, Classification by Literary Genre and General Bibliography, 2 vols. + CD-ROM, ed. Roberto Gamberini (Florence, 2010). 
  • CALMA – Compendium Auctorum Latinorum Medii Aevi “is a bio-bibliographic index, providing cards about every author writing in Latin between VI and XVI century, with a list works and other informations on manuscripts and related bibliography. For each author CALMA gives: a file with general bibliography, a list of works (including doubtful and spurious), other informations about catalogues and indexes, printed editions, manuscripts, related studies.” Based on: C.A.L.M.A. Compendium Auctorum Latinorum Medii Aevi (Florence, 2004-). 
  • MEM – Medioevo musicale. Mediaeval Music Bibliographical Bulletin “is an effective bibliographic tool that plugs a gap in the musicologic area. It is furnished with an exhaustive discographic section and its aim is to give periodically an accurate picture of the studies about the musical culture in the Middle Ages, between the 5th and the 15th centuries.” 
  • RICaBIM – Repertorio di Inventari e Cataloghi delle Biblioteche Medievali, di area latina, dall’Alto Medioevo sino al 1520 “is the index of inventories and catalogues of medieval libraries in the latin area, from the middle ages to 1520.”
  • Canticum – Repertorio dei codici che tramandano commenti al Cantico dei Cantici “is an index of commentaries on the Song of Songs preserved in manuscript form or known only through outadated editions; it is based on catalogues of manuscripts and scholarly literature.” Based on:  Rossana E. GuglielmettiLa tradizione manoscritta dei commenti latini al Cantico dei Cantici (origini-XII sec.) – Repertorio dei codici contenenti testi inediti o editi solo nella Patrologia Latina, Millennio Medievale 63, Strumenti e Studi 14 (Florence, 2006).
  • ABC – Antica biblioteca camaldolese is a “census of all the extant Camaldolese manuscripts from the beginning to the 17th century.”
  • ROME – Repertorio degli omeliari del medioevo is a census of “manuscripts which handed down homiletic collections written/copied between 9th and 12th centuries.”
  • TETRA – Te.Tra. La trasmissione dei testi latini del Medioevo / Mediaeval Latin Texts and Their Transmission covers “the manuscript tradition and the tansmission of the Latin works in the Middle Ages.” The database includes abstracts of selected entries in La trasmissione dei testi latini del Medioevo. Mediaeval Latin Texts and Their Transmission, 5 vols. to date, ed. Lucia Castaldi and Paolo Chiesa (Firenze, 2004- ). (Millennio medievale 50. Strumenti e studi. N.S. 8) 
  • TRAMP – «La tradizione medievale dei Padri»
  • MADOC – «Manuscripta doctrinalia (sec. XIII-XV)»
Romance Languages:
  • LIO – «Lirica italiana delle origini»
  • BAI – «Biblioteca agiografica italiana»
  • MAFRA – «Repertorio dei manoscritti gallo-romanzi copiati in Italia»
  • TECOLM – «Testi e codici della Lombardia medievale»
  • TRALIRO – «Repertorio ipertestuale della tradizione lirica romanza delle Origini»
  • MATER – «Manoscritti agiografici di Trento e Rovereto»
  • MAGIS – «Manoscritti agiografici dell’Italia del Sud»
  • BAI – «Biblioteca agiografica italiana» (consultabile anche tra i DB italiani)
  • MAGI – «Manoscritti agiografici latini nei codici della Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana»

Bibliographie annuelle du moyen âge tardif. Auteurs et textes latins, vers 1250-1500, ed. J. P. Rothschild (Paris, 1991- ). Picks up chronologically where Medioevo Latino leaves off.

Archives de littérature du Moyen Âge (ARLIMA). In addition to free searches of the bibliographical database, it can be browsed alphabetically by authors and works; by patrons and dedicatees; by  themes and genres; and by manuscripts.

Oxford Bibliographies Online: Medieval Studies, gen. ed. Paul Szarmach. In progress. Topical, briefly annotated bibliographies by specialists, supplied with links to public or UIL online access. Currently includes about 60 bibliographies, from “Alfred the Great” to “York Corpus Christi Plays.” The bibliographies lean heavily towards English-language scholarship but do include references to scholarship in other major research languages. One of a suite of Oxford Bibliographies Online, which inculdes others of relevance to Medieval Studies (including Biblical Studies, ClassicsIslamic Studies, Jewish Studies). In Advanced Search you can limit searches to Medieval Studies bibliographies and/or other areas.

Toronto Medieval Bibliographies:

1. Hans Bekker-Nielsen, Old Norse-Icelandic Studies (1967) ; 2. Fred C. Robinson, Old English Literature (1970) ; 3. J. J. Murphy, Medieval Rhetoric, 2nd ed. (1989) ; 4. Andrew Hughes, Medieval Music, 2nd ed. (1980) ; 5. Rachel Bromwich, Medieval Celtic Literature (1974) ; 6. Giles Constable, Medieval Monasticism (1976) ; 7. Robert A. Taylor, La Littérature occitane (1977) ; 8. Leonard E. Boyle, Medieval Latin Palaeography (1984) ; 9. R. W. Pfaff, Medieval Latin Liturgy (1982) ; 10. John Leyerle and Anne Quick, Chaucer (1986) ; 11. R. E. KaskeMedieval Christian Literary Imagery (1988) .

Garland Medieval Bibliographies, 15 vols. (New York, 1990-2000) . Individual volumes will be listed in the topical bibliographies as relevant.

Online Medieval Source Bibliography: An Annotated Bibliography of Printed and Online Primary Sources for the Middle Ages. Searchable database (by Medieval Text Name, Medieval Author, or Modern Editor/Translator), currently focusing primarily on sources from England, Ireland, and France. “The aim is to provide annotated entries that include information on the genre, contents, archival reference and original language of the text, as well as whether the publication includes a translation, introduction, appendices, glossary, and index. Where appropriate, the bibliography also includes hyperlinks to sources that are online.”

Medieval Digital Resources: A Curated Guide and Database (Medieval Academy of America). “MDR is a curated database of peer-reviewed digital materials for the study of the Middle Ages. Users can browse an alphabetical list or search using controlled-vocabulary subject tags to find vetted online resources of many types, including: imagebanks; bibliographies and reference works; pedagogical tools; editions and translations; music and other multimedia collections; interpretative websites; and new works of digital scholarship. Please note that MDR does not include resources that are paywalled or require password access, although some resources may have restrictive use-licenses.”

What Every Medievalist Should Know (WEMSK) by James W. Marchand. 49 topical bibliographies; see the alphabetical list. Many are linked separately below under the appropriate heading. Includes surveys and histories as well as bibliographies and reference works.

The following websites are also valuable:

SHMES Bibliographie: Société des Historiens Médiévistes de l’Énseignement Supérieur Public.

Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters (1937- ).  The subject index can be searched at the Monumenta Germaniae Historica website; the reviews can be searched via the MGH OPAC database.

For older specialized bibliographies by topic see Richard H. Rouse, Serial Bibliographies for Medieval Studies (Berkeley, 1969). 

Browsing the book reviews and “Books Received” section in each issue of the journal Speculum (via JSTOR) is a good way to keep abreast of recent monographs across the field. See also the separate bibliographies on Medieval History and Historical Sources and Medieval Christianity and Ecclesiastical Sources. For some specific national bibliographies see the separate bibliography on Medieval History and Historical Sources.

II. Comprehensive Reference Works


Handbook of Medieval Studies: Terms – Methods – Trends, ed. Albrecht Classen, 3 vols. (Berlin, 2011).  Print and online. Extensive coverage grouped under the headings “Main Topics and Debates of the Last Decades and Their Terminology and Results”; “Important Terms in Today’s Medieval Studies”; “Textual Genres in the Middle Ages”; “Key Figures in Medieval Studies from ca. 1650 to 1950.”

Handbook of Medieval Culture: Fundamental Aspects and Conditions of the European Middle Ages, 3 vols. ed. Albrecht Classen (Berlin, 2016). Print and online. Essays on various topics, from “Animals, Birds and Fish” to “Witchcraft and Superstition,” with brief bibliographies.  Table of Contents.

La Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental, gen. ed. Léopold Genicot (Turnhout, 1972). Discursive bibliographical guides to medieval sources (material as well as textual) by genre. 68 volumes to date. See L. Genicot, Table of Fascicles 1-50 (Turnhout, 1992)  for valuable comprehensive indices (by types of sources; historical criticism: problems and methods; subjects of research). Volumes 2-39 have been updated in a separate volume, Mises à Jour (1985). See also the “Survey of Fundamental Reference Works in Medieval Studies,” pp. XXV-LXVI.

Jacques Berlioz et al., Identifier sources et citations, L’Atelier du médiéviste 1 (Turnhout, 1994).  Includes chapters on: La Bible latines du grec, de l’arabe et de l’hébreu; Les citations attribuées ou anonymes; Poésie et prières; Proverbes et sentences; Les citations liturgiques; Droit romain; Droit canonique; Les décisions des conciles et synodes; Vies de saints et motifs hagiographiques; Les sermons; Les exempla; Contes et motifs, croyances et “superstitions”; Encyclopédies, bestiaires et lapidaires; Images littéraires, comparaisons et lieux communs; Les sources iconographiques; L’index des index de la Patrologie latine de Jacques-Paul Migne; Addresses utiles (bibliothèques, éditeurs, libraries, CD-ROM) et répertoires de chercheurs.

Other volumes in the series L’Atelier du médiéviste:

  • 2. O. Guyotjeannin, J. Pycke, B.-M. Tock, Diplomatique médiévale (1993).
  • 3. C. Lecouteux, L’allemand médiéval (1996) . 
  • 4. L. Carruthers, L’anglais médiéval (1997).
  • 5. R. Favreau, Épigraphie médiévale (1998). 
  • 6. R. Fossier, L’histoire économique et sociale du Moyen Âge occidental. Questions, sources, documents commentés (1999). 
  • 7. M. Bompaire and F. Dumas, Numismatique médiévale (2000).
  • 8. O. Redon, ed., Les langues de l’Italie médiévale. Textes d’histoire et de littérature, xe-xive siècle (2002).
  • 9. A. Vauchez and C. Caby, ed., L’histoire des moines, chanoines réguliers et frères mendiants au Moyen Âge: sources et méthodes (2004).
  • 10. P. Bourgain and M.-C. Hubert, Le latin médiéval (2006).

Past Imperfect. New series of monographs presenting “concise critical overviews of the latest research.” 

F. A. C. Mantello and A. G. Rigg, ed., Medieval Latin: An Introduction and Bibliographical Guide (Washington, D.C., 1996).  Bibliographical essays on a wide range of topics; includes a section on “General Reference and Research Tools,” with a list of “Bibliographical Guides and Surveys,” pp. 22-31. The Table of Contents is complete on Google Books.

R. E. Kaske, Medieval Christian Literary Imagery: A Guide to Interpretation, Toronto Medieval Bibliographies 11 (Toronto, 1988).  A valuable research guide with explicit discussion of methods and procedures. Chapters on: Biblical Exegesis; The Liturgy; Hymns; Sermons; Visual Arts; Mythography; Commentaries on Major Authors (Plato, Prudentius, Augustine, Boethius, Alain de Lille, Prophetia Merlini, Dante); Miscellaneous (Mary, The Cross, Eschatology, Number, Colour). There is also an appendix on Medieval Encyclopedias by Michael Twomey.

Historiographical surveys of scholarship:

The State of Medieval Studies, ed. C. Stephen Jaeger, special issue of the Journal of English and Germanic Philology 105 (2006). Can be accessed online via subscription to JSTOR or Project Muse. Includes essays on Nationalism and Globilization, Byzantine Studies, Eurasia and the Realm of Islam, Spanish Medieval Studies, Early Medieval English Literature, Medieval Studies in the United Kingdom, Middle English Literature and Illustrated Illustrated Manuscripts, Occitan and French Literature, France at the Threshold, Art and Liturgy in the Middle Ages, Medieval German Literature, The Middle Ages in Germany, Medieval Studies in Italy, Medieval Italian Literature.

Hans-Werner Goetz, Moderne Mediävistik: Stand und Perspektiven der Mittelalterforschung (Darmstadt, 1999).  A critical survey of major developments; includes sections devoted to disciplinary and institutional history of medieval studies, ancillary disciplines and source studies, political and administrative history, social and economic history, anthropological approaches, and literacy/orality. Use the subject index to locate discussions of particular fields.

Jacqueline Hamesse, ed., Bilan et perspectives des études médiévales en Europe (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1995).  

A Century of British Medieval Studies, ed. Alan Deyermond (London, 2007).

Hans Rudolf Guggisberg, Das europäische Mittelalter im amerikanischen Geschichtsdenken des 19. und des frühen 20. Jahrhunderts (Basel, 1964).

Dictionaries and Encyclopedias:

Dictionary of the Middle Ages, ed. Joseph Strayer, 13 vols. and Index (New York, 1982-89), with a Supplement (2004- ), ed. William Chester Jordan.  An excellent first stop for nearly any topic, though not as comprehensive or detailed as the following item.

Lexikon des Mittelalters, 9 vols. and Registerband (Munich, 1977- ) . Online version includes a complementary International Encyclopaedia for the Middle Ages-Online. LME is more detailed and with fuller bibliography than DMA. Volume 9 includes detailed lists of geneologies, rulers, and pope. The Register volume has an index of entries by broad geographical/linguistic regions, and an index of main cross-references, but no full subject index.

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages2 vols. ed. André Vauchez with B. Dobson and M. Lapidge (Chicago, 2000; online version 2005).  Excellent resource; illustrated, with select bibliography.

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages, ed. Robert Bjork (Oxford, 2010). Concise, up-to-date entries with basic bibliography. 

Enzyklopädie des Mittelalters, 2 vols., ed. Gert Melville and Marial Staub (Darmstadt, 2008).  Topically organized with the following major headings: 1. Gesellschaft; 2. Glaube und Wissen; 3. Literatur; 4. Bildende Kunst und Musik; 5. Wirtschaft; 6. Technik; 7. Lebensräume und Bedingungen; 8. Geschehungskomplexe und Regionen. Complete Table of Contents.

Dictionnaire du Moyen Âge, ed. Claude Gauvard et al. (Paris, 2002).  Extensive coverage, with longer entries and more bibliographical references than the other one-volume dictionaries listed below. Includes an alphabetical and topical lists of headwords and an index.

Routledge Encyclopedias of the Middle Ages. Individual volumes are listed in the relevant topical bibliographies. Includes volumes on Medieval England, France, Germany, Iberia, Ireland, Islamic Civilization, Italy, Jewish Civilization, Scandinavia; Archaeology, Folklore, Key Figures in Medieval Europe, Science, Technology, and Medicine, Women and Gender.

Dictionaries of terms and/or concepts:

Christopher Corèdon and Ann Williams, A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases (Cambridge, 2004). 

Renate Neumüllers-Klauser, Res Medii Aevi: Kleines Lexicon der Mittelalterkunde (Wiesbaden, 1999).  Dictionary of things medieval (excluding persons); similar to next item. Includes a list of “Allgemeine bibliographische Hilfsmittel, Lexika, Zeitschriften” (pp. 287-300). The subject index includes not only headwords but also subjects mentioned within the entries.

Peter Dinzelbacher, Sachwörterbuch der Mediävistik (Stuttgart, 1992).  Short entries, many with select bibliography, on a comprehensive range of subjects; excludes persons, but there is an index of authors and titles of anonymous works mentioned in the entries.

Peter C. A. Schels, Kleine Enzyklopädie des deutschen Mittelalters

François-Olivier Touati, Vocabulaire historique du Moyen Age: Occident, Byzance, Islam, 3rd ed. (Paris, 2000).

Hypertext Medieval Glossary (NetSERF). Spotty, but gives references to secondary sources and cross-references to related terms.

Collections of essays with bibliographical orientation:

James M. Powell, ed., Medieval Studies: An Introduction, 2nd ed. (Syracuse, 1992). Primarily oriented towards the historical sciences, with articles (many with extensive bibliographies) on Latin Palaeography; Diplomatics; Numismatics; Archaeology; Prosopography; Comupter-assisted Analysis of the Statistical Documents of Medieval Society; Medieval Chronology: Theory and Practice; Medieval English Literature; Latin Philosophies of the Middle Ages; Medieval Law; Medieval Science and Natural Philosophy; Tradition and Innovation in Medieval Art; Medieval Music in Perspective.

A Companion to the Medieval World, ed. Carol Lansing and Edward D. English (Malden MA, 2010).  27 chapters on a wide range of general topics, with Biblioraphy. By clicking on the tab “References” for a given chapter one can quickly access an up-to-date selective bibliography of the topic.

Dictionnaire raisonné de l’Occident médiévale, ed. Jacques Le Goff and J.-C. Schmidt (Paris, 1999).  Essays on diverse topics from “Âges de la vie” to “Violence.”

The Medieval World, ed. Peter Linehan and Janet L. Nelson (New York, 2001). Thirty-nine topical essays organized into four major categories (“Identities: Selves and Others”; “Beliefs, Social Values and Symbolic Order”; Power and Power Structures”: Elites, Organisations and Groups”).

For other encyclopedias relating to the Middle Ages, see van Caenegem, pp. 405-9; a more comprehensive list including works of broader scope that include coverage of medieval topics, see Mantello and Rigg, Medieval Latin, pp. 44-49. For dictionaries of medieval historical terms and biographical dictionaries, see the next section.

See also the Guide to Reference (Chicago, 2008),  especially “Ancient, Medieval, and Renaissance Manuscripts,” “Christianity,” and “History and Area Studies. General History. Medieval and Renaissance.”

III. Journal Databases and Indexes; Bibliographies and Indices of Festschriften, Proceedings, Dissertations, Reviews, Citations, and Individual Scholars

Journal Databases:

Arlima: Périodiques en ligne. Hyperlinked list of 335 periodicals relevant to medieval studies that can be accessed in whole or in part online.

Internationale Bibliographie der Zeitschriftenliteratur.  Comprehensive list, divided into A: Index Rerum/Subject Index, B: Index Systematicus/Keyword Index, C: Autores, and D: Periodica. For a list of keywords related to the medieval period, look up “Mittelalter” in the Index Rerum; use the on-line search engine to combine “Mittelalter” with a keyword such as “könig” (and with further delimitations, e.g., “Frankreich”).

First Search. Multiple OCLC databases, including Article First, ECO (journals), Ebooks, PapersFirst, Proceedings, WorldCat, WorldCatDissertations, OAIster (digital resources)

BASE: Bielefeld Academic Search Engine. Database of open-access web resources. Can be browsed by Dewey Decimal categories.

CORE. Open-access research paper aggregator.

EBSCO Databases. Multiple EBSCO databases, including Academic Search Complete, Art Index Retrospective, Art Source, ATLA Catholic Periodical and Literature Index, ATLA Religion Database, eBook Collection, Frick Art Reference, Historical Abstracts, Humanities & Social Science Index Retrospective 1907-1984, Index Islamicus, Index to Jewish Periodicals, Library & Information Science Source, Library & Information Science Retrospective 1905-1983; as of September 2016 includes Humanities Source Ultimate database, MLA Bibliography, New Testament Abstracts, Old Testatment Abstracts, RILM Abstracts of Music Literature, RIPM Retrospective Index to Music Periodicals.

Academic OneFile (Gale)  Database of magazines, academic journals, books, newspapers, and multimedia; Basic and Advanced search modes.

FRANCIS (Humanities and Social Sciences database)

Modern Language Association Bibliography

Modern Language Association Bibliography with Full Text (EBSCO)

Periodicals Index Online


Project Muse

Magazine Stacks: Tables of Contents of Historical Journals and Monographic Series in German

DigiZeitschriften: Das Deutsche Digitale Zeitschriftenarchiv

Persée. Free database of humanities journals and series.

[Hint: when searching on-line indices try boolean searches on a subject keyword (e.g., “kingship”) and “medieval”.]

For databases in more specific subject areas see the relevant course bibliography.

See also Andrea Barlucchi, “Riviste,” Reti Medievali

Speculum, v.1-64, 1926-1989. Includes full text of articles. The print index to volumes 1-49 (1926-74) is in some ways more convenient to browse for subjects. 

For a list of periodicals organized by topic and region, see Crosby et al., Medieval Studies, pp. 1027-57, and Heit and Voltmer, Bibliographie, pp. 64-79. See also the list of indexed periodicals in the front of any recent volume of Medioevo Latino. For literary and linguistic periodicals consult the MLA Directory of Periodicals.

National Bibliographies:

Barbara L. Bell, An Annotated Guide to Current National Bibliographies, 2nd ed. (Munich, 1998).

European Historical Bibliographies

Library and Union Catalogues:


The European Library

European Library Catalogues

Catalogue collectif de France

Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France

Copac*. Union catalogue of British Library and about 90 UK and Irish research libraries.

Karlsruhe Virtual Catalog KVK. Allows combined searches of major online European national library and union catalogues.

London, British Library

Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek OPAC-Plus

Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

Library of Congress. LOC subject headings files (see especially the letter M for subject headings under “Medieval” and “Middle Ages”).

National Union Catalog, Pre-1956 Imprints: A Cumulative Author List Representing Library of Congress Printed Cards and Titles Reported by Other American Libraries.

Festschriften, Proceedings, and Collections:

The best serial bibliography is the section “Congressi e Miscellanee” in Medioevo Latino. See also:

Harry F. Williams, An Index of Mediaeval Studies Published in Festschriften: 1865-1946. With Special Reference to Romanic Material (Berkeley, 1951).

Gianfranco Tortorelli, Guida agli incontri medievistici in Italia (1951-1992). Convegni di Assisi, Mendola, Spoleto, Todi e congressi del C.I.S.A.M. Indice degli autori (Spoleto, 1994).

Heit and Volmer, Bibliographie, pp. 83-107, give a very extensive listing of published Festschriften and collections.

Not limited to the Middle Ages:

Festschriften (nach Jubilar)

Ausstellungskataloge und Sammelbände. Listed alphabetically by keyword; selective, mainly German with some English collections.

Otto Leistner, Internationale Bibliographie der Festschriften von den Anfängen bis 1979 (Osnabrück, 1986). Continued by Internationale Jahresbibliographie der Festschriften (Osnabrück, 1980- ).

Alfred Heit, Bibliographie deutschsprachiger persönlicher Festschriften, Gedenkschriften und Sammelschriften aus dem Bereich der Geschichtswissenschaft: Berichtszeitraum, 1950-1990 (Trier, 1991). 


ProQuest Dissertations & Theses

Center for Research Libraries: Dissertations

ProQuest Dissertations and Theses — UK & Ireland

British Library EthOS: Access to UK Theses. Requires free registration; many theses are available for free download.

DART-Europe E-theses Portal

International Bibliography of Historical Sciences Thesis Supplement (1926- ). Includes a section “Medieval Europe” and a subject index. 

Hochschulschriften zur Geschichte und Kultur des Mittelalters 1939 bis 1972/74: (Deutschland, Österreich, Schweiz), Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Hilfsmittel 1 (Munich, 1975).

Bibliographie Religion und Philosophie: Deutschsprachige Hochschulschriften und Veröffentlichungen ausserhalb des Buchhandels 1966-1980, 5 vols., comp. Irene Butt and Monika Eichler (Munich, 1992).

Institute of Historical Research: Theses

Phillip Pulsiano, An Annotated Bibliography of North American Doctoral Dissertations on Old English Language and Literature (East Lansing, MI, 1988).

Census of Dissertationsin Medieval Art


IBR-Online. International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature in the Humanities and Social Sciences

Web of Science Core Collection. Under “More Settings” select the citation indexes you want to search.

Book Review Index Plus (Gale)

See also the review journals:

Envoi: A Review Journal of Medieval Literature 

The Medieval Review .

Speculum has a particuarly extensive review section. Notices of monographs in Medioevo Latino usually refer to reviews.


Web of Science Core Collection. Includes the following Citation Indices: Arts & Humanities (1975- ), Conference Proceedings Social Sciences & Humanities (1990- ), Book Citation Social Sciences & Humanities (2005- ).

Google Scholar. Hits include a link to publications that cite the essay or book in question.

Medieval Studies Commons (Digital Commons Network). Open-access articles from scholarly journals.

Individual Scholars:

Variorum Collected Studies (Routledge). Hundreds of volumes of reprinted essays by individual medievalist scholars., Medieval Studies. Thousands of sites with pdfs of essays by individual scholars which can be searched by name or topic. One can “follow” individual scholars or topics (such as “Medieval Studies”).

Bio-bibliographies of medievalists:

Répertoire international des médiévistes/International Directory of Medievalists, 8th ed. (Turnhout, 1995). 

“Key Figures in Medieval Studies,” in Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. Classen, vol. 3.

Medieval Scholarship: Biographical Studies on the Formation of a Discipline, ed. Helen Damico and Joseph B. Zavadil (New York, 1995).

Women Medievalists and the Academy, ed. Jane Chance (Madison, 2005). 

A Century of British Medieval Studies, ed. Alan Deyermond (Oxford, 2007). 

Norman F. Cantor, Inventing the Middle Ages: The Lives, Works, and Ideas of the Great Medievalists of the Twentieth Century (New York, 1991).

See also the section “Raccolte di lavori personali” in Medioevo Latino. In LOC subject headings see “Medievalists” and “Middle Ages–Historiography.”

IV. Finding English Translations of Medieval Texts


Clarissa P. Farrar and Austin P. Evans, Bibliography of English Translations from Medieval Sources, Records of Civilization: Sources and Studies 39 (New York, 1946).

Mary Anne Heyward Ferguson, Bibliography of Translations from Medieval Sources, 1943-1967, Records of Civilization Sources and Studies 88 (New York, 1974).

Bibliography of Primary Sources in English Translation for the Period c. 250-c. 1000 (in progress)

George B. Parks, Ruth Z. Temple, and Richard C. Lewanski, ed., The Literatures of the World in English Translation: A Bibliography, 5 vols. (New York, 1967- ). I: The Greek and Latin Literatures (1968). II: The Slavic Literatures (1967) III: The Romance Literatures, 2 vols. (1970). Projected volumes: IV: The Celtic, Germanic, and Other Literatures of Europe. V: The Literatures of Asia and Africa

Index translationum: International Bibliography of Translations, 39 vols. to date (Paris, 1948- ).  See the Cumulative Index to English Translations: 1948-1968, 2 vols. (Boston, 1973- ).   In the online database, select the original and target languages (e.g., Latin and English) and search by author or title words, or specific publication information.

Translation, by James W. Marchand (WEMSK 40).

Translated Texts for Historians (Liverpool Univ. Press).

Dallas Medieval Texts and Translations (Univ. of Dallas).

Medieval Texts and Translations (Boydell and Brewer).

English Historical Documents: v.1. c. 500-1042, ed. Dorothy Whitelock; v.2. 1042-1189, ed. D. C. Douglas and G. W. Greenaway; v.3. 1189-1327, ed. H. Rothwell; v.4. 1327-1485, ed. A. R. Myers

Byzantine sources:

Modern Language Translations of Byzantine Sources

Emily Albu Hanawalt, An Annotated Bibliography of Byzantine Sources in English Translation (Brookline, MA, 1988).

Byzantine Sources in Translation, by Paul Halsall.

Wolfgang Schule, Bibliographie der Übersetzungen griechisch-byzantinische Quellen, Glossar zur frühmittelalterlichen Geschichte im östlichen Europa, Beiheft 1 (Wiesbaden, 1982). Lists translations in Latin, English and in other modern European Languages.

Survey of Translations of Byzantine Saints’ Lives (Dumbarton Oaks).

Bruce Macbain, “An Annotated Bibliography of Sources for Late Antiquity in English Translation,” Byzantine Studies/Études Byzantines 10/1-2 (1983), 88-109 and 223-47. For translations of patristic texts, see the separate bibliography on The Bible and its Interpretation.

For translations into Modern German:

Norbert Ohler, Bibliographie ins Neuhochdeutsche übersetzter mittelalterliche Quellen. Unter Berücksichtigung von Schriften des nachbiblischen Judentums, des frühen Christentums und des Neuplatonismus (Wiesbaden, 1991). 

V. Major Internet Search Engines, Digital Libraries, and Medieval Studies Gateways

Google (and Google Books and Google Scholar).  Google search tips.

Gallica. Extensive digital collections of books, manuscripts, and images of the Bibliothèque nationale de France.

Hathi Trust Digital Library. Extensive and well curated, but accessible only to users in North America.

MESA: Medieval Electronic Scholarly Alliance.  “Using the Collex interface, MESA aggregates the best scholarly resources in medieval studies and make them fully searchable and interoperable. This interface also provides a collection and authoring space in which researchers can create and publish their own work.”

The Labyrinth


Includes Medievalists on the map, a guide to Medieval Studies in countries around the world.


Reti medievali

Spolia: Journal of Middle Ages (English homepage of Italian site).

The ORB: On-line Reference Book for Medieval Studies

Searchable publishers’ databases:

Brepols Online

Brill Online Reference Works

Peeters Online Journals

SISMEL — Edizioni del Galluzzo

Fondazione Centro Italiano di Studi sull’Alto Medioevo

Charles D. Wright:
Last updated 7/19